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subject of this famous monument of antiquity, which he borrowed from a friend of his. But we returned it soon after; for, either through want of capacity, or of tafte, we were tired to death of it, without being at all informed.

The chapel of the Saint Suaire is curious, from Chapel of its fingular construction; it is quite round. Thirty Suaire:

the St. pillars of black marble, highly polished; their capitals and bases, of gilt bronze, support six great arches, which serve as windows; these have niches between them, ornamented with pillars of the like marble. The cupola, which terminates the whole, has a very surprising effect; being formed by a great number of hexagonal figures in black marble, so contrived as to admit the light: they are placed, one over the other, in such manner as to produce many triangular lights (if I may be allowed the expression, for it is really very difficult to describe). Through these openings appears, at the top of all, a crown of marble in the form of a star, which seems suspended in air, and supported by part of its rays. The sides of the chapel are all incrulted with the same fort of marble. The pavement is grey, with several stars of bronze inserted into it. In the middle rises a lofty altar; upon which is placed, in a very high glass-case, a casket of silver wrought, and minutely ornamented with gold and precious stones, in which is inclosed, as they pretend, the Sainte Suaire, or winding-sheet in which the body of our Saviour was wrapped up by Joseph of Ari. VOL. I.

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mathea. This precious relic is very rarely exhibited to the people. Above the casket a group of Angels fuftain a beautiful cross of rock-crystal, shooting out gilt rays. At the four corners of the altar hang very large silver lamps; as do also several others between the columns. These are always kept burning. The fort of uncertain day that reigns here, is calculated to impress the mind with holy horror. The reflexion of the flames of the lamps on the high polished black marble, contrafted with the doubtful light admitted from the cupola, where nothing meets the eye but black and gold, strikes the mind of the spectator with a sort of momentary enthusiasm, that weak persons might mistake for devotion. This chapel is built on to the cathedral; the entrance of which is through a great arch, supported by very large Corinthian pillars, Auted. Here the King often goes to hear mass; and they reckon this chapel

particularly well constructed for music. St. Philip St. Philippe de Neri is esteemed one of the most de Neri. beautiful churches in Turin. It contains a fine

picture of Solinene, representing the faint in extasy before the Virgin, surrounded with angels; but the colouring is too grey, and the light too par. tial: I mentioned to you before the faults of this master. This church is ornamented with feveral pillars of marble, enriched for the most part in a bad taste, with garlands of flowers and foliage of gilt bronzę wreathed round the shafts. The altar is in a fine style of architecture, and has a no,


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The Cabinet of Inscriptions and Antiques, Cabinet which we hear contains many curiosities, I fear. 10

1041tions and shall not have it in my power to give you any ac- antiques. count of; for Monsieur Bartoli, who has the care of this collection, is not now at Turin, nor expected to return hither before our departure. I am very sorry for it; but there is no remedy. The cielings of the palace of Carignan are said to be very finely painted; but as the princess of Carignan is, there is no possibility of be. . . ing admitted to see them. I am surprised that neither Cochin nor Lalande make mention of these cielings.

The Church of St. Christine is in the Place Church of St. Carlo, which is a very fine square, well built, St. Chri. with porcicoes all round. The fronts of the houses are uniform, and richly decorated. This church is a great ornament to the square; the front is of hewn ftone, ornamented with pillars and ftatues. The inside is remarkable for two ftatues; one of St. Therese, the other of St. Chri. ftine. They are the work of a Frenchman, one

Le Gros. That of St. Therese is the best ; but :her extasy borders on distraction, and the tear

ing open her bosom to Thew her heart to God, is a

strange extravagant idea of Monsieur Le Gros, i which I do not think has succeeded. These

ftatues being the efforts of a Frenchman, Lalande does not fail to expatiate on their merits, and those of the sculptor.


A church

Church A church dedicated to St. Charles Baromée, is
of St. famous for containing a miraculous virgin. Her
Baromée. chapel is almost covered with votive pictures, fet-

ting forth all the miracles this image has per-
formed whilst at Turin; as wretchedly done as the
subjects are false. There are here some good mar-

ble ornaments Church of In the church of St. Therese, the great altar is St. The- very high, and ornamented by two rows of twisted rele.

pillars, with statues of marble; the latter but indifferent. Here is a picture, remarkable for its singularity of composition. The infant Jesus, in the attitude of a Cupid, is drawing a bow to pierce with an arrow the heart of Saint Theresa, who faints away, and is received into the arms of seve. ral angels, who are very conveniently found ready to receive her. The Virgin and St. Joseph are admiring and observing upon the address of the little Jesus, who expresses an archness in his countenance, extremely ill-suited to so sad and sacred a subject. A copy of this picture would be perhaps a welcome present to the Moravian chapel at B - In this church is a pretty chapel, built by order of the late Queen Christine Joanne de Helle Reinsfeld. Six marble pillars sustain a gilt cupola, ornamented with glasses, which are disposed in such a manner as make you fancy the sun always shines into the chapel. In the middle is a statue of St. Joseph, holding the infant Jesus; he appears in a kind of glory, borne upon clouds by angels. The whole is executed in white alabaster, and is



ingeniously enough constructed; the supports
of the figures not appearing so as to hurt the

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eye *.

The Arsenal appears more like a palace than a Arsenal, place for arms. There are only two sides of the square as yet completed. The proportions of the architecture please the eye at first sight. This building will bear the strictest examination. A. noble fimplicity, the source of true elegance, reigns throughout. There is no inconsistency to be found here, but a propriety and juftness in every part adapted to the use for which it is assigned. Here are two great rooms, the roofs vaulted, and bomb-proof, supported by strong brick pil. lars; each of these rooms are about ico yards long by 30 wide. Round each pillar are frames of wood, in which the arms are placed; muskets, with their bayonets, placed in such a manner as to resemble an organ, was it made in a circular form. There are about an hundred muskets round each pillar ; they are quite covered with red Aannel bound with yellow; so that they appear like tenţs. All these covers are to rise at the same moment,

* I believe I have not mentioned the dome in the church of the Carmes, rendered famous by being the depository of a mis raculous picture of the Virgin. This dome is painted by the fame man who has decorated the theatre for the grand opera. He has represented a round dance of Cupids, capering and jumping about the Virgin, who is standing in the middle dandling the little Jesus in her arms. The painter was so penetrated with ideas of the opera, that he could not avoid transferring a ballet of Cupids into the solemn representation of the celestial Paradise.

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