Imágenes de página
PDF
ePub

In the description of the masonic ceremony, I left off at the consummation of the oath. It proceeds as follows:-

W. M. Brother Noodle, having been kept a considerable time in a state of darkness, what, in your present situation, is the most predominant wish of your heart?

N. Light.

W. M. Brother Junior Deacon, let that blessing be restored to powder and shot, he thinks, in Moses M'Culloch's shop in Gallowgate. They were to receive a reward of £ 100. or thereabouts; and provided they succeeded, more money was to be advanced by the committee. Messrs. Wright, Dunlop, Lindsay and Ewing, were particularly pointed out to them as persons whose life ahould be taken as soon as possible. Gillan was the person who, along with the declarant, fired at Graham; beard that George M.Donald was the person that shot at Robert Walsen. The committees met at one time in the house of Peter M'Arthur, King Street, Glasgow; and since M'Arthur left King Street, they met in William Ewing's house (tavern), east-side High Street of Glasgow, every Saturday night between the hours of eight and nine o'clock.

“ JOHN KEAN.” I, also, put it to the House and to the country, whether the Freemason's oa!! does not encourage assassination, and whether stich oaths do not tend to make assassination familiar to those who take them. Each of Mr. Wallace's sentences, in the way of comment, will apply to the Freemasons oath. The Free Masons premeditaie assassination, in acknowledging the right of a brother to cut a throat on certain conditions.

We find also that these combined workmen had signs and pass-words, which they relinquished when the law allowed them to unite to prevent oppression on the part of the masters: and so far they proved, that they were more honourably united wan are the Freemasons and for a more useful purpose. They did not fear to be open, when no penalty reached them as a trade combination. The Freemasons are a secret combination without a useful purpose; without any purpose, indeed, but that of trick, cheat and in posture.

The above oath, like the oath of the Scotch Reformers, is evidently of Free-masonorigin. Each of them breathes the spirit and is of the same tenour as the Mason's cath: and, doubtless, was drawn up by a person acquainted with the latter oath.

I deprecate these secret associations among journeymen and am sure, from experience, that no good ever did or ever can arise from them. In this, as in all other cases, what is not fit to be done openly, is not fit to be done at all.

Mr. Wallace, should renounce, if he be a Mason, as well his colleagne, or denuunce, if he be not, the societies of Masons, which clearly form the example of all such combinations as that of the Glasgow workmen. To be a Freemason is certainly a legal disqualification for the Magistracy, or for any public office. A man is not competent to be a legislator, under such ties as Masonry imposes upon him. The Duke of York, so affectedly conscientious about the coronation oath, does not scruple to premeditate assassination as a Mason, and to encourage it by his oath in being made a mason. Suppose a mason to expose the ceremonies of masonry, as many respectable men, ashamed of their former delusion by ibe light of the doctrines of materialism, have done to me; suppose a mason, who is still in masonic darkness (not light, Brother Williams) to cut the throat of one of these men, for having risen above and grown ashamed of masonry : how is the King, as the self styled Grand Patron of Free Masonry, conscientiously to al. low the law to take its course upon the niasonic cut throat? Do not his oails, his his oath as a Mason and his oath as a king of this country, clash? If the Freemasons do not break up their lodges of themselves, before another session of parliament, I will certainly petition the House of Commons, with an exposition of their cath, for a legal abolition of the combination. I shall like to bear what the masonic members will say, after the abolition of the Catholic Association, and condendation of all secret associations.

have es

the candidate. (The Junior Deacon removes the bandage from the eyes of the candidate.) Having been restored to the blessing of material light, let me point out to your attention what we consider the three great though emblematic lights in Masonrynamely, the Volume of the Sacred Law, the Square and the Compasses. The sacred volume is to rule and govern our faith: the square to regulate our actions: and the compasses to keep us within due bounds with all mankind, particularly with our brethren in Masonry. Rise newly obligated brother among masons. (He rises.) You are now enabled to discover the three lesser lights in masonry. They are situated East, South, and West, and are meant to represent the Sun, Moon, and Master of the Lodge.(!) The Sun to rule the day, the Moon to govern the night, and the Master to rule and direct his lodge.

