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The latin word Anima, which is derived from the Greek, identifies the soul or ghost with wind. So that ghost, soul, spirit, and air are composed of two gases, oxygen, and azot: or to give ghost a regular genealogy; oxygen and azot are the parents of air, who is the parent of spirit, who is the parent of soul, who is the parent of ghost, who after he has departed from the body, amuses himself, according to the French word revenant, by haunt.. ing of houses ! But whilst in the body, in the character of, and under the name of soul, ghost by his invisible operations, works the telegraphical machinery of the brain, which dictates to the hand, that drives the pen, which writes this letter, which I hope, my friend, you will find intelligible. If so, this piece of writing is a fair emblem of my body, and mind. Forinstance ;-suppose this sheet of paper, before it was written on, to be my body, and the writing, the intelligent part or mind. Now the white in this letter contributes as much to the formation of the Characters, as the black; for if this paper were all over equally black, it would be as complete a blank, and as unintelligible as it were before I began to write.
I infer from this, that, though the body and mind can do every thing together, they can do nothing when separated ; and that when death dissolves the partnership, all intellygibility is destroyed.
You say, that, the mysterious manner in which the mind acts upoe the body, convinces you that you have a divine principle stirring within you, and that that principle is immortal. None doubts your immortal principle; animabilis spirabilis que natura. The air is immortal. But the surest way to secure intelligential immortality is, to pass through the medium of the printing press! This is much more pleasant, and more effectual too, than to pass through fire for that purpose, as some persons are said to have done in the days of the heathen mythology.
But as to the mind acting upon the body; how does it act? Does it compel the feet to walk, the hands to move, and the tongue to speak? Certainly not. The mind may excite, stimulate, or advise a man to commit a murder; but if the members of the body refuse to act, the mind shrinks back within itself and blushes for its own weakness. The mind is like a watch without hands; the watch may tick, and the mind may think, but the mind could eommunicate nothing intelligible without the hand or tongue, no more than a watch could measure the hours and minutes, without those external organs which revolve round its face.
If the mind acted upon the body, as the wind acts upon a mill it might be called acting. When the wind, who is the mind's great grandfather, puts his shoulder to the vanes, the mill is compelled to perform its office, not a wheel can stand still till the wind pleases.* * Or the miller, friend D.
Having said so much on ghosts, while they animate and act with the body; and upon ghosts, who have been expelled the body by death, and became wandering vagrants, without home or habitation ; but having power to pass through key-holes, they have sometimes frightened old women out of their houses and took quiet possession themselves, of what was afterwards called haunted houses, I will now say a word or two on the holy ghost.
The holy ghost, like other ghosts, appears to be nothing more or less than air. The priest himself being holy, all the air that passes through his lungs becomes holy too,* whence the title of Holy. Ghost. Water, by being consecrated by the priest, becomes holy water. In a word, every thing appertaining to the priesthood is holy, there is holy fire, holy land, holy church, holy bible, the holy ghost, and as to the Pope he is holiness itself. The whole of which is a holy Jargon, and corresponds admirably with the pomptuous words, royal palace, royal stables, rogal dogs, and I may add royal ghost, which inspires the King when he delivers a speech in Parliament, in the same manner, as the holy ghost inspires a Priest when he preaches a sermon.
I will now conclude this long essay, by making a remark or two, on a letter which appeared some time ago in the “ Republican”, signed J. P. But the real name of the author appears to be Mr. Joseph Pearce. In that letter, Mr. Pearce attempts to defend the resurrection of the body, by asserting, that Crnde Mercury, through whatever process it may have gone, can be restored to its original state. I doubt the truth of this assertion at present. However, let Mr Pearce take Crude Mercury, calcine it, reduce it to the finest powder, then carry it to the sea shore and dash it into the whirl-wind. This process would make it flying mercury. Then, if he can mount bis spiritual poney, fly after it, overtake it, collect the particles, and restore them to running mercury, I will immediately become his disciple and proclaim him the greatest Joseph the world ever produced.
Now, my friend, although I have in my own opinion, routed you from every position you have taken, I cannot lay down my pen without expressing my admiration of your consistency in your belief. There is a charm in consistency that sometimes enables even the villain to command our applause.
You believe that the Bible is a divine revelation, and it says Luke 23, 46, that Jesus gave up the ghost. And Job. 10, 18. It says that Job, wished that he had given up the ghost. Now it is clear, that, if there were no ghost, no ghost could be given up. If you believe in the existence of witches also, your creed is truly scriptural.
Some of our Christian Doctors ridicule the idea, laugh at the name of ghosts and disbelieve in their existence altogether. Holy and faithful men. They do not perceive, with all their * What up or down?
learning, that sout, spirit, and ghost are so closely identified, that if they disbelieve the existence of one, they disbelieve the existence of all, and thereby insepsibly convert themselves into deists.
