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was this quality which rendered valuable assistance in the Crimean war through his lectures on campaigning to the army at Aldershot, and to it some of his most valuable contributions to science were ultimately due.

Galton's interest in geography did not in the first instance embrace man. At this period his attention had not yet turned in the direction of the researches with which his name will always be associated as a great and original thinker - a pioneer in the application of statistics to biological problems, and the study of heredity and eugenics. Like many others of his generation the crisis of his life, which was also the crisis of the science of his day, was the publication by his relative, Charles Darwin, of "The Origin of Species" in 1859. From that time his whole outlook was changed. As he himself said, this book was the first to give me freedom of thought." His mind was in a ferment. He turned to the study of men and of inheritance, and in 1869 published his " Hereditary Genius -a book which made a convert of Darwin. Prof. Pearson's succeeding chapters show the further development of these ideas, take us through his correspondence with de Candolle and Darwin, and deal with his work in psychology, in which he was the first, in this country at least, to make use of and develop the experimental method, his researches in photography and the use of the composite portrait, and the development of the correlational calculus.

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Prof. Pearson has, wisely, endeavoured to make this volume supply, as far as possible, the lack of a collected edition of Galton's work by copious extracts. The account of much of his most important work, such as the statistical theory of genius and the formulation of the doctrines of eugenics which filled his later years, is therefore relegated to a third volume. In this second volume, however, the reader will find adequate material for the appreciation of the quality of Galton's remarkable genius, his originality and versatility.

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Cicely Frome: the Captain's Daughter. By Bessie Marchant. (2s. 6d. net. Low & Marston.)

Bunty's Bumper Book. (2s. 6d. net. Collins.)

Joan's Visit to Fairyland, and other Tales. (2s. Low & Marston.)
Hurrah for Peter Perry! BY ELEANORA H. STOOKE. (2s. net.
Gardner & Darton.)

FOR GIRLS AGES 12 TO 16 YEARS.
The Fortunes of Doria. By PAMELA GRANT. (5s. net. Collins.)
Collins' Schoolgirls' Annual. (5s. net. Collins.)

The Giant of the Treasure Caves. By Mrs. E. G. MULLIKEN.
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FOR BOYS AGES 12 TO 16 YEARS.
Collins' Schoolboys' Annual. (5s. net. Collins.)
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Marston.)

By T. BEVAN. (3s. 6d. net. Low &

Up and Down the City Roads. By A. A. METHLEY. (Cloth Boards,
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In Jungle and Kraal. By A. L. KNIGHT. (2s. 6d. net. Low &
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Minor Notices and Books of the Month
ART, BIOGRAPHY, CLASSICS, EDUCATION
The Architecture of Humanism: a Study in the History of Taste.
By G. SCOTT. (10s. 6d. net. Constable.)

Architecture, the greatest and most complex of the arts, has had an enormous critical literature. But there are few books such as this, which attempt a logical consideration of the theory of the art, and to expose the fallacies and dangerous half-truths which underlie some of the current counters of architectural criticism. The book is a much needed corrective to much of the unfair disparagement of Renaissance architecture, which has been indulged in by enthusiasts for the unquestioned nobility of the Gothic style. The author frequently uses the word taste," and, when thinking over his arguments, one is reminded of the old old battle, which has been waged by writers on aesthetics from Baumgarten to Ruskin, on the subjective and objective definitions of beauty: which is always interesting because always indecisive. The book is a valuable contribution to architectural literature. It should be read by all those who are not afraid to have their 'lamps" trimmed and their aphorisms" examined.

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The Story of Architecture Throughout the Ages: an Introduction to the Study of the Oldest of the Arts for Students and General Readers. By P. L. WATERHOUSE. Revised Edition. (6s. net. Batsford.)

The student of architecture who wishes for a concise and readable account of the general history of the art has now many excellent books to choose from. One of the earliest was this work by the late Mr. P. Leslie Waterhouse, which was first published in 1902. In its original form it has long been out of print. This, the second edition, revised and enlarged, is a book which can unhesitatingly be placed among the first of its class. The account given of the history and development of the styles, from prehistoric times to the architecture of to-day, is clear and eminently readable, while the numerous illustrations are especially well chosen and reproduced.

