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Terms, not very Familiar and obvious, but which do admit of an explication very Easy, and very useful too in the Illustration of this Subject. Bodily Subfiances are said to be in Place Circum/crtptivelj, that is, their parts are answerable to, and confined by the limits of that Space in which they Subsist, and do exclude every other Body from it. Created Spirits are said to be in Place Definitively, that is, they are so determined to one Space, that they cannot at the same time be in another; And yet it cannot be said of Them, that their Parts are answerable to the Parts of Space containing them, because Spiritual Substances are void of Figure and Parts, and for that reason they admit of the Existence of other Substances in the fame Space wherein themselves are confined.
Thus a Humane Soul exists in the fame Space with a Humane Body. In one of these two ways all creatures do exist in Place, and That Being, which does not exist in Space according to either of them, must be Immense or Omnipresent; for there is no Possibility of Subsistence, but in one of these three kinds of Presence* As therefore 'tis demonstrable from our Natural notions of God that he is a Spirit, and that he is not a limited ot Confined, but an Infinite Spirit, therefore neither of the two first kinds of Presence can belong to him, and by consequence he is Omnipresent. And as this seems intirely agreeable to our Reason, and clearest manner of Thinking; so is the same Consequence deducible from our natural notions of God, considering him as Creatour. For, if every Created Being be the Immediate Effect of Himself; Then Himself is Present to every Created Being. And as Creation does evince .this Attribute, so does Conservation too. Is he should withdraw his Support from Material Substances, their Dissolution must Immediately follow. For they are no more Capable of Sustaining than they are of Producing themselves. And this Result of our natural notions is plainly Confirmed in Holy Scripture. For the Third Verse of the First Chapter to the Hebrews does not only comprehend all Corporeal, but Spiritual Beings also: He upholdeth 3 ~ All All things by the Word of his Power: And there can be no room for Doubt, whether He, who by his own Immediate Arm upholdeth all Beings, be present in All Placesi And, that he is declared by himself to be so in the Text, is plain, because the Terms Heaven and Earth do comprehend the whole Creation, and are in this fense used elsewhere in Sundry places of Holy Scripture.
Accordingly, the Prophet Isaiah also does, under the use of the same terms elegantly introduce the Almighty aflerting to himself the same Attribute; * Thus saith the Lord, the Heaven is my Throne, and the Earth is my Footstool; signifying to us, that the Persons of Earthly Princes are not more certainly present upon their Thrones, do not more certainly fill the Space from the Throne to the Footstool, than he himself is present in all places, or in all the Parts of the Universe.
Some Speculative writers have carried the Omnipresence of God into a still Higher Signification, intimating thereby, that he is not only present with every Being in the World, but that he fills a Space which they apprehend to be beyond the limits of all Created Substances, and not possess'd by any Being but Himself. For when we give our Thoughts the reins, and let them run freely through the Compass of the Universe, till they advance as High as the Third Heavens, beyond which we do not know, that there is any Created Substance, or, till they advance as High as Thoughts are capable of advancing, they cannot at last so fix upon any point, as to exclude the conception of Space beyond it. This is styled Imaginary Space; and, if any such space there be, as it would perhaps be somewhat Difficult to prove, that there is not, we cannot but believe that God is present There. And this notion seems to be savoured by the Holy Scripture, wherein we have an Acknowledgment made unto God of his Immensity, under this Expression, * The Heaven,^ and heaven of Heavens cannot contain thee. If we mould carry our Thoughts back as far as God's Existence in the
* Isa. lxvi. i.
* i Kings viii. 27.
moment moment Immediately preceding the Creation of Bodies, we might be apt to conceive, that there was then a Space wherein he himself, and himself alone Existed, and wherein he produced this visible frame of things. And yet this is liable to some Difficulties, which do not affect the notion of Imaginary Space, extended beyond Corporeal Substances, and wherein God can, if he pleaseth, create other Worlds, by the same uncontroulable Power, which produced the Heaven and the Earth. Thus may men raise and indulge their Pious Admiration, whilst they do, as far as their imperfect Capacities allow them, contemplate the Incomprehensible Essence of God whose Presence admits of no Limitation. And surely an Unconfined, Unlimited Presence of God must be signified by the Holy Psalmist, in his Beautiful Expostulation concerning this Point, Psal. cxxxix. Whither shall I go then from thy Spirit? Or, whither shall 1 ftee from thy Presence ? If I ascend up into Heaven, thou art there; is I make my Bed in Hell, behold thou art thr'" If I take the Wings of the Morn