TO MR. RICHARD CARLILE DORCHESTER GAOL.
August, 1825. We bave another proof, that there are no “ Iunate Ideas”--50 often asserted by believers, to prove that we have an accomplished soul from God. Man certainly differs not from other animals, other than in the ratio of knowledge acquired by learning.
I copy the following proof from the New Times, August 8, 1825.
** Paris, August 4.-A wild man has lately been found in the midst of the woods and Mountains of Hartzwald, in Bohemia who it is presumed, must have been there from his infancy. He appears to be about thirty years of age, but cannot articulate a single word. He bellows, or rather, he howls, bis voice being like that of a Dog. He runs on all-fours, and the moment he perceives a human being clambers to the top of a tree like an ape jumping from branch to branch with surprising agility. When he sees a bird or other game, he pursues it, almost always with success. He has been brought to Prague but all attempts to tame him have been fruitless; indeed, he appears incapable of acquiring the habits of civilized life.-Constitutional.”
I am, Sir,
Note.-Christians! give us similar demonstrations about that phantom which you call a living and independent soul.
COPY OF A LETTER SENT TO THE KING,
Dorchester Gaol, August 12, A. T. Sir,
1825. A. L. (to masons) 1. I Have made great confusion among those masonic children, of which, you are, so worthily, the Grand Papa. I shall masonify masons, not only by teaching them what is morality, about which they talk without understanding; but by shewing them the real meaning of all their boasted secrets, about which they also talk without understanding. If a blue ribband were the proper thing for a man's shoe tie, I would ask the next from you, for tbis luminous labour of mine upon masonry.
I am, Sir, your prisoner,
Note on the word Abraxes. Since sending my fifth letter to Williams, to the Press, in looking orer a volume of Mackey's works, I find, that he thus defines the word Abraces, a mystical word among Masons, adopted, by them they know not why, or, like their other mysteries, because it was mystical two or three thousand years ago. Abraxes is defined by mackey to be a compounded contraction of Abir-Axis, or, in relation to ancient astronomy, the Bull at the Pole, a position of the carth, with regard to the sun and other Planets, which occasioned great devastations upon different parts of the earth, by the direful rising and rushing of the waters. Mackey supposes the gems or stones which had the word Abrares engraved upon them to have been mere mementoes of this direful season at certain parts of the earth, or tokens of reward to those persons who had invented the means by powerful structures, of resisting some of the effects of the waters. Whether correct or not, this is a reasonable definition. Every person, who can read and think, should read and think upon Mackey's books,
Tuere is a new sunday paper, up for a while, in London called the Palladium. But for meddling with me, it would have died without coming under my notice. It is evidently a paltry imitation of “ John Bull,” for the purpose of filcbing some of the profits of my old acquaintance, I might almost truly say, my old atheistical acquaintance; for Shackell was the man who first brought an atheistical book into my way and that book was queen Mab! This Palladium (of what?) has copied, with an alteration the notice which Shackell lately published as an advertisement of my god. Now, these dull dogs, if they be true to the Church, do not see, that my God is a plain undistorted extract from the Bible, and that all they can say against it is so much said against the Bible. This god and the masonry subject are the best hits that I have made since I have been in the gaol; as I can scarcely supply the demand for them. This new fellow, this mock bull says, the picture is more like a demon than a god ! And what is a demon? What other picture would be a picture or a better picture, of a God? Tell me, and you shall have it in print. The etymological meaning of demon is god or intelligent spirit. But the pivot of this notice is, that this puling Palladium has for its motto, “ DestRUCTION TO PERSECUTORs. and then we read
“ HORRIBLE BLASPHEMY!!" " That obdurate and profane wretch, Carlile, is now exhibiting *at the window of his Temple of Impiety, in Fleet Street, a Caricature of the most infamous and terrific kind. The subject is a hideous personification of the Almighty, composed, as appears by the passages in illustration of it, from the mysterious writings of the Apocalypse, taken in a literal sense. To describe more minutely this appalling outrage on the Deity, and on public decency would be too disgusting for ears of morality. That its object may not be mistaken, for the figure is more like that of a demon than the Divinity, an inscription is affixed to it, stating what the picture is meant to represent. At the top is written, “ Jews and Christians behold your God—the great Jehovah, or Trinity in Unity;" and at the bottom of this most sacrilegious of mockeries “ A God for a shilling." That such a horrid indignity to the Creator should have been suffered to remain exposed for a single day in the sentre of the metropolis, reflects no small portion of disgrace on the City Police. Such an offence against religion ought to call down upon the heads of its authors the very utmost severity of the law. Not only the printer and publisher, but the artist who could be guilty of so atrocious an abuse of his talents, in the executiớn of a design so monstrous and diabolical, should be prose