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wilt* to Marq: II. nor Evl
[necessary] to 422 : 360 : 550 : 520: 269 : 17 : 503 .
Of Southampton for aUaiof
280 : 356 : 84 : 107 : 43 : 282 : 162 : 200 : 216:
258 : 133 : 280 : 366 : selfes there 365 : 280 : 251 84 : 282 : 7: 281: 122 : 431 : 216 : 383 : 251 : 56 67 : 46 : 75 : 70 : 59 : 112 : 57 : 78 :281: 81:360 361 : 319 : 27 : 148 : 58:
Com'end me to all my Frends, & asseure them of my constancy; and I asseure you that I haue sent where you ar goeing, being confident that you will be Tery well receaued there, so I rest
Tour most asseured frond,
Charles R. This inclosed ia for 14 : 47 : he : 68 : 21: 35 : 6: 16° Aug. 1646. The King to me.1
In the handwriting of Sir Edward Nicholas.
The Reasons why his Ma"* thought good to send his Proposition of y*... of December, 1645, to London, were, for that
His Ma"* hath noe Army att all, nor any forces but what are in his garrisons.
Noe meanes or monny either to satisfy or keepe together his officers, or to supply or pay his garrisons, but the contribuc'ons of the country, w** being wasted by y* souldiors of both sides, & extremlv dis affected, are reddy every day to rise ag' his Ma"** garrisons, as being not able any longer to undergoe
1 This put of the correspondence U important, as it took piece about the period when the Scottiah army were engaged in the negotiations for the surrender of the King to the English Parliament. In a Glasgow publication of Original Letters (1766) there is one from a Scottiah Commissioner, who observes, " many of the King's greatest friends think his obstinacy judicial, as if in God's justice he were destroying himself. This letter was written on the 7th of August, 1646, at the time when Charlce refused to agree to the Scottish propositions.
the heavy pressures w* y* necessitys of his Ma""* souldiors & y* absence of his Ma"** Governm' dayly put upon. them.
That his Ma"* having lost Bristoll,hath no meanes to be supplyed from forraigne parts w" armes or munition, or materialls for making of either, of wek he begins alreddy to be in want.
There is noe meanes to raise any considerable forces for an army ag' y* next Spring: for that all Wales was lost p*sently after y' losse of Bristoll, and since that, Munmoutn & Hereford.
Chester is in imminent danger to be likewise lost: Newark & Belvoir Castle1 are besieged & in danger.
In y* west there are about 5 or 6000 horse & foote, but there are there soe great divisions amongst the cheif officers, and the Councell that attend y* Prince, as for want of condvct these forces are disunited, and y* country soe disaffected to them by reason of the soldiors rapine and oppression, as y* country rises against them whensoever they come into any place not in a body, and the country is soe wasted, as it cannot feede them when they lye together in a body. Besides, the Cornishe will not be drawne further than Devonsh*.
Exeter is soe close besieged, as very little or noe p'visions can passe into it, & it is not supplyed for
many monthes is possessed by S' Tho.
ffairfax forces, & the King hath in Devon now noe poste but Dartmouth, & there are likewise forces marched thither to blocke it upp.
The Scige of Plymouth is soe weekly prosecuted for want of force as they have lately releeued themselves and burnt Borne of our quarter neere it.
8' Tho. Fairfax & Cromwell haue lately sent into these p'tes neere 1500 of their best horse, w* shewes that they are much too strong for his Ma"" forces in those partes.
These Western horse are drawing towards Oxon & are to ioyne w* other forces w■k are to come from London under Coll: Ringingborrow, & all that can
1 The Earl of Rutland had sided with the Parliament, but Bolroir was garrisoned by the King's forces.
be spared from Coventry, Warwick, Gloucester, & Northampton, ■fe out of Buckinghamshire (w* it is beleeued will in all make noe less than 8000 foote and 4000 horse & dragoons) ■fc are designd p'sently to block upp Oxon att a distance.
Denington Castle is blockt upp by forces that lye in Newberry & the Country thereabouts.
