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it is considered that the first step to- establiished at Thornbury, where genwards depravity, in the majority of tlemen of that profession met each the unfortunate females who frequent other, and communicated any fact or our streets, is usually the want of em- observation that had occurred in the ployment, and its concomitant, pecuni- course of their practice ;-at one of ary distress, the value of such an insti- these meetings, Mr. Fewster mentiontution as this must be obvious. It is ed to the members present, that the indeed greatly to be regretted, that, in hands of those persons who were emthe metropolis especially, so many ployed in milking the cows in that thousands of females should be displac- great dairy neighbourhood contracted ed from their proper stations by a class a complaint from the animal, appearof effeminate young men, serving in ing in the form of pustules ; and that shops of various descriptions.

persons so affected were not liable to

the contagion of the small pox. Mr. RED CABBAGE.

Jenner, of Berkley, a brother ÆsculaThe red cabbage stewed in veal pius, being struck with the relation, broth is accounted upon the continent requested Mr. F. to investigate this cua specific cure against pulmonary com- rious fact more narrowly by a course of plaints, and what is here called con- experiments ; this Mr. F. declined on sumption. For this purpose red cab- account of professional occupations, bage is especially cultivated in French but pressed Mr. Jenner to do so. For: kitchen gardens; to which, in the tunately for mankind, the advice was cooking, pistachios and calf's lights not neglected; and, from the skill and are added. This reminds us of an perseverance of this gentleman (afteranecdote which passed current at the wards Dr. Jenner) the blessings of the time we heard it. A young Roman vaccine virus were distributed through Catholic clergyman, rector of a coun- the earth. try parish, was called upon to preach a sermon upon a grand solemnity, at Dr. Willis mentions an idiot, who which the bishop of the diocese, a car was accustomed to repeat the strokes dinal, appeared in the Roman purple, of a clock near which he lived, with surrounded by the clergy in their white a loud voice. Afterwards having been surplices. The preacher performed removed into a parish where there his task to the approbation of every was no church clock, he continued as

After the ceremony, his emi. before to call the hours successively; nence, meeting him, seemned to wonder and this with so great accuracy, both at his not having been abashed when as to the number of tolls, which he in the presence of a cardinal in the pretended to count, and as to the full blaze of his red paraphernalia. length of the intervening hours, that

The simple and honest clergyman re- the family where he boarded conduct-
plied : Your eminence will cease to ed all their business by his proclama-
wonder, when you know that I learot tion of time.
my discourse by heart in my garden, INVENTIONS.—THE TELESCOPE.
and used to practise declamation be In or about the year 1590, was the
fore a plot of white cabbages, in the invention of the telescope, or spying-
center of which was a red one.'-A glass, discovered, being justly esteem-
preferment was the reward of this ed one of the most useful and excel-
witty answer.

lent discoveries of modern times ;

though it was, it seems, produced by JOHN FEWSTER.

mere chance. The common account April 1824. John Fewster died, a is, that two children of one Janseen, very respectable surgeon and apothe- a spectacle-maker of Middleburg, in cary at Thornbury. This gentleman Zealand, being at play in their father's is universally considered, in that neigh- shop, and looking through two pieces bourhood, as the first person who no- of glass between their fingers, which ticed the effects of the vaccine virus. were at some small distance from Many years past, a medical club was each other, the weather-cock of the



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church steeple appeared to them un was at this period that Janvier, one usually large, and much nearer. Of day entering the cabinet, and perceiv. this they instantly told their father, ing the second-hand of one of his astrowho, surprised also at first, made the nomical timepieces on the ground, rebrazen circles or cylinders, so as they placed it without any observation : the might be placed nearer or farther, at next day be again found the hand on pleasure. Janssen very soon improv- the ground, replaced it with care and ed this discovery so much, that he in silence, the King not appearing to presented a telescope, twelve inches pay any attention to what he was dolong, to Prince Maurice, and another ing: a third time he found the hand to the Archduke Albert. Prince displaced, when, unable to contain Maurice, it is also said, conjecturing himself, be said, “ Sire, I have some the discovery night be of great use in secret enemy who wishes to ruin me in war, desired the secret might be con- the opinion of your Majesty: thrice cealed; and had nearly deprived have I found the second-hand of this Janssen of the honour of inventing time-piece on the floor, which was imit; the great Des Cartes attributing possible to happen without the hand the invention to one Metius, of Alc- of an enemy." My poor Janvier, maer.

