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circumstance of the hunting described in the text as preparatory to the insurrection of 1745, is, so far as he knows, entirely imaginary. But it is well known such a great hunting was held in the Forest of Brae-Mar, under the auspices of the Earl of Mar, as preparatory to the Rebellion of 1715; and most of the Highland chieftains who afterwards engaged in that civil commotion were present on this occasion.
Note 7, page 13, line 30. Corresponding to the Lowland saying, « Mony ane speirs the gate they ken fu' weel.»
Note 8, page 54, line 20. These lines for the burden of an old song to which Burns wrote additional verses.
Note 9, page 55, line 9.
We'll never hae peace till Jamie comes hame; to which Burns likewise wrote some verses.
Note 10, page 62, line 21. A Highland rhyme on Glencairn's Expedition, in 1650, has these lines
We'll bide a while among ta crows,
Note 11, page 62, line 28. Oggam is a species of the old Irish character. The idea of the correspondence betwixt the Celtic and Punic, founded on a scene in Plautus, was not started till General Vallancey set up his theory, long after the date of Fergus Mac-Ivor.
Note 12, page 66, line 2. The sanguine Jacobites, during the eventful years 1745-6, kept up the spirits of their party by the rumour of descents from France on behalf of the Chevalier St George.
Note 13, page 67, line 29. The Highlander, in former times, had always a high idea of his own gentility, and was anxious to impress the same upon those
with whom he conversed. His language abounded in the phrases of courtesy and compliment; and the habit of carrying arms, and mixing with those who did so, made it particularly desirable they should use cautious politeness in their intercourse with each other.
Note 14, page 89, line 30. The Rev. John Erskine, D.D., an eminent Scottish divine, and a most excellent man, headed the Evangelical party in the Church of Scotland at the time when the celebrated Dr Robertson, the historian, was the leader of the Moderate party. These two distinguished persons were colleagues in the Old Grey Friars' Church, Edinburgh; and, however much they differed in church politics, preserved the most perfect harmony as private friends, and as clergymen serving the same cure.
Note 15, page 162, line 14. The Clan of Mac-Farlane, occupying the fastnesses of the western side of Loch Lomond, were great depredators on the Low Country, and as their excursions were made usually by night, the moon was proverbially called their lantero. Their celebrated pibroch of Hoggil nam Bo, which is the name of their gathering lune, intimates similar practices,—the sense being
We are bound to drive the bullocks,
Through the sleet, and through the rain.
And all for little gain.
Note 16, page 165, line 23. This noble ruin, the Castle of Doune, is dear to my recollection, from associations which have been long and painfully broken. It holds a commanding station on the banks of the river Teith, and has been one of the largest castles in Scotland. Murdock, Duke of Albany, the founder of this stately pile, was beheaded on the Castlehill of Stirling, from which he might see the towers of Doune, the monument of his fallen greatness.
In 1745-6, as stated in the text, a garrison on the part of the Chevalier was put into the castle, then less ruinous than at pre
It was commanded by Mr Stewart of Balloch, as governor
for Prince Charles; he was a man of properly near Callander. This castle became at that time the actual scene of a romantic escape made by John Home, the author of Douglas, and some other prisoners, who, having been taken at the battle of Falkirk, were confined there by the insurgents. The poet, who had in his own mind a large stock of that romantic and enthusiastic spirit of adventure, which he has described as animating the youthful hero of his drama, devised and undertook the perilous enterprise of escaping from his prison. He inspired his companions with his sentiments, and when every attempt at open force was deemed hopeless, they resolved to twist their bed-clothes into ropes, and ihus to descend. Four persons, with Home himself, reached the ground in safety. But the rope broke with the fifth, who was a tall lusty man.
The sixth was Thomas Barrow, a brave young Englishman, a particular friend of Home's. Determined to take the risk, even in such unfavourable circumstances, Barrow committed himself to the broken rope, slid down on it as far as it could assist him, and then let himself drop His friends beneath succeeded in breaking his fall. Nevertheless, he dislocated his ankle, and had several of his ribs broken. His companions, however, were able to bear him off in safety.
