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ART. XII.-Notoria; or Miscellaneous Articles of Philosophy, Li

terature and Politics, From the Gentleman's Magazine. every body knows that the battles of

Mr. URBAN,-You have doubtless Quartre-bras and Waterloo were fought heard of Waterloo Waltzes, Waterloo upon the 16th and 18th of June, we Bonnets, Waterloo Shoes, &c. but not yet are, I presume, to consider this letter perhaps of Waterloo Literature. By as sent before it was written, or some this term, is meant a narratory style, such extraordinary event, far beyond which resembles the pell-mell of the the common course of things. Battle, and consists in bulls, erroneous We are next told that Bonaparte asdates, and writing history, without col- cended the Observatory, though it is lation of the incidents, or examination plain that there were no means of so of opposing authorities. Its general doing, and that the report of his guide principle is, to give exparte evidence disproves the fact. a grand display, that the reader may Napoleon put himself at the head of have the pleasure of finding it contra- his guard, consisting of fifteen hundred dicted as he ceeds.

men: to which the enemy, greatly diThe intention of this essay being a minished in numbers, could offer no jeu d'esprit, the names of the authors effectual resistance. As the guards will not ill-naturedly be given: but the amounted to fifteen thousand, the Cumreader may be assured that the passa- piler proves also to be a dealer in diges really exist.

minuation of numbers, and in a large The Battle commenced by the fa- way. mous attack upon the villa called here In defiance of the guide's account, Hougomont. The Literature also be- Bonaparte is made to escape in his cargins with a misoner: for it is allowed riage, which is described as "a comupon all sides that Goumont is the true plete office, bedchamber, dressing-room appellation.

eating-room, and kitchen." This Iliad A Paddy, who was an eye-witness of in a nutshell is thus converted into an this gallant affair, after an elegant ple- impossibility. Though Fielding says onasm, informing' us that the inhabi- that stage-coachmen consider human tarts Aed to the forest of Soignes for beings only as baggage, whom, without security, "and in the hopes of saving regard to variations of size, by squeeztheir lives," says, that “our troops re- ing, they compress into the most portiring into the garden did not yield one table form, to avoid waste of room; yet inch of their ground." The same wri- they would scratch their ingenious ter speaking of the fruitless efforts of heads for a resolution of this wonderful the enemy, uses these words, “at no convenience. The fact is, it only conperiod, during the day, notwithstanding tained packages for various services, the heavy masses of infantry and ca- which were taken out and in, wherever valry which were advanced against our Bonaparte stopped, as they were wantcentre, time after time, he was never ed; and were very ingeniously stowed able to force our position.”

in the carriage, like a dressing-case. I proceed from hence to a concen In a French account of the battle, trated account by an author, who with mention is made of the ricochet shots of peculiar felicity distinguishes the Ex- the English artillery. Ricochet shots Emperor by the elegant appellation of mean those which bound along the the Corsican.

ground like the duck and drake sport The first thing I shall notice is an an- of boys upon ponds. The learned Comarchy of dates and incidents, very simi- piler has converted ricochet into rocket, lar to the bull before quoted. It is a as the correct reading, and accordingly letter of the Marquis of Anglesea, in made quite a different material of the exculpation of his regiment, the 7th implement of war intended by the Hussars.

French writer. The following anecThis letter is dated Brussels, June 2, dote will illustrate the ingenuity of this 1815, above a fortnight before the bat. conversion. It is usual at the Univertle alluded to: and, notwithstanding, sities, upon matriculation of a student, speaks of the 17th and 18th of that to put down the father's profession. A month; as well as bears the signature of great lawyer, upon bis entrance, was Anglesea, not of Uxbridge. Now as required to state the calling of his fa

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ther. As he was a native of the North- corps, to occupy the ground deserted ern coal counties, he replied, that bis by the English voluntarily. Upon this father was a fitter, an appellation given event the bulletin observes, “In this to a certain vocation connected with state of affairs, the battle was gained!the trade of the black diamonds. Fit- From the other accounts by a French ter, fitter! exclaimed the tutor; what is officer of the staff, it seems to be a rule, that? put down fiddler.

that, if the French penetrate within the The Literature of the Secretaries of lines of the Enemy, whether they are the two great Masters of the Art of War able to maintain themselves there or who were opposed to each other is not, they are to be considered victoriequally amusing.

ous. By the same logick, if a thief only The dispatch of our illustrious Duke enters a house, that house is already has like bis own victories, no less than robbed; or, as the History of the Embetween forty and fifty ands in it: we peror Alexander tells us he saved the have, “ at daylight in the morning,” in- life of a drowned man, the battle is won, stead of “ in the morning at daylight:” and the dead are alive by means of anand, “ between that river and the ticipation only.

