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In order to do this, the best method that occurred to me, was to follow the migrations of Noah's issue respectively to every place they occupied, when the increase of their numbers forced their departure from Armenia-, and this according to their gradual progress, in succession to each other, to very modern times; by which I was able to trace their language, which, we must allow, they carried with them every where: and also the several deviations and changes it underwent in their divisions, subdivisions and postumous mixtures with each other, in after-ages; and this method appeared,, all along, to be the most likely to arrive at the wifhed-for haven, in this research into very high antiquity, as well as less perplexed, and consequently .more easily understood, than any other whatsoever.

As the most ancient parts of the Irish records were delivered in poetry, their facts are, in many places, blended with fable; which, in some measure, may have lessened .the confidence they very justly claim from impartial readers.; but nothing is more easy than to distinguish the historical facts from the ornaments they are dressed with. It was the noble manner of the ancient Gomerian and Scythian poets, before Homer was born, or the language, he is supposed to have wrote in, was formed; and, indeed, there is great reason, in the sequel, to believe he was no stranger, ?either to their language, or poetry; for his manner of writing carries with it the strongest resemblance of theirs: and it is as certain, the Trojans were of the Scythian race; and the auxiliaries of Troy, con6 fessedly sessedly Scythian princes, several of whom Homer enumerates.

When the historical parts of their poems are considered, and divested of their poetical flowers, they are found to treat of the feats and genealogies of their heroes, and to coincide exactly with the most authentic histories in the world, as well profane as facred. The ingenious author of the Dissertations on the Ancient Hi/lory of Ireland has produced several very striking instances of this, which shall appear in a proper place, and many more as remarkable have occurred to myself, which carry the strongest testimony of truth along with them; and, indeed, it is as hard a task to glean out such parts of history as may be depended on, of the Greek writers, from their extravagant mythologic sables; nay, more difficult than from the/W/ft sileads, or philids: and, if the world had > not been happy in what Moses and the prophets have left us, the Grecian history would have wanted the lights which the Sacred Writings have thrown upon them. In the work before us, they have proved a noble comment upon Greek, Irish and Gomerian history.

It will also be made out, that, at the building of Babels. the confusion and dispersion did not affect any of the issue of Japhet or Shem; but was the fate of Nimrods people, . the descendants of Ham, only: which, with some other material notices of very high antiquity, are cleared up in following the issue oi. Noah's sons, in their: several. migrations. .


Another step, which I thought necessary towards obtaining the desired end, was to examine by what names some of the descendants of his sons were called by the Greeks, and to reconcile them with thofe of Moses and the prophets.-, by which I was insensibly led into the knowledge of many of the heroes of Grecian history, and thrown upon an amazing agreement between this and the records of the Irishflids; who, by preserving the genealogy of Milejius up to Phenius, and to Magog, his grandfather, have opened so clear a passage to the history of the tranfactions of him, both m Scythia and Shinar, as well as of his sons adventures in. Egypt, as can scarce admit of a doubt; to which may be added, that the notion, entertained by some historians -of eminence, of Shejhac and Se~ sostris being the fame person, is proved to be erroneous.

The next advance was, to find out something of the first peopling.of Britain and Ireland, and by what routs they arrived at these Islands. It will appear, that thei?ntons came by .sea from Greece through the Mediterranean first, and that was very early after the flood, and that Irelandhzd its first colonies fromScythia by a north-west rout; and others, afterwards, from some parts of Asia Minor, through the Mediterranean; and by taking notice of the government, laws, bards and language of the inhabitants, we shall be able to shew from whence they, as well as the JSritons, came, and their future connections with thofe they parted from. We {hall also find out .how far the language was spread towards the North east, by one of the sons of

Gomer, Gomer, in the explanation of the inscription and figure upon a Siberian medal; which also points out some anecdotes of the religion and opinions of the people of Tangut i a and Tibet} concerning a Triune Being they worshipped; with some attempts to shew from whence they derived that doctrine. This leads us to consider several relations of Josephus Acofta, in his account of Mexico and Peru, where the fame notions were found among the natives, which undoubtedly were carried to these countries, with the first inhabitants, from Tartary. This was always thought impossible, till the several Ruffian discoveries made it appear pretty certain j for the distances from some parts of North-eajlern Tartary to the North American shore are very short, in several places, and easily passed over: whereas, heretofore, the distances of longitude between these parts were laid down by geographers to be so great, as to leave no room for a suspicion that there could be any communication between them. Later discoveries, however, have brought it to a certainty.

Having had such strong reasons for suspecting that the Irish and Welsh languages were originally the fame, in the house of Japhet) it was necessary to be careful in comparing them, and considering the roots of both -y that what I have ventured to assert, concerning them, may not seem a mere ipse dixit: wherefore, after having enumerated pretty largely the causes of the deviations of languages from their originals, which produce, in time, different dialects, the reader will find a list of about one thoufand

c •. words

words, which, with some small allowance for such accidental deviations, will appear to have been originally the very fame, and carrying the fame signification. I might have carried this to five thoufand, is it were necessary, or I inclined to swell this work: but the number I have brought will prove sufficient to ascertain my opinion; for it is impossible for any two languages to have so clofe an affinity by chance, and the roots of both to be the fame almost throughout the whole.

After this examination of both languages, I fell upon a thought which carries the proof, of these being from the same source, much farther; and find, that the languages of other nations of Europe have had their origin chiefly from them. To make this evident, I have drawn together the names of the numerals of most of the nations of Europe in one table; and have made remarks upon the differences they were subjected to by length of time, and changes of the several people throughout this quarter of the world. I considered, that numbers being convenient to every nation, their names were most likely to continue, nearly, the fame, even though other parts of languages might be liable to changes and alterations; this I find to answer my expectation surprizingly 4 and, indeed, one would imagine that this alone would be sufficient to answer the end propofed, when considered with care.

But that did not hinder another enquiry of great importance, in the pursuit of the affinity and origin of languages. Something was to be done concerning alphabets.^


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