Christmas Miniatures of the Nativity and Epiphany.

15 Pic

torial Cards printed in Colours. Set C 10. (2s. 6d. the set. 2d. each. British Museum.)

The Adoration of the Magi. From a Prayer Book executed probably at Bruges, for a Nun of Messines Abbey about A.D. 1500. (Is. British Museum.)

The Tree of Jesse. From a Psalter executed in England (probably in the Diocese of Lincoln), late thirteenth century. (IS. British Museum.)

The Presentation in the Temple. From a Book of Hours
(Dominican Use) executed in France, middle of the fifteenth
Century. (Is. British Museum.)

A first Book of Pattern Design, with some Examples of Historic
Craft Work. By B. HARGREAVES. (IS. Black.)

The Life of Sir Ernest Shackleton, C.V.O., O.B.E.(Mil.), LL.D.
By H. R. MILL. (8s. 6d. net. Heinemann.)

First published in 1923, this biography now reaches a second edition. In this book we have an authoritative account of the life of Shackleton written by a very able biographer. The story of Shackleton's early struggles, his later triumphs and failures, followed by his tragic end, makes an irresistible appeal to the general reader. This is the type of book that boys should read, and it is to be hoped that at least one copy of this biography will find its way into every school library.

In the House of My Pilgrimage. By LILIAN M. FAITHfull. (10s. 6d. net. Chatto & Windus.)

Miss Faithfull's reminiscences will be of special interest to women born in the same decade as herself, 1860–70, for, as she points out, these have lived through the most interesting and eventful period for women in English history, and perhaps in the history of the world. She herself was one of the pioneers, working almost without precedents and breaking new ground.

(Continued on page 60.)

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"Women were on their trial as administrators, and we often had to plough a lonely furrow." Her book tells briefly of her early appointments at Somerville College, the Oxford High School, Holloway College, and King's College, London, and describes in greater detail her work as Principal of Cheltenham Ladies' College, and the ideals for the education of girls which she was able to put into practice there.

Miniature Essays. Gustav Holst, Jean Sibelius, Josef Holbrooke. (6d. [fr. 1.00] each net. Chester.)

The Reminiscences of a Fiddle Dealer. By D. LAURIE. (7s. 6d. net. Werner Laurie.)

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"There are," says Dr. Alington, in his preface to one of these books, many parts of the country in which it is almost impossible for a boy, however great his literary promise, to be taught Greek." We think this calamitous. Our one hope is that the present neglect of Greek is only a temporary swing of the pendulum away from the old position when Greek was rammed down the throat of many a boy of no literary promise. In any case, the great classics of antiquity should be known to all, if only in translations, though they will be cultivated only by the few. These two books, both of solid, though of differing merit, are welcome additions to the efforts now being made by scholars to pass on some part of the legacy of Greece and Rome to all intelligent people.

Homer's Odyssey: A Line-for-Line Translation in the Metre of the Original. By H. B. COTTERILL. New Edition. (7s. 6d. net. Harrap.)

We are glad to see Mr. Cotterill's translation in a cheaper and more accessible form than that in which it appeared thirteen years ago. His aim has been to enable readers unfamiliar with Greek to follow the story with facility, and to experience something of the same pleasure as those feel who can read the original easily. His rendering is approved by Dr. Walter Leaf. And we can answer for its approval by persons of widely different ages

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A Short Guide to the Accentuation of Ancient Greek. By Prof. J. P. POSTGATE. (10s. 6d. net. University Press of Liverpool. Hodder & Stoughton.)

Visual Education: a Comparative Study of Motion Pictures and Other Methods of Instruction. The Report of an Investigation made with the Aid of a Grant from the Commonwealth Fund. By F. N. FREEMAN, F. D. MCCLUSKY, H. W. JAMES, E. H. REEDER, A. P. HOLLIS, CAROLINE Hoefer, EDNA KEITH, H. Y. MCCLUSKY, E. C. ROLFE, LENA A. SHAW, D. E. WALKER, NINA J. BEGLINGER, JEAN A. THOMAS. Edited by F. N. FREEMAN. ($3.50. University of Chicago Press.)

