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APPENDIX No. III.

BRIEF NOTICES OF FORMER EDITORS OF

THE “RELIGIO MEDICI."

THOMAS CHAPMAN, who has the credit of being the first modern editor of the Religio Medici, died in or near London, August, 1834, at the early age of twenty-two. Of his brief life, which gave promise of future literary activity, nothing has to be said but that his father was a London merchant, that he was born August, 1812, and after passing about six years at the Charterhouse, was entered at Exeter College, Oxford, in February, 1830 ; that he edited the Religio Medici in 1831, and that he took his B.A. degree (with a second class in Litt. Human.) about three months before his death.

ALEXANDER YOUNG, D.D., an American divine and historian, and the first trans-Atlantic editor of any of Sir T. B.'s works, born 1801, died 1854. He edited a series of works with the title, “ Library of Old English Prose Writers,'' (the third volume of which (Cambridge, 1831,) contains the “Miscellaneous Works of Sir T. B.”) and wrote “An Account of the Pilgrim Fathers,” (Boston, 1841). There is a notice of him in Allen's American Biogr. Dict., and in Ripley and Dana's New American Cyclop.

SIMON WILKIN, F.L.S., to whom Sir T. B.'s readers are more indebted than to any other single person, was born near Norwich, July, 1790. He succeeded in early life to a handsome fortune, which left him at leisure to indulge in literary and scientific pursuits, especially botany and entomology. Having lost all his property by a disastrous speculation in some paper-mills, he established himself as a printer and publisher at Norwich, where he earned an honorable place in the list of literary booksellers by the publication of a variety of elegant works, and especially by his edition of Sir T. B.'s Works and Correspondence (1835), on which he had expended the leisure of a dozen years, and with which his name is inseparably connected. During his residence at Norwich he took an active part in the establishment of the local Museum and Literary Institution, both of which still continue to flourish. In 1837 he removed to London, and he died at Hampstead, July, 1862. A sketch of his life by his son appeared in the Trans. of the Linnæan Soc., and another in the Baptist Mag. for May, 1863 ; the former dealing more with his literary and scientific character, the latter with his religious and private life.

JAMES AUGUSTUS ST. JOHN, “traveller, linguist, author, and editor," was born in Wales in 1800, and removed to London about 1817. He was for a time sub-editor of J. S. Buckinghani’s Oriental Herald, and during a long and active literary life published numerous works, of which no one requires to be specially noticed here. His edition of the Religio Medici, and Hydriotaphia, appeared in 1838 ; and he also edited Bunyan's

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NOTICES OF FORMER EDITORS..

Pilgrim's Progress, More's Utopia, Locke's Philosophical Works, Milton's Prose Works, and Bacon's New Atlantis. He died in 1875. There is a notice of him in Walford's Men of the Time, and in Allibone's Dict. of English Liter.

JOHN PEACE was born in Bristol in 1785, was for forty years keeper of the City Library, and died unmarried on Durdham Down in 1861. He at one time, rather late in life, thought of entering Holy Orders, and in 1824 kept some terms at Cambridge with that object ; but this intention was given up on account of the failure of his voice. Owing to delicate health in early life he had (he says) but a broken education, or no education at all (Axiom. p. 46). He was a most regular worshipper at the Cathedral, and in 1839 published anonymously An Apology for Cathedral Service, dedicated to the Poet Wordsworth, with whom he was intimate. He was a man of much quaint humour, with various peculiarities and prejudices, e.g. against railroads and the penny postage, and especially his “defiance of modern punctuation (p. 240), evinced in his abhorrence of commas, colons, and semi-colons. Shortly after his death was published a volume of detached thoughts, put together by himself, with the punning title, Axiomata Pacis, and the colophon, Pax tibi, to which is prefixed a biographical preface, the source of the preceding notice.

HENRY GARDINER, M.A., who was loved and respected by all who knew him, was born in Surrey in 1815, was educated for a urgeon, and came up to Oxford in 1839, rather later in life than usual, with the intention of taking

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a medical degree. This intention he did not carry out, but after residing several years in Oxford as a member of Exeter College, (during which time he edited the Religio Medici and Christian Morals in 1845,) he entered Holy Orders in 1846. He was presented to the living of Catton, near York, in 1859, and died unmarried in 1864. He was preparing a new edition of the Religio Medici, &c., at the time of his death.

JAMES T. FIELDS, an American author and publisher, born 1820 (?), died April, 1881. He was for many years an active partner in the publishing house of Ticknor and Fields at Boston, and retired from business about 1870. He reprinted Gardiner's edition of the Religio Medici, &c., with the addition of the Hydriotaphia, and extracts from Sir T. B.'s Letters, and other works, 1862. He paid several visits to this country, and was acquainted with most of the notable men of letters in England and America. He gave some lectures about his intercourse with eminent men in England, and also wrote an interesting series of papers in the Atlantic Monthly (1871) on the same subject, which were republished by himself under the title, Yesterdays with Authors, Boston, 1872. There is a notice of him in Allibone's Dict. of Authors, and Ripley and Dana's New Amer. Cyclop.

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APPENDIX NO. IV.

LIST OF EDITIONS.

RELIGIO MEDICI.

1. English Editions." A. 1642. Small 8vo. London, Crooke.

There is no printed title-page, but an engraved frontispiece, representing a man falling from a rock into the sea, but caught by a hand issuing from the clouds. The motto,“ à cælo salus,” and the words, Religio Medici," are engraved on the plate; and at the foot,“ Printed for Andrew Crooke, 1642. Will. Marshall scu." It contains nothing but the text, beginning (on p. 1), “For my religion,” &c.; and ending (on p. 190), “Thy will be done,” &c. Said to be extremely rare.

(Bodl. Libr. Oxford.) B. 1642. Small 8vo. London, Crooke.

No printed title-page, but the same engraved frontispiece as in A. It contains nothing but the text, which ends on p. 159, and which agrees generally with that of A. Wilkin thinks that this edition was probably the later of the two. The variations are chiefly orthogra

1 A few other editions, mentioned by bibliographers, are omitted in this list, because the Editor has not met with any satisfactory evidence of their existence.

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