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Innumerable mutilations of this kind, in the Greek, are familiar to every one who has any knowledge of that language, for which they were charged and blamed by authors of credit.
The traces are also strong from Tubal, in other places; for the river Tobol, and the city Tobolfchi, seem, with great probability, to have derived their names from that patriarch.
It would protract this work to an immoderate length, if we were to enumerate the great variety of the Scythia?i nations, under their several denominations and leaders; for they were exceedingly numerous. We shall therefore mention but a few of them, who made not only much noise, but great havock, by the overflowing colonies, making inroads amongst other people round about them. . I Mean thofe called Getæ, who were in after-ages called -Goths; for these were the fathers of the Goths; and had a more rapid increase, and sent out from themselves more swarms, from time to time, than any others of the Scyihian tribes. There was a very good reason for this; .they allowed every man as many wives as lie chofe to take, and having therefore many children in every family, and growing too numerous to dwell among one anothe^ they followed the custom of the patriarchs, in sending away their children, when grown to man's estate, to seek new habitations; some of which went on to places not inhabited, whilst others forced themselves upon neighbouring people, and settled their colonies by force of arms.
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They were called Get es from Get ar, to hurt or injure, in the very ancient Scythian, now the Irish or Scotish language; because they were furious in their invasions of their neighbours; and they retained that name a long time in the country they inhabited, from whence their swarms went forth, and were not called Goths till they made the famous eruption into the ems ire, or not long before. The old inhabitants of the istes of EHjha, or Greece, called them by this name; that is, the ancient Greeks or yonians, whom we have mentioned, and shall call them Pelasgians • hereafter; for it was they that gave them that name, being a word of their own language;. because while some of them were driving towards Scandinavia very rapidly, others were intruding themselves upon the inhabitants of thofe istes, and were ever injurious and troublesome to the issue of Gomars sons afterwards; and this was the first mixture made between the Magogians or Scythians, and the Gomerians, by the former's migrating southward; for they were very early inhabitants of that part of Scythia called Asiatic Sarmatia, after the flood, and were descended from one of the sons of Mejhech. This country took in the ancient Taurica Chersonesus, with all that tract between the Palus Meeotis and the Euxine Sea; from whence it is very certain, that they also drove in among the descendants of AJkenaz, eldest son of Gomer, whose first habitation and settlement seems to have been near the Euxine Sea, as is before hinted.
Au. authors agree, that the Getes and Goths were the fame people; for they called them indifferently Getes, Goths and Scythians \ which, by general consent, makes
them all the Scythian, or, in other words, the Magogian race. Mela fays, that the countries mentioned above, were inhabited by one and the fame people, whatever different names they may have been known by; and Strabo affirms, that the IJlrians, Dedans, Mœjians and Thracians spoke the fame language, and that they consequently were the fame people. The librarians sprung from Tiras, one of Gomers sons, and as they spoke the fame language with thofe nations mentioned, who were Scythians, there can be no better proof that the issue of both Gomer and Magog, and all thofe of the other sons of Japhet and their issue, spoke the fame language, both before and after the dispersion. Other authors, as Procopius and Ammianus Marselinus, fay, that there were several nations of Goths, some being called Sauromatæ, others Melancleni, and some Getes; but that these nations differed only in name; and the latter, speaking of the Goths, fays: that they inhabited Thrace, Mefia and Decia; and were sprung from the fierce nations that dwelt before in thofe countries, that is, from the Getes. That these and the Goths were one people, and not different nations living in the fame country, as Cluverius has it, the authors of the Universal History give very good proofs of, from other sensible reasons, besides these undoubted authorities from eminent historians; whofe words, on this matter, are as follows: See'vol. xix. p. 258. "If we compare the accounts "which the ancients give us of the manners of the Getes, << we shall find them intirely agreeable to thofe of the "more modern writers, describing the customs and man"ners of the Goths. Their language was likewise the
"fame, u fame, the Gothic being spoken by the Getes and Majfa"getes, in Scythia, Thrace, Pontus, &c. as Grotius, and "after him Shcringham have shewn; nay, Bujbequius
assures us, that in his time, the Gothic language was still "spoken, though with some variation in the dialect, by ** the Tartars of Precop; and 'Jofephus Barbarus, a noble"man 6f Venice, who lived among them, that they not "only spoke the ancient Gothic language, but called them"selves Goths, and their country Gothia. Scaliger adds, f< that the Christian Tartars oi Precop still have the Scrip•" ture written in the fame characters that were invented "by JVolphilas, the first bishop of the Goths: and they "read it in the very language they spoke in the time of "Ovid, This is agreeable to what we read in Lucian u and Procopius, of whom the former tells us, that the "language of the Alans, who were, without all doubt, a "Gothic nation, was common to all the Scythians; and "the latter, that the Sauromatæ and Melancleni, by most ?< writers called Getes, were Gothic nations, and spoke the "language of the Goths."
"when the Getes, or Goths, passed into Scandinavia, which, from the place of their first settlement, near the Paulus Mttotis, was not a very long passage, compared to others of the sons of Gamer, by land; they overspread all Sweden, Denmark, the islands of the Baltic, by a very rapid progress, as well as the Chersonesus and all the neighbouring parts. And it was from hence some of the first inhabitants of Ireland came, and from thence went into Scotland.
These people called all these islands, in the most ancient Gothic language, Wetallaheedh, which is derived of the old Magogian or Irish language, at this time signifying the (ame thing, in a compound fense; although the Irish and Welch have a simple word for an island, common to both; in the Welch, ynys; Comi/h, ennis; Armor, enesen, and in Iri/h, innjhe; and hence insula. Whereas, the compound word, Wetallaheedh, means water or moisture surrounding land, or land wetted or moistened all round. Tallamh, in Irish, signifying the earth, whence the Latin tellus.
I Must here make one distinction concerning an opinion of Grotius and Sheringham, who assert, that the Cimbrians were the self fame people with the Getes, or Goths:; but I have. before mewed, that the Cimbrians were the Cimmerians or Commerians, the offspring of Gomer, to which I refer the reader. It cannot indeed bedenied, that colonies of both Scythians and Gomerians often met and became one people; and that they spoke. the fame language. This might well lead these authors to suppofe them one people; they were so originally, as having descended from. one common father, Japhet; but though the whole issue of Japhet were first called Pelasgians in general, yet they appear to have been all along. considered, both in Scripture, and among the earliest as well as modern authors, under the two general appella-; tions, Gomerians, or Celts, and Scythians, till their various.' colonies had acquired other names, by their subdivisions. into kingdoms, states and tribes. And these were the leading names by which their brethren, arid their issue,.