This book is a mine of useful information for all who are experimenting with the use of the cinematograph as a teaching device. It gives clearly and concisely the results of many careful experiments, comparing, for instance, the use of a film alone with the film and an explanatory talk, or again with a talk illustrated by lantern slides or blackboard sketches. Various subjects of the curriculum are dealt with by different investigators, and one of the most interesting chapters is that comparing the efficiency of films, slides, stereographs, and demonstration in the teaching of hand-work.

The Purpose of Education: an Examination of Educational Problems in the Light of Recent Scientific Research. By ST. G. L. F. PITT. New cheap edition, revised and enlarged. (4s. net. Cambridge University Press.)

The revised (fourth) edition of this book maintains the same thesis as the first: that modern education errs in emphasizing material rather than ideal ends, and that educational problems should be attacked in the light of psycho-physical biology. The book is improved by the incorporation in the text of the material which formerly appeared in the appendices, and by the addition of a new chapter dealing with psychological inversion. Country Community Education: Proceedings of the Fifth Nationa Country Life Conference, Teachers' College, Columbia University, New York City, 1922. ($2.00. University of Chicago Press.)

ENGLISH, POETRY AND DRAMA

The Old Ladies. By H. WALPOLE. (7s. 6d. net. Macmillan.) "You seldom hear anything of the poor gentlewoman classes [yet they] constitute a large proportion of the future citizens of the kingdom of heaven." These words indicate Mr. Walpole's point of view in this fine story. The lot of three old ladies, without money and without friends, is cast in the same tenement in Polchester. Two are widows: Mrs. Amorest, petite and dainty; and Agatha Payne, amorphous in her amplitude, dirty, untidy, with gipsy blood and covetousness in her composition. Miss Beringer (or Bellringer, as the malaprop but kindly charwoman, Mrs. Bloxam, calls her) is clumsy, plain-looking, uninteresting, but deeply in need of human kindness. An account of each with something of their individual histories, occupies about one-third of the book; then they are brought together and the plot begins. Mr. Walpole's descriptions, apparently effortless but artistically effective, are a pleasant feature of the book; but what most endears it is his tenderness, and the pathos he infuses into his story. Mrs. Amorest is the Miss Matty of this "Cranford"; and her son Brand, like Miss Matty's long-lost brother, keeps the story from being altogether tragic. In " Oliver Twist" Dickens reformed public opinion in the matter of poor-houses; The Old Ladies may go far to do so as regards penniless gentlewomen in their need of social sympathy and practical help.

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In the Days of Lorenzo the Magnificent. By A. G. ANDRewes. (6s. net. Foulis.)

This charming tale, while perhaps nine parts romance to one part history, yet by virtue of its atmosphere deserves to be classed as an historical novel. If, as may be, it suggests comparison with " Romola," George Eliot's story must bear the palm for sheer weight of learning and acuteness of characterization; but while there is in it enough of political intrigue, as fidelity to the facts of that age renders imperative, Mr. Andrewes's novel has far less of tragic intensity. The primary and secondary love stories that run through it provide complexity and alluring interest; but like all good historical fiction, the book lights up and gives reality to the important period to which it refers.

An Elementary Historical New English Grammar. By Prof. J. WRIGHT and ELIZABETH M. WRIGHT. (7s. net. Milford: Oxford University Press.)

This volume, like the Old and Middle English Grammars which preceded it, and with which it is uniform in size, binding, and plan, is intended for students rather than for specialists. As in the previous volumes, word-formation has been designedly excluded, to be dealt with in a forthcoming "Historical English Grammar" by the same authors.

Dickens and Thackeray. By Prof. O. ELTON. (Cloth, 2s. 6d. net. Paper, Is. 6d. net. Arnold.)

Shelley. By Prof. O. ELTON. (Cloth, 2s. 6d. net. Paper, Is. 6d. net. Arnold.)

