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Now, brethren, I have proved to the Masonic and to the uninitiated world, that there has not been a secret among masons of the least value to them : that the wbole masonje system is a deception from the beginuing to the end. What is gained, by being able to pronounce in syllables, BoazJachin, Shibboleth, Tubal-Cain, Macbenach, Giblum, and Jao-bul-on? What is gained by a knowledge how to grip the two joints and their bollows, and the wrist of the band, or to be able to form a triangular grip, by the wrists, with: two other Royal Arch Masons? What is gained by a! knowledge of your penal and other signs? What, but folly? What but expence? What, but waste of time and means, that might be so much better employed?

It is monstrous, to see the legislators and the magistrates, of the land associating for such a purpose. It is an outrage upon the nation. It is monstrous, to see an establishment in London, with officers at salaries of four or five hundred pounds a year, to correspond with and to connect the country lodges. These are the affiliated societies whieh the legislator should put down. These are a scandal and a mischief to the otherwise intelligent character of this country.

The Exmouth Lodge lately voted five pounds to the Greeks, with an expression of good wishes for their successo As soon as the circumstance was made public, a reprimand was received from the London Grand Secretary and a mandate, that even Greek Politics were not to be meddled with! What then is the association of Freemasons, under the autbority of such a Grand Lodge? Wbat, but a set of Tom-fools, as my pretty Nottingham correspondent calls her husband and his “ Odd Fellows," who meet in a room, with affected secresy, to practise the more ridiculous part of the play of children, and who, by surb private meetings, with the perverted passions of manhood, must feel a growing disposition for the most foul debaucheries, that are necessarily private. Such debaucberies are the natural effect of such private associations of men. They bave been cominon in all those religious institutions where females have been excluded and sexual intercourse denounced. And though Masonry does not interfere with the last point, Masonic intercourse with females is denounced, which is a first step to viler purposes. There can be nothing good in society, of any kind, from which females are necessarily excluded.

Here, we have the Duke of Sussex, who is a Masonic Knight Templar, who is their Grand Master, and who, of

course, affects to admire the purpose for which the original Knights associated, condemning the act of a fire pounds sobscription to the Greeks, the only Christian people now! oppressed by the Turks, and struggling to emancipate them selves from that oppression. The Secretary could only have sent down the reprimand and mandate to Exmouth, by the order or with the sanction of the Grand Master... This, your Masonic cbivalry, is it? You must have sadly degeberated or be originally base. I have a masonic charge in my possession, printed at Sheffield, the subject of which is one continued eulogy on Thomas Paine and his Rights of Man': Ah! this must bave been the reason why all politics were excluded fronı. Masonic lodges. The chivalry of modern Masonry is a trick on the part of the Royal Family, to exclude the discussion of such topics as this eulogy on Paine: this struggle of the Greeks for republicanism. Republicanism is the devil of monarchy; and monarchy is both the hell and the devil of republicanism. Such frivolities, as those of wbich modern masonry is a compound, tally well with the general principles of monarchy. They form a sort of secoud band aristocracy, and, in some measure, rer. semble the manners of those livery servants, who accost each other under the names and titles of their masters. Masonry has no identification with liberty, with freedom of mind, or, of mental research ; it is a compound of trick, fraud and slavery. Instead of a fervency and zeal for freedom and the improvement of the condition of the human race, we fiod itendeavouring to rivet all those bad habits, those customs and those prejudices, wbich enslave man and make him poor, spiritless, and miserable. 1: The history of Freemasonry is evidently this :— It began as a trade association, and, in this sense, might possibly extend beyond all existing records, as we have relics and ruins as monuments of the most splendid masonic art, where we bave no records of their history or origin, nor even of the last persons who johabited them, nor by whom they were destroyed. Therefore, of the origin of masonry, in its practical character, the wiser course will be to say nothing. To trace it to-Solomon, to Noah or to Adam, is only to specu: late upon fables, evident fables. To trace it to a grand architect of the universe, is to rest upon a similarly evident: fable. , The sciences of astronomy and chemistry prove in contestibly, that no such a grand architect has existed, and that matter, as a whole, has been the only architect of its batoral identities. By the grand arcbitect of the universe,

among masons, we are led to infer an intelligent being, or a being with sevsations, such or similar to those, which we possess : 'and some religionists, who know not what mailer js, tell us, that he created matter out of vothing, himself, of course, first; and the old school maxim, ex nibilo nibil fit, or, out of nothing, nothing can be made, is with thein, irre, Jigious and blaspbemous. They blaspheme the little know ledge that does exist among mankind, and punish as blasphemers of their ponsense, those who desire to rest upon truth, upop faets and realities instead of phantoms. They first make a god like themselves, and then they make a universe, a history and a nature of things to suit tbeir first error, All error springs from that one source of making a God through ignorance and fear, through the ignorance of fear and the fear arising from ignorance. . Taking matter as a wbole, sensationless matter as the grand architect and grand destroyer of its patural identities, we rest upon facts which we bebold and beyond wbich we cannot carry our knowledge. Upon ibis ground, we need no devil, no counter power, as the necessary destroyer of those identities, and we are saved tbe outrageof imputing to a being, whom we would feign all power, all wisdom, all gooduess, the creation of evil to the sensations of animals, and of an author of that evil--the devil. This is an ontrage wbicb no religionist can calmly defend, and though we have no tradition that the devil was ever fool enough to intrude himselfamong masons, to become a mason, as he intrudes himself among all other reli; gious people, we may be assured, from what we have read in their prayers and other ceremonies that masons neither repounce por defy the devil.