(said the King, laying his hand on the None of the first telescopes, how- artist's arm,) be not alarmed, you have ever, appear to have been properly no enemy here; it was I who did it; framed for astronomical observations, the monients fly so quick, and so few until Galileo, astronomer to the Grand- of them must be mine, that I could not duke of Tuscany,hearing of this discov- bear to see them marked so rapidlyery for bringing objects nearer, made I took off the hand, do not replace such great improvements therein as it." gained him, in the opinion of many,

FOSSIL MONSTER. the honour of the invention itself, by Mr. Mantell, of Castle-place, Leves, giving the invention the appellation of las discovered in the sand-stone of Galileo's tube.

Susses the teeth of an berbivorous repSir Isaac Newton was the inventor tile, of enormous magnitude. These of the reflecting telescope : which is teeth agree, more closely, with those of considered as much more exact and the Iguana of Barbadoes, and the West useful than the common or refracting Indies, than with those of any of the ones. He completed two small ones other recent lacertæ; a circumstance in the year 1672.

which has induced Mr. M. to propose The achromatic telescope, which distinguishing this fossil monster by destroys the colours and gives a more the name of Iguano-saurus. Vertebra, perfect image, was the invention of ribs, thigh-bones, and other detached Mr. Peter Dolland.

parts of the skeletons of gigantic

lacertæ, have also been discovered in ANECDOTE

the same strata ; some of which beLouis XVI. like Louis XV. was long to the Megalo-saurus of Stonesfond of the mechanical arts, and par- field, described by Professor Buckland; ticularly the higher branches of prac. and others, in all probability, to the tical mechanics. Janvier, mechani- Iguano-saurus. A portion of a thighcian and astronomical watch-maker, bone, in Mr. M.'s collection, must

, was a great favourite with his Majesty, upon a moderate computation, bare and was admitted to his private cabinet belonged to an individual nearly sitty certain days in the week. The King feet long, and as high as an elephant! used to remain several hours, shut up In Mr. Mantell's expected work on the with the artist, occupied with these fossils of Tilgate Forest (which will inamusements, and in the latter years of clude the bistory of the fossils of the his life they served to momentarily sandstone from Hastings to Horsham), banish the melancholy ideas which the these interesting relics of a former tide of events poured into his mind. It world will be figured and described.


SHIP-BUILDING WITHOUT RIBS. little inhabitant; in a farther compartment The City of Rochester East Indiaman,

was found a portion of honey, and at the of about 600 tons burthen, lately launched

remote end of the shell two eggs. M. Hu. from the yard of Messrs. Brindley and Co.

ber intends publishing an account of his reat Rochester, but built by Messrs. Macqueen searches on these interesting and industri

ous little animals. and Palmer, has ber bottom and sides consisting wholly of planks, in separate thick

KING OF THE GIPSIES. nesses, worked fore and aft; the planks of one thickpess covering the joints or seams An interesting funeral lately took place of the other, alternately. Under the last at Wittering, a village three miles south of coating or outside planking, hoop-ribs of Stamford. The individual whose remains iron are let in, at proper distances, crossing were consigned to the earth was in life no at right angles the planking of the bottom, less a personage than Henry Boswell, well sides, and deck; and these hoops, being known as the father or king of the gipsies firmly secured inside the ship by screwresorting to that part of the country. The puts, the whole is combined in the strong.

old man

was encamped on Southorpe est manner possible.

Heath, with several of his family and subA REMEDY FOR THE BARRENNESS OF jects, on the Sunday preceding, when death

put an end to his reign and earthly wanPEAR-TREES

derings. He had been ill for a few days; bas been discovered by the Rev G. Swaine: but his complaint was really a decay of naas has long been known with early beans ture, for the patriarch was nearly a hunhautbois, strawberries, cucumbers, and mel- dred years of age. The corpse continued ons, the bunches of flowers, or corymbus of in the camp on the heath for five days,-the pear, usually contains a greater number those who had been with him in his last of forets than the plant has strength prop moments expecting that many others of erly to mature; and the remedy in each his family and dependents would, on inforcase is to extirpate several of the upper- ination of his death, come to offer their most florets as soon as they appear. A homage at his funeral ; but something prebeurre pear-tree, which previously had vented this, and it was deemed necessary been barren, upon which Mr. S. who left to inter the corpse on the sixth day. A only the three lower fiorets of each bunch, decent coffin had been provided, and the ripened fruit from almost every one of obsequies were conducted with great decothese reserved florets. The process failed, The body was deposited in Wittering however, with a gansell's bergamot, whose church-yard, where the service was read barrenness appeared, on investigation, to by the Rev. William Wing. On Wednes. arise from the pollen being shed before the day the gipsey camp broke up from anthers were ready for impregnation. The Southorpe ; on which occasion those who patronage of our Horticultural Societies, composed it went to the church-yard to pay has already done wonders towards improve the last tribute of affection at the grave of ing useful vegetables and fruits, and more Boswell, and a very impressive scene of may be expected from their laudable en

silent unaffected grief was witnessed. The deavours.

