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This and the next chapter foretell the fall of Babylon and the restoration of Israel and Judah, who were to survive their oppressors; and this long and sublime prophecy vías tent to Babylon for the encouragement of the Jetáis/i captive» in that place.

1 r I ч H E word that the Lord spake against Babylon [and]

JL against the land of the Chaldeans by Jeremiah the pro

2 phet. Declare ye among the nations, and publish, and set up a standard ; publish, [and] conceal not ; publish the good news to those nations that are oppressed by the. Chaldeans: say, Babylon is taken, Bel is confounded, Merodach is broken in pieces; her

3 idols are confounded, her images are broken in pieces. For out of the north there cometh up a nation against lier, which shall make her land desolate, and none shall dwell therein: they shall remove, they shall depart, both man and beast.

4 In those days, and in that lime, saith the Lord, the children of Israel shall come, they and the children of Judah together, going and weeping: they shall go, and seek the Lord their God with genuine contrition, they shall afi/ili/ to Jchovaft at the

5 true God, and not to idols. They shall ask the way to Ziou with their faces thitherward, [saying,] Come,and let us join ourselves to the Lord in a perpetual covenant [that] shall not be

6 forgotten. My people hath been lost sheep: their shepherds have caused them to go astray, they have turned them away [on] the mountains: they have gone from mountain to hill,

7 they have forgotten their resting place. All tlnit found them have devoured them: and their adversaries said, We offend not, because they have sinned against the Lord, the habitation of justice, even the Lord, the hope of their fathers; because Gijd did not cast them off\ but they rejected Лш, their adversaries

8 thought this пая a sufficient reason fi,r devouring them. Remove out of the midst of Babylon, and go forth out of the land of the Chaldeans, and be as the he goats before the flocks; let the great men lead the way, set a good example^ and go on resilutelu.

9 For, lo, I will raise and cause to come up against Babylon un assembly of great nations from the north country ; the fcraanx and Medes: and they shall set themselves in array against her; from thence she shall be taken: their arrows [shall be] as of

JO a mighty expert man; none shall return in vain. Anil Chaldea, shall be a spoil: all that spoil her shall be »atisfk-d, saith the

11 Lord; thru shall have abundance of plunder. Because ye were glad, because ye rejoiced, O ye destroyers of mine heritage, because ye are grown fui as the heifer at grass, and bellow ss bulls ; because ye exceeded the divine commission, ií,bk pteaswe in the destruction cf my people^ and became luxurious by the plttti

12 der bf M nutny other nuiit/ns; Your mother bh„ll be sore con

founded; she that bare you shall be ashamed: behold, the hinder-most of the nations [shall be] a wilderness, a dryland, and a desert; or rather, it shall be the hindermvsl of the nation», IS contemfltiale, and a wilderness. Because of th*-Avrath of the Lord, it shall not be inhabited, but }\ shall be wholly desolate: every one that goeth by Babylon shall be astonished, and hiss at

14 all her plagues. Put yourselves in array against Babylon round about: all ye that bend the bow, shoot «tjfcr, spare no arrows:

15 for she hath sinned against the Lord. Shout against her round about: she hath given her hand, she /tath surrendered herself: her foundations are fallen, her walls are thrown down: for it [is] the vengeance of the Lord: take vengeance upon her: as

16 she hath done, do unto her. Cut off the sower fro m Babylon, and him that handleth the sickle in the time of harvest: (referring fierhajis to the great quantity »f land within the wails :} for fear of the oppressing sword they shall turn every one to his people, and they shall flee every one to his own land.

IT Israel [is] a scattered sheep; the lions have driven [him] away: first the king of Assyria hath devoured him; and last this Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon hath broken his bones;

18 made an utter destruction of him as a nation. Therefore thus saith the Lord of hosts, the God of Israel; Behold, I will punish the king of Babylon und his land, as I have punished the

19 king of Assyria. And I will bring Israel again to his habitation, and he shall feed on Carmel and Bastían, and his soul shall be

20 satisfied upo» mount Ephraim and Gilead. In those days, and in that time, saith the Lord, the iniquity of Israel shall be sought for, and [there shall be] none; and the sins of Judah, and they shall not be found: for I will pardon them -whom I reserve; there «hall be no more idila'ry, their sins shall be pardoned, and God perfectly reconciled. The next -verse is God's commiesien to Cyrus.

