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show its Head, it cannot be in its Glory: where shame of sin sets, look not for Virtue to arise ; for when Modesty taketh Wing, Astræa goes

soon after, SECT. XXXVI. The Heroical vein of Mankind runs much in Heroism of the soldiery :

the Souldiery, and couragious part of the World; and in that form we oftenest find Men above Men. History is full of the gallantry of that Tribe; and when we read their notable Acts, we easily find what a difference there is between a Life in Plutarch and in Laërtius. Where true Fortitude dwells, Loyalty, Bounty, Friendship, and Fidelity may be found. A man may confide in persons constituted for noble ends, who dare do and suffer, and who have a Hand to burn for their Country and their Friend. Small and creeping things are the product of petty Souls. He is like to be mistaken, who makes choice of a covetous Man for a Friend or relieth upon the Reed of narrow and poltron Friend

ship. Pityful things are only to be found in the the English cottages of such Breasts; but bright Thoughts, gentleman.

clear Deeds, Constancy, Fidelity, Bounty, and generous Honesty are the Gems of noble Minds; wherein (to derogate from none,) the true Heroick English Gentleman hath no Peer.




SECT. 1. Glut not


UNISH not thy self with Pleasure; glut not thy sense with palative Delights ; nor

thyself with revenge the contempt of Temperance by the pe- pleasure ; nalty of Satiety. Were there an Age of delight

ny pleasure durable, who would not honour Volupia ? but the Race of Delight is short, and Pleasures have mutable faces. The pleasures of one age are not pleasures in another, and their Lives fall short of our own. Even in our sensual days the strength of delight is in its the strength seldomness or rarity, and sting in its satiety: is in its Mediocrity is its Life, and immoderacy its Con- seldomness. fusion. The luxurious Emperors of old inconsiderately satiated themselves with the Dainties of Sea and Land, till, wearied through all varieties, their refections became a study unto them, and they were fain to feed by Invention : Novices in true Epicurism ! which by mediocrity, paucity, quick and healthful Appetite, makes delights smartly acceptable; whereby Epicurus himself found Jupiter's brain in a piece of Cytheridian Cheese, and the Tongues of Night

PART II. ingals in a dish of Onyons. Hereby healthful

and temperate poverty hath the start of nauseating Luxury; unto whose clear and naked appetite every meal is a feast, and in one single dish the first course of Metellus; who are cheaply hungry, and never loose their hunger, or advantage of a craving appetite, because obvious food contents it; while Nero half famish'd could not feed upon a piece of Bread, and lingring after his snowed water, hardly got down an ordinary cup of Calda.

By such circumscriptions of pleasure the contemned Philosophers reserved unto themselves the secret of Delight, which the Helluo's of those days lost in their exorbitances. In vain we study Delight: it is at the command of every. sober Mind, and in every sense born with us; but Nature, who teacheth us the rule of pleasure, instructeth also in the bounds thereof, and where its line expireth. And therefore temperate Minds, not pressing their pleasures until the sting appeareth, enjoy their contentations contentedly and without regret, and so escape the folly of excess, to be pleased unto displacency.

Bring candid Eyes unto the perusal of mens

works, and let not Zoilism or Detraction blast lapses not

well-intended labours. He that endureth no strictly judged.

faults in mens writings must only read his own, wherein for the most part all appeareth white. Quotation mistakes, inadvertency, expedition. and human Lapses, may make not only Moles but Warts in learned Authors, who notwithstanding, being judged by the capital matter,

SECT. II. Human

to be too

admit not of disparagement. I should unwill- PART II. ingly affirm that Cicero was but slightly versed in Homer, because in his Work De Gloria he ascribed those verses unto Ajax, which were delivered by Hector. What if Plautus in the account of Hercules mistaketh nativity for conception? Who would have mean thoughts of Apollinaris Sidonius, who seems to mistake the River Tigris for Euphrates; and, though a good Historian and learned Bishop of Auvergne, had the misfortune to be out in the Story of David, making mention of him when the Ark was sent back by the Philistins upon a Cart; which was 1 Sam. vi. before his time? Though I have no great opinion of Machiavel's Learning, yet I shall not presently say, that he was but a Novice in Roman History, because he was mistaken in placing Commodus after the Emperour Severus. Capital Truths are to be narrowly eyed, collateral Läpses and circumstantial deliveries not to be too strictly sifted. And if the substantial subject be well forged out, we need not examine the sparks which irregularly fly from it.

Let well-weighed Considerations, not stiff and peremptory Assumptions, guide thy discourses, matism: Set

dogPen, and Actions. To begin or continue our well-weighed works like Trismegistus of old, Verum, certè tions guide. verum, atque verissimum est, would sound arrogantly unto present Ears in this strict enquiring Age, wherein, for the most part, Probably, and Perhaps, will hardly serve to mollify the Spirit of captious Contradictors. If Cardan saith that a Parrot is a beautiful Bird, Scaliger will set his


PART II Wits o' work to prove it a deformed Animal.

The Compage of all Physical Truths is not so closely jointed, but opposition may find intrusion, nor always so closely maintained, as not to suffer attrition. Many Positions seem quodlibetically constituted, and like a Delphian Blade will cut on both sides. Some Truths seem almost Falshoods, and some Falshoods almost Truths; wherein Falshood and Truth seem almost æquilibriously stated, and but a few grains of distinction to bear down the ballance. Some have digged deep, yet glanced by the Royal Vein; and a Man may come unto the Pericardium, but not the Heart of Truth. Besides, many things are known, as some are seen, that is by Parallaxis, or at some distance from their true and proper beings, the superficial regard of things having a different aspect from their true and central Natures. And this moves sober Pens unto suspensory and timorous assertions, nor presently to obtrude them as Sibyls leaves, which after considerations may find to be but folious apparences, and not the central and vital interiours of Truth.

Value the Judicious, and let not mere acquests in minor parts of Learning gain thy preexistimation. 'Tis an unjust way of compute to magnify a weak Head for some Latin abilities, and to undervalue a solid Judgment, because he knows not the genealogy of Hector. When that notable King of France would have his Son to

know but one sentence in Latin, had it been a parts and

good one, perhaps it had been enough. Natural



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