old man is said to have died in very afluNATURAL HISTORY.

ent circumstances, and to have possessed Mons. P. Huber (son of M. Huber, al

estates in several parts of England. ready well known for his profound re

MAGNETIC CURIOSITY. searches on the habits and economy of ants) has recently made some interesting ly disclosed, while boring for soft water, at

A singular fact in Geology has been lateobservations on the wild or solitary bee,

the foundry of Messrs. Cawood, Leeds. For apis aurulenta wbich is much smaller than the ordinary hive bees, and found

the first thirty yards, the boring irous were principally in low or moist meadows. M.

not affected in any manner out of the usual Huber having noticed one of these little

way ; beyond that point they became pos.

sessed of a highly magnetic power, which animals carrying a slip of straw which ap

continued till the irons had penetrated peared too heavy for it, had the curiosity to watch its progress, till it deposited its load attraction ceased and the boring is now

to the depth of sixty yards; afterwards the on a small heap of similar materials. Some proceeding without any effect being proothers followed, laden with grains of black sand, and others succeeded, bringing por

duced upon the iron out of the ordinary tions of the flowers and leaves of the poten

way. tial rampante. M. Huber discovered the

CAVERN. nest of one of these little animals to be a A cavern, which promises to be of much snail-shell, the apertore of which was geological interest, has been lately discov. carefully concealed by layers of straw, ered on the Mendip Hills, near Banwell, leaves, and cement. In the interior of this 120 feet below the surface of the earth. was found a series of partitions, built with The soil which covers its floor is replete mud and small particles of stone, one be with the bones of quadrupeds ! the remains bind the other. In some of these chambers which have yet been found consist princia green substance was observed, which, pally of the ox and deer, but some imperprobably, formed the recent food of the fect canine teeth, apparently of the hyæna,


have also been discovered. From the close hold this lady as one of the greatest (ke analogy of the spot with the other caverns think we might say the greatest) benesac. which have been found most productive of tresses of society. Her various works are quadrupedal remains, and from the circum- applicable to the educational development stance that all the teeth of an elephant and cultivation of the human miod, from the were formerly discovered in a similar fis- first dawnings of infant intellect to the pe. sure, about three miles distant, upon Hut. riod of its full maturity; and while those ton Hill, there is every reason to believe of her works which, from the kiod of interthat further examination would be well re. est they are calculated to excite, seem only paid.

to be addressed to the imagination, and leTHE LOGAN ROCKING-STONE.

signed for the amusement of the borelLieut. H. C. Goldsmith, of the Nimble reading youth of both sexes, have a power. cutter, has succeeded in placing the Logan and improve the heart ; those apparently

ful tendency to enlarge the understanding Rock in its former position. The first at

more humble productions, so admirably tempt was in the presence of 3,000 specta. adapted to the circle of the nursery, may tors ; on the second, further efforts were made, and on the third, the laborious task scholar and the parent of the most coltival

be read with interest and profit by the was completed, and so successfully, that ed mind and maturest judgment. the immense stone logs to and fro exactly as before. Not the slightest accident oc

[The publishers of the Atheneum will print this curred during the experiment.

work in two editions, as soon as a copy is te

ceived ; making, with the Sequel to Rosamond, THE CALEDONIAN CANAL

one volume of their uniform 8vo. edition of Edge bas so far succeeded, that in August last worth's Works, and the otber edition in a sualla 121 vessels navigated some parts of it: size for children.] several with wool, passing from Hull to A Miniature Edition of the Norels and Liverpool ; others to and from Dumfries, Romances of the Author of Warerley is Belfast, Londonderry or Liverpool, New about to be published, in 17 vols, 18mo. with castle, &c. with lime, slates, freestone, salt, engraved titles and frontispieces by eminent herrings, staves, deals, &c. Three steam

Artists. packets pass through from Inverness to

The following are also expected to issue Glasgow : the works are however not yet from the press in a few days : completed, and some part of the line is in.

The Mechanic's Encyclopedia ; or, Geotended to lay dry next summer, and deep- eral Dictionary of Arts, Manufacture, and ened by 18 feet water, when the largest Practical Science. In 8 vols. post Bro. merchant vessels will pass from sea to sea

with numerous engravings. through this magnificent canal.

Encyclopedia for Youth ; or, a Suma-

ry of General Literature, Arts, and ScienAt Locker Mill, near Kilbarchan, a petri. ings, executed on Steel.

