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though of the extent above mentioned, substance sui generis, unlike any heat would not at all diminish the heat upon produced on our globe by chemical our globe, supposing the absolute solar agency; and that a certain quantity of heat to remain the same. For that it was at first created, which has contiobstructing body would not absorb and nued ever since, without either diminuconsume the heat it received, but tion or increase.
This substance may would radiate it in every direction; so concentrate about the sun more than that there would be no absolute loss of about any of the other bodies in the heat. The only effect would be, an in- system, not only on account of his supecrease in its immediate vicinity, by the rior bulk, but by reason of some pecuunion of its rays with those which did liar attraction. not fall upon it; and a proportionate di Haying thus shown, to the satisfacminution as far as its shadow extended. tion, it is hoped, of every unprejudiced This shadow would be a kind of cone, mind, that the unfavourable season we of a certain length, according to the have witnessed cannot have been ocdiameter of the obstructing body, and casioned by any diminution of solar its distance from the luminary. The heat, though we have certainly had heat begond, that is, towards the earth, less heat in this country than usual, let would be as great as if there had been us inquire whether this diminution of no impediment, for it would have reco heat be general on our globe, for, if vered its equability. A spot, one-twen- pot, that circumstance would of itself tieth of the sun's diameter, or about be sufficient to refute any argument 44,000 miles diameter, if not rising drawn from the supposed influence of higher than the sun's surface, would the spots in the sun. Now the fact aphave no shadow at all. If this spot pears to be, that while we have been were in the form of a cube, and wholly complaining in this country of wet and above the sun's surface, and resting, as cold, in Russia there has been a drought, it were, upon it, the shadow, in this which is enough to prove that this wet case, would only extend about 8000 and cold season has been only partial. miles; but, if in the shape of a globe, It is needless to inquire whether in the not half so far. This point, however, East Indies or Mexico there has been may perhaps be better illustrated by á less heat than usual, or whether there more familiar example. Let us then has been a more severe winter towards imagine ourselves in a room where the Antarctic Pole. Even here, this there is a fire twenty inches wide, and present month has been hitherto seveas many deep, and let us suppose a ral degrees warmer than the correscubic inch of any opaque substance ponding part of the year 1813, a year placed close to it, about the centre; not selected as being colder than others this would bear nearly the same pro- before or after it, but merely because portion to the fire that the spot observe the writer of these remarks happens to ed by Gassendus did to the sun. Now have in his possession a correct diary can any one believe that the heat in the of the thermometer during that year middle, or farthest part of the room, alone. would be diminished after this sub We must look then for the causes of stance was placed in that situation, this wet and cold season, not to the sun, especially after it had ceased to become but to the earth itself. The removal hotter, and was of an equal tempera- of a considerable number of icy mounture with the heat immediately sur tains, by tempestuous winds, from the rounding it? There would, indeed, be neighbourhood of the Arctic Pole into rather less heat on the side of the ob more southerly latitudes in the Atlantic structing substance farthest from the might occasion it. And it may have. fire, though not extending the tenth of been observed, that the rain has genean inch; whilst the rest of the room rally come from the West; and that we would not be the least affected by it in have bad dry and warm weather as any part. It is apparent then that the soon as the wind has shifted to the east spots observed in the sun can have no or north-east; that is, when the wind influence on the heat of our globe, un has blown from Russia, where there has less they could be supposed to diminish been a drought, it has been fine; but the absolute beat in the system. This, when from the “lantic it has been wet however, cannot be admitted. It is and cold. And this wet seems to have highly probable that the solar heat is a been expended in passing over Eng
land, France, Germany, &c. and not to pare, and said, “ Prepare to die, you have travelled so far east as Russia. will not exist three days.” He was Yours, &c.
alarmed, and called his servant, who METEOROLOGUS. found him much agitated, and in a pro
fuse perspiration. This had a visible Pit-place, Epsom, Jan. 6, 1816. effect, the next day, on his spirits. On MR. URBAN-Your correspondent, the third day, while at breakfast with T. S. (vol. LXXXV. part II. p. 408.) the above mentioned persons, he said, mentions the marvellous account of I have jockied the ghost, as this is Lord Lyttelton's death,' and wishes to the third day.' The whole party set off see it `authenticated.' Having bought to Pit Place. They had not long arPit Place, where he died, I can give rived when he was seized with a usual the following copy of a document in fit; soon recovered; dined at five; to writing, left in the house as a heir-loom, bed at eleven. His servant, about to which may be depended on. Having give him rhubarb and mint-water, stirreceived much pleasure and instruction red it with a tooth-pick; which Lord from your work for dear forty years, I Lyttelton perceiving, called him a deem it my duty to assist, in however slovenly dog,' and bid him bring a trifling a degree.
