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introduction to Mr. WILKIN's Son, and the use of his Father's books.
The portrait of Sir Thomas Browne which forms the vignette to this volume was engraved by the late C. H. Jeens from a painting in the Library of the Royal College of Physicians of London. The name of the artist is unknown, but the donor of the picture is conjectured to be Dr. Edward Browne, son of Sir Thomas Browne, and a well-known London physician, who was President of the College in 1704.
Let me end this Preface with two short extracts from Sir T. B.'s writings, one for the consideration of editors and commentators, the other for that of critics and reviewers :
“I have seen a grammarian tower and plume himself over a single line in Horace, and show more pride in the construction of one Ode than the author in the composure of the whole book.”—Rel. Med., ij. 8, p. 108.
“Bring candid eyes unto the perusal of men's works, and let not zoilism or detraction blast wellintended labours."-Chr. Mor., ii. 2, p. 186.
W. A. G.
HASTINGS, Aug. 2, 1881.
APPENDIX NO. I.
CHRONOLOGICAL TABLE OF DATES CONNECTED WITH SIR THOMAS BROWNE.
SIR THOMAS BROWNE's
CONTEMPORARY PERSONS AND
1576. Rodolph II., Emperor of Germany.
1605. May 16, Paul V., Pope. Born in London, Oct. 19. ...... 1605, Davenant born.
1608. Milton born.
1614. Dr. Henry More born. Admitted to a Scholarship at 1616. Shakspeare and Cervantes died. Winchester, August 20 ......
1617. Mustafa I., Sultan.
1622. Mustafa I. restored ;-Molière born. Matriculated at Broadgate)
Hall, (afterwards Pembroke 1623. Urban VIII., Pope ;-Pascal born.
1623. Murad IV.. Sultan.
1625. Charles I., King of Great Britain. 1 The names of contemporary sovereigns are introduced in reference to p. 66, 1. 6.
Sir Thomas Browne's Life. Contemporary Persons and Events. B.A., June 30.................... 1626. Bacon died ;-Boyle born.
1628. Sir Wm. Temple born. M.A., June 11...........
Christina, Queen of Sweden ;-Spinoza,
1632. i Sir Christ. Wren and Locke born. M.D. at Leyden
1633.? Wrote Religio Medici
1635.? Settled at Norwich..... 1636. M.D., at Oxford, July 10...... 1637. Ferdinand III. Emperor of Germany.
1637. Ben Jonson died.
1640. Massinger died. Married Dorothy Mileham 1641. Sir John Suckling died. Unauthorized edition of Re-} 1642.
JGalileo died ;-Newton born ;-Civil ligio Medici
War began in England. First authorized edition of do.' 1643. 'Louis XIV., King of France.
1644. Chillingworth died.
1645. Grotius died.
1653. Inigo Jones died. Ilydriotaphia and Garden on 1655. Archbishop Usher died. Cyrus published
1658. Harvey died.
1662. Pascal died;—Royal Society instituted. Elected Hon. Fellow of College of Physicians, Dec......
1664. Received Diploma, June 241 1665. Great Plague in London;-Sir Kenelm (vi. Kal. Julii).
Knighted by Charles II..} 1671.
Sept. 28 ... ......
1673. Molière died.
Died at Norwich, Oct. 19;} 1682.
aged 77 ..... His widow died
APPENDIX No. II.
NOTE ON THE DISCOVERY OF THE REMAINS
OF SIR THOMAS BROWNE IN 1840. By ROBERT FITCH,' Esq., F.G.S. [Extracted from the
Proceedings of the Archæological Institute, 1847.] “In August, 1840, some workmen, who were employed in digging a vault in the chancel of the church of St. Peter's Mancroft, Norwich, accidentally broke, with a blow of the pick-axe, the lid of a coffin, which proved to be that of [Sir Thomas Browne,] whose residence within its walls conferred honour on Norwich in olden times. This circumstance afforded me an opportunity of inspecting the remains ; the bones of the skeleton were found to be in good preservation, particularly those of the skull ; the forehead was remarkably low and depressed, the head unusually long, the back part exhibiting an uncommon appearance of depth and capaciousness; the brain was considerable in quantity, quite brown and unctuous; the hair profuse and perfect, of a fine auburn colour, similar to that in the portrait presented to the parish by Dr. Howman, and exhibited at the meeting of the Institute in 1847, and which is carefully preserved in
I [Mr. Fitch's name was by mistake printed Firth in some of the reviews at the time of the discovery, and the error has been perpetuated almost ever since.)
the vestry of St. Peter's Mancroft. The coffin-plate, which was also broken, was of brass, in the form of a shield, and it bore the following quaint inscription :
“I succeeded in taking a few impressions ? from the plate, and have presented one, with a counter-impression, to the Institute, to be deposited amongst the collections of the Society.
“There was another singular circumstance connected with the discovery; the lead of which the coffin was made was completely decomposed and changed to a carbonate, crumbling at the touch.” * * * *
[Spagyria is one of those Paracelsian terms of which Sir T. B. was rather fond, meaning ars quæ purum ab impuro segregare docet, ut, rejectis fæcibus, virtus remanens operetur.” (Castelli Lex. Med.) Used here as synonymous with Alchemy.)
2 [One of these impressions I have seen, and have thus been enabled to correct two minute errors in Mr. Fitch's copy of the inscription.]