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whether animal, or vegetable, or mineral, peculiar to the county, or found therem, be carefully and specifically arranged and described, in order that the public may be enabled to judge what arts or manufactures are most likely to succeed in such county. The work to be delivered to the Society on or before the last Tuesday in January, 1805,

PREMIUMS IN POLITE ARTS. 118. HONORARY PREMIUMS FOR DRAW ING, BY NOBILITY, For the best original drawing, of any kind, by young gentlemen under the age of twenty-one, sons or grand sons of peers, or peeresses in their own right, of Great-Britain or Ireland, to be produced on or before the first Tuesday in March, 1805; the honorary medal of the Society in gold.

119. The same in silver for the best copy. 120, 121, The same premiums will be given, on the like conditions, to young ladies, daughters or grand-daughters of peers, or peeresses in their own right, of Great-Britain or Ireland. 122. HONORARY PREMIUMS FOR DRAW ING, BY GENTLEMEN. For the best original, drawing, of any kind, by young gentlemen under the age of twenty-one; to be produced on or before the first Tuesday in March, 1805; the gold medal.

123. For the best copy, the silver medal. 124, 125. The same premiums will be given for drawings by young ladies.

N. B. As the foregoing honorary premiums are intended only for such of the nobility and gentry as may hereafter become patrons or patronesses of the arts; persons professing any branch of the polite arts, or any business dependent on the arts of design, or the sons or daughters of such persons, will not be admitted candidates in these classes.

126. DRAWINGS OF OUTLINES. For the best outline, after a cast, in plaster, of the Venus de Medicis, by persons of either sex, under the age of sixteen, the figure not less than eighteen inches; to be produced on or before the last Tuesday in February, 1805; the greater silver pallet.

127. For the next in merit; the lesser silver pallet.

128. DRAWINGS OF LANDSCAPES. For the best drawing in water-colours of a landscape after nature, not less than eighteen inches by twelve, by persons of either sex, under twenty-one years of age, to be produced on or before the last Tuesday in February, 1805; the gold pallet.

129. For the next in merit, the greater silver pallet. Each candidate must mention, on the front of the drawing, whence the view, was taken.

130. HISTORICAL DRAWINGS. For the best historical drawing, being an original com

position, of five or more human figures; the height of the principal figure not less than eight inches; to be produced on or before the third Tuesday in Feb. 1805; the gold pallet. 131. For the next in merit; the greater silver pallet.

To

132. DRAWING AND ENGRAVING, the person who shall complete the best original drawing and engraving. The design and engraving to be executed by the same artist, and produced to the Society on or before the first Tuesday in February, 1805; the gold medal. It is required that the drawing and two inpressions of the engraving be produced, and remain the property of the Society.

133. LINE ENGRAVINGS OF LANDSCAPIS, For the best line engraving of a landscape, published in the year 1804, the size of the ens graving not less than eighteen inches by fourteen; the gold medal. To be produced to the Society on or before the last Tuesday in January, 1805; and the impression to which the premium is adjudged to remain the property of the Society.

134. For the next in merit; the silver me dal, on similar conditions.

135. LINE ENGRAVINGS OF HISTORICAL SUBJECTS. For the best line engraving published in the year 1804, of an historical subject, the size of the engraving not less than eighteen inches by fourteen; the gold medal.

136. For the next in merit; the silver medal. Conditions, ac. the same as in classes 133 and 134.

137, 133, 139, 140. The same premiums are extended one year farther.

N. B. It is not necessary in the classes of line engravings, for the artist's name to be cou cealed. The first aqua fortis proof of the above plates are required to be sent in with the finished impression, and certificates that the etchings are the entire work of the candidate. The aquafortis proof also to remain the property of the Society.

141. MODEL IN CLAY OR PLASTER, For the best model in clay or plaster of an ornamental design for the purpose of embellishing, works of architecture; the silver medal or twenty guineas. To be produced to the Society on or before the last Tuesday in January, 1805. The model not to be less than thirty inches by twelve.

142. PERSPECTIVE DRAWINGS OF MACHINES. For the best perspective drawing of machines by persons under twenty-one years. of age; the greater silver pallet. To be produced to the Society on or before the last Tuesday in January, 1805.

143. For the next in merit; the lesser silver pallet, on similar conditions.

144. ENGRAVING ON WOOD, OR METAL BLOCKs, &c. For the best engraving on. wood or metal blocks, or any other material,

so that the same be rendered capable of composition with the letter-press, of any allegorical or other subject suited to the embellishment of letter-press, the gold pallet.