So, it will be seen to be wise, to confine the history of masonry to the real history of mankind, and not to give it a fabulous antiquity. It is, in reality, more ancient than any fable can make it, and that admission ought to satisfy those strange beings, who bave neither taste nor value for any thing that is not antique. The materialists will give you an eternity for antiquity, if you can make out an eternity when you bave it granted.

Formerly, signs and pass words were very common among trades and the qualifications of the workmen were distinguished by them. The practice is scarcely extinct ið Germany and in other parts of the continent. This consideratiou will bring us to the eighteenth, or, if you like, to the seventeenth century, the origin of speculative masonry


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The first existence of speculative masonry, that masons or others attempt to shew, is an association for party polik tics, in the seventeenth century. A record exists, that a Mr. Asb mote and another Royalist attached to Charles the First, were initiated about the beginning of the civil war beIween Charles and the Parliament. A French writer bas asserted that Cromwell iostituted an association of masous for bis aggrandizement, and varrates circumstances, even table talk, which surprises me, that we should bave to read it first from the pen of a Frencbman, The, Stuart family are said to bave organized a similar association, both in England and on the Coutinent, for their restoration, of which Charles the Second was the head and chief. Inteoded, at first, for banished or travelling Englisbmen and Scotchmen, foreigners, or the inbabitants where the lodge es were held, were eventually admitted, and subsequently perpetua:ed the system on the coutinent, until now, we find the vile King of Spain banging half a dozen of them. Finch roundly asserts, and there is a probability, that Charles the Second added, or introduced into this country, the Royal Arch Degree as a degree for the Aristocracy, and a sort of distinction from tbe working characters of apprentice, craftsman and master.

The Stuarts, a second time banished, again resorted to the aid of masonry for their second restoration, and here it is, that we find the second revival of speculative masonry, that has assumed its present state in England and Scotland, and which produced sucb tremendous consequences on the continent. The restoration of the Siuarts was never relinquisbed by the Roman Catholics of the continent and of England and Irelaud, and by others their partisans in England and Scotland, until the French Revolution : and bardly then. If there be a branch of the family left, we may be assured, that thạt branch retains votious of restoration, and probabilities are quite as favourable to them, as they were twenty years ago to the Bourbons of France aod other places. I have no idea that masonry is now encoura. ged under such views, but rather, that, by being espoused by tbe present royal family, it bas taken an opposite turn. ATI royal families grow odious in the eyes of the people. It is in the nature of things that it should be so. 'Their privale as well their public vices become matters of common and interesting anecdote among the people, and hatred us the inevitable consequence. The public good which may be cried up is a flimsy support that veils nothing iu reality

Monarchy, aristocracy, priesthood and public good, cannot exist together. The three former are hostile elements toward the latter. “God save the king,” as a tune, may be played daily by all musicians, sung nightly in all companies, as a matter of form, and by brawling sots in the streets as a bad babit, just as I have heard the prisoners at the tread mill singing" Britons never shall be siaves !” (poor wretches! Britons are the greatest slaves that ever lived!) yet a growing hatred of that king and his family is as sure as the growth of a plant in a good soil.

The hatred is a genuine sebsation; the tune, or the song of “God save the King;" a mere habit, and the common practice of toasting “the king" in all corporate or other idle associations, is also an idle habit, that carries no sentiment or sensation with it; but here and there a little disgust and hypocrisy. The Parliamentary arms in the seventeenth century, professed to fight for the good of the King,” though he was in arms against them. The cry of“ the King” was kept up untill certain men felt power enough to take off bis head. The same was precisely the case in France. Louis beard pothing but Vive le Roi, until the time of his trial, though he, as well as Charles saw and felt, that there was no respect mëant. A'king is truly the most pitiable of mankind, and I would abolish the office merely to get rid of the hypocrisy associated with it. He can never be sure, that he bas the solid respect of one human being; and is or might be always sure, that he is surrounded by sycophancy. A sensible man, a man of integ. rity, would not fill such an office; but for the purpose of modifying it into something less disgusting to the individual and to the nation, See bow ridiculous and even pitiable my exposure of masonry makes the Royal Family appear, in the idea that they are in a measure, compelled to patronize such nonsense. They dare not patronize any thing really good for the country, in the way of knowledge; for, if they did, they would bave the aristocrats and the priests in hostile attitude, threatening to oust them. The real trinity in unity which they worship is composed of themselves; royal family or God the Father, aristocratsor God the Son, and Priests or God the holy Ghost. That is a piece of genuine revelation, and more truth than will be found in all the sermons that were ever printed, written or preached.

Professor Robison, himself a mason, travelled far to shew that the whole of the revolution of France, excesses and all, grew out of the association of Masons, which the Stuarts raised and left on tbe Continent. I fall in with bim a great

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