The Brownings. By Prof. O. ELTON. (Cloth, 2s. 6d. net. Paper, IS. 6d. net. Arnold.)

Wordsworth. By Prof. O. ELTON. (Cloth, 2s. 6d. net. Paper, Is. 6d. net. Arnold.)

Tennyson and Matthew Arnold. By Prof. O. ELTON. (Cloth, 2s. 6d. net. Paper, Is. 6d. net. Arnold.)

Sir Walter Scott. By Prof. O. ELTON. (Cloth, 2s. 6d. net. Paper, Is. 6d. net. Arnold.)

These essays are chapters from Elton's finely-critical "Survey of English Literature, 1830-1880," specially revised for this separate issue, and furnished with chronological tables and brief notes on the literature of the subject.

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SUITABLE

MACMILLAN'S BOOKS FOR THE

OXFORD LOCAL EXAMINATIONS, 1925.

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THE PILGRIM'S PROGRESS. Edited by C. F.
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Miss Winstanley maintains that, so far from being singular in thus writing, Spenser was but adhering to a literary custom prevalent throughout Western Europe in his age. There was what she terms a sixteenth century mythology." Shakespeare, she holds, adopted this method. His "subject is a human story of human interest, a real story taken from real life; but it is also a story which is made the symbol of a national destiny." Lear is Henry III, of France; Edgar is Henry of Navarre ; Edmund, Henry of Guise. So, too, Hamlet is the son of Mary and Darnley. As set forth in the present volume, Othello is Spain, or Philip II; Desdemona is Venice; Iago is Antonio Perez. To Cinthio's novel, usually considered the basis of the play, Shakespeare is but little indebted. He improves on Cinthio and makes the relation of the story to history far plainer. In a word, "Othello is the epic tragedy of Italy." If Shakespeare played it before King James, who was then currying favour with Spain, it must have been plain to King and court alike that this drama was a grave warning of the danger into which the royal auditor was running the country in seeking a Spanish bride for his son. Miss Winstanley's contention, thus imperfectly stated, is supported by much cogent argument and wide reading in English and Continental literature contemporary with Shakespeare; and in many ways, it must be admitted, she makes out a good case. Most readers, however, will agree with Prof. Herford's remark relative to her theory : The Elizabethan playgoer went to [the theatre to] hear a play, not a political pamphlet." We cannot help feeling that, however close and interesting the parallel may be, however well known to the dramatist and his audience the historical events possibly symbolized, the real attraction alike for playwright and hearers lay in the profound human interest of the story. Poetry, pathos, passion do not spring from symbolism; and it is by virtue of these qualities that Shakespeare was not for an age but for all time.

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The Mystery of Edwin Drood. By CHARLES DICKENS. (25. net,
cloth. 3s. 6d. net, leather. Milford: Oxford University
Press.)
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Mårbacka. By SELMA LAGERLÖF. Translated from the Swedish
by VELMA S. HOWARD. (10s. 6d. net.
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Short Stories of To-Day. Selected by J. W. MARRIOTT. (2s. 6d.
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Lord Ormont and His Aminta: A Novel.

Short Stories. By George MereDITH. (5s. each, cloth. 7s. 6d. each, leather.) Impressions and Comments. Third (and Final) Series, 19201923. BY HAVELOCK ELLIS. (12s. net. Constable.) The House of the Seven Gables: A Romance. By NATHANIEL HAWTHORNE. (Cloth, 2s. net. Leather, 3s. 6d. net. Milford: Oxford University Press.)

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Leather,

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Essays and Studies by Members of the English Association. Vol. X. Collected by E. K. CHAMBERS. (7s. 6d. net. Clarendon Press.)

Blind Man's Buff. By L. HÉMON. Translated by A. RICHMOND. Macmillan.) (7s. 6d. net.

