« AnteriorContinuar »
P. 130, 1. 16. strift.) This is the reading of r, and is un. doubtedly the word used by Browne, as it is also very plainly written in the MS. Sloane 1862, which is not the MS. from which the “ Letter” was printed. In all the other editions the word strife has been substituted ; but striving, not strife, is the sense required by the context, and in this sense Browne used (perhaps coined,) the word strift
, after the analogy of drift, gift, rift, shrift, and thrift, from drive, give, rive, shrive, and thrive. See below, p. 199, 1. 8.
P. 130, 1. 23. Funo sat cross-legged] referring to the story of the birth of Hercules (Ovid, Metam. ix. 297 sq.). Sir T. B. alludes to it in Pseud. Epid. v. 23 $ 9, and Garden of Cyrus, ch. 5, p. 561, ed. Bohn.
P. 130, 1. 27. monsters, &c.] “Monstra contingunt in Medicina.” (Hippocr.) Strange and rare escapes there happen sometimes in physick. (Note in r.)
P. 130, 1. 30. pthysical] so spelled in r, A.
P. 131, 1. 3. diseases] the MS. has disease, and so St. Matth. iv, 23.
P. 131, 1. 9. make T, makes A.
P. 131, 1. 9. long livers] MS. Sloane 1862 has the longest livers, which seems a better reading.
P. 131, 1. 27. Pliny] " Aristoteles nullum animal nisi æstu recedente expirare affirmat : observatum id multum in Gallico Oceano, et duntaxat in homine compertum.”-Hist. Nat. ii. 101. (Note in r.)
P. 131, 1. 29. eöb of the sea] Cf. Mead, De Imperio Solis atque Luna, cap. 2. Shakspeare, Henry Vth. ii. 3. (Note in w.)
P. 131, pen. the mother] To those who do not remember the mythological genealogy of the Greeks the sentence would have been plainer if the Author had written "and the mother,” Sleep and Death being the children of Night, not of Chaos, as the words in the text might be taken to imply.
P. 132, 1. 8. Scaliger] “ Auris pars pendula lobus dieitur ; non omnibu: ea pars est auribus; non enim iis qui noctu nati sunt, sed qui interdiu, maxima ex parte.”—Comment in Aristot. “ de Animal." i. 81. p. 73, ed. 1619. (Note in r.)
P. 132, 1. 10. most animals r, animals A.
following sentence are found in the Extracts from Browne's Common Place Books, vol. iii. p. 350, ed. Bohn.
P. 132, 1. 21. Charles V.] born Feb. 24, 1500 ; took Francis I. prisoner at the battle of Pavia, Feb. 24, 1525; crowned at Bologna King of Lombardy and Emperor of the Romans, Feb. 24, 1530.
P. 132, 1. 27. Fever] All the edd. have feast, which hardly makes sense ; but in Browne's Common Place Books (vol. iii. p. 350, ed. Bohn) there is the following passage, which supplies the true reading :-“ Antipater, that died on his birthday, had an anniversary fever all his life upon the day of his nativity,” &c. The fact is mentioned by Pliny, Hist. Nat. vii. 52 ; and Valerius Maximus, i. 8. $ 16.
P. 133, 1. 16. sixty-five T, a, A; other modern edd. have and sixty-five.
P. 133, 1. 18, tail of the snake, &c.] According to the Egyptian Hieroglyphick. (Note in r.)
P. 133, 1. 21. a remarkable coincidence] This “remarkable coincidence” happened in our Author's case ; he himself died on the 76th anniversary of his birthday. (Note in w.)
P. 133, 1. 28. that story, &c.] The passage is quoted in the Extracts from Browne's Common Place Books, vol. iii. p. 365, ed. Bohn,
P. 134, 1. 3. Dante] Dante, describing a very emaciated countenance, says :
" Who reads the name Of man upon his forehead, there the M Had trac'd most plainly,"
Purg. c. xxiii. 28, alluding to the conceit that the letters O M o may be traced in the human face. Cf. Hydriot., chap. 3, p. 32, ed. Bohn. (Note in w.)
P. 134, 1. 8. sexta cervice] i.e. by six persons. (Wilkin.)
P. 134, 1. 12. Omnibonus, &c.] This passage is mentioned also in Sir T. Browne's Common Place Books, vol. iv. p. 391, ed. Wilkin. P. 134, 1. 13.
behind the ear] He specifies the left ear, on the authority of Avicenna, Canon, iii. 16. I. 2, vol. i. p. 811 b., ed. 1608.
P. 134, 1. 23. Face of Hippocrates] See above, p. 128, 1. 20.
P. 134, 1. 25. Morta] The deity of Death or Fate. (Note in r.) See Aulus Gellius, Noct. Ait. iii. 16, § 11.
P. 134, 1. 27. Caricatura] When men's faces are drawn with resemblance to some other animals, the Italians call it, to be drawn in Caricatura. (Note in r.)
P. 135, 1. 15. Morgellons] The Editor has not been able to learn anything about this word, though he has consulted very competent persons both in France and England :-neither has he been able to find the passage in Pichot here referred to.
P. 135, 1. 19. The following addition from MS. (Sloane, 1862) is given by Wilkin :-“Though hairs afford but fallible conjectures, yet we cannot but take notice of them. They grow not equally on bodies after death; women's skulls afford moss as well as men's, and the best I have seen was upon a woman's skull, taken up and laid in a room after twenty-five years' burial. Though the skin be made the place of hairs, yet sometimes they are found on the heart and inward parts. The plica, or gluey locks, happen unto both sexes, and being cut off will come again; but they are wary of cutting off the same, for fear of headache and other diseases."
