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the company have been enabled to afford sures as experience may suggest, steadily to India extensive supplies at most sea- adhering at the same time to the principle sonable periods. The payments from the in view when the act was passed, the object home treasury on account of India and will be attained, so far as, under existing China, in the three years 1797-8 to 1799- circumstances, there is just ground to 1800 (a year later than the accounts now hope.-Greater credit may be assumed before the committee), have amounted from the amount of the sales in general, to no less a sum than 10,660,0001. Of from the discovery that the purchases this, 4,100,0001. were for the exports of were not made on mere speculation, but this country, 2,240,0001. for bullion, on a real demand. In the articles for 2,700,000l. in payment of bills of ex- foreign consumption, particularly, proofs change, and 1,600,0001. in liquidation of to that effect exist; and the goods were the Indian debt; so that the average shipped with a rapidity before unknown. supply in those years was more than An evidence, still stronger, is found on 3,500,0001.— The propriety of keeping up the sales of the next year, which, as far as the investments in India to the utmost the accounts are made up, appear to have amount possible, is still farther evinced, been equal to the large amount estimated. by a reference to the situation of the The improving state of the commerce company, in consequence of the expul- is likewise manifested in the enlarged desion of European rivals. The opportunity mands for the manufactures of this counwas too favourable to be neglected; it try. From the ready sale, the governments became, in fact, a duty to embrace it. abroad were induced to add considerably On that principle, the legislature per- to their indents: and the court of direcmitted (if necessary) an addition of two tors, willing to contribute so essentially millions to the capital stock. The de- to the general advantage, greatly enlarged pressed value of the public securities, for the consignments. Some later advices a considerable time after the passing of mention a partial stagnation, froid the that act, rendered it unadviseable to have scarcity of specie, and the disturbed state recourse to this measure; which, in one of India. The supply of bullion from respect, may be deemed fortunate, as an home will have afforded great relief in the opportunity has been afforded of discover first instance, and the successful operaing the power and extent of the com- tions of the British arms will have matepany's credit and resources; and the full rially contributed to correct the other ; so benefit of the exertions abroad has been that there is every prospect of an increased derived by the aid only of occasional issues consumption in future. A demand may of bonds and of loans from the Bank, likewise arise in the recently acquired each of which has been reduced to the territories, and in other parts where it has former level. In the last year, a consi- been endeavoured to establish a commerderable amelioration appeared in the cial intercourse. The substantial advanhome concern; but in no proportion equal tages accruing, both abroad and at home, to that in the accounts of the present from an increased demand of the manu. year. Against this the deterioration of factures, in either instance, will not be the foreign may be stated; but the most disputed : in it centers the surest source effectual remedy in that respect has been of prosperity. Those advantages cannot applied; and the improvement on the be more strongly exemplified than in the concern in general, compared with the period now under consideration. Tbe year preceding, exceeds one million ster- employ of the thousands of industrious ling. The produce of the sales in the year artizans in the Indian provinces, afforded 1798-9 was unprecedented. The encou. the means of purchasing the goods of this ragements under the act of 1793 to private country, and contributed largely to protraders, that the commerce of the East duce other beneficial effects, already stated. might be brought to Great Britain, have The trade with China may not perhaps be already had happy effects. The sales of thought to be productive of this reciproprivate trade goods are every year increas. cal advantage in so great a degree; the ing; those of the last year exceeded any benefit is still, however, immense, both to former; those of the year now under con- the company and to the nation: to the com. sideration were still 400,0001. more; and pany, from contributing most essentially little doubt need be entertained, but by a to the sales at home, in an article yielding regulated extension of the privilege, and by considerable profit. The benefit to the the adoption of such additional wise mea nation, exclusive of the employment of shipping, is two-fold; in point of revenue, | annual sales of tea from 1784 to the as will be again noticed, but specially, in latest period, it appears that till the year the constant, regular, and increasing an. 1790 they amounted, on the average, to nual demand for the woollens and metals. sixteen million pounds weight, never beThe demand, indeed, for woollens, may low fifteen : from that time to 1796, the be stated as beneficial to the nation alone: increase was progressively to as in a commercial point of view, the millions. In the two following years they company, considered only as merchants, did not quite reach twenty millions; but might not think it prudent to attend to it, in the year ending 1799, they arrived at on account of the loss to which it fre.

