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The people whom we at first despised as rebels, but whom we now acknowledge as enemies, | are abetted against us, supplied with every military store', their interest consulted, and their ambassadors entertained by our inveterate enemy; / and ministers do not, and dare' not interpose with dignity, or effect. |

The desperate state of our army abroad, / is, in part, known. | No man more highly esteems, and honours the English troops than I do: I know their virtues, and their valour; I know they can achieve any thing but impossibilities; I and I know that the conquest of English America, is an impossibility : you cannot, my lords, you cannot, conquer America.

What is your present situation there? | We do not know the worst ; | but we know that in three campaigns we have done noth'ing, and suffered much. You may swell every expense', | accumulate every assis'tance, and extend your traffic to the shambles of every German des pot, yet your attempts will be for ever vain and impotent ; | doubly so indeed | from this mercenary aid on which you rely; for it irritates, to an incurable resent'ment, the minds of your adversaries, to overrun them with the mercenary sons of rapine, and plunder, devoting them, and their possessions, to the rapacity of hireling cruelty. | If I were an American, | as I am an Englishman, while a foreign troop was landed in my country, | I never would lay down my arms - Never!, Nev'er ! Nev er! |

But, my lords, / who is the man that, in addition to the disgraces, and mischiefs of the war, | has dared to authorize, and associate to our arms | the tomahawk, and scalping-knife of the savage - to call into civilized alliance, the wild, and inhuman inhabitant of the woods' - | to delegate to the merciless Indian | the defence of disputed rightsı, \ and to wage the horrors of his barbarous war | against our brethren? | My lords, | these enormities | cry aloud for redress, and punishment.

But, my lords, this barbarous measure has been defended, not only on the principles of policy, and necessity, | but also on those of morality; , “ for it is perfectly allowable,” | says Lord Suffolk, 1“ to use all the means that God, and nature have put

into our hands.” | I am aston ished, | I am shocked', s to hear such principles confessed; to hear them avowed in this house', or in this country! !

My lords, | I did not intend to encroach so much on your attention; | but I cannot repress my indigna'tion: 1 I feel myself impelled to speak. | My lords, , we are called upon as members of this house', | as men', | as Christians, | to protest against such horrible barbarsity — 1“

That God, and nature have put into our hands!" | What ideas of God, and nature that noble lord may entertain, | I know not ; , but I know I that such' detestable principles are equally abhorrent to religion, and humanity.

What'! | to attribute the sacred sanction of God, and nature, | to the massacres of the Indian scalping-knise!! to the cannibal savage, torturing, murdering, and devouring his unhappy vic'tims! | Such notions shock every precept of morality, every feeling of human'ity, every sentiment of honour. | These abominable principles, , and this more abominable avowal of them, | demand the most decisive indignation.

I call upon that right reverend, and this most learn'ed bench, 1 to vindicate the religion of their God', 1 to support the justice of their country. I call upon the bishops | to interpose the unsullied sanctity of their lawn', , upon the judges | to interpose the purity of their er'mine, i to save us from this pollution. ¡ I call upon the honour of your lord'ships | to reverence the dignity of your ancestors, and to maintain your own. I call upon the spirit, and humanity of my coun'try, to vindicate the national character: \ I invoke the genius of the British Constitution. |

To send forth the merciless Indian, / thirsting for blood ! | against whom? | your protestant brethren! | To lay waste their country, I to desolate their dwellings, I and extirpate their race, and name', by the aid, and instrumentality of these ungovernable savages. | Spain can no longer boast pre-em'inence in barbarity: 1 She armed herself with blood -hounds to extirpate the wretched natives of Mex'ico; | we, more ruthless, I loose these dogs of war | against our countrymen in Amer'ica, endeared to us by every tie that can sanctify humanity. 1

I solemnly call upon your lordships, | and upon every order of men in the state', / to stamp upon this infamous procedure, I the indelible stigma of the public abhorrence. More particularly, I call upon the venerable prelates of our religion, I to do away this iniquity;/ let them perform a lustra tion | to purify the country i from this deep, and deadly sin.


