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acting in unison, and of giving their national mode of attack the fullest opportunity of success.

But, in a lower rank to these, there were found individuals of an inferior description, the common peasantry of the Highland country, who, although they did not allow themselves to be so called, and claimed often, with apparent (rulh, lo be of more ancient descent than the masters whom they served, bore, nevertheless, the livery of extreme penury, being indifferently accoutred, and worse armed, half naked, stinted in growth, and miserable in aspect. Each important clan had some of those Helots altached to them ;thus, the Mac-Couls, though tracing their descent from Comhal, the father of Finn or Fingal, were a sort of Gibeonites, or hereditary servants to the Stewarts of Appine; the Macbeths, descended from the unhappy monarch of that name, were subjects to the Morays, and clan Donnochy, or Robertsons of Athole; and many other examples might be given, were it not for the risk of hurting any pride of clanship which may yet be left, and thereby drawing a Highland tempest into the shop of my publisher. Now these same Helots, though forced into the field by the arbitrary authorily of the chieftains under whom they hewed wood and drew waler, were, in general, very sparingly fed, ill dressed, and worse armed. The latter circunstance was indeed owing chiefly to the general disarming act, which had been carried into effect ostensibly through the whole Highlands, although most of the chieftains contrived to elude its influence, by retaining the weapons of their own immediate clansmen, and delivering up those of less value, which they collected from these inferior satellites. It followed, as a matter of course, that, as we have already hinted, many of these poor fellows were brought to the field in a very wretched condition.

From this it happened, that, in bodies, the van of which were admirably well armed in their own fashion, the rear resembled aclual bandilti. Here was a pole-axe, there a sword without a scabbard; here a gun without a lock, there a scythe set straight upon a pole ; and some had only their dirks, and bludgeons or stakes pulled out of hedges. The grim, uncombed, and wild appearance of these men, most of whom gazed with all the admiration of ignorance upon the most ordinary production of domestic art, crealed surprise in the Lowlands, but it also created terror. So little was the condition of the Highlands known at that late period, that the character and appearance of their population, while thus sallying forth as military adventurers, conveyed to the south-country Lowlanders as much surprise as if an invasion of African Negroes, or Esquimaux Indians, had issued forth from the northern mountains of their own native country. It cannot therefore be wondered if Waverley, who had hilherlo judged of the Highlanders generally, from the samples which the policy of Fergus had from time to time exhibited, should

have felt damped and astonished at the daring allempt of a body not then exceeding four thousand men, and of whom not above half the number, at the utmost, were armed, to change the fate, and alter the dynasty, of the British kingdoms.

As he moved along the column, which still remained stationary, an iron gun, the only piece of artillery possessed by the army which meditated so important a revolution, was fired as the signal of march. The Chevalier had expressed a wish to leave this useless piece of ordnance behind him; but, to his surprise, the Highland chiefs interposed to solicit that it might accompany their march, pleading the prejudices of their followers, who, little accustomed to artillery, attached a degree of absurd importance to this fieldpiece, and expected it would contribute essentially to a victory which they could only owe to their own muskets and broadswords. Two or three French artillerymen were therefore appointed to the management of this military engine, which was drawn along by a string of Highland ponies, and was, after all, only used for the purpose of firing signals.'

No sooner was its voice heard upon the present occasion, than the whole line was in motion. A wild cry of joy from the advancing battalions rent the air, and was then lost in the shrill clangour of the bagpipes, as the sound of these, in their turn, was partially drowned

"This circumstance, wbich is historical, as well as the description that precedes il, will remind the reader of the war of la Vendée, in wbich the royalists, consisting chiefly of insurgent peasantry, attached a prodigious and even superstitious interest to the possession of a piece of brass ordnance, which they called Marie Jeane.

The Highlanders of an early period were afraid of cannon, with the noise and effect of which they were totally unacquainted. It was by means of three or four small pieces of artillery, that the Earls of Huntly and Errol, in James VI.'s time, gained a great victory at Glenlivat, over a numerous Highland army, commanded by the Earl of Argyle. At the

battle of the Bridge of Dee, General Middleton obtained by his artillery a similar success, the Highlanders not being able to stand the discharge of Muskel's-Moiher, which was the name they bestowed on great guns. In an old ballad on the baltle of the Bridge of Dee, these verses occur :

The Highlandmen are pretty men

For handling sword and skield,
But yet they are bat simple men

To stand a stricken field.

'The Highlandmen are pretty men

For target and claymore,
But yet they are but naked men

To face the cannon's roar.

For the cannons roar on a summer night

Like thunder in the air;
Was never man in Highland garb

Would face the cannon fair.

But the Highlanders of 1745 had got far beyond the simplicity of their forefathers, and showed throughout the whole war how little they dreaded artillery, although the common people still attached some consequence to the possession of the field-piece, which led to This disquisition

by the heavy tread of so many men put at once into motion. The banners glittered and shook as they moved forward, and the horse hastened to occupy their station as the advanced guard, and to push on reconnoitring parties to ascertain and report the motions of the enemy. They vanished from Waverley's eye as they wheeled round the base of Arthur's Seat, under the remarkable ridge of basaltic rocks which fronts the little lake of Duddingston.

The infantry followed in the same direction, regulating their pace by another body which occupied a road more to the southward. It cost Edward some exertion of activity to attain the place which Fergus's followers occupied in the line of march.

CHAPTER XLV.

AN INCIDENT GIVES RISE TO UNAVAILING REFLECTIONS.

