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equally to condemn Laud and despise Bradshaw. Mr. Farr deals justly with the character of William III., and, instead of painting him as a fit subject for hero-worship, and the type of perfection in limited monarchy-like Mr. Macaulay, in his hyperbolic estimate of this king, -Mr. Farr wisely, moderately, and truly, says :
“ Contrasting his character with the Stuarts, his predecessors, his great superiority must be acknowledged. While they aimed at becoming absolute, he endeavoured to rule in strict accordance with the principles of the English constitution; and he may safely be placed among the small number of English kings who, down to this period, can really be pronounced England's benefactors."
Questions close the chapters. The General Summary views of Literature, Arts, Politics, &c., are arranged somewhat after the fashion of the Pictorial History, and are very ably done. It is certainly one of the best school histories we have.
N. B.—Dr. Latham's valuable book on Logic, cannot be justly, if summarily, spoken of. It is published by Walton and Maberly. All students or teachers of English are requested to buy it. It is handed by us to the gentleman who is writing on that subject a series of papers, of which the first appears to-day in this JOURNAL.
LITTLE BOOKS. Mrs. Crompton, an indefatigable educationist at Birmingham, is the authoress of The Scholar's Book of Tales that are True: Old and New Stories in Short Words. Pp. 112. They are very good little books inculcating sound moral precepts; they are prettily illustrated and printed in good type, and are specially designed for the instruction of servants and others who have but partial time for instruction.A Summary of the Way of Salvation is a series of texts commencing with the fall, and followed by a short history of the life of our Saviour. It is certainly defective, as a few only of the miracles and parables are mentioned; but requires amplification, and is somewhat too dry and curt to be attractive to children, who must be enticed to the full perception, and lured to the love of holy truth.- Hints to a Young Governess on Beginning a School is a capital book, which should be in the hands of all young teachers, and the advice given for the training of children is invaluable.--The next book on our library-table is entitled Scripture Records of the Life and Character of the Blessed Virgin; and the title led us to expect a different view of the life, attributes, and character of the Virgin Mary than that which it presents. The praise ascribed to the Virgin is just such as is due to her ; her real merits being acknowledged without bestowing on her the idolatry of the Church of Rome. The book is well and, in some parts, powerfully written, and the author has taken great pains to elucidate every passage concerning the Mother of our Lord, and to show as strongly as possible the merely human light in which the Son of God meant her to be viewed.To descend from sacred to secular subjects, Domestic Economy claims our respectful notice in the unassuming guise of a very small contribution to Gleig's Series of school books, published by Messrs. Longmans. It is by far the best book for giving thoroughly practical instruction to children intended for domestic service we have yet seen : rules for cooking meat, making puddings, cleaning grates, care of children, together with excellent receipts and recipes, fill this most useful little book. In giving it its due meed of praise, let us not be understood to cast the older and more elaborate publication of the Home and Colonial School into the shade. It is entitled nearly like the foregoing, A Manual of Domestic Economy, by Mr. Tegetmeiers, and is now running through a second edition. It contains a mass of most useful economical information ; but there is a vein of scientific verbiage running through it, which must be more puzzling than edifying to the little embryo maid and men servants, for whose special benefit such books are, or ought, to be compiled. For example, it might easily have been explained why vinegar is useful in boiling fish, in plainer words than by informing the child that “it acts by quickly coagulating the albumen.” The questions which conclude each chapter are highly commendable and very useful.
The same excellent School Society has published a most instructive and interesting Lecture on the Life of Pestalozzi, with other papers, by the late Rev. Charles Mayo, of Cheam.— The Genealogical Text Book is a collection of very dry questions on important points of English, and also of Foreign, history, after the Gradgrind or hard-fact fashion. We like to make history a moral and philosophical pasture-ground. This is its legitimate use, and none other : as a mere record of events, it is merely a means to an end.- Etymology Made Easy is an attempt to teach by dialogue the derivation of a few words not ill-chosen from our hard-worded language. The derivatives are usually correctly given, but the style and English of the text is singularly inaccurate ; “ analogous with,” and “neither Lucy nor Willie will,” &c., are instances. Neither is mosaic derived from “ Opus musivum (sic), a work of the Muses !” Words are also frequently used, such as " synonym,” “ denominate,” &c. &c., which should not be used at all in a book explaining words, without explanation. The Infant School Manual is another of the admirable series of school books, published by the Home and Colonial School Society. It is written by Miss Sunter, under the superintendence of Miss Mayo. It is simple, full, and practical, and is a book we can most honestly commend.
SERIALS RECEIVED. Frazer's Magazine (a good number); Museum of Science and Art (admirably useful); The Church of England Sunday School Quarterly Magazine ; Catechetical Lessons ; The Penny Post; Annual Report of Schools in Upper Canada ; The Churchman's Almanac ; The Protestant Dissenter's Almanac ; The Use of Pure Water (a capital addition to Sanatory Hints); How do You Manage the Young Ones? (well designed, and full of useful instruction).
