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guage, now about eighteen hundred years after the flood, and above five hundred before Christ, where the prophet has these words:

"And the word of the Lord came unto me, faying: son of man, set thy face against Gog, the land of Magog, the chief prince of Mejhech and Tubal, and prophesy against him and fay, thus faith the Lord God, Behold, I am against thee, O Gog, the chief prince of Mejhech and Tubal, and I will turn thee back, and put hooks into thy jaws, and I will bring thee forth, and all thine army, horses and horsemen, all of them clothed with all forts of armour, even a great company with bucklers and shields, all of them handling swords. Persa, Æthiopia, and Lybia with them, all of them with shield and helmet. Gomer and all his bands; the house of Togarmah of the north quarters and all his bands, and many people with thee."

From these pastages of Ezekiel, we are informed of several interesting things relative to our design in this enquiry: first, we are undeniably certain that yaphefs sons spread themselves northward every way, as I have faid before; and that Togarmah, the youngest son of Gomer, was also a great prince of the north quarters. Secondly, that Magog had the ascendancy and command over two of his brothers, Mejhech and Tubal, and their people, as well as over his own, in the northern countries, and was a great prince. Thirdly, that when this prophecy was delivered, though so many years as I have mentioned after the flood, the places of Sheba and. Dedan, two nephews of Nimrod) are ascertained, their deseendants. still

retaining retaining their names, and being merchants and rich men: for in the 12th and 13th verses of the fame chapter, when it was foretold that this great conflux of the Northern armies should meet those of the Æthiopians, Perjians and Lylians, and go down to a land at rest, without bars or gates, upon a people that had gotten cattle and goods, to take a spoil and to take a prey; that Sheba and Dedan and the merchants of Tarfoijh should fay: "Art thou "come to take a spoil? hast thou gathered thy company "to take a prey? to carry away silver and gold, to take "away cattle and goods, to take a great spoil?" And, fourthly, that the Northern people were to fend a mighty army of horsemen against the children of Israels which shews that they were famous for the multitude of horses they bred, as the Tartars are to this day, who are their descendants.

While I am treating of this prophesy of Ezekiel, it will not be a digression to recur to the 27 th chapter of the fame book, which throws a very splendid light upon what was but briefly delivered by Moses concerning the settlements of some of his descendants, in confirmation of what I had, all along, imagined upon the subject; for where the testimony of Holy Writ has' any share, and it has a great relation to my present purpose, I would not be thought negligent of such valuable authority. And I am the more willing to introduce in this place the greatest part of that chapter, because it gives a lively description not only of the locality of some of Noah's descendants, so many hundred years after the flood, but of the state of the mercantile traffic of these parts of the world in those days.

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When the famous city Tyrus grew very rich, and was reformed to by all the world, being as it were the center of all manner of merchandize and commerce, its inhabitants grew haughty and proud, and began to disdain Jerusalem, and set at naught that city where the worship of the true God was established. Their luxury produced that pride, and that brought upon them the wrath of God Almighty, who commanded his prophet to inform them of their ensuing desolation: in which he begins with a fine description of their situation and shipping: "O! thou that art << situate at the entry of the sea, which art a merchant of u the people for many isles; thy borders are in the midst "of the seas, thy builders have perfected thy beauty; they "have made all thy ship boards of the fir trees of Senir, "they have taken cedars from Lebano?i to make masts for << thee; of the oaks of Bajhan have they made thine oars to what a pitch of grandeur must this city have grown, being placed upon the sea in the very center of commerce, to which the nations of AJia, Africa and Europe had easy and convenient access. And it appears, by the particular notice the prophet takes of the ship-building, that they were a great maritime power; for, no doubt, all the ports round about thofe coasts that traded to Tyrus, had shipping of their own to carry their goods thither; yet it would seem that this city had a great naval force in particular; because the prophet, by way of introduction to the judgment he was to pronounce against them, mentions the several causes of the arrogance and pride for which they were to be ruined: as the beauty of their city, their grand fleets, and their prodigious trade in all forts of riches j

which which he specifies in the sequel of this chapter, at the fame time mentioning the several nations that imported them into Tyrus, of which we shall give some account, because it will fix the abode of the nations descended from the sons of Noah, even at that time.

He begins with the AJhurites, who are faid to have made their benches of ivory, brought out of the isles of Chittim, and who still retained the name of their sounder, and traded to Tyrus in ivory.

The Egyptiansare faid to bring embroidery to that city, of which it is faid they made fails, which shews the magnificent appearance of their shipping; and the isles of Elijba produced their fine colours, as blue, purples and scarlet. This Elisha was the eldest son of yavan, the third son of Gomer, and his people were settled, conformable to the promise of Noah to Japhet, in the isles of the Gentiles, called by Ezekiel in this place, the istes of Elisha, the ides of Greece, whence thofe fine dyes were brought to Tyrus, from him: and it appears that the Tyrians wore garments of these colours; for the text fays, "blue and purple was that which covered them." The people of Zidon and the Arvadites, which were some of the descendants of Canaan, the youngest son of Cujfo, were their mariners, and from themselves they chofe their pilots; but their caulkers came to them from Gebal.

The army of Tyrus was compofed of Persians, and the men of Lud and Phut; and the Arvadites appear to have garisoned the city, as well as to have bejn employed as failors, with the Gammadians; for they are faid to have been stationed upon the walls, and to hang their shields

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upon the walls round about. The people of TarjhiJh brought to the fairs of that great city silver, iron, tin, and lead; which tin was probably procured in Cormval, as well as lead, by the offspring of TarJJjiJJj, who dwelt m Cilicia; and afterwards by the Eli/hans, or descendants of Eli/ba, the elder brother of Tar/b/Jb, inhabiting the islands of Greece. The descendants of Javan and of' Mesucch and Tubal traded to Tyrus in slaves, and vessels of brass, which were manufactured out of materials carried from Britain, and of a more delicate contexture than our modern brass, as may be proved from the fineness of the Corinthian brass, of which numbers of medals were made. And as to the slaves fold to that city, they were brought from the northern quarters by the descendants of Mefiech and Tubal, who appear from Scripture to have been subject to their brother Magog; for he is called by the prophet Ezekiel, the chief prince of Mejbech and Tub al, more than once; and the numbers of these slaves were so great, that they equalled the number of the other inhabitants, if we may rely on the remarkable story told of them by Jujlin in his eighteenth book, chapter the third, to which the reader is referred. Their horses, horsemen and mules were imported from the house of Togarmah, which was in the north quarters, and he was one of the sons of Gomer.

In short, this famous city was the very center of com~ merce, from all parts of the world; for, besides what are mentioned already, it appears that the Africans brought them ebony, ivory, embroideries of all forts; Syria fold them emeralds, embroidery, purple, fine linen, coral and agates. The land of Israel traded with them in wheat,


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