This being his Ma" p'sent condition in England, and there being noe peace concluded in Ireland, nor any considerable forces possibly to be drawne from that Kingdome in any tyme to assist his Ma"*:
The Mar: of Muntrosse being still in y* highlands, or noe neerer than Glascoe, & in what condition his Ma"* is not certeynly assured, soe as there is little hope of tymely ayde from him:
From Fra. or Holland there was nothing but faire & fruitless p'misses, they having not in all this tyme afforded his Ma"* any considerable assistance, nor soe much as publickly declared ag* those att London:
Upon these considerations his Ma"* resolved to send to London y* . . . . P'positions, wck being as low as he can goe w* p'serving of his conscience and hon' he doubts not but God will give a blessing to y* his intentions; And that if his s*** doe not hark en to y* reason he offers, his Allies will consider how farre his interest may worke theirs.
Indorsed, Reasons why his Ma"* Rent his Propoeic'ons to London, dated Deer, 1646.
The King to the Speaker of the Home of Peer*.
Holmbt [holdzkbt], 6 Martij. 1646-7. C. E. It being now 17 dayes since I wrote to you from hence, & not yet receiuing any answer to what I then desired, I cannot but now again renew the same unto you; and indeed concerning any thing but the necessary duty of a Christian, I would not at this time trouble you with any of my desires. . But my being attended by some of my Chaplains,1
1 This letter Iu written about two months after the King had been given up to the Parliament, and three months pre■
whom I esteem & reuerence, is that w* is so necessary for me (euen considering my present condic'on, whither it be in relation to my conscience, or a happy settlem' of the present distracc'ons in Religion) that I will alight diuers kinds of censures, rather then not obtain what I demand. Nor shall I doe you the wrong, as in this to doubt the obtaining of my wish, it being grounded upon reason. For I desire you to consider (not thinking it needfull to menc'on) the diuers reasons wch no Christian can be ignorant of, for the point of conscience. I must assure you that I cannot as I ought take into consideration those alterac'ons in Beligion wch haue, & wilbe offred unto me, w*out such helps as I desire, because I can neuer iudge rightly of, or be altred in any thing of my opinion, so long as any ordinary way of finding out the truth is denyed me. But when this is granted me, I promise you faithfully not to striue for victory in argum', but to seeke to submit to truth, according to that judgem' whch God hath giuen me; always holding it my best & greatest conquest, to giue contentm' to my two Houses of Pari' in all things w* I conceiue not to be against my conscience or hon'. Not doubting likewise, but that you wilbe ready to satisfy me in reasonable things, as I hope to find in this particular concerning the attendance of my Chaplains upon me.
To the Speaker of the House of Peers, pro tempore, to be communicated to the Lo: & Co'mons in the Pari' assembled at Wertm'r. Indorsed,
6* Mar: 1647. Coppy of y* King's 2d It' for some of his Chaplainss.
vious to his seizure by Cornet Joyce, on the part of Cromwell and the army. A rery minute and interesting account of these transactions will be found in Sir Thomas Herbert's memoirs of the two last years of the unhappy monarch. There is a remarkable passage alluding to them in a letter from the Earl of Panmure to Lord VVariston, dated 23rd January, 1647 j where he says, " His Majesty is so well resolved now for his going to Holmby as ever I saw him for anything. He thinks that the Soots have sold him at too cheap a rate. If our posterity And not the smart thereof, it iswell."
A Memorandum in King Charles the First's own handwriting:
Freedome in Conscience & Honnor and Security for all those that shall come with me, & in case I shall not agree with them, that I may be set doune at such of my Garisons as I shall name to them : w* condition I hope not to put them to, for I shall no' differ with them about Ecclesiastical! businesses, w* they shall make apeare to me not to be against my conscience; & for other matters, I expect no difference, & in case there be, I am content to be judged by the two Queenes. And befor I take my jurny I must send to the Marquis of Montrose to aduertice him upon what conditions I come to the Scots Army, that ne may be admitted forthwith into our conjunction, & instantly march up to us.
Indorsed by Sir E. Nicholas. "X Note written -with y* Kings owne pen concerning his going to y* Sootts."
The King to Sir Edward Nicholas.
Oatlaltds, 19 Aug. 1647.' Nicholas to ease my paines, I haue comanded Oudart' to answer some particulars in your last letter: this being only to thanke you for your aduertisments & freedome: desyring you still to continue the same, asseuring you that I haue a particular care of you, w* I hope shortly shall be visible to all the world : so I rest
Your most asseured constant frend,
Oatulttds, ,*, Aug. 1647.
1 It wis on the 3rd of June that the King was seized by Joyce, and after a desultory progress arrived at Oatlands on the 14th of August. Soon after, he removed to Hampton Court .
1 Oudart was afterwards one of the King's Commissioners