near twenty-five millions; and there is quently exposes them; but notwithstand- cvery prospect that the next year will not ing a loss in the last year, the export in fall short of that quantity. the following has been increased, because Having ofiered the fullest explanations the company, from a sense of duty to the of the causes which have operated as a public, very properly reflected, that they drain upon the resources of India, of the should not be justified in placing their effect upon the commercial system, and own immediate interest in competition of the measures successfully resorted to with the advantages generally diffused by for carrying on and extending the trade; the consumption of manufactures, to the it still remains to be premised, that not. amount of several hundred thousand pounds withstanding the wisdom of those mea. sterling. It is much to be regretted, that, sures appears so fully confirmed by their fron the situation of the affairs in India, favourable out-turn as to demand an althe balances due the Chinese merchants most unqualified approbation, and notwere so greatly increased ; as it is always withstanding the wish I ever did and always desirable for the credit of the company shall entertain for the utmost extension and of the nation to keep them as low as of the company's trade, I am not prepared possible. Late advices state, that by the to say it will be, at every time, prudent to timely assistance of bullion and goods from, furnish the investments, by adding to the and bills upon Europe and the presidencies debt in India. The peculiar situation of in India, the balance has since been re- affairs rendered it, in the past case, expe. reduced from 1,073,0001. to 220,0001. dient, and indeed necessary; but in future,

I have already remarked, that the pro- other modes must be devised. A considuce of the sales in the year 1798–9 was derable surplus from the revenues will unprecedented. Their immense amount, again, I trust, very soon accrue ; but in notwithstanding the continued demands whatever sum that may prove deficient upon the capital of the country for the for the purchase of cargoes, a supply purposes of war, furnishes a convincing must be found, either by bills upon the proof of the general commercial prospe- court of directors, or by bullion, or exrity. The internal prosperity is likewise ports from this country. The debt abroad particularly displayed, in the greatly in- must not be allowed to accumulate becreased amount of one article, forming a yond a certain amount: it is, at present, very material part of those sales. The far too large, and means must be disco. article alluded to is that of tea; which, vered for its reduction. though it may perhaps be termed an arti. It bring intended to take a more compreScial necessary of life, is become a neces- hensive view of the general state of the Insary few would be disposed to relinquish. dian concern when the next accounts are The consumption of it has gradually in- laid before the House, the remaining obser. creased since the year 1784, the time of vations, with regard to the situation of the passing the Commutation act. At that possessions abroad, will be very brief. A time it was supposed by some gentlemen, tolerable accurate judgment of the state that the quantity consumed would not of the provinces under the management exceed twelve millions of pounds; and I of the several presidencies may be formed, well remember differing in opinion on that from the copious remarks upon the prosubject, with a most valuable character duce of their resources respectively. The now no more, the late Mr. Nathaniel causes of the disappointments in the reSmith, for whose memory I shall ever receipts from the land rents, and from the tain the highest respect. The result has sale of salt in Bengal, have been distinctly been most flattering to my expectations, explained, and the remedy in contemplaand most beneficial to the country, in tion to secure the more ready recovery of point of revenue. By an account of the the former. The apprehensions of the tranquillity of the provinces being dis- | the deceased, the necessity of his early turbed by the supposed disaffection of deposition and of placing the rightful some of the zemindars, appear to be heir on the musnud, are therein distinctly completely removed, from the discovery stated, also the treaty with the latter, of the artifice employed to produce them; conferring greater advantages on the and, exclusive of occasional protraction company. The defective title of the deof the payments of the rents (by no posed nabob was fully proved; and his means general), no ground of complaint deposition may be considered a favourable seems to exist. On the contrary there is circumstance, as the worst of conseevery reason to be satisfied that the great quences might have been expected from the body of the land-holders appear fully im- treachery and baseness of his disposition, pressed with a sense of the superior com- also from his enmity to the British. These forts they enjoy, from the mild and equit- have since been most fatally displayed in able regulations established under the the premeditated assassination of the present system of government. The only resident and some other gentlemen ai points in immediate connexion with the Benares, where he had retired, under the Indian resources, to which it is further protection of the company, on ample alnecessary to request the attention of the lowances from the government of Oude. committee, are those relating to the alli- The adoption of prompt and vigorous ances with the native princes. Some im. measures, prevented the further accomportant changes have been glanced at, plishment of his purposes ; and he, for a and an intention signified that more pre- time, escaped by flight the just vengeance cise information would be afforded. The due to his crimes. The increased subsidy due realization of the subsidies which provides for an additional force stationed those princes severally engaged to pay in Oude. Doubts were, at first, enterto the company for military succours, is tained for its realization for a year or two; certainly of material consequence.

