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Tanga-Tanga, with only the difference of the letter (r)\ and that the triune system should be exactly understood the same way, in every one of these places? Surely each of these will be thought, by unprejudiced readers, to have arisen' from the sime source; and that the facred notion* among the worshipers of the True God, of a plurality in the Godhead, came to be idolized, by the attempts of perverse men, to represent him in such an image, and to lead mankind into an idolatrous, instead of a pure,. worshiping of the True God. The purity and. simplicity of divine worship, in process of time, becomes lost in crouds of innovations, introduced by ambitious men, who, by crafty schemes, enslave the minds of the people, and govern thofe, of every rank, in the most absolute and despotic inanner: and, thereby, alienate the just ideas of the true object of worship, and cause men to degenerate into an adoration of every kind of idolatrous representation.
What is thus delivered, by this author, carries with it a very clear evidence of what we have endeavoured to prove; and, indeed, by the way, points out to a certainty, what was before barely surmised, concerning some parts of the great American continent's being peopled by colonies from Tartary. The agreement of the manners and customs of people, though never so remote from each other; the religious practices of the inhabitants of any two places being exactly the fame; and the superstitious observations of certain things to be avoided, or put in execution, according to their notions of good or bad luck attending; but especially the essential, or chief point of their theology being the fame, will surely put it beyond all
doubt, that the people are from the fame origin; notwithstanding the distance of time and place, from their first separation. And is we reflect, that what formerly seemed to render it incredible that any American inhabitants mould come from Tartary, was the vast distance which geographers laid down between the Asiatic and America?! continents; and that the late discoveries that have been made by the Russians, have placed them within a very moderate distance of each other \ we shall not seruple to give it as our opinion, that the Peruvians, aswell as the Mexicans, are of that stock that migrated eastward from the house of Tbgarmah, and some of the sons of Shew, with whom they mixed, in the south-eastern* parts of Tartary, in process of time; and carried with them the essential points of the* theology', though perhaps clouded very much by superstition and idolatry.
There is another very material circumstance, whichproves them of this flocks I mention: it may be remembered, that I have faid before, that Togarmab was the son of Gomer, eldest son of saphet, and that he was the only one of Japheis issue that settled eastward in the northern> quarters, whence Ezekiel prophesied the house of Togarmab should come, upon the solemn occasion, spoken of by that prophet, Now, it was the constant custom of the descendants of Gomer and Magog, the lathers of the Scy^thians and Gomerians or Celts, to charge certain among them to retain the traditions of the deeds and genealogies of their ancestors, and hand them down in verse, from one to another, with the utmost care; and these were their bards, or poets, and orators, which all history confesses
theythey had> and which are among the remains of them to this day, in Ireland, part of Scotland, and in Wales, as I have mentioned it before, which I have already proved.
Now, Togarmah being one of Gomers sons, it must be granted, that he would follow the fame custom with those of his uncles and brothers, in this, as well as in every other respect; and if this be granted, then there is a further powerful proof, that the Mexicans came from them, and thofe they mingled with in their migrations, from the descendants of Shem: because, according to the fame author, yosephus Acojla, the Mexicans and Peruvians continued this custom, which, both the persons he mentions, .and himself, were witnesses to.
This author, in his sixth book, chap. 7, treating of the manner of writing used by the Mexicans, declares, that "they had some kind of letters and books among *' them, whereby they preserved, after their manner, the "deeds of their predecessors. And that, in the province "of Yu-latan, where the bimoprick is, which they call "de Honduras, there were books of the leaves of trees, <l folded and squared, after their manner; in the which "the wife Indians contained the distribution of their times, *" the knowledge of the planets, of beasts, and other na<t tural things, with their antiquities; a thing full of great "curiosity and diligence: it seemed to some pedant, that *' all this was an enchantment, and magic art; who did xi obstinately maintain, that they ought to be burnt, so as (t they were committed to the fire; which, since, not only "the Indians found to be ill done, but also the curious "Spaniards3 who desired to know the secrets of the coun
"try. "try. The like hath happened in other things; for our "men, thinking that all was but superstition, have lost "many memorials of ancient, and holy things, which "might have profited much; this proceedeth from a "foolish and ignorant zeal, &c."
In the fame chapter, he tells us something of the manner of their writing their histories and kalendars, which were curious, because they had their figures and hieroglyphicks, by which they represented things in this manner: viz. "Such as had form or figure, were repre"sented by their proper images; and such as had not M any, were represented by characters that signified them; "and, by this means, they figured and writ what they "would.
"but, for that their writings and characters were not ** sufficient, as our writings and letters be, they could not u so plainly express the words, but only the substance of <t their conceptions: and, forasmuch as they were ac"customed to rehearse discourses and dialogues by heart, "compounded by their orators, and ancient rhetoricians, "and many chap as ^ made by their poet J-, which were im"possible to learn by their hieroglyphicks and characters. "The Mexicans were very curious to have their children "learn these dialogues and compositions by heart; for the "which cause, they had. schools and, as it were, colleges' "or seminaries, where the ancients taught children these "orations, and many other things, which they preserved ** among them by tradition, from one to another, as perM fectly as if they had been written; especially the most "famous nations had a care to have their children taught, 2 "which il which had any inclination to be rhetoricians, and to "practise the office of orators, to learn these orations by "heart: so as when the Spaniards came into their coun<l try, and had taught them to read and write our letters, *l many of the Indians then wrote these orations, as some "grave men. do witness, that had read them. They did xt also write these discourses after their manner, by cha"raSters and images; and I have seen, for my better fa*< tisfaction, the Pater Noser, Ave Maria, and Simbol, or "general confession of our faith, written in this manner, by <l the Indians. And, in truth, whofoever shall see them, "will wonder thereat; for, to signify these words, / a ^jinner do confess myself, they painted an Indian upon "his knees, at a religious man's feet, as one that was xc confe/Iing himself. And for this, to God mojl mighty, "they painted three faces, with their crowns, like to the
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In his eighth chapter, he fays: "Before the Spaniards xl came to the Indies, they of Peru had no kind of writV ing, either letters, characters, cyphers, or figures, like
thofe of China, or Mexico\ yet preserved the memory <c of their antiquities, and maintained an order of all their <c affairs, of peace, war and policy; for that they were
careful observers of traditions, from one to another; xl and the young ones learned, and carefully kept, as an iC holy thing, what their superiors had told them, and "taught it, with the like care, to their posterity; thus "following the fame method, of handing down to poste"rity their memorable tranfactions, which, it is very well 14 known, the Gomerians, Magogians, and every other il tribe of Japheis issue, had ever practised." "Ob