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law of God, so * with the Flesh to serve the law of fin. And as sin is thus charged upon the Inordinate Appetites of the Body; fo those Bodies, in which such Depraved Appetites are subdued and mortified, are called of the Temples of the Holy Ghoft. And this appears to be as sufficient reason for concluding, that in the Resurrection the Soul will have a much greater Congruity with the Body, which it hath inhabited, than with that matter, to which it was never before vitally united; because it seems very agreeable to God's Infinite. Justice, that those Bodies which have been enslaved by Sin, should be consigned to Misery; and that those, which have been conformed to the Laws of Right Reason, and the influence of God's Holy Spirit, should be made partakers of Happiness: Whereas other portions of Matter, which have not been united to the Soul, and therefore not endued with such Affections and Powers, as render'd them Capable of being Sharers in Virtue or Vice,
t 1 Cor. vi. 19.
cannot with any colour of reason be deem'd the Objects of Reward or Punishment.
But this Celebrated Master of Thought hath undertaken to shew, by an Argument which he thinks unanswerable, that 'the fame Body, in which man lives here, is not Necessary to his Identity in the Refurrection. For, representing the Disparity between the Body of our Saviour when Raised, and the Bodies of other men to be Raised, and endeavouring to prove, that though our Saviour did rise with the same Body, it does not follow, that we shall do so too, he thus discourseth: His * Body saw not corruption, and therefore to give him another Body new moulded, mixed with other particles of matter, which were not contain'd in it as it lay in the grave, whole and entire as it laid there, bad been to destroy , his Body, to frame him a new one without any need. But why with the remaining particles of a man's Body, long since dissolvd and moulderd into dust and atoms
• 3d. Letter, p. 180, 181.
(whereof possibly a great part may have undergone variety of changes, and entred into other concretions even in the Bodies of other men) other new particles of matter mixed with them, may not serve to make his Body again, as well as the mixture of new and different particles of matter with the old did in the compass of his life make his body, I think no reason can be given.
Now what is here said would be true, and no reason could be given against it, if by his body no more were meant than this, That whatsoever particles of matter should at the Resurrection be vitally united to a man's foul, might be said to constitute his body at that time; but this does not come up to the purpose of this passage, which is brought to prove, not only that new matter united to a man's soul may be said to be his body, at that time Absolutely, and without Reference to any other time, but that a Body thus made up of New matter may be his Body, so as in conjunction with the soul to constitute him the same man, that hath before existed in this state; for that is the only design of this passage,
· and this is the force of his Argument:
The Body of the same man in this life does at Different times consist of Different matter, and therefore his Body at. the Refurrection may be made up of Different matter from what it consisted of in this life; and yet he will be the same man that did exist in this State, as much as he is the fame man in the several periods of this life, though the Substance of his Body be Different at one time, from what it is at another.
But this Argument will not only admit of an Answer, but may also be Retorted as a very good Argument to prove, that to the constitution of the same man in the Resurrection, the same Numerical Body, as well as the same Soul, is necef. fary; if it be true, as it is expressly affirmed by this Author, that * the identity of man consists in nothing but a Participation of the same continued life, by conftantly fleeting particles of matter, in luccession vitally united to the same Organized body. From which this Argument may
* EA, B. 2. ch. 27. §. 6.
be drawn: If New particles of matter, added to our Bodies, do become a part of us, solely by their Participation of the fame continued life; it hence follows, that if the same man who lives here, shall rise from the dead, his Body in the Resurrection will not consist of any Matter, which did not become a part of it in this state, by a Participation of the Jamne continued life. Indeed the Continuance of life is not, as ’tis represented, necessary to the Identity of man; for our Blessed Saviour was the same man, before his Death, and after his Resurrection. However, according to this Author's own account, a Body made up of New particles of Matter cannot consist with the Identity of man, unless that New matter hath partaken of the same continued life.
And this may be a good reason of rejecting other consequences urged, against the Identity of the Body at the Refurrection, from the change of particles in the Body here. Though the Body at the Resurrection may not consist of all the particles of matter, that have ever been vital