In 4 vols. post 8vo. With Eagrarfying spring has been discovered, which has excited considerable attention in that Management of the sick and Lring-in

The Good Nurse; or, Hints for the neighbourhood. Several large and beauti. Chamber, and the Nursery. By a Lady. ful specimens of petrified mosses, mixed Dedicated, by permission, to Mrs. Priscilla with hyndstongue and other vegetable sub

Wakefield 1. vol. 12mo. stances, have been found upon the bank on

The Writer's Clerk ; or, the Purpours of which the water drops,

the Scottish Metropolis, 3 vols.

A Tale of Paraguay. By Robert Southes,
The Royal Tapestries, made by order of L.L. D. &c. &c. I vol. 12mo.
Pope Leo X. for our Henry VIII. from the

A Treatise on the Steam Engioe; Hisimmortal Cartoons of Raphael, and sold by torical, Practical, and Descriptive. By order of the Cominonwealth, in 1650, with

Joho Farey, Junior, Engineer. With ilthe private property of Charles I., have, lustrative Plates and Cuts. I vol. 4to. within these few weeks, been restored to

A Voyage performed in the Years 1822, us. They were obtained by Mr. Tupper, 23, 24; containing an Examination of the our Consul in Spain, from a palace of the

Antarctic Sea to the 74th Degree of LatiDuke of Alva's, and are now to be seen in

tude: and a Visit to Terra del Fuego, with Mr. Bullock's Egyptian Hall. What adds a particular Account of the lohabitants. to the value of this acquisition is, that there By James Weddell, Esq. 1 vol. 8vo. are two subjects more than are at Hamp

Mr. Field (late Chief Justice of les ton Court, viz. the Conversion of St. Paul, South Wales) is about to publish a small and Christ giving the keys to St. Peter. The Collection of Geographical Papeis, by ra. whole are strikingly curious.

rious hands respecting that Colony.

The Natural and Artificial Wonders or

the United Kingdoms of Great Britain and
In the list of works announced as at this Ireland. By the Rev. J. Goldsmith. Author
time in the press, we are glad to recognize of the " Grammar of British Geogra-
Progressive Lessons ; or, Harry and Locy phy.” 3 vols.
concluded, by Maria Edgeworth. Among Fire-side Scenes. By the Author of
the writers of the present generation, we Bachelor and Married Man, &c. &c, 3 rols.




No. 12.)

BOSTON, MARCH 15, 1825.

(vol. 2. n.s.

Having purchased of Messrs. Munroe & Francis this long-established periodical, the subscriber will earnestly endeavour to continue its usefulness, and to render it as acceptable to its numerous patrons as it has heretofore been; and, having for this purpose made arrangements for the early reception of the most approved English periodical publications, such selections will be made as it is hoped will please the reader, whether seeking information or amusement.

The work will be printed on new type, in the same manner, and on the same terms as at present. Those gentlemen who have assisted in the distribution, are requested to continue their agency on the same terms.

JOHN COTTON. The first No. of Vol. 3, New Series, will be published April 1, at the corner of Washington and Franklin Streets, (formerly 47 Marlboro'-Street.)

Boston, March 15, 1825.

culations :

thor (is not he, ye Benedicts, too san

ingeni—(not u) ous friend says notbing of the guine ?) declares will enable young la

coqui of times which do not suit bis panegyricdies “to make the cage of matrimony when Plautus, for example, in his Pseudolus, as comfortable as the net of court. makes Ballio's cook very truly and characteristiship.” To effect this consummation, cally exclaimso “devoutly to be wished,” they must,

“An invenire postulas quemquam coquum,

Nisi malvinis aut aquilinis unguibus ?” he lays down, keep a ledger of their

(Can you look for a cook without the rapacious expenses; upon giving which advice,

claws of a kite or an eagle?) he digresses into the history of a cer

The following is another of the Doctor's cal tain class, and finds, from Athenæus, that Cooks were the first kings of the “ Estimate of the Annual Expenses of a Family earth ; from Filmer, that the old patri of two, and occasionally three in the parlour, and archs were their own cooks; from Ho

two maids, and a man servant, who have a dinmer, that Achilles and his fellow's broil

ner-party of a dozen about once in a month, and

where there is always plenty of good provisionsed their own meat; from their histori

but no affectation of profusion. ans, that the greatest Roman generals “Meat, 651. ; Fish and Poultry, 251.; Bread, boiled their own turnips and other es 181. ; Butter and Cheese, 251.; Milk, 71.; Vegetaculents for dinner; and from Records, bles and Fruit, 201.; Tea and Sugar, 151. ; Table happily preserved for our information,

Ale, 257.; Wasbing, 201. ; Coals, 80/.; Candles and

Soap, 201.; Sundries and Forgets, 501.- Total that our forefathers, six and three cen

3207." 57 ATHENEUM VOL. 2. 2d series.

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