A. B. C. Meuse, between the 10th and 14th of the month," two betweens in one line: Public-houses among the Classical An“excepting by following with," instead

cients. of “except by,” &c.-The disjunctive

The public-houses of the Classical powers of and are famously exhibited in Ancients were, in some things, diffethe following sentence: “and having rent from ours. Plutarch mentions a observed that the troops retired from Spartan, who, coming to an inn, did the attack in great confusion; and that not call for solid fare, but gave the the march of General Bulow's corps host some meat to dress*. Upon the by Frichemont upon Planchenoit and further demand by the host of cheese La Belle Alliance had begun to take and oil, “What!” says the Spartan, effect: and as I could perceive the fire “ if I had cheese, should I want meat?” of his cannon, and as Marshal Blucher The Romans did not recline, but sit, had joined in person,” &c.-Grose tells when they took refreshment in taverns, the following story of poor Ames, the or had irregular meals elsewheret. bibliographist. He had purchased a Martial adds, that flaggons, chained to block of the capital A; and in order to posts, were usual in such housest. Jumake a grand display of his acquisi- venal well describes the habits of such tion, began his Work with the conjunc- places: tion and, though there was no preced -In magnâ legatum quære popinâ ing sentence. And and yet are the two Invenies aliquo cum percussore jacengreat hacks of our language. Every tem Permixtum Dautis et furibus aut body knows the admirable illustration

fugitivis. of yet in the Aristarchus of Birch. It Inter carnifices et fabros Sandapilarum is singular too, that the Buonapartéan Et resupinati cessantia tympana Galli. bulletins abound with short sentences, Æqua ubi libertas, communia pocula, and the English with long-winded para lectus graphs. But, be the Literature of our Non alius cuiquam, nec mensa remogallant Heroes what it may, as Victory tior ulli. L. iii. Sat. viii. has bestowed the laurels instead of

According to this account, there Apollo, long may they wear them in

were no boxes, as at modern coffeehealth, honour, happiness, and the deep houses; but the drinking-vessels and respect of their grateful Country! They tables were common. Persons attendwill not take ill a good humoured joke. ed, who sold ointments and perfumes, They are too high-minded.

and addressed the visitor with Dominus The boxing bulletins are not more and Rer, and other flattering exprescurious than those of the Ex-Emperor. sions, if they had hopes of custom. Towards the end of the day, the Duke The Land-lady had her dress tucked up of Wellington, through loss of men, * Laconic Apophthegms. fell back, to form a shorter line across

† Mart. Epigr. L. v. Ep. LXXI. the angle of the Nivelles and Charleroi

IL. VI. Ep. LX. roads. This was not unnoticed by Na

Hence the uncta pepina of Horace poleon, who ordered an advance of some

| Juvenal, ubi supra.

{succincta) for convenience and expedi- was denominated Auctor, and the bidtion; and brought pitchers of wine for ders Sectores. They signified their bidthe guests to taste:

ding by lifting up their fingers, and the Et cum venali Cyanè succincta la- highest bidder succeeded. The Magenâ. *

gistrate's permission was necessary for In the Inns on the road, there was a sale. About the forum were a numboth hot and cold meat.t Tiberius ber of Silversmiths' or rather Bankers' prohibited their selling any baker's shops, where things sold by Auction commodities.I Nero permitted only were entered in tables, and sealed. At boiled vegatables; though, before, every their shops, the auctions were in genekind of delicacy was usual. Tavern ral made, that these Argentarii might keepers had a particular costume, for note on the tables the names of the Heliogabalus caused himself to be re- buyers; and the goods were delivered presented in one. We are told by under authority of some magistrate. modern Antiquaries, that the Etaguos, Buying-in, or redemption, was made or Aandheld, of the ancients were places by giving security through a friend, accommodated with all things requisite which was termed Dejicere libellos.* for travellers of every description; and Petronius gives the inscription (similar it was at them that the soldiers used to to our handbill) of an auction literally refresh themselves, and change their this: “ Julius Proculus will make an horses and carriages; from which cus auction of his superfluous goods, to pay tom of changing, in later times, even his debts.”+ Estates, pictures, &c. fresh garments were also called aa were sold by the Romans in this way ragas. It must however be allowed, as now; and sales sometimes lasted for that though the places grew to be emi two months. I nent, and large at last, yet at first it In the middle age, goods were cried, was only one diversorium, or inn, on and sold to the highest, and the sound which there was the sign of the Ansa, of a trumpet added with a very loud by which name, for that reason, the noise. The use of the spear was rewhole station itself was afterwards so tained, the auctions being called subcalled. I By these Stathmoi the ancients hastationes, and the subhastator, or aucalso regulated the stages of their jour- tioneer, was sworn to sell the goods ney.** The Ansa, or sign, was the han- faithfully. A cryer stood under the dle or ear of a pitcher, in which sense spear, as in the Roman æra, and was it is used by Virgil, tt &c.

