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This is easily proved to be the cafe, if we look into the tenth chapter of Genejis, from verse 21, where it is faid: Shem, also the father of all the children of Eber, the brother of Japhet the Elder, even to him were children born; the children of Shem, E/am, and AJher, and Arphaxad, and^Lud, and Aram. Now in the next chapter, at the 11 th verse, the regular genealogy of this family carries the descent from Shem to Arphaxad^ from him to Salah, to Eber, to Peleg, to Rheu, to Serug, to Nahor, to Ter ah, to Abram, without the least notice of any other person among their brethren, although in the former" chapter J^lam and AJhur are mentioned before Arphaxad
Noah> with his three sons, being the sole possessors of the earth, let us fee how they dispofed of themselves. We find first, that Noah and his sons lived in tents, which. was the first method that was used for their dwelling in, and which was continued for a long series of years, before some of his descendants began to build houses; for it was in his tent that his sons, Japhet and Shem, covered him, when he was intoxicated with his wine, which was the. produce of the vineyard he planted himself.. It was there he blessed these two sons and their successors; and uttered his curse upon the descendants of Ham \ both which were amply fulfilled in the prosperity and extension os the dominions of Japhet and Shem on the one hand, and in the destruction and miseries which fell upon the Canaanites, so called from Canaan the son of Ham, in favour of Abram and his feed in after ages.
It fully and clearly appears, from Gem-fis x. that when tfre grandchildren of Noah were. increased, he ordered
tlieir division and dwelling places according to his own discretion; for it is faid of Japhet and his issue, that they divided the ides of the gentiles in their lands, according to their families, tongues, and their nations; and so it is faid of the other brothers and their issue for their several nations; which are very well pointed out, and sufficient to lead us after them in their migrations and suture settle-. ments. This I mention here as a proof that Noah governed them in a regular manner, and with that good œconomy, that a man of-his years and experience might be expected to be a judge of, especially too is we consider him as a man highly favoured by God, and strictly revered by his children. And hence it is more than probable that he chalked out to each family his portion of the countries round about, according to his good pleasure, and perhaps according to the scope of the blessing to two of his sons, and the curse to the other, while they were yet but few in number: for it is not unlikely that, at the time of his doing this, he had the spirit of prophecy upon him, and thereby was informed which was the place that was most proper and convenient for the fulfilling of the calamities that fell upon the Canaanites, when Jojhua commanded and led the children of Israel. We must also further suppofe, and that very naturally, that as these families increased, they departed farther off from the center where they were first established, after the flood; . v.rhich was-now the feat of Noah's government; and that still as they grew more numerous, they removed yet farfher off, radiating as it were from that central feat, until they had formed at length separate heads and governments
*' of of their own j and by a very rapid increase, after the first sixty years, overspread a great part of the earth, even be^ sore the death of Noah, who lived three hundred and fifty years after his first establishment: for it cannot be suppofed, with the least shew of probability, that they could have sound room for any length of time in the fame place, or have ever returned from their own places, to one from whence they departed, already sufficiently stocked and daily increasing with young inhabitants.
We are now to Consider the country where Mount Ararat is situated: it is faid, that Noah's ark rested upon the mountains of Ararat.
. Some authors, out of caprice, and others from prejudice to the credit of the Scriptures, have endeavoured to place these mountains in parts of the world very remote from their real situation, and indeed very unfit for that great scene that was to be tranfacted in the migration os the children of Noah, and in the peopling of the nations all over the earth.
Ban Gorton, Sir Walter Rawley, and others, imagine that by the Mountains of Ararat, Caucasus, and others more remote, were understood; but many, both ancient and modern authors, assert that these mountains, upon which the ark rested, are in Armenia; the ingenious authors of the Universal Hi/lory fay, that the Septuagint and Vulgate render the word Ararat, Armenia, and that there is actually a province of that country named Ararat-, or Arairat, from a plain so called in memory of Arai, the eighth king of that nation, who was slain in battle there; Araiy-arat signifying the. stain of Ar au These . C gentlemen gentlemen have examined several authors and traditions concerning the situation of these mountains, in a most accurate and impartial manner, to which I refer the reader; as my present business is not to enter into a controversy of this kind, my design being only to trace the footsteps of the original languages of Europe, with as much care as I can, till I bring them to their present seat, where they are most wonderfully preserved to this time<
However, I shall offer one or two reasons of my owrr, why I am persuaded that these mountains of Ararat, upon which the ark rested^ are in- Armenia; and that the plains in their neighbourhood were the places where Noah and his family dwelt, immediately after- they left the ark, and where they procured their first fubsistance by tilling the ground and- increasing their herds of cattle.
We fee in all nature, that whatever- is created has, throughout its whole constitution, the most perfect fitness and propriety, to answer the purpofes for which it was made; we fee also in every ordination of God, whether physical or œconomieal, the most consummate wisdom in the distribution of the necessary incidents for the progress of his divine purposes, till they are actually fulfilled. Now in the cafe before us, what spot upon the whole earth. could be so convenient as Armenia, a country allowed, by all geographers and modern travellers, to be temperate, healthful and fertile, with regard to the sustenance necessary for the support of these people, and their well-being? And with regard to the convenience os situation for their departure on every side, as they gradually increased-^ any other situation for the first establish-. * ment^ ment," could not have had such just spaces round it, and therefore it may be counted nearly a central spot, from which the offspring of Noah had almost equal distances, and room enough to migrate, and settle every way, to the ends of the earth: for on the east it has Persia, part of the Caspian Sea, Southern Tartary, In dost an or the Mogul's territories, the Eaft-Indies, China, Japan. On the west it has Natolia, Asia Minor, Assyria, the Mediterranean Sea, and all the southern parts of Europe. On the north, Colchis, Iberia, Georgia, or Albania, and all Eastern Rujfia to the sea. And, on the south, all the Arabias, and the eastern parts of Africa. We must add to these the countries lying between these sour cardinal points; as, to the north-east, all that vast extent of land, the Northern Tartary and part of Russia; to the northwest, all Western Russia, Poland, Sweden, Denmark, Norway, and to Ireland, the ne plus of the British I/les; to the south east, innumerable islands; and to the southwest, all Western Africa,
Let Us now consider what would be the consequence, is the ark had rested nearer to any of the extremities of the above boundaries; first, in many of those parts they could not have found such immediate sustenance for themselves or their cattle as in the fertile plains of Armenia; extreme heats or cold would be very unfavourable for such a purpofe, that is for immediate support, though time and industry may in every place enable men to sustain themselves in some manner or other; but here their support must be more speedy upon their new establishment: secondly, in being placed near any of thofe extremities,
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