In but, by late advices, the payments have some instances, it is secured by direct been punctually kept up. The intention assignments of districts; in others, the of the present vizier to reform the adgood faith of the parties was the only ministration, and to disband a great part guarantee. The treaty with the late na of his own extensive army, and institute bob vizier of Oude was under this pre- a more disciplined force in its room, will dicament, and will be the first for remark. enable him to continue the regular fulfil

It may not be requisite now to enter ment of the stipulations of his treaty. upon the discussion of the origin of this The due performance of the stipulations connexion, nor of the obligations which in the treaties with the nabob of Arcot, the former vizier was under to the com- and the rajah of Tanjore is secured, by pany. Of this, both himself and his suc- specific assignments of districts in their cessor, the nabob, who died in 1797, ap- respective territories. As to the nabob peared sensible, and the engagements of Arcot, it was reasonably to be expected, they entered into were discharged. The that the long established alliance with his necessity of preserving the influence which family, and a grateful sense of the eminent had long subsisted at the court of Luck- services they had received would have now, cannot be disputed; nor the conse- been inducements to the most friendly quence which must attach to the exercise and cordial co-operation, in whatever of that influence on principles of mode- might have a tendency to further the inration and justice. During the latter terests of his allies. A modification of part of the life of the late vizier, the the arrangements made in the year 1792, errors in the administration of his affairs was desirable for the interests of both were such as to threaten the most serious parties: the remonstrances with him, on evils, and were the cause of repeated that subject, have been formerly stated friendly remonstrances on the part of the to the committee; nothing however has Bengal government. The events imme- been yet effected. The committee were diately following the death of the vizier informed, in the last year, of the assumpare detailed in the very able and judicious tion of the assigned districts in the Tanminute of the late governor-general, laid jore country. That measure has been before the House, with other documents followed by one of still greater imporon this subject, in the last session. The tance, but totally unconnected with the succession of vizier Ally, a youth about character or conduct of the rajah, or the sixteen

age, the reputed son of fulfilment of his stipulated engagements. A long detail of the reasons which influ. that his majesty finds himself enabled to enced the governments in India in the communicate to this House the joint Adtransaction to be now stated would con- dress of his Lords and Commons of Iresume too much time; suffice it to say, land, laying before his majesty certain that they were prescribed by every prin- resolutions, which contain the terms prociple of justice, and that the measure was posed by them for an entire union benot carried into effect without an elaborate tween the two kingdoms. His majesty is investigation, nor without reference to persuaded that this House will participate the most venerable Hindoo characters in in the pleasure with which his majesty different parts of India. On their judg. observes the conformity of sentiment mament of the illegality of the title of the nifested in the proceedings of his two rajah to the musnud he was removed; parliaments, after long and careful deli. aod as the right of the adopted son of beration on this most important subject ; the former rajah was, on the same judg. and he earnestly recommends to this ment, pronounced indisputably valid, he House, to take all such further steps as was accordingly seated on the throne. may best tend to the speedy and comThe change has not produced any dis. plete execution of a work so happily turbance, the late rajah having shewn all begun, and so interesting to the security submission to the decision, from his de- and happiness of his majesty's subjects, ference to the respectable authorities on and to the general strength and prosperity which it was founded. Every arrange of the British empire. ment has been made, that the effect of