in the 13th century called Cursor. As to Gin-shops, fc. the Ancients In London, Sales by Auction were reckoned it mean to buy wine from a held at Mercers?-Hall, and other platavern.If

ces.ll Of the Wine-cellars, the Hercula Auctionarius was a tradesman who nean excavations have supplied infor- augmented his property: properly speakmation, pretty well known; but there ing, he who bought old, worn, and da was a provision for securing what would maged goods, to sell them dearer afterotherwise have been lost by leakage.ff wards. T

Sales by Auction. In the Roman sales, a spear was fixed in the forum, by which Translation of a Chinese Tea Merstood a crier, who proclaimed the ar chant's Declaration, and description ticles. A catalogue was made in ta of a Chinese Musical Instrument. bles, called Auctionarice; the vendor To the Editor of the Asiatic Journal. * Juvenal, ubi supra.

SIR-The following is almost a lite+ Sueton. in Vitellio, c. 13,

* Sigonius de Judiciis, L. 2. c. 24. Sueton. in Vitellio, c. 34.

Rom. Hist. Antholog. 225. Juvenal, $ Id. c. 16. || Lampridius in vitâ. L. 3. s. vii. Cicer. Orat. i. 17. 319.

Hearne's Antiq. Discourses, i. 39. 729. Ed. Freig. ** Herodian, L. ii. c. ult. p. 83. Ed, | Satyric. i. p. 188. Ed. Nodot. Paraus.

| Sueton. Cæs. c. 50. Capitolinus it Du Cange in voce.

in Antonino. If Cicero in L. Pison.

$ Du Cange, v. Cursor, subhastare, Pallad. de Re Rust. i. 18. Inter &c. Script. Rei Rusticæ, p. 236. Ed. Lugd. | Hawkin's Musick. V. 172. 1537.

Du Cange in voce. VOL. X.

54

ral translation of one of those papers the names of the cultivator or plantawhich are occasionally found in the tion where the tea grows, names truly chests of tea; it may perhaps amuse auspicious, if we may judge from a litesome of your readers, and will at any ral translation; the following are a few; rate apprize them of certain advantage “Infinite fragrance." ous qualites in Hyson, of which they are “Sweet-scented region.” probably ignorant, so that, not satisfied “ Heavenly odour." with, “te veniente die, te decedente," " Vernal origin. they will be tempted to imagine with “Great perfection.” Dr. Johnson, that “ Te sine pil altum “Gem-like buds.” melis inchoat.”

“Persevering excellence.” Declaration of Cow Long.

« Estimable duration." NARRATION UPON HYSON TEA.

“ Sincere perfection." This capital tea, a transparent jewel, “ Bud of Spring." with a snowy crystalline bud, is the first " Established abundance." under heaven.

" Fountain of heaven.” Of an estimable description which is I am sorry to observe, that these pleabeautiful, and without defect, perfect sing professions are not at all times and not able to be surpassed; of Hyson, borne out by the qualities of the article the very right hand, anciently and upi- enclosed,, and it does happen, in the versally established amongst distant course of events, that upon the opening people, from its prajseworthy flavour. of " sincere perfection,” or “the bud of

This Hyson, having traversed hills spring," a large stone surrounded with and seas; sought from the heights of paddy chaff, will occasionally make its southern exalted mountains, which tow- unwelcome appearance. er above the clouds, rises to that perfec I received, some time since, from tion, that being compared with other China, a Cheng,” or “ Seng," of teas, it maintains the superiority. which a short description may possibly

It has a fine odour, containing an ex interest some of your musical readers. treme degree of excellence; having The instrument consists of seventeen been received formerly, and at the pre- bamboo tubes, tipped with ivory, and sent time with reverential eagerness, by having each a small hole, which are inpersons of rural habits.

serted perpendicularly, in a sort of glaThese sprigs, of established reputa- zed bowl, of between two and three tion, are for people, who travel, truly inches diameter, presenting a very deprecious, having a manifestly laudable licate and pleasing appearance. There character, for their excellent and ap- is a mouth piece, faced with ivory, in the proved description.

side of the bowl, and the wind passing It, possesses unceasing superiority, up, through the tubes, gives an agreewhile prepared, with unremitted skill; able note, somewhat resembling that of its species, although beautiful, and ve a hautboy, when one, or more of the nerable, bas inexhaustible virtue. holes, are stopped by the finger. It ap