21 Go up against the land of Meratbaim, [even] against it, and against the inhabitants of Pekod: waste and utterly destroy after them, saith the Lord; or, ' againxt the land of bitterr.essc» go ufi;' that is, against Sabyhn, so called because, it had firoved such to the Jewish nation; 'u/ion it and ils inhabitant* visi:, О award, and utterly destroy their posterity ¡* and do according to all that I have commanded tliee.

22 A sound of battle [is] in the land, and of great destruction.

23 How is the hammer of the whole earth cut asunder and broken Í

24 how is Babylon become a desolation among the nations! I hare laid a snare for thee, and thou art also taken, О Babylon, and thou wast not aware; the city shall be taken by sur/irisf': thou art found, and also caught, because thou hast striven against the

25 Lord. The Lord hath opened his armory, and hath brought forth the weapons of his indignation: for this [is] llie >vork of

2o the Lord God of hosts in the land of the Chaldeans. Соше

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against her from the utmost border, open her storehouses; or, fattening stalls: cast her up, '/r trample itfion her as heaps, and

27 destroy her utterly: let nothing oi" her be left. Slay all her bullocks, the great men» let (them go down to the slaughter: •wo unto them! for tl^y day is come, the time of their visita

28 tion. The voice of^Bm that flee and escape out of the land of Babylon, and vihy^^Blad to bring the tidings, to declare in Zion the vengeance of^ffo,oRD our Cod, the vengeance of his tem

29 pie. Call together the archers against Babylon : the Persiana, who were famous archer«: all ye that bend the bow, camp against it round about; let none thereof escape: recompense her according to her work; according to all that she hath done, do unto her: for she hath been proud against the Lord, against

30 the Holy One of Israel. Therefore ehall her young men faH in the streets, and all her men of war shall be cut off in that day,

31 saith (he Lord. Uehold, I [am] against thee, [O thou] most proud, saith the Lord Cod of hosts: for thy day is come, the

82 lime [tha<] I will visit thee. And the most proud shall stumble and fall, and none shall raise him up: and I will kindle a fire in his cities, and it shall devour all round about him.

,S3 Thus saiüi the Loro of hosts; The children of Israel, those of the ten tribes who settled in Jiidea after the cafitivity of Israel, aad the children of Judah [were] oppressed together, and all that took them captives held them fast; they refused to Jet

.34 them go. Their Redeemer [is] strong; the Lord of hosts [is] his name; he shall throughly plead their cause, that lie may give rest to the land, and disquiet the inhabitants of Babylon.

35 A sword [is] upon the Chaldeans, saith thelxjun, and upon the inhabitants of Babylon, and upon her princes, and upon her

36 wise [men.] A sword [is] upon the liars; and they shall dote u/ion their astrologers, who yet could not foresee their own ruin: a sword [is] upon her mighty men; and they shall be

37 dismayed. A sword [is] upon their horses, and upon their chariots, and upon all Ihe mingled people that [are] in the midst of lier; and they shall become as women: a sword [is]

S8 upon her treasures; and they shall he robbed. A drought [is] upon her waters, and they shall be dried up; (referring to the taking of Babylon by draining the river :) for it [is] the land of graven images, and they are mad upon [their] idols, an if they

29 had last the understanding of men. Therefore the wild beasts of the de*e»'t,with the wild beasts of the islands, shall dwell [there,] and the owls shall dwell therein: and it shall be no more inhabited for ever; neither shall it be dwelt in from generation to

40 generation.* As God overthrew Sodom and Comorrah and the neighbour [cities] thereof, saith the Lord; [so] shall no man

4! abide there, neither shall any son of man dwell therein, liehold, a people shall come from the north, and a great nation

* Accordingly it was afterwards made a perk for the king* of Pen i:i, cuite ruined, so tbat the remains of it arc not now to be Ibunu.

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and many kings shall be raisej м| from the coasts of the earth.

42 They shall hold the bow and 1ШЦпсе: they [are] cruel, and will not show mercy: their vome? shall roar Jike the sea, and they shall ride upon horses, Геуег^Ьпе] put in array, like a man

43 to the battle, against thee, <J daugHer of Babylon. The king of Babylon hath heard the report ot^bem, and his hands waxed feeble: anguish took hold of him, [a^bungs as of a woman in

44 travail. Behold, he shall come up ш^ЧИоп from the swelling of Jordan unto the habitation of the strong: but I will make them suddenly run away from her: and who [is] a chosen [man that] I may appoint over her? for who [is] like me? and who will appoint me the time? and who [is] that shepherd

45 that will stand before me ?* Therefore hear ye the counsel of the Lord, that he hath taken against Babylon ; and his purposes, that he hath purposed against the land of the Chaldeans: Surely the least of the flock shall dra\y them out: surely he

45 shall make [their] habitation desolate with them. At the noise of tiie taking of Babylon the earth is moved, and the cry is heard among the nations.