spoon. On the servant's return, he was 'Lord Lyttelton's Dream and Death' in a fit. The pillow being high, his (see Admiral Wolseley's account.)- chin bore hard on his neck. Instead I was at Pit Place, Epsom, when Lord of relieving him, he ran for help; on Lyttelton died: Lord Fortescue, Lady his return found him dead.' Flood, and the two Miss Amphletts, In Boswell's • Life of Dr. Johnson, were also present. Lord Lyttelton had (vol. IV. p. 313.) he said, “ It is the not been long returned from Ireland, most extraordinary occurrence in my and frequently had been seized with days. I heard it from Lord Westcote, suffocating fits. He was attacked se- his uncle-I am so glad to have eviveral times by them in the course of the dence of the spiritual world, that I am: preceding month. While in his house willing to believe it.' Dr. Adams rein Hill-street, Berkeley-square, he plied, "You have evidence enough; dreamt, three days before his death, good evidence, which needs no sup"he saw a bird fluttering, and after- port.'
T. J. wards a woman appeared' in white ap
Domestic Literary Intelligence. Thomas Day, Esq., of Hartford, work, to be entitled The Washington (Conn.) is preparing for publication, Museum, or Repository of Useful Arts: and will shortly put to press, a new devoted to the purpose of diffusing that edition of the third and subsequent vo kind of knowledge which is calculated lumes of Campbell's Nisi Prius Re- to promote the arts and manufactures ports, with additional notes and refer- of the United States: a large portion of ences, upon the plan of his edition of the work being employed in selecting, Espinasse's Reports.
and displaying in a brief and compreA Sketch of the Life, Last Sickness, hensive way, the best subjects of the and Death of Mrs. Mary Jane Grosve- Patent Office. By a Society of Gennor; left among the papers of the late tlemen.' We think the undertaking Hon. Thomas P. Grosvenor-to be pub- deserves to be patronized. lished by Coale and Maxwell, Balti The Emporium of Arts and Sciences,
lately conducted by Judge Cooper, is We have read proposals for pub- to be revived. lishing, by subscription, a periodical
We have now no hesitation in pub- see, also, that there is hardly a shade lishing the letter from St. Mary's Col- of difference between his own account lege; though, agreeably to the author's and ours. As to 'extensive advertisrequest, we shall not subscribe his ing' and ' military despotism'—it is
Our readers will see, that he merely a difference about the meaning has enumerated six objections to our of the phrases. Great promises, extensketch of St. Mary's; but they must sively circulated and military cen
tinels stationed on the ramparts of a merous friends have been uniformly, college-certainly seem to merit the and still are, persons too respectable to names we found it necessary to give have been so easily and so successfully them. That there exist religious jeal- influenced by mere inferior means and ousies unfriendly to St. Mary's, we arts. If they have so zealously cherdo not see denied; that this college has ished and encouraged the institution it had liberal donations, is not contradict- is because they have judged its real ed; and that the institution has de- services worthy of their perseverant clined, our respected Correspondent patronage. The insinuation has been seems to take for granted.--After all, we strongly reprobated by them and the only say that the reasons we gave have whole article considerd as greatly imbeen assigned as the causes of its de proper. clension; and can the managers of its 2. The account refers to 1806 at the concerns undertake to allege, that such epoch of a declension of the college reasons have not had a disadvantage- which, in the manner it is represented ous operation on its interests?
and explained, might rather be considerWe have not said, that there is, in ed at its doom—Whilst the truth is that St. Mary's, a spirit of proselytism to the if the college could not fail to experi. Catholic religion; but we know, that ence the same vicissitudes to which the Protestants have entertained such an most ancient establishments, and even opinion; and we think our Correspond- those supported by their respective ent rather admits it. It has even been states are subject; if during the war, thought, that the grand object of this it must have particularly suffered, it seminary, is, to promote the Roman has since prospered anew, and it now Catholic religion;-an opinion which contains above one hundred students. we do not say is well founded. We As for the character of its pupils, St. have not asserted that there is any Mary's, considering its time of being literary deficiency in St. Mary's; and and its peculiar circumstances, has cerwe were as much surprised at Mr. Buté tainly returned to society its due prohimself, to find that we had given his portion of useful and honourable memplace to M. Du Bourgh. With these bers. Literature and sciences, the remarks we submit a literal transcript fine arts and the learned progressions of our Correspondent's letter.
