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that Milejius came out of Spain, and was the father of Heber and Heremon, which is confirmed by several other records; and that Gadelus lived nineteen generations before them, in proof of which, the genealogy of the race of Gadelas is handed down to posterity in that ancient record, as well as confirmed by many others, from the bards and antiquaries of that kingdom; which I shall presently transcribe, when I have set down a quotation from Buchanan, as mentioned by "Jeremy Collier: "As to the origin "of the Scots, there are various sentiments. Buchanan'& "opinion is, that they came first from Spain into Ireland, "to flee from the oppression of their grandees, intestine "seditions and foreign invasions; and finding that coun"try fruitful and healthful, were quickly followed by 14 multitudes of their countrymen; so that Ireland being (t too little, they removed gradually into the western "islands of Scotland, and then into the country itself. "He will have them to be known then by the name of "Scots; and that while they were planting the western "islands, the PiSis, being Scythians, or Germans, were "driven upon that coast, and sought leave to inhabit "among them, which the Scots refused, as being streightu ened in room for themselves; but pitying them, because "of some affinity which they perceived in their language "and customs, they advised and assisted them to settle in << Britain; and gave them wives, because they had no "women among. them."
This sentiment is another proof of that historian's having wanted materials for rising into the origin of either Irijb or Scots; if he had, as I faid before, such authorities
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as the Irish annals could have afforded him, she would . have known that no colonies ever came out of Spain into Ireland, till Milefius, and his people, landed there; that both Ireland and Scotland were well inhabited many hundred years before this; and that both nations were called Scots from their original parents, the Scythians, Scot or Scuit signifying warriors, or bowmen, who shot or fought with arrows; and as to the Scots advising the Pi&s tosettle in Britain, it would be more natural, considering the nature and circumstances of things, to suppofe that the Scots would rather chuse to come into Britain themselves, than advise or assist strangers to enjoy a more fertile country, which they often, with great reason, coveted to dwell in afterwards. And, indeed, if we consider, that their bards went with them out of Ireland, we cannot imagine that they were not as desirous to have their histories and records preserved there, as well as in Ireland, being the very fame people, in every degree, and circumstance; and, beyond dispute, this was the cafe; but whilst the Irish took the methods I have already mentioned, to keep theirs secure from every attempt, their brethren, in Scotland, might have been less careful in the matter; and, therefore, amidst the many broils they had with the Pibls and Britons, from time to time, it is no wonder they should have lost their records, especially thofe of the earliest times; and, perhaps, this lofs was complcated by Edward the First, who, undoubtedly, from his rough disposition, and the hatred he had to that nation, against whom he pursued the most severe treatment, at different times, would not be wanting to distress them in this, as well as any other respect. There
The He is another very plausible reason, why they, as well as the Britons) while they inhabited the Eaftern and Southern parts of Britain, were likely to lofe all the ancient monuments of their tranfactions, which were handed •down by their bards and antiquaries; for, while the courts of the Scots and Britons were frequented by numbers of strangers from the continent, from time to time, which would be the occasion of the propagation of alterations and changes in their language; and the two kingdoms so very often invaded, both from the continent, and the Northern islands; the courts of the Irish kings knew no other language, but that which was handed down to them from their ancestors, and which was spoken by all ranks of people, till the reception of Henry II, and their submission to him, when the English tongue, which, by this time, consisted of a mixture of the various dialects of the several invaders, was first introduced by the settlers, under Henry} and by the reciprocal trade, ever after carried on between the two kingdoms, in consequence of his becoming their monarch.
However, though this mixed English language prevailed now all over England, yet the ancient Britons, in their recess into Wales, have preserved their Gomerian tongue still as pure, as it was when it was the univerfal language of the whole island; and, notwithstanding the ingress of great numbers of English into Ireland, upon that occasion, the Magogian, Scythian, or Irish language was universally spoken, both among the nobility and gentry of Ireland, as well as the common people, till Englishcommerce had lessened its universality; and that only in
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the maritime towns; for it continues, at this time, to be the national language all over the kingdom.
This fame Magogian was also the national speech of all Scotland, but it began to be gradually confined to the Highlands, in proportion as their intercourse with the Engli/b increased; insomuch, that it is a doubt with me whether any vestiges of it are to be found in the Lowlands of that kingdom, at this time: but it is certain, that all the Highlanders that have fettled in Ireland, from time to time, in later days, and they are many, as well as of other Scotch families, may be truely faid to have come back to their own brethren, from whence they originally went; conversing with them in the language common to both, and agreeing in their manners and customs very clofely; I mean the original Irish, or, in other words, such as are not the descendants of English or French families.
The ever-famous Dr. Wallis, in the preface to his Grammatica Lingteæ Anglicanæ, page 22, speaking of the production of the Engli/h language, from several changes of Anglo-Saxon, and its extension into Scotland, by the expulsion of great numbers of nobility, as well as common people, into that country, has these remarkable words: "Nam Scott Montani, [Highlanders dicti) ho3 "(qui vocantur Lowlanders, non minus quam Anglos, "Saffans, hoc est Saxones) appellant r fe vero Gael et 4i Gaiothel dixerunt olim. At Montani illi Scott, et insu"lani variarum adjaeentium insularum incolæ, qui mag"nam quidem, fed incultiorem Scotiæ partem occupant, u ad septentrionalem et occidentalem Scotiæ partem positi "antiquam linguam Britanicam, feu potius Hibernicam
"magna ex parte, etiamnum retinent: sunt enim Piclo"rum, hoc eit antiquiisimorum Britonum, jugum Roma"num, dedignantium, in montoffas hasce et asperrimas re"giones, pulsorum) reliquiæ, admidæ Scotis (a Scythis for"fan, aut Gothis, olim oriundis) ex Hibernia hue advec<< tis; nam et Hiberniæ incolæ olim dicebantur Scoti" i. e. "For the Highlanders call the Lowlanders Sajfons, "Saxons, as they do the Englijh; but they formerly "called themselves Gael, and Gaiothel. But these Scotch "Highlanders, and the inhabitants of the neighbouring "islands, who occupy a very large, but the more unculti"vated part of Scotland, to the north or west, speak the "ancient Briti/b, or rather Irish language chiefly: for they "are the remains of the Picls, that is, of the most ancient "Britons, who, scorning to submit to the Roman yoke, "were forced into these. mountainous regions, and mixed f< with the Scots, who came there from Ireland, perhaps << the offspring of Scythians or Goths; for the Iri/h inlm"bitants were formerly called Scoti" In this passage it is worth observing, that the Highlanders call both the Lowlanders and English by the fame name, Sajfons; the Weljh do the fame, by calling them Sais, and a WelJJjman Cymro; and in Ireland, the native Irijfj distinguish themselves from the English, and other foreigners fettled among them, by the name Goidhealagh, an Irishman or Gadelian, from the Gadelas, descended from Magog, as we have shewn it before; just as the Highland Scots do; and the Engl/Jh families, though fettled in Ireland for many generations past, are there called Sacfonac, as well as thofe who are born in England. Thus we fee, that.