145. For the next in merit, the greater silver pallet. Two or more impressions along with the block to be produced to the Society on or before the first Tuesday in February, 1805. The impressions, but not the block, to remain the property of the Society.

146. BRONZES. For the best drapery figure or group cast in bronze; if a single figure, not less than twelve inches high; and, if a group, not less than nine inches; and which Will require the least additional labour to repair; the gold medal, or the silver medal and twenty guineas. The cast to be exhibited to the Society before it is begun to be repaired, with the original figure or group, on or before the first Tuesday in February, 1805, together with a full explanation of the whole process.

147. ORNAMENTAL DRAWINGS FOR ARCHITECTURAL DESIGNS. For the best ornamental drawing for the purpose of embellishing architectural designs; a silver medalhion with the following engraved inscription: The Premium given by the Society for the Encouragement of Arts, Manufactures, and Commerce, in conformity to the Will of John Stock, of Hampstead, Esq. The drawing to which the premium is adjudged to remam the property of the Society; and to be produced to the Society on or before the second Tuesday in February, 1805.

'PREMIUMS FOR ENCOURAGING AND

IMPROVING MANUFACTURES.

148. MACHINE FOR CARDING SILK. For the best machine, superior to any now in use, for carding waste silk equally well as by hand; to be produced, together with a specimen of the cardings, on or before the first Tuesday in November, 1804; the silver medal, or twenty guineas.

149. CLOTH FROM HOP-STALKS, &c. To the person who shall produce to the Society the greatest quantity, not less than thirty yards of cloth at least twenty-seven inches wide, made in Great-Britain, of hop-stalks or bines, or other raw vegetable substances, the produce of Great-Britain or Ireland, superior to any hitherto manufactured from such substances, and which can be generally afforded as cheap as cloth of equal quality and appearance now made from hemp, flax, or cotton, and much finer in quality than any hitherto manufactured in England from hop-stalks, &c. the gold medal, or thirty guineas. One pound of the thread of which the cloth is made, and thirty yards of the cloth, together with proper certificates that the whole is manufactured from hop-stalks or bines, &c, to be produced to the

Society on or before the first Tuesday in December, 1804.

N. b. The Society is already in the posses sion of cloth made in England from hop-stalks or bines, which may be mspected by application to the Housekeeper.

150. WICKS FOR CANDLES OR LAMPS. To the person who shall discover to the Society a method of manufacturing hop-stalks or bines, or any other cheap material, the growth of Great-Britain, so as to render them equally fit for the purpose of supplying the place of cotton, for wicks of candles or lamps; twenty guineas. Samples, not less than five pounds weight, of the wick so prepared. to be produced to the Society, with certificates that the whole quantity is equal in quality to the sample, on or before the second Tuesday in Jan. 1805.

151. PAPER FROM RAW VEGETABLE SUBSTANCES, To the person, in Great-Britain, who shall, between the first of January, 1804, and the first of January, 1805, make the greatest quantity, and of the best quality (not less than ten reams), of good and useful paper, from raw vegetable substances, the produce of Great-britain or Ireland, of which one hundred weight has not been used in manufacturing paper previous to January, 1803, superior to any hitherto manufactured from such substances, and which can be generally afforded as cheap as paper of equal quality and appearance now made from rags; twenty guineas.

N.B. The object of the Society being to add to the number and quantity of raw materials used in this manufacture, it is their wish to induce such natural products as can be easily and clude every useful sort of paper, and to introcheaply procured in great quantities. The Society are in possession of two volumes con-taining a great variety of specimens of paper made from raw vegetable substances, viz.nettles, potatoe-haum, poplar, hop-bines, &c. which volumes may be inspected by any person on application to the, Housekeeper. Certificates of the making such paper, and one ream of the paper, to be produced on or before the last Tuesday in January, 1805,

152. TRANSPARENT PAPER. To the person who shall discover to the Society a method of making paper from the puip that shall be perfectly transparent, and of a substance and body equal to foolscap, that shall take and bear common writing ink with the same facility and correctness as writing-paper generally in use; the silver medal, or twenty guineas. Certificates of the making such paper, an account of the process, and one ream of the paper, to be produced on or before the second Tuesday in January, 1805.