have welcomed a considerable number The Editors of the Analectic Magazine. of these pupils. Of the many who have GENTLEMEN,
embraced the profession of physic, two In the brief account of the Ameri- have obtained the gold medal given at can Colleges,' inserted in your number each commencement of the faculty of for April, you hold yourselves person- Maryland to the graduate who produces ally responsible for the correctness of the best Latin thesis. The diplomatic such statements as could not be ascer career has received many others; three tained from references' to well known young men of the five employed as authors.' A degree, indeed, of respon- secretaries during the negociations at sibility must be felt by sensible editors, Ghent, were pupils of St. Mary's; two when they introduce or admit in their others have also followed Mr. Pinkney publications, any fact or observation in his legation. Seven of its graduates, which may affect the character and within this year, have travelled to the interest of the institutions concerned. universities of France and England, a For the better discharge of that respon- circumstance which at least seems to sibility, so properly and candidly ac evince that zeal for information with knowledged in this very case, we offer which they have been inspired, during you these few remarks, respecting St. their exercises at St. Mary's, and which Mary's College in Baltimore, to be it is so interesting for this country to added to the brief account, &c.' see extensively promoted. Many of
1. The ' extensive advertising' or these estimable pupils belong to famiany other effort to render the institution lies so highly respected in these states • popular' indecorously attributed to St. that their name is, by itself, a kind of Mary's College, is, certainly, for those strong presumption in favour of the to whom it is well known, perfectly in institution to which their education was contrast with that highly independant intrusted. character which has constantly been 3. Of that curious military despotone of its peculiar features. Its nu ism' of the gentlemen of St. Mary's we
leave their pupils, now dispersed in bia, chartered by Congress, and more every part of the union, to bear the considerable in many respects than proper witness, or the readers, if they some of those reviewed in the account, are the best informed, of the mild regu- yet entirely omitted. Of the liberal lations and kindly temper of the insti- contributions in like manner alluded tution, to judge for themselves. Few to, scarcely any proof, we think, could institutions, we believe, can receive be furnished-St. Mary's college may more marks of esteem and affection simply rely on the public esteem as from their pupils, than have been be- long as it will deserve it. Rivalships, stowed on their alma mater by those of it entertains none; no institution was St. Mary's-nor have the reverend M. ever more free from intrigues or any Dubourg and his successors MM. Pa- petty arts of that kind-more exact to quiet and Mareshal so far behaved as confine itself within the proper bounds
military despots' as not to obtain an of self-defence. uncommon share in the love of their 6. As for the religious jealousy youthful friends—the present bead of with which it is said to be regarded by the college will probably, after them a portion of the community, the gentlecontinue, in its management, to steer men of St. Mary's may trust the libebetween any excess of that discipline rality of the times for its limited effect considered by the institution as so im- besides the reproach would but be portant to the welfare of the students, theirs, for we do not see why a liteand any improper relaxation of it that rary institution would not have in Balmight impair its usefulness.
timore, its proper degree of respecta4. That the reverend M. Dubourg, bility and usefulness, in the bounds of now the Catholic bishop of New Orle catholic clergymen as well as it has it ans, is not now the president of St. in those of Arian clergymen in HarMary's, is sufficiently implied in the verd, or Calvinistical clergymen in preceding remark; as for the name of Yale, as the brief account will have the actual president of the other college, them to be in these most ancient and the author of the article betrays the celebrated universities. same carelesness or want of exact in We abstain from further remarks formation. The paragraph has been whether the errors of the paragraph written ex professo to give the pre. concerning St. Mary's College were sent state of the American colleges, originally misstatements or mistakes is these errors, particularly for institu- indifferent, and we ought not to suptions so near the place where it is pub- pose the former in preference, since lished, are more remarkable. We take any ill will to that institution could not no notice of those which concern the have gratuitously influenced the imparother colleges mentioned in the brief tial and uninjured editors; to offer the account.'
proper corrections was the only ob5. The respectable patronage allud- ject of, ed to, belongs solely to the college of
Gentlemen, Georgetown, in the District of Colum
16, for it, read, is.
460, 13, for divisions, read, divisors.
4, from bottom, for set, read sets.