The Shanidar Neandertals
Academic Press, 10 may. 2014 - 528 páginas
The Shanidar Neandertals describes the functional morphology of the Neanderthals and their place in human evolution based on a paleontological study of fossils discovered at Shanidar Cave in northeastern Iraq. Functional interpretations are provided that describe and discuss the individual fossils. The phylogenetic implications of the Shanidar specimens are also discussed.
Comprised of 14 chapters, this book begins with an overview of the Neanderthal remains from the Shanidar Cave and the paleontological data obtained from the fossils. The discussion then turns to the history of the excavations in Shanidar Cave and the discoveries of the Neanderthals; morphometrics of the Shanidar remains; and determination of the age and sex of the Shanidar Neanderthals. Subsequent chapters focus on various aspects of the Neanderthal fossils, including the cranial and mandibular remains; the dental remains; the axial skeleton; and the upper and lower limb remains. The immature remains are also described, along with bodily proportions and the estimation of stature.
This monograph will be of interest to archaeologists, anthropologists, paleontologists, and paleopathologists.
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CHAPTER 3 Morphometric Considerations
CHAPTER 4 Age and Sex of the Shanidar Neandertals
CHAPTER 5 The Cranial and Mandibular Remains
CHAPTER 6 The Dental Remains
CHAPTER 7 The Axial Skeleton
CHAPTER 8 The Upper Limb Remains
Chapter 10 The Immature Remains
CHAPTER 11 Bodily Proportions and the Estimation of Stature
CHAPTER 12 The Paleopathology of the Shanidar Neandertals
CHAPTER 13 Significant Aspects of the Shanidar Neandertals
CHAPTER 14 Some Thoughts on the Evolution of the Neandertals
CHAPTER 9 The Lower Limb Remains
alveoli Amud anatomically modern humans angle articular breadth articular facets articular height Articular length Chapelle-aux-Saints cranial vault cranium crest dental dentition diameter diaphysis dimensions dorsal early anatomically modern Early Upper Paleolithic epiphysis European Neandertal mean facial skeleton femoral Ferrassie Figure fossa fossil frontal bone hominids humerus indices inferior Krapina lateral male mandible mandibular margin mastoid mastoid process maxillae maxillary maximum breadth maximum height Maximum length Measurements medial metacarpal Metatarsal midfacial prognathism Midshaft molars morphology Mousterian Neandertal range Neandertal sample occipital occlusal parietal phalanges portions postcrania posterior preserved prognathism Proximal articular Proximal maximum pubic Qafzeh ranges of variation recent human ranges recent human samples recent humans region relatively robusticity Scale in centimeters Shanidar 1 left Shanidar 4 Right Shanidar 4 Shanidar Shanidar Neandertals similar slightly spine Stewart superior suture TABLE Tabun Tabün C1 teeth temporal bone tibia torus transverse Trinkaus tubercle tuberosity ulnae Upper Paleolithic ventral vertebrae zygomatic bone