By your meek and candid behaviour this evening, you caped two great dangers; but there is a third which will await you to the latest period of your existence. The dangers which you have escaped are those of stabbing and strangling; for, at your entrance into the lodge, this sword was presented to your naked left breast, so that had you rashly attempted to rush forward, you would have been accessary to your own death by stabbing. Not so, with the Brother who held it; as he would have only remained firm to do his duty*. There was likewise this Cable Tow (halter) with a running noose about your neck, which would have rendered any attempt to retreat equally fatal by strangling. But the danger which will await you to your latest hour is the penalty of your obligation, that you would rather have your throat cut across, than to improperly divulge the secets of masonry.

You, having taken the solemn obligation of Masonry, I am now permitted to inform you, that there are several degrees in Free Masonry and peculiar secrets restricted to each. These, however, are not communicated indiscriminately; but are conferred on candidates according to merit and abilities (to pay for them.) I shall now proceed to intrust you with the sign of this degree, or those marks, by which we are known to each other, and distirguished from the rest of the world. I must first premise, for your general information, that all squares, levels and perpendiculars alluding to the positions of the body and its limbs) are proper signs, by which to know a Mason. You are, therefore, expected to stand perfectly erect, with your feet formed into a square, your body being considered an emblem of your mind and your feet of the rectitude of your actions. On your advancement from West to East, you advanced by three irregular steps; irregular from the situation you were then in, not knowing where you were then going; but they allude to three more regular steps, namely, right lines and angles, morally teaching us upright lives and well

* What is this, but conditionally premeditated assassination.

squared actions. You will now advance towards me by one pace with your left foot, bringing the right heel into its hollow.That is the first regular step in Free Masonry, and it is in this position, that the secrets of the degree are communicated. They consist of a sign, a grip or token, and a word.

You will place your right hand in this position, (level, with the thumb extended in a square towards the throat) with the thumb to the left of the windpipe. The sign is given by drawing the hand smartly across the throat and dropping it to the side. This is in allusion to the penalty of your obligation, implying, that, as a man of honour and a Mason, you would rather have your

throat cut across, than to improperly divulge the secrets intrusted to you. That is the sign.

The Grip or Token is given by a distinct pressure of the top of your right hand thumb, on the first joint from the wrist, of your brother's right hand fore-finger, grasping the finger with your hand. This demands a word, a word highly prized among masons, as the guard to their privileges : too much caution cannot, therefore, be used in communicating it. It must never be given at length; but always either by letters or syllables ; to enable you to do which, I must first tell you what the word is. It is Boaz. As in the course of the evening, you will be called on for this word, the Junior Deacon will now dictate the answers you are to give. Here the J. D. proceeds to instruct the candidate as to the common mode of salutatioa among Masons. Giving him the Grip, he asks What is this?–Noodle. The Grip or Token of an Entered Apprentice Free Mason.-J. D. What does it demand? Noodle. A word—J. D. Will you give me that word-Noodle. At my initiation, I was taught to be cautious; I will letter or halve it with you. Which you please and begin. J, D.-B. Noodle 0.-J. D.-A. Noodle Z. J. D. This word is derived from the left-hand pillar of the porch or entrance to King Solomon's Temple, so named after the great grandfather of David a prince and, ruler in Israel. The import of the word is strength.

W. M. Brother Junior Deacon, pass the candidate to the Junior Warden.

J. D. Brother Junior Warden, I present to you Brother Noodle, on his initiation.

J. W. I will thank Brother Noodle to advance towards me as a mason. (He advances with the step and sign.)

J. W. Have you any thing else to communicate? (Noodle gives the grip.) What is this?

Noodle. The grip or token of an Entered Apprentice Free-mason.

* This is also a penal sign with Masons. It refers to a supposed custom among the inhabitants of Tyre of losing a finger at that joint for a crime,

J. W. What does it demand? Noodle. A word.
J. W. Will you give me that word.

Noodle. At my initiation, I was taught to be cautious, I will letter or halve it with you.

J. W. Which you please and begin. (The word is then given as before with the Junior Deacon and the Junior Warden passes Noodle to the Senior Warden, where the same ceremony is repeated; after which the S. W. passes him back to the Master.)

