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it is now the tyme that the businessc of the pryze is tronsactinge, and therfore the Prince desyres that all complyance be vsed towards the Marshall, and that wee do nothinge to anger him:—I finde the Mar: pretends the stoppinge the other goods upon pretence of much money dewe to him as Admirall of Britany.upon many pryzes brought into those portes by the owners of those goods. I yctt heare nothing of Anthonio.
I know not what to say to your mayd, nor the information shee hath receaued.but I assure you, the King takes all possible care that the house receaues no affronte, and to that purpose hath had a consideracon of it in Councell within these 3 dayes, in which, particular order is taken, that his former directions to you, and to Dr. Cozens, reuiued and renewed, for the keepinge up the seruice1 carefully when he shall leue this place: and I had order to sende for your landlord, and together with S' Hi: ffoster, to renew to him his Ma'1" gracious promises that he shall not be any looser: I intende this day to send to him to come hither: ther are yett only 500"*, payde of the rent by S' Ei: ffoster: when mony can be gotten, more shall: in the meane tyme, the fcinge himselfe commanded me to write to you; that you should if possible returne some mony to the landlorde, in parte of the rent, out of your receipts ther, with such a letter for his encouragement that he may vnderstande it to be his Ma*7* monv, and sent by his order, and I thinke you will be no looser by it, for heareby I shall be able to keepe off all pretences and importunityes for other orders, w* his Ma* hath promised to me. I hare no more to say, but that I am, ■
1 Dr. Conins (afterwanU Bishop of Durham) was one of the King's Chaplains. He is often mentioned by Evelyn in his diary and letters; and the allusion in the text is to his having the service of the Church of England regularly performed at Sir Richard Browne's house, which Erclyn tells us was always done.
Sir Edward Hyde to Sir Richard Browne.
S', I haue receaued yours of the 26. of the last monetb, and by this tynie I suppose Pr: Ruperte1 is with you at Nantes, so that you can iudge what is like to become of your businesse better then I, but his Highnesse seemes to me to be confident that the Marshall will make no question of deliueringe the 10th and the To'h. but it seemes he claymes accounts for the rights of his Admiralty at Britany,* upon which he tninkes ther is a greate arreare dew to him from all those who haue carryed pryzes into Brest: And to this point e you shall do well to instructe your selfe as well as may be, and whether his Officers at Brest ever demanded any thinge before he made this seizure at Nantes, for in truth I know not how to answer this; if he hath the rights of Admirall due to him in all the portes of Britany, and none of our ahipps haue euer payd him any, by virtue of ther deere-bought protection at Brest, I do not wonder he
1 The Prince had nearly lost his life a few days before this date, as a journal of the period records: "Paris.—We have not muck of newes here; but the river Seine had like to hare made an end of your black Prince Rupert; for some nights since hee woulde needes coole himselfc in the river, where he was in danger of drowning, but by the help of one of his blaokmores escaped. His Highnesse (it seems) has learnt some magic amongst the remote islands; since his coming hither he hath cured the Lord Jermin of a fearer, with a charme; but I am confident England is without the jurisdiction of his conjuring faculty."
* There were also other difficulties respecting the prizes: the French Court at this period, or at least Maxarin, being so anxious to conciliate the favour of Cromwell, that an arrest was eveu permitted to be mado upon them. Indeed all the affairs connected with these prizes were very badly managed, as Sir Edward Hyde observes in another place, by Sir Edward Herbert, whom be describes as despising all men, and looked upon by Prince Rupert as an oracle. See the Clarendon Stale Paper*, vol. iii. p. 177. The shabby conduct of Mazarin—surpassed even by that of Marshal Milleray at Nantes—in these matters, may bo further seen by reference to Clarendon's H'ulory, Rol iii. pp. 405-fi, where Mclleray is also spoken of with justly merited severity.
takea the best way he can to recouver his dewes, when wee fall into his dominions: Ther is not the least thought of Ostende in the pointe: My opinion is, that you should do the best you can to gett the TO"1 and 15th. and you are to vse his Ma"' name to no other purpose, and then lett the rest petition the Prince (since his Ma'7 hath referred the matter to him) to mediate for fauour to the Marshall, for it is playne he will haue somewhat out of it, if not the whole: God blesse me from your ffrench Governours: Concerninge your house I can add nothinge to my last: nor will any care be omitted to keepe up the sera ice. God prasserue you. I am, S', vour affectionate hu"e Serv',
E. H. Pams this 2". of Aug. (1653). Sir Ei: Browne.
Sir Edward Hyde to Sir Richard Browne.