This tea, (of the high court) when first pears to be finished, with great nicety, prepared and violently operated upon as each tube has, at the inserted end, a with hot water, has a superior faculty of small vibrating reed, which is kept in its performing wonders, its first buds and position, by a very minute piece of lead, fibres after three full and complete or composition. The notes, which are springs, are excellent, to remove ob- thirteen in number, four of the tubes structions, to rouse from intoxication or being silent, and merely placed there by drowsiness, to slake thirst, and this way of finish, are all in the natural key, more than golden production makes old stictly in unison with the pianoforte, age retire, procrastinates stale years, with which, in simple airs, the cheng and a precious gem, spreading over forms not an unpleasant accompanithe taste and palate, gives a secret cou ment; they follow in this order CFF rage, in calamities, remote or near; its (alt.) C (alt.) D (alt.) E (alt.) G D BE desirable fragrance, spread through the G A'B. The G and B, you will observe, inner chanber, shall receive universal occurs twice, and is in each case, preapprobation.

cisely the same note. You may have remarked the charac

I am, Sir, yours, &c. ters or shop marks upon the sides of

ROBERT HUNTER, nearly all tea chests; these are probably

men.

nese.

CEYLON.

Description by a Muhammadan of a and resolutely stepped upon the pile.

Sati, or Burning of a Widou. The corpse of her deceased husband was

The circumstance recently took then brought and placed close to her, place near Commillah. A niece of the which she clasped in her arms and kiss late Raja of Tipperah was the object in sed; then desired her friends to make no question. About four o'clock in the delay, and retired to rest—to rest I may evening I went to the place pointed out safely say, as upon feeling her pulse befor the sacrifice; soon after which the fore the fire was communicated, I could procession made its appearance to the not perceive the least motion in it. Fire sound of martial music; upon a cottvas then communicated to the pile (such as in general is made use of by amidst loud shouts from the spectator's, Europeans) appeared the corpse at fuil the music playing the whole time, and length, elegantly dressed in the finest although the flame was very bright, yet muslin, having his face painted after for a time it was completely hidden the manner of the Rajputs, and a star from the sight by showers of short bammade of numerous coloured threads and boos which were thrown into it by the small thin pieces of bamboo, about the by-standers, both Hindus and Musulsize of a thick darning needle, attached The Sati was a most beautiful to his ear. Upon the same cot, in a woman, very fair, and having a countereclining posture, was his wise most nance somewhat resembling the Chisuperbly dressed in muslin and fine Suffice it to say, that I retired clothes; her hair was loose and encir- filled with sensations of a nature not the cled in various wreaths of yellow flow- most enviable. The sight was altogether ers, having rings of pure gold in her in the words of the poet: ear and nose, and upon her wrists and “Sublimely grand and awfully terrific.” ancles were rings of pure silver. Nu

MIRZA KAZEEM. merous attempts were made by her re Tipperah, 30th Dec. 1816. lations, and by myself, to dissuade her from the rash step she was about to make, but all to no purpose. At length During the march of the British the night fast approaching, various culis forces upon the capital of Kandy, lieuwere employed to dig a hole in the tenant Lyttleton and a sergeant of the ground, which was made in the form of 73d regiment having attacked a wild a cross, during the making of which she elephant, were pursued by the gigantic repeatedly made inquiries as to its ex- animal; and the latter, whose name we actness. Having satisfied herself upon cannot learn, was unfortunately overthis subject, she then observed that taken and torn piecemeal. Lieutenant there was not a sufficiency of wood to Lyttleton found safety in a tree, where keep up a large fire till day-light, and he was obliged to remain many hours then directed her confessor(a Brahman) closely watched by a dreadful adverto get for her seven Supari trees, which sary, whose sagacity exceeds that of being brought, she then expressed a almost any other animal, and whose wish to have the ceremony commenced swiftness in a woody country is very far upon;—she then descended from the cot, superior to that of the fleetest horse, placed a number of cowries in a cloth, as from his ponderous weight he overwhich she distributed only to her own throws those obstacles which the horse cast, repeating a short sentence from is obliged to shun. the Vedas, and receiving for answer the words Ram, Hori, Ram, Krishno, Hori. She was then bathed, and walked round the funeral pile (wbich was about six feet long and four broad) three times, Mr.Powell, commander of the Queen and was again bathed; she then distri- Charlotte, inforins us of the interesting buted her wearing apparel, but retained circumstance of his having recovered all her ornaments; again walked four from a rock twenty-one miles N. W. of times (in all seven) round the pile, and Nooaheevah (one of the Marquesas), a. was again bathed; she then advanced to man that had been its solitary inhabithe pile and spoke to her female rela- tant for nearly three years. His actions, recommending their following her count stated, that early in 1814 he proexample (as I was afterwards told) desi- ceeded thither from Nooaheevah with red a Brahim to give her a black pigeon, four others, all of whom bad left an

AN AMERICAN SEAMAN BROUGHT AWAY

FROM A DESERT ROCK AFTER THREE
YEARS RESIDENCE ON IT.

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