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in the evening, and dies about eleven at night, de-
termining the date of its fly state in about five or six
hours. They usually begin to appear about the 4th
of June, and continue in succession near a fortnight.
See Swammerdam, Derham, Scopoli, &c.’ -
66. —the vagrant cuckoo-] ‘So called, be-
cause, being tied down by no incubation or attendance

about the nutrition of its young, it wanders without

control.” . .
ibid. the clamorous curlew | Chraradrius
67. —the shrill cricket—] ‘ Gryllus cam-

ibid. While high in air, and pois’d upon his wings,
Unseen, the soft enamour'd woodlark sings: “In

hot summer nights woodlarks soar to a prodigious
height and hang singing in the air.’ -

ibid. the glow-worm lights her amorous fire!]
“The light of the female glow-worm (as she often
crawls up the stalk of a grass to make herself more
conspicuous) is a signal to the male, which is a slen-
der dusky scarabaeus.’ - :
68. Leander hasten’d to his Hero's bed.] ‘See the
story of Hero and Leander.”

Page 75.

the mountain's side] That part of
the Wicklow mountains which lies about three miles
to the South of Dublin.

81. Where the proud Gaulties list their awful brow,) A range of mountains in the county of Tipperary. ibid. And thee, dear village I loveliest of the clime,) Tipperary. 82. Again, methinks 1 see the service spread, The cold provisions on the cakes of bread.]

—Adorea liba per herbam
Subjiciuntepulis, &c. VIR. AEN. VII. I. Io.

ibid. The plates themselves—the quarter'd cakes of flour,

Malisque audacibus orbem
Fatalis crusti, patulis nec parcere quadris :
Heus 2 etiam Mensas consumimus, inquit Iulus.
VIR. A.N. VII. 114.


Page 92. This epistle was originally preceded by the following DEDICATIon to the DeAN.

Rev EREND-SIR, I should not take the liberty to recommend a meer Poem to your attention, were it not, in some degree, sančtified by the subjećt of which it treats; and more particularly entitled to your regard from the great purpose it is designed to promote—For The Proječi relates to Politics; that weighty science, which, according to your candid confession, is at least of equal importance with Religion—And the object it aims at, is the same in regard to all our political disputes, as yours avowedly is upon the one great contest of the

present times—To cut off the distempered bough, was your Projećt; mine strikes at the very root of all opposition. It was in consequence of an attentive perusal of your Tračis, that I set myself to search for this grand Arcanum.—After ranging in vain through Grotius, Bur amaqui, and Puffendorf, I read thirteen books of Montesquieu's Spirit of Laws, without making the desired discovery—But at length the fourteenth book rewarded all my toils—I need not refresh your memory with the particulars of his system upon the relation between climate and national charaćter—It would, however, be great presumption to arrogate to myself the merit of a discovery, which I owe entirely to that profound Philosopher; it being from him that I have learnt to account for all variations of temper, by the operation of the atmosphere upon the fibres, and thence on the ačtion, and re-aēlion of the heart. By him I have been taught, that the different proportions of heat or cold produce similar degrees of cowardice or courage—so that it solely depends upon the latitude, whether a nation is relaxed into Turkish slavery, or braced and hardened into English freedom —Upon this foundation My Project is raised—which I submit to your wisdom and candor—but, as most Projectors are of a sanguine temper, and, as I own, I entertain no doubt of the full success of my Projećt, I cannot conclude, without protesting against that Nolo Episcopari which accompanied yours—Nothing can be more opposite to my sentiments than your total abjuration of all possible reward for your political labors —On the contrary, I hereby most solemnly engage to receive with much readiness, all honorable recompences which these my researches may lead the King, Lords, and Commons, in the depth of their wisdom to bestow on me. In all other political tenets, believe me, Reverend Sir, 1%ur most devoted Disciple, The AUTHOR.

EPISTLE XIII. Page 108. When in her Hardwicke's much-lov’d shade] The Seat of P. Powys, Esq. in Oxfordshire. 109. 0 Conway' whilst the public voice Applauds our Sov’reign's well-weigh’d choice, I General Conway was at this time Secretary of State.


Page 111. Mr. Mickle was the son of a Scottish elergyman on the confines of England, from whom he received all his Father could give him, a tolerable education. Indigence, however, was not the only impediment to his advancement, for both his appearance and manner were considerably against him; nor was it till late in life, and after he had been slighted by a noble Duke, from whom he might have expected protećtion, that Governor Johnson befriended him. His first adventure in life was on ship-board, but the indolence of his disposition disqualifying him for the aćtive service of the sea, he quitted that occupation, and commenced corrector of the press. In the latter capacity he was employed by Mr. Jackson of Oxford, and, till he commenced poet, was much noticed by Mr. Warton. Having derived some pecuniary advantages from his literary productions, he chose for his residence in a sequestered situation near Oxford, whence he occasionally visited the University and London. On the appointment of Mr. Johnson to his command, he took Mr. Mickle with him as Secretary, and afterwards carried him to Lisbon. There, the attention he had bestowed on the Lusiad was acknowledged in the most flattering manner, and the literary honors of that country were liberally conferred upon him. Being now easy in his circumstances, Mr. Mickle indulged his love both of ease and of letters, but his enjoyment was of short duration. He was author of a tract or two in prose of no extraordinary merit, and of several little poems, beside his translation. His best produćtion is Sir Martyn, which was at first entitled The ConcUbiNe, and deserves commendation not only for its moral tendency but also its poetic beauty. To the Epistle from Lisbon Mr. Mickle prefixed the advertisement subjoined.

ADVERTISEMENT. Though no subjects are more proper for poetry

than those which are founded upon historical retrospect, the author of such a poem lies under very particular disadvantages: every one can understand and relish a work meerly fictitious, descriptive, or senti

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