153. CHINTS PATTERNS FOR CALICOPRINTERS. For the best original pattern in a new taste, of light or dark-ground chints for garment-work, fit for the purposes of calico

printers, by persons of either sex; the gold
nedal. To be produced to the Society on or
before the second Tuesday in January, 1805;
the pattern to which the premium is adjudged
to remain the property of the Society.
154. For the next in merit; the silver
medal, on similar conditions.

155. COPPER-PLATE PATTERNS FOR CALICO-PRINTERS. For the best pattern, in a new style, fit for the purposes of calico-printers for garment-work; the silver medal. To be produced to the Society on or before the second Tuesday in January, 1805. The pattern to which the premium is adjudged to remain the property of the Society.

PREMIUMS IN MECHANICS.

156. GUNPOWDER-MILLS. To the person who, in the year 1304, shall invent and bring to perfection the most effectual method of so conducting the works of gunpowder-mills, in the business of making gunpowder, as to prerent explosion; the gold medal, or one hundred guineas. Certificates and accounts of the method having been put in practice in one or more gunpowder-mills in this kingdom, and that it promises, in the opinion of the best judges concerned in such works, to answer the purpose intended, to be produced to the Society on or before the first Tuesday in Feb. 1805.

N. B. As an encouragement to persons to turn their thoughts to improvements of this nature, if any should be made on the present method of conducting the business of gunpowder making, which fall short of the total prevention of explosion, and they are sent to the Society for the sake of humanity, the papers so sent in will receive due consideration, and such bounty or reward will be bestowed thereon as they appear to merit.

157. TRANSIT-INSTRUMENT. To the person who shall invent and produce to the Society a cheap and portable transit-instrument, which may easily be converted into a zenith-sector, capable of being accurately and expeditiously adjusted, for the purpose of finding the latitudes and longitudes of places, and superior to any portale transit-instrument now in use; the gold medal, or forty guineas. To be produced on or before the last Tuesday in Jan. 1805. 158. TAKING WHALFS BY THE GUN-HARPOON. To the person who, in the year 1804, shall strike the greatest number of whales, not fewer than three, with the gun-harpoon; ten guineas. Proper certificates of the striking such whales, and that they were actually taken in the year 1804, signed by the master, or by the mate when the claim is made by the master, to be produced to the Society on or before the last Tuesday in December, 1804.

159. FAMILY MILL. To the person who shall invent and produce to the Society the best

constructed mill for grinding corn for the use of private families, or parish-poor; the construction to be such as to render the working of the mill easy and expeditions, and superior to any hitherto in use; the gold medal, or thirty guineas. The mill, and certificates of its having been used to good effect, to be produced to the Society on or before the first Tuesday in Feb. 1805. Cheapness and simplicity will be considered as essential parts of its merit; and the mill, or the model, to remain with the Society.

OR

160. MACHINE FOR RAISING COALS, ORF, &c. &c. To the person who shall invent a machine for raising coals, ore, &c. from mines, superior to any hitherto known or in use, and which shall produce the effect at a less than those already known or in use; the gold expense medal, or fifty guineas. A model of the machine, made on a scale of not less than one inch to a foot, with a certificate that a machine at large on the same construction has been advantageously used, to be produced to the Society on or before the second Tuesday in Feb. 1805. 161. IMPROVED WALKING-WHEEL CRANE. To the person who shall invent an improved walking-wheel or crane, on which the weight and power of any person or persons shall be applied with the greatest safety and effect, and so contrived that the power can be varied according to the greater or lesser weight to be raised or lowered; the gold me dal, or thirty guineas. The model, on a scale of not less than one inch to a foot, with a proper certificate that the machine at large has been employed to good effect, to be produced to the Society on or before the second Tuesday in February, 1805.

162. MACHINE FOR RAISING WATER. To the person who shall invent a machine on a better, cheaper, and more simple construction than any hitherto known or in use, for raising water out of wells, &c. from a depth of not less than fifty feet; the gold medal, or forty guineas. Certificates of the performance of the machine, and a model of it, on a scale of not less than one inch to a foot, to be produced to the Society on or before the first Tuesday in February, 1805.

or

163. ELM PIPES. To the person who shall invent and discover to the Society a substitute for the elm pipes now in common use for the Conveyance of water, which shall be cheaper, equally effectual; and more durable than any heretofore employed; the gold medal, thirty guineas. It is required that one of the pipes so employed, an accurate account of the method used, and every expense attending it, together with satisfactory accounts of its being effectual, be delivered to the Society on or before the second Tuesday in January, 1805.