8', Yoursof the 31. of the last (which is the lastl haue receaued from you) gaue me so much ioy, that as soon as I receaued it, I thought it my duty to imparte the good newes to the Kinge, who upon reading that clause, made not the least scruple that Mr. Morricel
1 From this mention of Mr. Mortice's escape, it would seem as if some report now prevailed t lint a Royalist of that name, who was supposed to have baeu (and in fact was) put to death in 1649, had mode his escape, and remained in Ireland. This Morrice had in the latter year got possession of Pomfret Castle, and held it some time for the King, till it was besieged and taken by Lambert. Morrice, who was excepted from the terms of surrender, managed to make his escape at the time j but he was afterwards seized and executed at Lancaster, as Wbitclock tells us. His story, as given by Lord Clarendon, is a curious episode of the civil war, and sufficiently brief to be worth repeating here:
A young man. in the beginning of the war, bad bees ao officer in the King's army, but ruga^ed in (be Parliament army with some circmniunRl not very commendable. By bis courage and pleaaant humour he wade himself very acceptable, and obtained a coznmitaion aa Colonel; bat being a free 11« aker, and living licenuoujly, be was left
was in safety, of which since wee see no euidence, I pray send me worde, how it waa possible for you to be deceaued,and how the reporto came to you: I told you in my last, that it is too manifest, that Innisbofi&n is deliuered up, so that there is nothinge to be
oat in new modelling the army, but not without compliments. He had a competent estate in Yorkshire, to which he went, and resided there. As he grew older, he repented of having left the King's service, and meant to take an opportunity of returning to it. His humour was so cheerful and pleasant, and he mixed so much with men of all parties, that he had great weight with all of them. The Governor of Fomfret Castle was his most intimate and particular friend, and was so fond of him that he was never easy without him; he was continually at the Castle, and the same bed served him. He now concerted with the King's party to surprize the Castle, and he so artfully managed with the Governor, telling him that there was such a design, that he mixed with those concerned, in order to communicate everything to the Governor, that he completely lulled that gentleman to sleep, and made him inattentive to notices which he received from other quarters. He also ingratiated himself with many of the soldiers, and at length effected his purpose. Cromwell was then gone for Scotland, so that they had time to repair the fortifications, and collect a good garrison. Cromwell ordered Rainsborough to go with a few troops to keep them in check; and whilst lie lay at Doncaster, 10 miles from Pomfret, they sent 30 picked men, who by the most dexterous management actually surprized Rainsborough in his bed, and mounted him on ahorse: but when he found how few there were who had surprized him, he called to his soldiers, and then the captors, finding they could not carry him off, actually killed him, and then alt made their way back to the Castle, At length Lambert was sent to besiege the Castle; the garrison made a most gallant defence, but finding no hopes of relief, they at length offered to surrender, if they might have honourable conditions. Lam. bert said, they were gallant men, and be would do all he could to preserve them; but Col. Morrice and five more of those who had destroyed Rainsborough, must be given up, and he could not save their lives. The garrison said they never would deliver up any of their companions, and desired six days, that these six might deliver themselves as well as they could, the rest being at liberty to assist them. Lambert generously consented. The garrison made several sallies to effect the desired escape, in one of which Morrice and another escaped; in another sally two more got away; and when the six days were expired and the other two remained in the castle, their friends concealed them so effectually, with a stock of provisions for a month, that rendering the castle, and assuring Lambert that the aix were all gone, and he waa unable to find them after the most diligent search, and had dismantled the cattle, they at length got off also.
The subjoined notices are from "Whitelocke's Memorial*:
April, 1649. Col. Morris, late Governor of Pomfret Castle, and one Comet Blackburn, who had a band in the death of Col. Hainsboroogh, and who were excepted persona on the surrender of the Castle, were taken at Lancaster m disguise.1
Aug., 1049- They were arraigned at York before Baron Thorp and Judge Puleston, for levying war against the kingdom. They made a stout defence on points of law, all of which were over-ruled, were found
Kilty, and Morrice being manacled with irons, complained of a soldier ing so treated, but got no relief.'
Before the end of the month Morrice was executed.1 It Is not said whether Blackburn suffered.
1 P. 883. * r. 405- * P. 407.
done with those dispatches, but to keepe them. I cann add little of newes, only that the Court hath new argument of tryumph, upon a late victory of some considerable party of the Pr: of CondS1 wher they tooke many prisoners and some officers of eminent quality: The Dutch yett proceede very slowly, as well in order to ther allyance with this Crowne, as in any declaracon for our Master, notwithstaudinge which my hopes are not abated, nor do I thinke a peace almost possible to be made betweene the two Commonwealths, and all this addresse which is so much spoken of, is only a letter from a priuate man, without any knowledge of the Pro: of Hollande, much lesse of the States Generall, who resent the prajsumption. Lett me know, whether Mr. Bennett did euer requyre the ffees from you upon any of the Commyssions which' I deliuered to you, or how he comes to pwetende to them: howeuer you shall by no meanes take the least notice of this question, nor declyne the course you intended, for I am sure I neuer intended to receaue penny fro'them, but would gladly know how he claymes such flees. I wish you all happynesse, and am, 8', Your verv affectionate Serv',
E. H. Pabis this 19. of Aug. 1653. Sir Ri: Browne.
1 The conduct of the Condean army at this period was of a most discreditable kind, if we are to believe the following statement in a letter from Paris of the 8th of August, 1653, in the Faithful Scout. "The Prince of Condo is become very considerable, and exceeds the K. in number of forces, being 7000 foot and 1000 horse, besides the Spanish auxiliary army under the command of Gen. Fuensaldague, which makes 13,000 horse and foot . His Highness hath sent several challenges to Marshall Turcin to fight; but he declines; so that he hath given Condc an opportunity to get within eight leagues of Paris, plundering all, his Germans ravishing the nuns, and ransacking all religious houses, firing suburbs of towns, and enforcing contributions from others, lie made way so far as to come and dine at his own house, where he and his commanders were as merry as so many Prinots."