(MILTON.) Hail ! holy Light, offspring of Heaven, first born, 1 Or of the Eternal co-eternal beam, I May I express thee unblam'd' ? | since God, is light', | And never but in unapproached light', | Dwelt from eter'nity, dwelt then in thee', / Bright effluence of bright essence in create; Or hear'st thou rather, I pure ethereal stream', ! Whose fountain who shall tell.? | Before the sun', 1 Before the heav'ns, thou wert, and at the voice Of God, as with a man'tle, I didst invest The rising world of wa ters, dark, and deep, I Won from the void, and formless in finite. | Thee I revisit now with bolder wing', I Escap'd the Stygian pool, I though long detain'd In that obscure sojourn, while in my flight, Through utter, and through middle darkness borne,

With other notes than to the Orphean lyre, |
I sung of chaos, and eternal night ; |
Taught by the heavenly muse, ) to venture down
The dark descent, I and up to re-ascend', |
Though hard, and rare : 1 thee I revisit safe, I
And feel thy sovereign, vital lamp. ; but thou
Revisit's not these eyes that roll in vain,
To find thy piercing ray, I and find no dawn ; |
So thick , a drop serenea | hath quench'd their orbs', |
Or dim suffusion veil'd. I

Yet not the more
Cease, I, to wander where the muses haunt, ]
Clear spring', I or shady grove', / or sunny hill', I
Smit with the love of sacred song: ; | but chief
Thee, Sion, and the flow'ry brooks beneath,
That wash thy hallow'd feet, and twarbling flow, |
Nightly I visit:nor sometimes forget
Those other two, equall'd with me, in fate, I
('So were I equalld with them in renown') |
Blind Tham yris, I and blind Mæon'ides,
And Tyre'sias, and Phin'eas, I prophets, old :)
Then feed, on thoughts that voluntary move
Harmonious numbers; , as the wakeful bird
Sings dark'ling, and in shadiest covert hid, I
Tunes her nocturnal notes.

Thus with the year,
Sea'sons return; l but not to me returns
Day, or the sweet approach of e'en', or morn-1
Or sight of vernal bloom, or summer's rose',
Or flocks', | or herds', / or human face divine ; |
'But cloud instead, I and ever-during dark
Surrounds, me, 1 ?from the cheerful ways of men
Cut off, and for the book of knowledge fair,
Presented with a universal blank
Of nature's works, I to me expung'd and raz'd', |

* Drop serene, gulta serena, a disease of the eye, attended with loss of vision, the organ retaining its natural transparency.

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And wisdom, at one entrance, quite shut out. |
So much the rather thou, celestial Light,
Shine in ward, and the mind through all her powers
Irra diate: there plant , eyes, I all mist from thence
Purge, and disperse', that I may see, and tell |
Of things invisible to mortal sight. |


[Extract from Mr. Burke's Speech on the Nabob of Arcot's Debts.] Among the victims to this magnificent plan of universal plunder, I pursued by the company in India, so worthy of the heroic avarice of the projectors, | you have all heard (and he has made himself to be well remembered) | of an Indian Chief', called Hyder Ali Khan. | This man possessed the western, | as the company under the Nabob of Arcot, | does the east'ern division of the Carnatic.* | It was among the leading measures in the design of this cabal | (according to their own emphatic language) | to extir'pate this Hyder Ali. | They declared the Nabob of Arcot to be his sovereign, i and himself to be a reb'el, I and publicly invested their instrument | with the sovereignty of the kingdom of Mysore.a | But their victim was not of the pas'sive kind :

: | they were soon obliged to conclude a treaty of peace, and close alliance with this rebel, s at the gates of Madras.

Both before, and since that treaty, | every principle of policy | pointed out this power as a natural alliance; | and, on his part, I it was courted by every sort of ami

* “The Carnatic is that portion of southern India which runs along the coast of Coromandel. Its length is 500 miles, and its breadth from 50 to 100, and it belongs to the East India Company. Hyder Ali and the Nabob of Arcot were neighbouring princes, but the Nabob held his power from the Company. The Company lent themselves to the Nabob's schemes of ambition, the object of which was (as usual), to enlarge his own dominion at the expense of that of Hyder Ali.”

* Me-zo're.

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