S. W. Worshipful Master, I present to you Brother Noodle, on his initiation, for some further mark of your favour.

W. M. Brother Senior Warden, I delegate to you the authority to invest him with the distinguishing badge of a mason.

S. W. Brother Noodle, by the Worshipful Master's command, I invest you with the distinguishing badge of a mason, which is more ancient than the Golden Fleece or Roman Eagle, more honourable than the Star and Garter, or any other order in existence, being the badge of innocence and the bond of friendship. I strongly exhort you ever to wear and to consider it as such. And I further inform you, that, if you never disgrace that badge, it will never disgrace you.

W. M. Let me add to the observations of the Senior Warden, that

you are never to put on that badge should there be any brother in the lodge which you are about to visit with whom you are at variance, or against whom you entertain animosity. In such case, it is expected, that you will invite him to withdraw, in order to settle your differences amicably, which, if happily effected, you may then clothe yourselves, enter the lodge and work with that love and barmony, which ought always to characterize free masons. But if, unfortunately, your differences be of such a nature, as not to be easily adjusted, it were better that one or both of you

should retire, than that the harmony of the lodge be disturbed by your presence.

W M. Brother Junior Deacon, you will place our brother Noodle at the north-east part of the lodge.

W. M. Brother Noodle, it is customary at the erection of all stately and superb edifices, to lay the first or foundation stone at the North East Corner of the building. You, being newly admitted into Masonry, are placed at the North-East part of the lodge, to represent figuratively that stone; and from the foundation laid this evening, may you raise a superstructure perfect in its parts and honourable to the builder. You now stand to all external appearance a just and upright Mason.

I give it to you in strong terms of recommendation ever to continue and to act as such. Indeed, I shall immediately put your principles, in some measure, to the test, by calling upon you to exercise that virtue which

may be justly denominated the distinguishing characteristic of a Free-Mason's heart. I mean Charity. I need not here dilate upon its excellencies; doubtless, it has often been felt and practised by you: suffice it to say, that it has the approbation of

heaven and of earth, and like its sister Mercy blesses him that gives as well as him that receives. In a society so widely extended as that of the Free-Masons, whose branches are spread over the four divisions of the globe, it cannot be denied, that we have many members of rank and affluence; neither can it be concealed, that, among the thousands who range under its banners, there are some, who, perhaps, from circumstances of unavoidable calamity and misfortune, are reduced to the lowest ebb of poverty and distress : on their behalf, it is our usual custom to awaken the feelings of every newly made brother, by such a claim on his charity, as his circumstances in life may fairly warrant. Whatever you feel disposed to give, deposit with the Junior Deacon, and it will be thankfully received and faithfully applied. Noodle. I have been deprived of every thing valuable, or I would give freely.

W. M. I congratulate you on the honourable sentiments by which you are actuated and likewise on the inability which in the present instance precludes you from gratifying them. Believe me, this trial was not made with a view of sporting with your feelings: far from us be any such intention; but it was done for three especial reasons : first, as I have already promised, to put your principles to the test; second, to evince to the brethren, that you had neither money nor other metalic substance about you; for, if you had, the ceremony of your initiation thus far must have been repeated, which would have brought a blush on the face of your guide, for having so improperly omitted that part of his duty: and thirdly, as a warning to your own heart, that should you, at any future period, meet a brother in distressed circumstances, who solicits your assistance, you may recollect the peculiar moment in which you were received into Masonry, poor and pennyless, and you will then cheerfully embrace the opportunity of practising that virtue which you have professed to admire.

You may now retire, for the purpose of being restored to your necessary comforts (having been all this while comparatively naked), then return into the lodge and return thanks, after which I shall give you further instructions and deliver a charge upon the excellency of our order and the qualifications of its members.

Mr. Noodle then retires to restore his dress, and, on his return, is placed in the west, or opposite to the Master, where after making the penal sign of an entered apprentice, he returns thanks in the following words :

Worshipful Master, Senior and Junior Wardens, Senior and Junior Deacons, and brethren of this lodge, I return you most hearty and sincere thanks, for the honour you have done me, by makeing me a Mason, and by admitting me a member of this ancient and honourable Society.

W. M. Brother Noodle, as, in the course of the evening, you

« AnteriorContinuar »