years of

« G. R." the loss of his station and dignity may be A similar Message was presented to the felt as little as possible; and a suitable Lords by lord Grenville.' It was ordered allowance has been conferred by the pre. to be taken into consideration on the 21st. sent rajah for his support. The committee are already furaished with complete in. Copy of the Resolutions and Address of formation of the circumstances connected the Irish Parliament respecting the Union.] with the late war in Mysore, by the docu- The following Papers were laid before ments not long since presented to parlia- both Houses, by his majesty's command: ment. The resolutions of the House bave recorded the gratitude of the country, and

RESOLUTIONS of the two Houses of the Parthe sense entertained of the distinguished

liament of Ireland, respecting a Union of merits of the most noble and truly ho

the kingdoms of Great Britain and IreDourable and respectable characters to

land; and their Address thereupon to whose wisdom and talents in the ma.

bis majesty. Die Mercurii, 26 Martii

1800. magements of the affairs of the East, at a very critical and momentous period, and secure 'the essential interests of Great

Resolved,---1. That, in order to promote we are most signally indebted. like just tribute has been paid to the Britain and Ireland, and to consolidate the

strength, power, and resources of the British armies, by whose undaunted courage, and empire, it will be advisable to concur in such indefatigable zeal and exertions, the speedy measures as may best tend to unite the two and successful termination of this unpro- kingdoms of Great Britain and Ireland into voked war has been accomplished. Having one kingdom, in such manner and on such signified my intention of soon offering to terms and conditions, as may be established the committee a more comprehensive view by the

acts of the respective parliaments of of the company's concerns, I shall, till Great Britain and Ireland. then, defer any observations on the ex: union upon the basis stated in the resolutions

That for the purpose of establishing a tensive happy consequences to be expected of the two Houses of the parliament of Great from this memorable event.-Mr. Dundas Britain, communicated by his majesty's comthen read certain resolutions founded on mand in the message sent to this House by theseveralstatements, which were severally his excellency the lord lieutenant, it would be put, and agreed to.

fit to propose, as the first article of Union, that

the kingdoms of Great Britain and Ireland The King's Message respecting a Union shall, upon the 1st day of January which with Ireland.] April 2: Mr. Pitt pre- ever after, be united into one kingdom, by

shall be in the year of our lord 1801, and for sented the following Message from the the name of “ The United kingdom of Great King :

Britain and Ireland; and that the royal stile “ GEORGE R.

and titles appertaining to the imperial crown " It is with the most sincere satisfaction of the said United Kingdom, and its dependencies, and also the ensigns armorial, flags and to serve for any county, city, or borough banners thereof, shall be such as his majesty, Great Britain, in the House of Commons o by his royal proclamation under the great the United Kingdom, unless he shall hav seal of the United Kingdom, shall be pleased been previously elected as above to sit in the to appoint,

House of Lords of the United Kingdom; but 2. That, for the same purpose, it would be that so long as such peer of Ireland, shal fit to propose, as the second article of Union, so continue to be a member of the House o that the succession to the imperial crown of Commons, he shall not be entitled to the pri the said United Kingdom, and of the domi- vilege of peerage, nor be capable of being nions thereunto belonging, shall continue elected to serve as a peer on the part of Ire limited and settled in the same manner as land, or of voting at any such election; and the succession to the imperial crown of the that he shall be liable to be sued, indicted, said kingdoms of Great Britain and Ireland, proceeded against, and tried as a commoner now stands limited and settled, according to for any offence with which he may be the existing laws, and to the terms of Union charged: That it shall be lawful for his mabetween England and Scotland.

