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"settled kingdom of all Greece that we have any distinct "account of. Besides, fays he, he tells us these Phlijiam "had a very holy temple, in which there was no image, "either openly to be seen, or kept in secret. This is cer"tainly a mark of great antiquity ; for the corrupt practice "of worshiping by images grew very early in the world, . "and to worship without images was certainly the oldest "and best manner of worship. And, he fays, they had a "facred account, or reason, of this practice: but that was "not to be revealed." Now as to the Sicy onions, a division of the Pelasgi, which was the first and general name for all the original settlers, their antiquity cannot be disputed; for Herodotus fays, in his Polymnia, that the Greeks affirm the people of this kingdom, Ægialea, were called Pelasgi Ægialenses before Danaus came into Greece, and before Xuthus s time, whofe son Jon is fabulously faid to have given the name Janes to some of the inhabitants of Greece,
Paussanias, in the beginning of his Achaics, shews us how the change of their name into Jones, and their removal first to Athens, and then into Asa Minor, in the Jonic migration, happened; but the time of the beginning of the kingdom of the Pelasgi Ægialenses, under their king, Ægialeus> is 1313 years before the first vulgar Olympiad, as bishop Cumberland mentions it, to be collected out of Eusebims C6ronicon> and Cajlors Tables of their Kings, put out by Jos. Scaliger -, and is by the learned Armah, in his Annals, fixed to the year of the world 1915, about the middle of the third century after the flood. This was in the 259th year of the flood, and
by this time Greece was peopled with different states from the loins of Gomer; who. were, in general, called Pelasgi, yet were distinguished by these several appellations by Greek writers afterwards.
The next division of the Pelasgians was in Phlius. This was an original dominion, called also Arantia, upon the borders of Sicyonia. And these were planted there much about the time of the Sicyonians, who were cotemporary with Ninus, or Nimrod, in AJfyria, and with, or just after, Misraim in Egypt.
Arcadia was another settlement, -which was situated on the south and southwest parts of Ægialea, about the middle of Pehponesus. And this dominion must have been established, as well as the foregoing, about the beginning of the Sicyonian kingdom. The famous bishop, with whom I shall travel through part of this chapter, as well as with others of equal authority, tells us from Pausanias, that the people of Arcadia were all Pelasgi, and their country called Pelasgia, before the time of Areas, from whom the name of Arcadia was derived; and although he mentions a tradition out of Afius, an old poet, that the earth brought forth Pelasgus upon the high mountains ot Arcadia, he adds, from his own reason, that there were other men there at that time, otherwise Pelasgus would have had no subjects to reign over; and concludes, that they were Pelasgi before Areas was born. With poets nothing is more common than to embellish their poems with allusions of this kind; and although Pausanias discredited this, because he took it in its literal fense, yet I am inclined to believe that the poet, by faying the earth
M 2 brought brought forth Pelasgus, alluded only to the Pelafgians being the first people in Arcadia, settled after the flood: for there are authors who, when they could not rife higher than such and such accounts, have suppofed the inhabitants sprung from the earth. But if Dion. Halic. in the latter part of his first book, be compared with Pausanias, it appears that one Atlas; whofe former habitation was on Caucasus, was the first king in Arcadia; and Appollodorus fays, that he was the son of Japetus, and brother to Prometheus, (with whom Hejiod agrees) and since Diod. Sicul. assures us, that the eldest Prometheus lived in the time of Osiris, whom Cumberland has clearly proved to be Mifraim, the son of Ham, Japhess brother, we mall perceive that Arcadia is intimated, by these writers, to be planted about the third generation after the flood, not long after the planting of Egypt by Msraim; but the planters of it were called Pelasgi, and not Arcades.
Another of the Pelasgian settlements, as confefled by several authors, was ia Argos, where Dion. Halic. affirms they were seated fix generations before they removed into Hæmonia, or Thejfaly, and intimates that, in many men's opinions, they were sprung out of the earth, near Argos. What a strong proof of their being the very first inhabitants after the flood, in this place, is here intimated in this suggestion? and, if compared with the other anecdotes mentioned concerning the Pelasgi, in other parts of Greece, it will naturally lead us to be of opinion, that the tradition of these Aborigines was handed down to the times of. the change of their language into the Greek, and so taken up by their authors as early as they began to commit their 3 traditions traditions to writing. This was also the case in the Scythian descendants of Japhet, Magog's issue, &c. in the Northern quarters; for, in the Irijh annals, many things appear which were coeval with these accounts of Gomers offspring. It was his issue that over-run Greece, of whom we are now treating, and which the Greek historians knew little or nothing of in thofe early times, no more than of many passages and tranfactions that happened by incursions made from about Thrace, and other places north of Greece, by the early Magogians, or Scythians, long before Abraham s time, perfectly agreeing with Holy Writ.
It appears, from the fame author, that the Pelasgi lived in Hæmonia, after their removing from Argos, six generations- more, and were there driven out of that country, and scattered into several other neighbouring parts by the Leleges and Curetes, under the conduct of Deucalion.
Now the most ancient method of computing was by generations, and there were twelve generations between the first settling of Argos, by the Pelasgians, and their being driven out of Hæmonia by Deucalion; and as Moses and this prince are thought to have been cotemporaries, it is easy to see that these twelve generations included several hundred years, about 360;: for the calculation of which, I refer the reader to bishop Cumberland; and that the Pelasgi were the Gomerians, comprehending the Jonians from Javan, the Rlijhans from Elijha, his sons, and so on of the rest who first peopled the isles of Elifha, or Greece 5 and consequently that Jon,. the grandson of
Deucalion, was not in Greece, till after the death of both Abraham and Deucalion, or about that time.
Now it cannot be doubted, from the nature of things, that the Pelajgians, or Gomerians, founded their .governments in Greece, as early as the issue of Shem and Ham did in the places to which they migrated, the former in the Eajlern parts, and the latter in Africa, as Egypt, Æthiopia, &c. and also at the fame time that Magog, Comer s brother, with Mejhech and Tubal, founded theirs northward; and it is very clear that they spoke the language of their father in every part of Greece and Scythia, down to the time that Deucalion drove thofe Pelajgians out of Hæmonia, after having been settled there for six generations.
It farther appears, from Dion. Halic. that the Tyrseni, who settled near the Pelafgi, were a different people, and descended from the issue of Shem, or Ham, having their own language and customs; and that the people, afterwards called Crotoniatæ, and Placiani, were sprung from the Pelasgi, still retaining the language of their fathers, which they, in a very singular manner, preserved wheresoever they were driven; even on the side of the Helespont; which gave occasion to the mixed Greeks, mentioned before, to call them Barbari, because, by this time, the first; dialect, of what constituted the Greek language, was formed, and being compofed of the original Gomerian, or Pelasgian, and the intruded tongues of the Phœnicians and Egyptians, as hinted before, differed as much from this .first language, as our English tongue does, at this time, from the Saxon, Latin, or any other of thofe of