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All this story of Jfavan, or Jaon, which has the best authority to support it, as Holy Writ, "Josephus, Aristophanes, Schol. Epiphanius, and many others, has been most basely perverted by the latter Greeks, who mingled with it their fabulous accounts; making yon the son of Xutus, grandson of Helenas the sounder, and running on till they have entered upon mere fiction: but this is well confuted, by considering that the people of Attica and Peloponesus were called Jonians, several centuries before the time of this suppofed *fony who was faid to be a barbarous prince; and this perhaps was the sentiment of Herodotus, as quoted by Pezron, who observes that the Athenians, and their brethren that lived in the colonies of Asia afterwards, abhorred to be called Jonians, being a name which they detested; because they would not have it be thought that they came from "Jon, the great grandson of Deucalion; and by reason of the cowardice of the Asiatic Jonians, faid to be sprung from him. Thus was the Jonian or Gomerian language first sounded in Greece, the ijles of Elijha, and afterwards called Pelasgian, of which some mention shall be made. when we come to speak of the progress of that language.
We shall not fay much of the descendants of Magog, till we come to quit the Gomerians; because they produced very different sets of people, and migrated very different ways,. notwithstanding several authors have absolutely confounded them all under the name of Gomerians, or Celts; and it seems highly probable, that if thofe writers had but consulted Holy Writ, they would have seen them settled, near two thoufand years after the flood,
in. in very different situations, as I have quoted it from the prophet Ezekiel already; but they have chiefly relied upon the Greeks, who were ever fond of the invention or mutilation of facts, as they were ignorant of their own origin, and of great prejudices to other nations. Indeed it cannot be denied that many colonies of the Gomeriam, in process of time, fell in with others of the Magogians,-or Scythians, in various countries, in the midway between the Northern and Southern parts of Europe) making together one people whenever this happened; which might, indeed, be one cause of some authors being confused in their accounts; but notwithstanding all the rencounters that could happen through many ages, yet the great and principal numbers of the Gomerians went on, and spread themselves, unmixed, to the utmost We/lern and Southern boundaries of Europe; as did the Scythians to the Northern and North-wejlern bounds of the fame; where they remain distinguished from other people, and from one another, to this day: that is, that the Magogians, or Scythians, had driven before them, through all the North-weflern parts, some weaker colonies of themselves into Ireland and Scotland, as well as to other Northern islands, which was their ne plus ultra, and which were the Aborigines of these islands; and that the Gomerians, afterwards called Celts and Gallatæ, by the Greeks, and Galli or Galls, by the Latins, spread themselves all over the South-isoejlern parts of Europe, giving the first rife to Greeks, Latins, Franks, Bifcayans, and arriving in the Southern parts of Britain, by sea from .the isles of Elijha, about the fame time (or soon after the Britijh
islands islands were inhabited by their relations, the Magogians' or Scythians)^ and long before their brethren, the Gauls or Celts, came into any part of France or Spain.
There are two strong reasons for this aflertion: the first is, that trade began to flourish very early after the dispersion in Shinar; all over AJfyria, the ijles of Eli/ha, (afterwards called Greece) Egypt, and, in short, every neighbouring part; and as they had very soon built ships for transporting their merchandize from place to place, so they soon . improved in their navigation; for it must be granted, that the ark. was a very good pattern for their imitation, and it was built under the directions of Noah, before the faces of his three sons, who were about one hundred years old each when the deluge came upon the earth. It need not, therefore, be a strained conjecture, to suppofe that ship-building was brought into use as soon as necessity required it; and that the numbers of men were increased, and sufficient materials and tools procured. The other reason is, that the migrations of colonies over land into neighbouring countries, as they were naturally gradual, so they were more tedious; if we consider, that many difficulties obstructed their paflage, as woods, macshes, rivers, and long untrodden spaces of land, and mountains of great extent: whereas, the very first adventurers who failed out of the Mediterranian Sea into the Atlantic Ocean, might either be driven directly to Ireland and Britain, as it is likely some of them were, and even -to America, or might have coasted it round Spain and France, till their arrival at or near the Land's End os Britain, before the spreading Galls could have driven
H their their increasing brethren to the most Wefiern parts of the. continent of Europe; and hence it is easy to fee, that not only the islands of the Mediterranean Sea, but also thofe of the Wejlern parts of Europe, were much sooner inhabited, than many countries of the continent, in the South-wejl parts especially: because such colonies as were much harrassed by their powerful brethren, would naturally think themselves more secure in islands than elsewhere, from the oppression and tyranny of conquerors,. which was often the case in many historical instances.
Another probable reason for the later arrival of the Gomerians in the Briiish ifles than the Magogians by land* is, that the former pasted through the more fertile and desirable countries, more pleasant as to climate, foil, and every other natural advantage, which would be some caufeof their delay; whereas, thofe Northern countries, through which the latter pasted, could have not many such inviting causes of delay, nor commerce with strangers, and their numerous swarms would continue to drive one another on over land, as they increased, till some of them came to their ne plus, as we have mentioned it before. However, it will appear further on, that some of the earliest colonies of the Magogians, or Scythians, that landed in Ireland, arrived there very early by sea from the Euxine, through the Mediterranean, and from the isles of EIi/ha also.
The limits by which we have bounded ourselves in pursuing this inquiry, will not suffer us to make an extended history of the feats and exploits of the Gomerians, or Scythians, in their several migrations; this is well done already in that useful general history, mentioned before;
we we have but one point in view, which is their language; and in order to come at a tolerable knowledge of its antiquity, we think it necessary to trace them, as well as we can, by such anecdotes as may best serve to fix them where their ultimate remains are at present.
After the sons of Gomer were called Galatai, and by corruptions/^/, which, by the Latins, was after changed into Celtæ, they spread all over Southern and Western Eu~ rope, as well as to several parts of Asia.
They were the Galatians, to whom St. Paul wrote his Epistles; they were the Umbrians, a corruption of Gomerians; they were the Titans, whofe history is very famous; they were the Celtiberians; they were the Galli, which possessed Gallia Cifalpina and Transalpina; and, in short, they occupied all the Mediterranean istes, Spain, France, Portugal, Southern parts of Germany, and all the countries between Greece and Germany, all Italy, and part of the Briti/b istes.
But this extension of Gomer s descendants was many ages bringing about; and while this was doing, some of the earliest of them, as I faid before, came to Britain by sea; where they discovered these mines of tin and lead, which the Grecians, their brethren, came over for, and fold, at the fairs of Tyrus., to the Phenicians. Now it seems very probable, that these first Gomerians who arrived here, were versed in the business of mining, which the Magogians, they found inhabiting some parts of this island before them, knew nothing of; they were civilized by their intercourse with trading rich nations, and versed in the more polite customs of a great variety of people, in
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