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THE

INDUSTRIAL RESOURCES, ETC.,

OF THE

SOUTHERN AND WESTERN STATES:

EMBRACING A VIEW OF THEIR

COMMERCE, AGRICULTURE, MANUFACTURES, INTERNAL IMPROVEMENTS;

SLAVE AND FREE LABOR, SLAVERY INSTITUTIONS,

PRODUCTS, ETC., OF THE SOUTH,

Together with

HISTORICAL AND STATISTICAL SKETCHES OF THE DIFFERENT STATES AND CITIES OF

THE UNION-STATISTICS OF THE UNITED STATES COMMERCE AND MANUFACTURES,
FROM THE EARLIEST PERIODS, COMPARED WITH OTHER LEADING POWERS-THE
RESULTS OF THE DIFFERENT CENSUS RETURNS SINCE 1790, AND RETURNS OF THE
CENSUS OF 1850, ON POPULATION, AGRICULTURE AND GENERAL INDUSTRY, ETC.,

WITH AN APPENDIX.

IN THREE VOLUMES.

VOL. I.

BY J. D. B. DE BOW,
PROFESSOR OF POLITICAL ECONOMY, ETC., IN THE UNIVERSITY OF LOUISIANA.

PUBLISHED AT THE OFFICE OF DE BOW'S REVIEW,

MERCHANTS' EXCHANGE, NEW-ORLEANS ;
79 JOHN STREET, New-YORK ; AND East BAY AND BROAD STREETS, CHARLESTON.

1852.

233.2 128.

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Entered, according to Act of Congress, in the year 1852,

By J. D. B. De Bow,
In the Clerk's Office of the District Court of the United States.

PUDNEY & RUSSELL, PRINTERS.

PREFACE.

The volumes which are here presented to the public, will be found to embrace a vast amount of valuable information in regard to the practical and industrial interests of the country, alike interesting to the merchant and the planter, the manufacturer, the scholar, and the statesman.

Upon all the subjects of Southern life, manners, institutions, and progress, the material is copious and accurate, and has been collected during many years of active researches in the editorial conduct of one of the most widely circulated Journals in the Union. The articles upon Slavery, Slave Laws, and PRODUCTIONS, are from the ablest pens—entirely exhaust the subject, and are worthy the study of the statist and philosopher. Such a study and understanding of the subject, in all its bearings, will do more than all the political essays in the world, to restore peace and harmony between the different sections of our wide and growing country.

Though the aim of the volumes has been to furnish, for the first time, A COMPLETE VIEW OF THE INDUSTRY, RESOURCES, and WEALTH OF THE South, with as full and elaborate statistics of the great and growing West, in the same particulars, as could be obtained, other papers and articles have been added upon the wealth and resources of the North, of the Union, of South and British America, of Mexico, the West India Islands, etc., carefully prepared, and of much practical interest.

Whatever deficiences exist in the minuteness or recentness of the materials of the text, if not corrected, as will generally be done in the appendices of the volumes, will be supplied or corrected in the monthly issues of the work, above referred to, which will at all times furnish the latest and most reliable data.

J. D. B. De Bow. New Orleans, Nov. 1, 1852.

The paper on the “Interior Valley of North America," was contributed by our friend Professor Wm. C. Duncan, of the University of Louisiana, as was also the one on “ British America,” page 16. The other paper on “ British America,” and the one on “Cotton and Cotton Manufucturing," are contributions from A. W. Ely, M. D. The Hon. Joel R. Poinsett contributed “ New Products for the South,” and “ Indian Corn;" Lieut. M. F. Maury, “Gulf of Mexico, River Basins, Etc. ;" Hon. H. Bullard, “ Louisiana Early History,” page 408 : J. S. Duke of St. Louis, “Coffee and the Coffee Trade.” The Agricultural Statistics U. S., 1850, were kindly furnished by Mr. Kennedy of the Census Office, and are now first published complete.

INDEX TO VOL. I.

(FOR GENERAL INDEX SEE END OF VOLUME 111.)

PAGE

AMERICA—Interior Valley of North America, Boundaries and Appearance, Cli-

mate, Natural History, Population, &c. ......

1
AMERICA—British; Our Relations with ; Canada, Cape Breton, Nova Scotia,

Lake Trade, New-Brunswick, &c., (see also Appendic, p. 455) .........
AMERICA-BRITISH; Extent, Progress of, Liberal Principles, Destinies, &c., &c.
AMERICA—SOUTH ; History and Progress; Revolutions; Spanish Colonial Policy;

Declaration of Independence ; Mr. Poinsett's Views; South and North
America Contrasted; Araucania; Argentine Republic; Bolivia, Brazil, Chili,
Columbia, Ecuador, Granada, Venezuela, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay, Pata-

gonia, &c........

AMERICA-CENTRAL; Copan, Quirigua, Palenque, Guatemala, &c.............

ALABAMA-Its History, Progress, Resources, &c. from the Discovery to 1852

ALABAMA-Her Resources, and the Proportion of Wealth she Contributes to the

National Welfare ..........

ALABAMA-Iron and other Mineral Products of.......

ALABAMA-Coal Lands of......................................

AGRICULTURE—South Carolina and Louisiana Agricultural Societies; Progress

of Agriculture and Agricultural Knowledge at the South ; Papers upon Sugar
Manufacture; Orations of Hon. P. Rost and J. D. B. De Bow ........
AGRICULTURAL Products of U. S. for 1850; Full Returns of the Census Office

(and see Appendix p. 454) in every particular....

AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS—Analysis of ...........

" PRODUCTS-New Ones for the South ........

ARKANSAS, and its Natural Advantages....

ARKANSAS-Resources of .......

ARKANSAS–Geology ................

16 Minerals ..................

Mines ..........

56 River Lands, and Facts for Emigrants ........

BREADSTUFFS—Statistics from earliest date of Foreign and American Corn

Trade. ................................

BREADSTUFFS—Wheat and Corn Trade .....

BREADSTUFFS—Flour, &c., Exports from U. S., and to what Countries ......

BREADSTUFFS-Preservation of Wheat and Flour ......

Boston-Progress and Wealth of; Early State Statistics, (see Appendix, p. 454) 100

BALTIMORE-History, Resources, Śtatistics, and Trade of ......

BANKING—History of in the U.S. from Earliest Times to War of 1812........

Banks and Banking Capital of U. S. .....

Bank Capital of the Different States......

BRITISH Colonial Empire, and what it Embraces ...

109

COTTON-History and Statistics of, with History of the Plant, its Manufacture

and Commerce ..............

114

COTTON Planters' Convention ......

COTTON Planters' Convention Report Reviewed ........

Cotton Planters' Convention—the True Remedy .........

137

Cotton Trade of South-Prices, Stock, Supply, Demand, Foreign Competition,

Consumption, Home and Foreign Statistics, &c., 1852.....

139

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