jesty, his heirs and successors to create peers 3. That, for the same purpose, it would be of that part of the United Kingdom called fit to propose, as the third article of Union, Ireland, and to make promotions in the that the said United Kingdom be represented peerage thereof, after the Union, provided in one and the same parliament, to be stiled that no new creation of any such peers shall “ The parliament of the United Kingdom of take place after the Union until three of the Great Britain and Ireland.”

peerages of Ireland which shall have been 4. That, for the same purpose, it would be existing at the time of the Union shall fit to propose, as the fourth article of Union, have become extinct; and upon such extincthat four lords spiritual of Ireland by rotation tion of three peerages, that it shall be lawful of sessions, and twenty-eight lords temporal for his majesty, his heirs and successors, to of Ireland, elected for lite by the peers of create one peer of that part of the United KingIreland, shall be the number to sit and dom called Ireland; and in like manner so often vote on the part of Ireland in the House of as three peerages of that part of the United Lords of the parliament of the United King. Kingdom called Ireland shall become extinct, dom; and one hundred commoners (two for it shall be lawful for his majesty, his heirs each county of Ireland, two for the city of and successors, to create one other peer of the Dublin, two for the city of Cork, one for the said part of the United Kingdom; and if it University of Trinity College, and one for shall happen that the peers of that part of each of ihe thirty one most considerable the United Kingdom called Ireland, shall by cities, towns, and boroughs) be the number extinction of peerages, or otherwise, be reto sit and vote on the part of Ireland in the duced to the number of one hundred, excluHouse of Commons of the parliament of the sive of such peers of that part of the United United Kingdom: That such act as shall be Kingdom called Ireland as shail he peers of passed in the parliament of Ireland previous Great Britain, or the United Kingdom, to the Union,“ to regulate the mode by which then and in that case it shall and may the Lords spiritual and temporal, and the Com- be lawful to his majesty, his heirs and mons, to serve in the parliament of the United successors, to create one peer of that part of Kingdom on the part of Ireland, shall be sum- the United Kingdom called Ireland, whenever moned or returned to “ the said parliament,” any one of such one hundred peerages shall shall be considered as forming part of the have failed by extinction, or otherwise, it treaty of Union, and shall be incorporated in being the true intent and meaning of this arthe acts of the respective parliaments by ticle, that at all times after the Union, it which the said union shall be ratified and es- shall and may be lawful to his majesty, his tablished: That all questions touching the heirs and successors, to keep up the exclurotation or election of lords spiritual or tem- sive peerage of that part of the said United poral of Ireland to sit in the parliament of the Kingdom called Ireland to the number of United Kingdom, shall be decided by the House one hundred : That if any peerage shall at of lords thereof; and whenever there shall be any time be in abeyance, such peerage

shall an equality of votes in the election of any be deemed and taken as an existing peerage, such lords temporal, the names of such peers and no peerage shall be deemed extinct, as have an equal number of votes in their unless on default of claimants to the inherifavour shall be written on pieces of paper of tance of such peerage for the space of one a similar form, and shall be put into a glass, year from the death of the person who shall hy the clerk of the parliament, at the table of have been last possessed thereof; and if no the House of Lords, whilst the House is claim shall be made to the inheritance of such sitting; and the peer whose name shall be peerage, in such form and manner as may first drawn out by the clerk of the parliament, from time to time be prescribed by the House of shall be deemed the peer elected : That any Lords of the United Kingdom, before the experson holding any peerage of Ireland, now piration of the said period of a year, then and subsisting, or hereafter to be created, shall in that case such peerage shall be deemed exnot thereby be disqualified from being elected tinct, provided that nothing herein shall ex

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