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In response to the inquiries repeatedly received from students for a handbook on embroidery, I have endeavoured to place before them the following hints and suggestions; to supply a want, and fill a space at present unoccupied.

My first duty and pleasure is to thank Mr. Walter Crane for the Preface which he has kindly written.

For the practical Plates No. 58, 59, 62, 63, 64, 65, 66, and 67, for description to same, also for figs. 23 and 24 on Plate No. 61, I am indebted to Miss Louisa F. Pesel, and for valuable help in numerous other ways. I have also to thank Miss C. L. Pickering for the practical notes on gold embroidery, and for Plates No. 69 and 70.

Perhaps it is hardly necessary to refer to the source of each item of information.


have freely used Dr. Rock's "Textile Fabrics "; the South Kensington Handbooks, both by Sir G. Birdwood and Sir R. Murdock Smith; Mr. Alan Cole's "Ornament in European Silks"; Mr. Walter Crane's "Bases of Design "; Miss A. Strickland's "Queens of England"; and the writings of Messrs. Audsley.

I have to thank the Right Hon. the Viscount Falkland for kindly allowing me to reproduce the pillow case, Plate No. 27 ; Mrs. Pesel for pillow case, Plate No. 30; Sir W. Drake for altar-frontal, Plate No. 8 ; the Royal School of Art Needlework for Plates No. 3, 23, 24, 25, 26, and 41; to Mr. Selwyn Image for Plate No. 25; Mr. Walter Crane for Plates No. 23, 24, and 26; and the South Kensington Museum Authorities for the assistance given in reproducing the examples from the National Collection; also to Mr. W. G. Thomson for his help in the preparation of this book.


South Kensington,

June, 1899.



THE first edition of this handbook was published at a time when no text-book of recent production on the subject of embroidery was to be had. Since then, several excellent books on needlework have appeared, but I have reason to believe that this revised edition will not be altogether unacceptable to those interested in the work. It is the duty of every woman to learn how to sew, and decorative needlework appears to be the natural outcome of the practical occupation of the needle, on the heels of which it follows so closely. Some of the best stitches used in embroidery serve a practical purpose in plain sewing. The two English smocks illustrated on Plates No. 70 and 71 may be looked upon as the seamstress's early steps in decorative needlework. There is ample scope for the art in the adornment of costumes; and, in a modest

way, for the beautifying of household linen.

It is hoped that the notes on design will be of some assistance to those who have had no practice in this branch of the subject. If they only make the embroideress stop to think a little about the pattern before she commences to embroider, these notes will at least have served one good purpose.

To Miss Dorothy Lane my thanks are due for preparing the coloured drawing for the frontispiece, also for the drawings of subjects on page 4 and Plate No. 71; to Miss Ella M. Carr for the examples of lacis work in Plates No. 45 and 47; to Miss Mildred Statham for the illustrations on "Bargello work" and for help with the practical description of the work; and to the Fine Needlework Association for permission to illustrate the two English smocks on Plates No. 70 and 71.

W. G. P. T.

October, 1907.

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