6 You

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When Waverley reached that part of the column which was filled by the clan of Mac-Ivor, they halted, formed, and received him with a triumphant flourish upon the bagpipes, and a loud shout of the men, most of whom knew him personally, and were delighted to see him in the dress of their country and of their sept. shout," said a Highlander of a neighbouring clan to Eyan Dhu,

as if the Chieftain were just come to your head."

Mar e Bran is e a brathair, If it be not Bran, it is Bran's brother," was the proverbial reply of Maccombich'.

“0, then, it is the handsome Sassenach Duinhé-wassel, that is to be married to Lady Flora?”

" That may be, or it may not be ; and it is neither your matter nor mine, Gregor."

Fergus advanced to embrace the volunteer, and afford him a warmi and hearty welcome; but he thought it necessary to apologize for the diminished numbers of his battalion (which did not exceed three hundred men), by observing, he had sent a good many out upon parties.

The real fact, however, was, that the defection of Donald Bean Lean had deprived him of at least thirty hardy fellows, whose services he had fully reckoned upon, and that many of his occasional adherents had been recalled by their several chiefs to the standards to which they most properly owed their allegiance. The rival chief of the great northern branch also of his own clan bad mustered his people, although he had not yet declared either for the government

Bran, the well-known dog of Fingal, is often the theme of Highland proverb as well as song

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or for the Chevalier, and by his intrigues had in some degree diminished the force with which Fergus took the field. To make amends for these disappointments, it was universally admitted that the followers of Vich Ian Vohr, in point of appearance, equipment, arms, and dexterity in using them, equalled the most choise troops which followed the standard of Charles Edward. Old Ballenkeiroch acted as his major; and, with the other officers who had known Waverley when at Glennaquoich, gave our hero a cordial receplion, as the sharer of their future dangers and expected honours.

The route pursued by the Highland army, after leaving the village of Duddingslon, was, for some time, the common post-road betwixt Edinburgh and Haddington, until they crossed the Esk, at Musselburgh, when, instead of keeping the low grounds towards the sea, they turned more inland, and occupied the brow of the eminence called Carberry Hill, a place already distinguished in Scottish history, as the spot where the lovely Mary surrendered herself to her insurgent subjects. This direction was chosen because the Chevalier had received notice that the army of the government, arriving by sea from Aberdeen, had landed at Dunbar, and quartered the night before to the west of Haddington, with the intention of falling down towards the sea-side, and approaching Edinburgh by the lower coast-road. By keeping the heighl, which overhung that road in many places, it was hoped the Highlanders might find an opportunity of attacking them lo advantage. The army therefore halted upon the ridge of Carberry Hill, both to refresh the soldiers, and as a central situation, from which their march could be directed to any point that the motions of the enemy might render most advisable. While they remained in this position, a messenger arrived in haste to desire Mac-Ivor to come to the Prince, adding, that their advanced post had had a skirmish with some of the enemy's cavalry, and that the Baron of Bradwardine had sent in a few pri

soners.

Waverley walked forward out of the line to satisfy his curiosity, and soon observed five or six of the troopers, who, covered with dust, had galloped in to announce that the enemy were in full march westward along the coast. Passing still a little farther on, he was struck with a groan which issued from a hovel. He approached the spot, and heard a voice, in the provincial English of his native county, which endeavoured, though frequently interrupted by pain, to repeat the Lord's Prayer. The voice of distress always found a ready answer in our hero's bosom. He entered the hovel, which seemed to be intended for what is called, in the pastoral counties of Scotland, a smearing-house; and in ils obscurity Edward could only at first discern a sort of red bundle ; for those who had stripped the wounded man of his arms, and part of his clolhes, had left him the dragoon-cloak in which he was enveloped.

wounded man;

6. For the love of God,” said the wounded man, as he heard Wa. verley's step, “ give me a single drop of water!”

6. You shall have it,” answered Waverley, at the same time raising him in his arms, bearing him to the door of the hut, and giving him some drink from his flask.

“ I should know that voice,” said the man; but, looking on Waverley's dress with a bewildered look,-"no, this is not the young squire!"

This was the common phrase by which Edward was distinguished on the estate of Waverley-Honour, and the sound now thrilled to his heart with the thousand recollections wbich the well-known accents of his native country had already contributed to awaken. “Houghton!” he said, gazing on the ghastly features which death was fast disfiguring, "can this be you? ” “ I never thought to hear an English voice again,” said the

they left me to live or die here as I could, when they found I would say nothing about the strength of the regiment. But, О squire! how could you stay from us so long, and let us be tempted by that fiend of the pil, Ruffin?-we should have followed you through flood and fire, lo be sure."

“Ruffin! I assure you, Houghton, you have been vilely imposed upon.

I often thought so,” said Houghton, “though they showed us your very seal; and so Timms was shot, and I was reduced to the ranks.”

“Do not exhaust your strength in speaking," said Edward; “I will get you a surgeon presently."

He saw Mac-Ivor approaching, who was now returning from head-quarters, where he had altended a council of war, and hastened to meet him. “Brave news!” shouted the Chief; " we shall be at it in less than two hours. The Prince has put himself at the head of the advance, and, as he drew his sword, called out, “My friends, I have thrown away the scabbard.' Come, Waverley, we move instantly."

“A moment,-a moment; this poor prisoner is dying ;-where shall I find a surgeon?"

“Why, where should you? We have none, you know, but two or three French fellows, who, I believe, are little better than garçons apothicaires."

“ But the man will bleed to death."

“Poor fellow!” said Fergus, in a momentary fit of compassion ; then instantly added, “But it will be a thousand men's fale before night; so come along."

“ I cannot; I tell you he is a son of a tenant of my uncle's.”

“O, if he's a follower of yours, he must be looked 10 ; I'll send Callum to yon; but diaoul! - ccade millia molligheart," con

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