164. EXTINGUISHING FIRES. To the person who shall produce to the Society the best and most effectual method of procuring an imme

diate supply of water in case of fire, or for the
means best calculated to prevent or extinguish
accidental fires in buildings, superior to any
now in use; the gold medal, or thirty guineas.
Certificates of the method having been prac-
tised with success, with a full description
thereof, to be delivered to the Society on or
before the second Tuesday in Jan. 1805.
165. BORING AND BLASTING Rocks. To
person who shall discover to the Society a
more simple, cheap, and expeditious method
than any hitherto known or in use of boring
and blasting rocks in nines, shafts, wells, &c.;
the gold medal, or thirty guineas. Certificates
of the method having been practised with suc-
cess, with a full description thereof, to be de-
livered to the Society on or before the first
Tuesday in January, 1805.

the

166. HEATING ROOMS FOR THE PURPOSES OF MANUFACTURERS. To the person who shall invent and discover to the Society a method of heating rooms, superior to any hitherto known or in use, and at a moderate, expense, for the purposes of painters, japan ners, and other manufacturers, so as to avoid the necessity of iron or copper tunnels going through the rooms to convey the smoke, whereby the danger from such tunnels may be prevented; the gold medal, or forty guineas. A model, or complete drawing and description of the method, with certificates that it has been successfully practised, to be delivered to the Society on or before the last Tuesday in March, 1805.

167. IMPROVED VENTILATION. To the person who shall invent and produce to the Society a mode of permanently ventilating the apartments in hospitals, workhouses, and other crowded places, superior to any now known or used; the gold medal, or fifty guineas. A model of the apparatus, and a full account of the means by which the effect has been produced, with proper certificates, to be delivered to the Society on or before the last Tuesday in February, 1805.

168. PREVENTING ACCIDENTS FROM HORSFS

FALLING WITH TWO-WHEFLED

CARRIAGES. To the person who shall invent and produce to the Society a method superior to any hitherto known or in use, to prevent accidents from the falling of horses with twowheeled carriages, especially on steep declivities; the silver medal, or fifteen guineas. A model of the apparatus, and a full account of the means by which the effect has been produced, with proper certificates that the same has been used with success, to be delivered to the Society on or before the second Tuesday in January, 1805.

169. IMPROVING TURNPIKE AND OTHER ROADS. To the person who shall discover to he Society the most effectual and cheapest method, verified by actual experiments, of

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combining the materials ordinarily employed in making or repairing roads, so as to form them of the hardest consistence by their cementing properties, or by an artificial mixture of earth, stones, &c. altered by heat or any other mode, so as to form an even, hard, and durable carriage-road, not liable to be injured by heat or rain; the gold medal, or fifty guineas. It is required that an accurate account of the method used, and every expense attending it, together with satisfactory certificates of its being effectual, be delivered to the Society on or before the first Tuesday in March, 1805.

170. CLEANSING CHIMNIES. Lo the person who shall invent and produce to the So ciety the most effectual mechanical or other means for cleansing chimnies from soot, and obviating the necessity of children being employed within the Blues; the gold medal.

171. For the next in merit; the silver medal. The mechanical, or other means, with certificates of their having been used with proper effect, to be produced to the Society on or before the first Tuesday in January, 1805.

172. CHIMNIES CLEANSED. To the person who shall during the year 1804 cleanse, or cause to be cleansed, the greatest number of chimnies, at least two stories high, not fewer than three hundred, by any mechanical or other process, which does not require the employment of boys within the flues; the gold medal. Certificates, signed by not less than two-thirds of those housekeepers on whose premises the said means have been employed, and an account of the process, to be produced to the Society on or before the first Tuesday in February, 1805.

173. To the person who shall cleanse, or cause to be cleansed, the next greatest number of chinnies, not fewer than one hundred and fifty, upon similar conditions to the above; the

silver medal.

174. RAISING THE BODIES OF PERSONS WHO HAVE SUNK UNDER WATER. To the person who shall invent and produce to the Society a cheap and portable drag, or other machine, superior to those now in use, for the purpose of taking up in the best and most expeditious manner, and with the least injury, the bodies of persons who have sunk under water; the gold medal, or thirty guineas. The drag, or machine to answer the purpose intended, to be produced to the Society, on or before the first Tuesday in March, 1805.

PREMIUMS OFFERED FOR THE AD-
VANTAGE OF THE COMMERCE OF '
THE UNITED EMPIRE.