WAVING such remarks as often occur concerning the power, of God over the nations, his appointing and succeeding his instruments, and humbling nations for their pride, oppression, and luxury; we here see,

1. What is the disposition of true penitents, and God's gracious regards to them, т. 4, 5. They have godly sorrow for sin } la» ment their former iniquities ; seek the Lord, and not idols, not the •world and the flesh, but return to him as their God and ruler; and «eek the way to heaven, setting their faces thitherward, as fully bent and resolved to get there. They keep the way to it, and solemnly devote themselves to God; binding themselves by the strongest engagements never to depart from him; and when this is the case, then will God blot out their sins, and be gracioue to them, -v. 20.

2. It is happy for his people amidst all their distresses, that God is their Redeemer. Babylon was a most powerful nation; it oppressed and subdued all the nations round about, and brake Israel's bones: but their Redeemer is strong; able to humble their enemy's pride, and deliver his people. How delightful a thought, amidst the oppressions and persecutions of his church \ It affords comfort likewise to particular souls, amidst the strength of temptations and corruptions. Let us be solicitous to keep near to God by earnest prayer, and to engage his help; for if God be for us, wAo can be against us?

• Whar h*d !>een s:iid in the former chapter of Nfbuchadncrz ir> rfilninp Edom, :» b«r? i-ji<l "•' Babvlon; a bejuiif'iil contrast; the king of Bitbylcn, who was beiore rtpitee a»K;im, is now a hclpleas iheplcrd.


In thi* chapter is the prophecy of God's severe judgment against Babyloiumin revenge of Israel.

1 rT*'HUS saith th^.oBD ; Behold, I will raise up against X Babylon, ^^^gainst them that dwell in the midst of

them that rise up against me, that is, in the midst of my rncm'es, 3 a destroying wind: And will send unto Babylon fanners, that

shall fan her, and shall empty her land: for in the day of trouble

3 they shall be against her round about. Against [him that] bendeth let the archer, or Persian soldier, bend his bow, and against [him that] lifteth himself up in his brigand ine, or coat of mail, and spare ye not her young men ; destroy ye utterly all

4 her host. Thus the slain shall fall in the land of the Chaldeans,

5 and [they that are] thrust through in her streets. For Israel [hath] not [been] forsaken, nor Judah of his God, of the Lord of hosts; though their land was filled with sin against the Holy

6 One of Israel. Flee out of the midst of Babylon, and deliver* every man his soul: be not cut off in her iniquity ; for this [is] the time of the Lord's vengeance; he will render unto her a

7 recompense.• Babylon [hath been] a golden cup in the Lord's hand, that made all the earth drunken vdth her idolatry : the nations have drunken of her wine; therefore the nations are

8 mad. Babylon is suddenly fallen and destroyed: howl for her;

9 take balm for her pain, if so be she may be healed. We would have healed Babylon, but she is not healed; Daniel and other prophets reproved her for idolatry; forsake htr, for she is irrecoverable, and let us go every one into his own country; for her judgment reacheth unto heaven, and is lifted up [even] to

10 the skies. The Lord hath brought forth our righteousness, or, deliverance, and justified us against the cruelty of the Babylonians, and the idolatry they would impose: come, and let us de

11 clare in Zion the work of the Lord our God. Make bright the arrows.; gather the shields: the Lord hath raised up the spirit of the kings of the Medes; Darius, Cyrusi uncle: for his device [is] against Babylon, to destroy it ; because it [is] the

J 2 vengeance of the Lord, the vengeance of hk temple. Setup the standard upon the walls of Babylon, make the watch strong, set up the watchmen, prepare the ambushes: for the Lord hath both devised and done that which he spake against the in

13 habitants of Babylon. O thou that dwellest upon many waters, that is, on the river Euphrates, which ran through Babylon and round it, abundant in treasures, thine end is come, [and] the

14 measure of thy covetousness. The Lord of hosts hath sworn by himself, [saying,] Surely I will fill thee with men, us with

•-They might think it safest to be In Babylon. hv.t Cod command« '1'cm to ro out, CHri'i watardth; christian« btfctc the fiege ©t Jtruvulcma and tau' wu the »e*r,r oi satire A!i who Wciicvtd but wurj

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