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Schooling. By P. SELVER. (7s. 6d. net. Jarrolds.)
The Golden Quill: A Romance of the Fourteenth Century. By
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The Golden Treasury of Modern Lyrics. Selected and Arranged by L. BINYON. (7s. 6d. net. Macmillan.) Since its publication, in 1861, Palgrave's Golden Treasury' has easily held the first place amongst the numerous anthologies of English lyrics. As the years have gone on, however, the exclusion from its pages of modern poetry has been increasingly felt to be a want; and hence, in editions since 1907, certain modern lyrics have been added to the original volume. Mr. Laurence Binyon's selection now before us contains exclusively modern verse, and more than three-score names occur in it beyond those of the supplemented Golden Treasury." But while we here have Yeats, Stevenson, Meredith, Hardy, Bridges to mention only a few-we miss Whitman, Longfellow, Emerson, Holmes; for Mr. Binyon, from want of space, has been obliged to omit Americans and poets of our overseas dominions. It will thus be seen that the most recent Palgrave and this new volume are scarcely rivals; on the contrary, those who have delighted in the one will welcome the other. While estimates of the relative value and importance of representative passages to be chosen will always differ, no reader will deny the charm of the most recent selection, or the taste in choice and the skill in arrangement it manifests. There is abundant need for the amplification of the notes; and in a new edition one would appreciate the substitution of Arabic for Roman numbers to the poems and reference to the pages on which they occur.

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The Bond of Poetry: a Book of Verse for Australasian Schools. Selected by J. J. STABLE (2s. 6d. net. Milford: Oxford University Press.)

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Australia may not yet have produced a great national poet, but Dorothea Mackellar's "would be accorded My Country a high place among patriotic poems; Adam Lindsay Gordon's From the Wreck can hold its own with Browning's "How They Brought the Good News"; in "A Riverina Road" is seen something of the conscious ideal, and in "The Australian "' something of the half-conscious achievement of native-born Australians. In pursuance of a theory propounded in his thoughtful and convincing preface, that the young student will gain a clearer insight into the close connection between poetry and life from verse which reflects the scenes and conditions familiar to him, the compiler intermingles throughout this collection the work of Australian writers with that of the great English poets.

Action Poems and Plays for Children. By NORA A. SMITH. (5S. net. Harrap.)

Clever and audacious adaptations of nursery rhymes form the elements of these little plays, which have been frequently performed and have, we can well believe, met with nothing but approval. No learning of parts is needed; the story is declaimed by a reader who may be provided with the manuscript, hence quite small children can figure in what should prove bright and sparkling, if brief entertainments. Of the fifteen, "The Children of the Mayflower," in nine tableaux, is the most ambitious, while "The Giant's Shoe" and "Little Jack Horner" are the wittiest and most amusing.

Coriolanus. By WILLIAM SHAKESPEARE. With a Commentary
by M. R. RIDLEY, and Acting Notes. (Limp Cloth, 1s. 4d.
Cloth Boards, Is. 8d. Christophers.)
Hamlet. By WILLIAM SHAKESPEARE. With a Commentary by
G. SAMPSON, and Acting Notes. (Limp Cloth, Is. 4d. Cloth
Boards, Is. 8d. Christophers.)

Some Favourite Poems and Children's Verses (with Exercises).
Edited by T. H. DONALD. (1s. Pitman.)

The Retrospect of François Villon: being a Rendering into English Verse of Huitains I to XLI, of Le Testament, and of the three Ballades to which they lead. By G. HEYER. (4s. 6d. net. Milford: Oxford University Press:)

The Story of Elizabethan Drama. By G. B. HARRISON. (5s. net. Cambridge University Press.)

The Bank-Side Stage Book. Written and Illustrated by H. W. WHANSLAW. (5s. Gardner & Darton.)

Selections from Matthew Arnold's Poetry. Edited by R. E. C. HOUGHTON. (2s. Methuen.)

The Five Black Cousins and Other Bird Rhymes. By J. M.
ALLISON. (3s. 6d. net. Cape.)

Under the Cedar. By ETHEL S. EARL. (2s. 6d. net. Routledge.)
A Book of English Poems Graded for Use in Schools. Part Two.
By Dr. J. H. JAGGER. (IS. 6d. University of London Press.)
The Country Wife and The Plain Dealer. By W. WYCHerley.
Edited by Prof. G. B. CHURCHILL. (бs. net. Heath.)
(Continued on page 64.)

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