ORRERY, BY THE NATIONAL SOCIETY, OF SUN, EARTH,
AND MOON. This is one of the most perfect little instruments of its kind we have ever seen. In the centre is a strong spindle on which revolves a horizontal bar, at the end of which there is a small disc with a circular groove, in which revolves a nut carrying a small spindle inclined like the earth's poles, and crowned with a ball to represent the earth. The horizontal bar being made to revolve by means of a winch and gutta-percha cords, the earth is compelled to rotate, and also to throw its axis in succession in the same degrees of inclination to the plane of its orbit as the poles of the real earth to the plane of the ecliptic. The moon is also, by an ingenious and simple method and by another band, made to revolve round the earth, and to do so according to nature, and, very heretically, not according to our book-writing astronomers. The central spindle is mounted by a lighted taper, to represent the sun, which accordingly illumines earth and moon exactly as he is wont to do, thus showing the alternations of day, night, and season, and of the lunar phases. The whole instrument is sold to subscribers at half-a-guinea, and we most strongly recommend it as a thoroughly useful Orrery for the purposes of instruction.
SIR JOHN PAKINGTON and the Manchester educationists are trying to put up their horses together and make a presentable Bill of rate-paid education, to be dished up with as much as possible of the secular, and as little as possible of the religious, element. It is to be seasoned with just enough Scriptural condiment of a very indefinite flavour to make it go down with the people who would not venture to go in for purely secular instruction; and we believe not enough to satisfy any earnest Christian. We bave not the slightest apprehension that any such measure will succeed. We are heartily sorry that a gentleman so busily engaged in educational work, and on so many grounds entitled to our esteem as Sir John Pakington, should have entered into so questionable an alliance.
INDUSTRIAL SCHOOL AT PAINSWICK.There was a field-day last month at Painswick, to hear a Lecture on “Deferred Annuities,” by the Dean of Hereford. Previously a party, including the Earl Ducie and others, under the escort of W. H. Hyett, Esq., who resides in the neighbourhood, visited the excellent schools in this town, which owe their useful and industrial character entirely to the good sense of Mr. Hyett, and his thorough appreciation of what is most needed for the poorer classes. The boys employ much of the day, under the able teaching of Mr. Pullen, in Printing and Joining, in which they acquire great proficiency; and yet so little is their education thereby damaged, that the first class passed a creditable examination by the Dean, in geometry, and some other subjects.
THE CHRISTMAS EXAMINATIONS were well attended. Both male and female students prove that they are obtaining a far better education than any other class of society. Aristocratic boys learn more classics, and occasionally, but very rarely, more of that which passes muster for mathematics ; and girls learn a deal more of drawing-room accomplishments, but of the actual materials of an educated mind they learn far less. Although it may well be that some of these students will branch off into private life, not only will they do good to their generation therein, but it is absolutely requisite that as teachers they should be first taught ; and if taught, taught well, on the good old principle that what is “worth doing at all is worth doing well.” We highly approve of the system now adopted by the Committee of Council : the papers this year were extremely practical and sensible,-just what they should be.
CRYSTAL PALACE GREAT CONCERT.-There are few spectacles more educational than the noble Crystal Palace. There is to be next summer a leviathan Concert there,—the greatest musical event ever yet attempted.
MINUTES OF COUNCIL.-Will you be so good as to give these eriatim ?-F., Gloucester.
Answer.--We have examined them and find they are far too voluminous. Will our readers let us know if they think a classified list of them, with references and dates, would be useful ? -Ed. E. J. E. VENTILATION BY TUBES PERFORATED ARE EXPENSIVE AND UNSIGHTLY. -Can you suggest a better method cheaper 1-T. J.
Answer. If you have two outer walls you may adopt perforated glass panes, or plates of perforated zinc. But you must have a thorough draught of fresh air above, and at least nine inches below the ceiling. There is no excuse for foul air: it will always escape aloft if it has vent enough. WARMING ROOMS ECONOMICALLY.Pray how can this be best done?
Answer'.—Not at all. We set our faces against all kinds of economical warming: honest open grates with good fires , beat everything. Pipes harbour vermin, and do not warm the air generally; close stoves bake the air, and are generally unmanageable, and a nuisance. Economize in something else, and have good, cheerful fires if you have anything cheery in your nature. If not, give up school-keeping, and be gloomy in grim rooms elsewhere. It will not do for children, rely upon it.
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BCT is very important for the following exercises that the pupils be e able to decompose quickly and easily, and in the most advantageous S359 manner, each of the numbers from 2 to 10. We, therefore, begin here already, leaving it to the judgment of the master how far this exercise is to be extended according to the ability of his pupils.
M. Here I hold two pens together. John, tell me what I am doing now (separating the two pens from one another) ?--A. You separate the two pens from one another.
[If the children have any difficulty in finding the right expression for what they wish to say, the master gives the word.)
M. And how many pens have I put on each part?-A. One pen.
M. What I just now did is called decomposing. How did I, therefore, decompose the two pens? A. You decomposed, &c.
M. You may also say, two pens are equal to one pen and one pen. Say so again, without the word pen. Let us write that down. After the indication of the children, the master now writes :
M. First the figure One. How many parts has this figure? How many strokes does it consist of ? A. This figure has two parts.
M. Where does the first part begin ? Look, I make it once more. Did I begin at the upper line, at the lower line, or in the middle ?--A. You began in the middle, between the two lines.
M. Which way did I go? up or down, to the right or left: Is it a fine or a thick stroke?-A. It goes up a little to the right; is all through fine.
M. Try to make a similar stroke. Who else will do so? Where does the second part of the figure begin? And how far does it go? In which direction? Where is it fine? - A. At the upper part it is fine.
M. And where is it thick ?- A. At the lower part.
M. Very well; now make this whole figure on the black-board. (Several children are admitted to do the same; the master makes them find out their own mistakes.--in this way exciting their emulation.)
VOL. XI. NO. 122, N.s.