The Highlanders next morning sought for their prisoners, with great activity. An old gentleman told the author, he remembered seeing the commander Stewart,
Bloody with spurring, fiery red with haste, riding furiously through the country
of the fugitives.
Note 17, page 174, line 5. The Judges of the Supreme Court of Session in Scotland are proverbially termed, among the country people, The Fifteen.
Note 18, page 174, line 9. To go out or to have been out, in Scotland, was a conventional phrase similar to that of the Irish respecting a man having been up, both having reference to an individual who had been engaged in insurrection. It was accounted ill-breeding in Scotland, about forty years since, to use the phrase rebellion or rebel, which might be interpreted by some of the parties present as a personal insult. It was also esteemed more polite even for stanch Whigs to denominate Charles Edward the Chevalier, than to
of him as thic Pretender; and this kind of accommodating courtesy
was usually observed in society where individuals of each party mixed on friendly terms.
Note 19, page 186, line 21. The Jacobite sentiments were general among the western counties, and in Wales. But although the great families of the Wynnes, the Wyndhams, and others, had come under an actual obligation 10 join Prince Charles if he should land, they bad done so under the express stipulation, that he should be assisted by an auxiliary army of French, without which they foresaw the enterprise would be desperate. Wishing well to his cause, therefore, and watching an opportunity to join him, they did not, nevertheless, think themselves bound in honour to do so, as he was only supported by a body of wild mountaineers, speaking an uncouth dialect, and wearing a singular dress. The race up 10 Derby struck them with more dread than admiration. But it was difficult to say what the effect might have been, had either the battle of Preston or Falkirk been fought and won during the advance into England.
Note 20, page 192, line 10. Divisions early showed themselves in the Chevalier's little army, not only amongst the independent chieftains, who were far 100 proud to brook subjection to each other, but betwixt the Scotch, and Charles's governor O'Sullivan, an Irishman by birth, who, with some of his countrymen bred in the Irish-Brigade in the service of the King of France, had an influence with the Adventurer, much resented by the Highlanders, who were sensible that their own clans made the chief or rather the only strength of his enterprise. There was a feud, also, between Lord George Murray, and John Murray of Broughton, the Prince's secretary, whose disunion greatly embarrassed the affairs of the Adventurer. general, a thonsand different pretensions divided their little army, and finally contributed in no small degree to its overthrow.
Note 21, page 208, line 13. The Doutelle was an armed vessel, which brought a small supply of money and arms from France for the use of the insurgents.
Note 22, page 210, line 4. Cailliachs, old women, on whom devolved the duty of lamenting for the dead, which the Irish call Keenning.
Note 23, page 212, line 32. These lines, or something like them, occur in an old Magazine of the period.
Note 24, page 213, line 7. Maist ewest, i. e. Contiguous.
Note 25, page 221, line 8.
To thy rocks, stormy Lannow, adieu.
Note 26, page 225, line 25. Which is, or was wont to be, the old air of « Good night and joy be wi' you a'!»
Note 27, page 228, line 3. The main body of the Highland army encamped, or rather bivouacked, in that part of the King's Park which lies towards the village of Duddingston.
Note 28, page 236, line 17. This circumstance, which is historical, as well as the description that precedes it, will remind the reader of the war of La Vendée, in which the royalists, consisting chiefly of insurgent peasantry, attached a prodigious and even superstitious interest to the possession of a piece of brass ordnance, which they called Marie Jeane.
The Highlanders of an early period were afraid of cannon, with the noise and effect of which they were totally unacquainted. It was by means of three or four small pieces of artillery, that the Earls of Huntley and Errol, in James VI.'s time, gained a great victory at Glenlivat, over a numerous Highland army, cominanded by the Earl of Argyle. At the battle of the Bridge of Dee, General Middleton obtained by his artillery a similar success, the Highlanders not being able to stand the discharge of Musket's Mother, which was the name they bestowed on great-guns. In an old ballad on the battle of the Bridge of Dee, these verses occur:
The Highlandmen are pretty men
For handling sword and shield,
To stand a stricken field.