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may have given them the name Baratanac, whence Britain, as some authors will have it; but this will be doubted in another place. Be that as it will, the first Britons, that landed in England, came from the iJJes of E/i/ha, without all manner of doubt; to strengthen.which opinion, I mall offer the following reason, which I cannot help thinking is of great weight: viz. if the Phœnicians had first discovered and inhabited this island, then the Phœnician tongue would have prevailed here; whereas, it is well known the Gomerian, otherwise called Celtic, and ancient British language, was the only tongue that was spoken by thofe whom I have mentioned to be the first who came from the isles of Elijha, and landed in the Southisoejl parts of this island; and of all the Celts and Galls, which were spread over the South-weftem parts of Europe afterwards; now it is well known, that the Phœnician tongue never made any progress in Europe at all; but made its way chiefly into Arabia and Africa, and extended itself all along the coasts of Barbary, losing itself in the inland parts of thofe regions, and splitting into many dialects, which is the fate of all languages in general, in process of time.

I Have now briefly traced the Gomerians by the authority of Holy Writ, which is the very foundation of their history, and the general consent of the most authentic writers, from Armenia into several neighbouring parts, into the ijles of Elijha, and from thence through all the South-wejlern kingdoms of Europe, under various denominations, to the utmost migrations of their brethren, and that in as concise a manner as possible; something more

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will be faid of them, when we come to speak of their language, and other particular matters; let us now fee what became of the brothers of Gomer, Magogs Mejhech and Tubal; whom we {hall mew to be the fathers of the Scy^ thians, who, together with the descendants of Gomer, will appear in the sequel to have been called, in generals the Pelasgians, before they went under the name of Celts, Scythians, &c.


The progress of Magogians, or offspring of Magog, with those of his brothers, Mefhech and Tubal.

T is to be observed, that authors have brought? great confusion into the histories of the two brothers, Gotner and Magog, and: their descen,dants, in their several tranfactions and migrations, through' the long tracts of country, into which their respective colonies were forced to pass; which might have been easily avoided, if they had followed them as a dijlin€l people from each other, as the Scriptures do, during the first; ages of the world after the flood, for several centuries.

Then their further progresses would have been easily discerned, and their often mixing with each other in various countries of Europe, between the Northern and Southern parts, would be well understood: for as the Go


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merians were, in general, more happy in their climates, and every other natural advantage, than the issue of Magog; so it is most certain, that the Scythians, whofe dwellings were altogether north, and north-west, sent their overflowing offsprings southward, from time to time, from every part of the northern quarters, as Ezekiel has it, to which they were driven by one another, or voluntarily took. possession of, according to their several necessities.

If we consider who these Scythians were, and from whom descended, we mall be the more clear in our intelligence of them as we pursue them through their northern quarters. And although what we purpofe is but a very brief account of them, not at all meddling with their policy, government, kings, nor wars; yet it is hoped that we shall prove their just distinction from the Gomerians, by undoubted authority.

jsojephus, and most of the fathers, as well as many modern authors after these, declare that the Celts and Galls are the immediate descendants of Gomer, and the Scythians the offspring of Magog, his brother. The names, characters and successions, though altered much in process of time, were never obliterated in Gomer1 s line, though often confused by several authors; for they are seen even now in Europe, amidst the many revolutions of monarchies round about them, retaining the ancient traces of their proper names and identical language in several places; which will appear still more evident, before this little work is finished. And as to the Scythians, they are no less remarkably distinct from the Gomerians in their own proper line. Josephus and the ancient fathers had

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the best authority to follow, in their sentiments upon it; and that is the testimony I now follow; which is what the prophet Ezeziel declares, in mentioning the several nations who traded to Tyrus. It is he that has laid down, as I have mentioned it before, the true situation of the descendants of both brothers; than which nothing can be more fatisfactory, especially when connected, and viewed, with Moses's account, in the tenth and eleventh chapters of Genejis; for, without thofe judgments denounced by this prophet against Magog, and Tyrus, there could be no foundation for any account of them at all, to be continued, from the short mention of them made by Moses; and thofe curious pieces of ancient history, relating to the origin of the inhabitants of all Europe, would be utterly -lost; for Moses confines himself to the line of Shem in particular, after a very short account of Japhet, touching by the way upon the descendants of Ham, the Canaanites% whenever he had occasion to inform us of God's judgments in carrying on his divine purpofes, and in bringing about the great work of our redemption. Whereas, this prophet has rescued from oblivion a sufficient notice of Japhefs issue, that the fulfilling of Noah's prophetic blessing, in the enlargement of his eldest son's most numerous progeny, might never be forgotten; and also, that it might be another standing testimony of the truth of the Mosaic history.

We must remember here, what I hinted before, that our prophet has joined Mejhech and Tubal, as subjects to their brother Magog; he is faid to be their chief prince, and as these three went off together, they produced a very 3 speedy speedy as well as great increase. They may be traced by several ancient and significant monuments in their first settlements, in the North-wesern parts of Asa Minor; in the neighbourhood of their brother Gomer; from whence they quickly spread through all the Scythias, Mufcovy and Tartary; for they bore the name of Mog/i, which was the common appellation for the Mufcovites and Tartars. These sons of Meshech and Tub al were they who traded to Tyrus in slaves, which they carried by land to Greece, the islands of Elijha, and by sea from thence to that famous city y and these are they, who, when they migrated southward, and made incursions into the Gomerian nations, forcing themselves upon, and mixing with them, were called by yery ancient Greek authors, with great propriety, Celto-Scythiansy. which name prevailed to all the inhabitants of the Northern countries afterwards for a long time. And these three brothers left many remarkable tokens of their names in several of thofe parts through which they passed. The great Bochart is full of such traces, among which are the following: as, the Gogarenes from Magog; and the provinces of Mongog, and Congigo, and several others, with many cities and other places in Russia and Tartary.

Besides these strong connotatives of the traces. of this people, if we were to examine their manners and customs, as well as the fierce -and warlike dispositions of Magogs as hinted by the prophet, surely no people upon the earth are so likely as the Scythians to answer such characters. And to this time, the Cosacks, Calmucks, and numberless tribes in the several nations of Tartary and '- Russia^

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