P. 135, l. 30. Pyrrhus] His upper and lower jaw being solid, and without distinct rows of teeth. (Note in r.) This is rather an exaggeration of Plutarch's statement in his Life of Pyrrhus, cap. 3.
P. 136, 1. 8. twice tell over his teeth] never live to three. score years. (Note in r'.)
P. 136, 1. 11. burnt fragments of Urns which I have enquired into] And of which he has given an account in his Urn Burial, chap. 2, and Brampton Urns, &C., vol. iii. pp. 13, 54, 57, ed. Bohn.
P. 136, 1. 15. fires] Wilkin gives in this place the following paragraph from the MS. :-“ Affection had so blinded some of his nearest relations, as to retain some hope of a postlimi. nious life, and that he might come to life again, and therefore would not have him coffined before the third day. Some such virbiųsses I confess we find in story, and one or two I remember myself, but they lived not long after. Some con: tingent re-animations are to be loped in diseases wherein the lamp of life is but puffed out and seemingly choaked, and not where the oil is quite spent and exhausted. Though Nonnus will have it a fever, yet of what disease Lazarus first died is uncertain from the text, as his second death from good authentick history ; but since some persons conceived to be dead do some. times return again unto evidence of life, that miracle was wisely managed by our Saviour ; for had he not been dead four days and under corruption, there had not wanted enough who would have cavilled the same, which the Scripture now puts out of doubt : and tradition also confirmeth, that he lived thirty years after, and, being pursued by the Jews, came by sea into Provence, by Marseilles, with Mary Magdalen, Maximinus, and others : where remarkable places carry their names unto this day. But to arise from the grave to return again into it, is but an uncomfortable reviction. Few men would be content to cradle it once again ; except a man can lead his second life better than the first, a man may be doubly condemned for living evilly twice, which were but to make the second death in Scripture the third, and to accumulate in the punishment of two bad livers at the last day. To have performed the duty of corrup. tion in the grave, to live again as far from sin as death, and arise like our Saviour for ever, are the only satisfactions of wellweighed expectations.".
P. 136, 1. 17. the disease of his country, the Rickets] This disease was formerly called “Morbus Anglicus,” because, if not entirely unknown before the time of Whistler and Glisson, (See Sprengel, Hist. ae la Méd., tome v. p. 598, &c.) it was first brought prominently into notice by them. Whistler (De Morbo Puerili, &c., Lugd. Bat. 1645, 4to.) gave it the preten: tious and unwieldy designation of " Pædo-splanchn-osteo-cace,' which probably no one ever used but himself; Glisson (De Rachitide, &c., Lond. 1650, 12mo.) was content with the more modest and convenient term, Rachitis (or Rhachitis), which, though by no means perfectly unobjectionable, was adopted by most nosologists, and has maintained its place in Latin works to the present day. (See Notes and Queries, 6th series, vol. i. 1880.)
P. 136, 1. 19. many have been become] Wilkins (T) and Gardiner (w) read many have become. The MS. has I have seen many to have become.
P. 136, 1. 21. the disease is scarce so old, &c.] Adopting Whistler's and Glisson's opinion that it was first heard of about 1620. The name does not appear in the London Bills of Mortality before 1634. (See A Collection of the Yearly Bills of Mortality, &c., Lond. 1759. 4to.).
P. 136, 1. 26. Rovigno, &c.] This statement is found also in his Common Place Books, vol. iv. p. 395, ed Wilkin.
P. 136, 1. 27. scarce twenty years ajo, &c.] This passage enables us to decide with tolerable certainty that the former portion of the Letter to a Friend was written about 1672. Duloir's Travels were published in 1654, and Sir_T. B. in a passage first added in the sixth ed. of the Pseud. Epid. (1672) speaks of his description of the Euripus “about twenty years ago.” (vii. 13, vol. ii. p. 249, ed. Bohn.)
P. 136, 1. 29. cert rin it is that the Rickets encreaseth among us] The subject is discussed by Graunt in his Observations on the Bills of Mortality (chap. 3), with which little book Sir T. B. was probably well acquainted. Notwithstanding the prophecy that the disease would disappear entirely in consequence of the Restoration (see John Bird's Ostenta Carolina, 1661), the number of deaths attributed to Rickets in the London Bills of Mortality increased from 14 in 1634 to 576 in 1684; after which time it gradually diminished, and fell in 1755 to 6.
P. 136, 1. antep. the King's purse, &c.] When persons were touched for the King's Evil, a gold medal was hung round each patient's neck.
P. 136, l. penult. grows more common] The number of persons touched during a part of the reign of Charles II. is said to have amounted to 92, 107. See Douglas's Criterion of Miracles, p. 204, ed. 1754.
P. 137, 1. 3. good words] 'Aoparéotatos kal photos, securissima et facillima. Hippoc. [Epid. i. 3, § 11. t. ii. p. 674, edit. Littré.] “ Pro febre quartana raro sonat campana.” (Note in r.)
P. 137, 1. 4. The following paragraph is given here by Wilkin fro‘n the MS. :-“Some I observed to wonder how in his consumptive state his hair held on so well, without that considerable defluvium which is one of the last symptoms in such diseases : but they took not notice of a mark in his face, which, if he had lived, was a probable security against baldness, (if the observation of Aristotle will hold, that persons are less apt to be bald who are double chinned,) nor of the varicose and knotted veins in his legs, which they that have, in the same author's