175. TAKING PORPOISES. To the people in any boat or vessel, who, in the year 1804, shall take the greatest number of porpoises on the coast of Great-Britain or Ireland, by gun,

harpoon, or any other method, not fewer than thirty, for the purpose of extracting oil from them; the gold medal, or thirty pounds. Certificates of the number, signed by the persons to whom they have been sold or delivered for the purpose of extracting the oil, to be produced to the Society on or before the last Tuesday in January, 1805.

176. OIL FROM PORPOISES. To the person who shall manufacture the greatest quantity of oil from porpoises taken on the coast of Great-Britain or Ireland, in the year • 1804, not less than twenty tons; the gold medal, or thirty pounds. Certificates of the oil having been made from porpoises actually caught on the coast of Great-Britain or Ireland, and two gallons of the oil as a sample, to be produced to the Society on or before the last Tuesday in February, 1805.

177. CURING HERRINGS BY THE DUTCH METHOD. To the person or persons who shall, before January, 1805, cure the greatest quantity of white herrings, not less than thirty barrels, according to the method practised by the Dutch, and equal in all respects to the best Dutch herrings, the same being caught in the British or Irish Seas, and cured in a British or Irish vessel or port; the gold medal, or fifty guineas.

178. For the next greatest quantity, not less than fifteen barrels; the silver medal, or twenty guineas. A sixteen-gallon barrel of the herrings to be produced to the Society on of before the first Tuesday in February, 1805, with certificates that the conditions of the premium have been completely fulfilled, and that the whole were cured in the same manner as the specimen, together with a full description of the process employed, in order that the Society may judge how far the Dutch method has been adopted.

PREMIUMS OFFERED FOR THE ADVANTAGE OF THE BRITISH COLONIES.

179. NUTMEGS. For the greatest quantity of merchantable nutmegs, not less than ten pounds weight, being the growth of his Majesty's dominions in the West Indies, or

any of the British settlements on the coast of Africa, or the several Islands adjacent thereto, and equal to those imported from the islands of the East Indies; the gold medal, or one hundred guineas. Satisfactory certificates, from the governor, or commander in chief, of the place of growth, with an account of the number of trees, their age, nearly the quantity of fruit on each tree, and the manner of culture, to be produced on or before the first Tuesday in December, 1804.

180. The same premium is extended one year farther. Certificates to be produced on

or before the first Tuesday in December, 1805.

181. CLOVES. For importing into Great Britain or Ireland, in the year 1804, the greatest quantity of cloves, not less than twenty pounds weight, being of the growth of some of the islands in the West Indies subject to the British empire, or any of the British settlements on the coast of Africa, or the several islands adjacent thereto, and equal in goodness to the cloves brought from the East Indies; the gold medal, or fifty guineas. Samples, not less than two pounds weight, with certificates that the whole quantity is equal in goodness, together with satisfactory certificates signed by the governor, or commander in chief, of the place of growth, with an account of the number of trees growing on the spot, their age, and the manner of culture, to be produced to the Society on or before the first Tuesday in Ja nuary, 1805.

182. The same premium is extended one year farther. Certificates to be produced on or before the first Tuesday in January, 1806.

183. KALI FOR BARILLA. To the per son who shall have cultivated, in the Bahama Islands, or any other part of his Majesty's dominions in the West Indies, or any of the British Settlements on the coast of Africa, or the several islands adjacent thereto, in the year 1805, the greatest quantity of land, not less than two acres, with Spanish kali, fit for the purpose of making barilla; the gold medal, or thirty guineas.

184. For the next greatest quantity, not less than one acre; the silver medal, or fifteen guineas. Certificates, signed by the governor, or commander in chief, for the time being, of the quantity of land so cultivated, and of the state of the plants at the time of signing such certificates, to be delivered to the Society, with samples of the kali, on or before the second Tuesday in January, 1805.

185, 186. The same premiums are extended one year farther. Certificates to be produced on or before the second Tuesday in Jan. 1806.

187. DESTROYING THE INSECT COMMONLY CALLED THE BORER. To the person who shall discover to the Society an effectual method of destroying the insect commonly called the borer, which has, of late years, been so destructive to the sugar-canes in the West-India islands, the British settlements on the coast of Africa, and the several islands adjacent thereto; the gold medal, or fifty guineas. The discovery to be ascertained by satisfactory certifi cates, under the hand and seal of the governor or commander in chief, for the time being, and of some other respectable persons, inhabitants of the islands, or other place, in which the remedy has been successfully applied; such certificates to be delivered to the Society on or before the first Tuesday in January, 1805.

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