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The King to Sir Edward Nicholas.

Nicholas, To' fidelity & industry in our seruice & eminent affecc'ons to our person, haue made in us too great an impression to be forgotten; on the contrary you must continue in this confidence, that we very highly rctaine you in our value & remembrance, as you will finde if it please God to restore us to a condic'con for it. As an earnest whereof at present you will receive herewith a direction to our dearest Bonn the Prince on your behalfe, whom as we know you will serue with the same duety and zeale as you haue serued us, so will he assuredly giue you that reception & admission to his confidence v** you haue had with us. We thanck you for yo'severall letters* aduises,and are very tenderly sensible of yor pressures, and if you could gett them removed by the help of friends, we thinck you would do well not to neglect so doing in respect of yo' family, there being no certainty yet what successe will follow this Treaty. That Providence w* permits these afflictions to lye upon Us, "We trust will yet in good time take them off. Doe you continue yo' affections towards Us, not doubting of the constant fauor to you & yo** of

Your most asseured Frend,

CuAKLES E.

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in the Conference* at Newport with the Parliamentary agents. In such confidence waa he with the King as to be employed during that treaty in writing his private dispatches to the Prince of Wales. See Wanrick't Memoirt, p. 325.

1 The several historical Acta, to which this letters refers, are too well known to require comment; bat the letter itself is an important testimony to Sir Edward Nicholas's claim on the patronage of Charles II. alluded to in a subsequent communication to that prince respecting the office of Secretary.

His Ma"" Farewell Speech unto y' Lords Com''ssioners at Newport in y' Isle of Wight.*

"My Lords,

You are come to take your leaue of mee, and I beleeue wee shall scarce euer see each other againe: —but Gods will be done. I thanke God I haue mado my peace w"1 him,& shall w,hout feare undergoe what he snail please to suffer men to doe unto mee.

My Lords, you cannot but knowe that in my fall and rnine you see yo' owne, and that also neere to vou. I pray God send you better frends then I haue found.

I am fully informed of y* whole carriage of y* plott against me & myne, and nothing soe much afflicts mee as the sense and feelinge I haue of y* sufferings of my subjects, and y* mischief that hangs ouer my three Kingdomes, drawne upon them by those who (upon pretences of good) violently pursue their owne interestes and ends."

These words his Ma"* deliuered w,h much alacrity and cheerefullnes, wu a serene countenance, & carriage free from all disturbance.

Thus he parted w" y* Lords leauing many tender impressions (if not in them) yet in y* other hearers.*

His Ma"** farewell Speech to the Lo4" at Newport, 1* Dec 1648.

1 The Commissioners were the Earls of Northumberland, Pembroke, Salisbury, and Middlesex; Viscount Say and Sele; Lord Wenman; Messrs. Pierpoint, Hollis, Crew, Bulkelev; Sirs Henry Vane, jun., Harbottle Grimstone, and John Potts; Serjeants Glynne and Browne, and some others.

* This conference took place almost immediately before the King's death. On the 4th of December took place the third day's debate in the House of Commons of the question whether the royal concessions in the Newport treaty were a ground of settlement; which, at fire o'clock next mornin?, was resolved iu the affirmative by a majority of 129 to S3. The day following, Wednesday the 6th of December, was the day of Pride's Purge. Within a month from that date the King was brought to trial; and on the 29th January, 1646-9, the death-warrant was signed.

CORRESPONDENCE OP

SIR EDWARD NICHOLAS

VARIOUS MEMBERS OF THE ROYAL FAMILY;

DCBUO TBI

COMMONWEALTH AND PROTECTORATE.

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