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colony that afterwards invaded it, from Magog, the father of the Scythians, and have also brought the Milejians originally from Scythia into Spain, and thence, in process of lime, into Ireland. I offer this remark here, to shew the truth of the Northern records concerning the Getes; and that what I have all along insisted on, about the derivation of the inhabitants of Europe, from the two brothers, Gomer and Magog, as chiess, can admit of no doubt; and hence, that the first inhabitants of Ireland were Scythians, or Magogians, and the first of Britain were Gomerians.

A very ancient Iri/b poet fays: that Noah, the monarch of the world, divided it in the following manner: to Shem, he gave Asia ', to Ham, Africa, and to Japhet, Europe.

"Shem over Asia did the scepter bear, "I "Ham govern'd Africa, for heat severe, \ "And Japhet rul'd in Europe s cooler air." J

He also names the wives .of Noah and his sons j he calls the wife of Noah Cobha, of Shem Olla, of Ham O/via, and of Japhet Olibana; and further fays, that Shem was the father of twenty-seven sons, from whom came Arphaxed, Afur and Persuir, and from them descended the ration of the Hebrews; that Ham had thirty sons, and Japhet fifteen; that Japhet inhabited most of the Northern countries of As a, and all Europe\ that Magog, one of the sons of Japhet, was the great ancestor of the Scythians, and the several families that invaded the kingdom of Ireland after the flood, before the Mikfans' made a conquest of that istand > this is what, in the course of this treatise, I have made appear before, from Scripture, Herodotus, and other succeeding authorities. An

An ancient poem, to be sound in the Psalter of Cashes fays: that the first person who landed in Ireland after the delude, was a messenger, whose name was Adhna, the son of Beatha, sent by Nion, the son of Pelus, to discover the soil of the country, where he landed; and, at his return, gave an account of the fertility of the land. He made no stay upon the island, any longer than was necessary to make a true judgment of the condition of the soil, and other necessary circumstances, for the information of thofe that sent him; and this is faid to have happened one hundred and forty years after the flood. The words of the antiquary are:

"Adhna, Biothas son, we all agree,

"After the flood first tried the Iri/h sea;

"He prov'd the soil, and from the earth he tore

"A handful of rich grass, then left the shore.

It appears, notwithstanding this discovery, that Ireland was three hundred years uninhabited after the flood, till Partholanus arrived there with his people, which the poet mentions thus:

"The Western Iste three hundred years lay waste,
"Since the wide waves the stubborn world defac'd,
"Till Partholanus landed."

Ninus and the Psalter of Cashel declare, that this leader was attended by his wife, Dealgnait, and his three sons, Rughraide, Slainge and Laighline, with their three wives, and a thousand soldiers. Another poet declares, they came from Greece, and landed, upon the 14th of Mqys at a place called hibher Sceine, in the TV est of Minister:

Y 2 "The

"The fourteenth day of May the Greeks came o'er,
"And anchors cast, and landed on the shore,
"At Inbher See me."

Now I am strongly persuaded, that the colonies that came northward into Ireland, were long before the arrival of these with Partholanus; for if they came from Greece; they must have mixed with the sons of Gomer, because all Greece was first inhabited by his sons and their offspring, except the descendants of Togarmah, his youngest, who went to the North-eafi, as I have mentioned it before. And, indeed, there are some authors, among the ancient records, who afl'ert that Partholanus found inhabitants upon the island, who lived by fishing and fowling along the coasts; and made some resistance to his landing with his people, but were over-powered and destroyed. These were, without all doubt, of the Scythian race, and might be a colony from the Getes, who settled there very early.

Now Keating, from a very ancient record, draws out the genealogy of Partholanus, as descended from Magog, although he is faid to have come from Greece; which shews that some of the issue of Magog had gone down from the Northern quarters, and mixed among Gomer s sons in some parts of Greece. He fays, that Partholanus was the son of Seara, the son of Sru, the son of Easru, the son of Framant, the son of Frathochda, the son of Magog, son of Japhet, son of Noah\ which might very well be, because the first settlements of the race of Magog were not remote from the ifles of Eli/ba, or Greece.


Authors differ about the time of his reign, and the continuance of his people upon the island; but all agree, that a plague swept him, and the greatest part of his subjects, away; and that, thirty years after this desolation, one Nemedius, with a number of followers, landed and fettled in Ireland, from the fame parts. He was of the fame family, but there is a difference between the old historians concerning the degree of confanguinity; some making him a descendant of Scara, from his son Tait, still in the line from Magog, for all agree that all the original settlers in Ireland were descended from Magog j . and others affirming, that Nemedius was one of the grandsons of Partholanus, whofe father, Adhla, staid ia Greece; and therefore did not attend Partholanus in his expedition; be this as it will, Nemedius is univerfally faid to have succeeded Partholanus. He was the son of Adna?nhain, son of Paim, son of 'Tait, son of Scara.

He is faid. to have begun his voyage in the Euxine Sea, with a fleet of ships, attended by four of his sons, and a number of people, and came to place called Aigin,-. in the North, from whence he arrived in Ireland, and settled there, built houses, and set about cutting down woods and improving the land, and flourished extreamly. But in the midst of this increasing and prosperous state, they were invaded by a great colony from Africa, called Fomboraice, who forced themselves upon the Nemedians, and being supplied with other forces from time to time, at length grew too powerful, and brought the Nemedians into subjection, who conquered them in the three first battles; .but were themselves beaten in a fourth conflict,

and. an4 became tributary to these Africans, though they made another glorious push for their liberty, without success, afterwards. Nemedius broke his heart, and as soon as his three grandsons could find an opportunity, they gathered as many of their friends as they could, and quitted the island.

Simon Breac was the first of these three generals; and he failed to Greece, with his people, where he found no favourable reception; yet they increased into multitudes, and were becoming very powerful, when the Greeks, growing jealous least they should attempt any outrage against the government, endeavoured to oppress them and keep them down; by imposing upon them the most servile employments, which they were forced to submit to, for some considerable time; but, at length, not being able to brook such severe treatment, they came to a resolution to shake off this slavery, and quit the country. Accordingly, they kept their design a secret, till things were ripe for a revolt; when they suddenly seized a great number of the Grecian ships, and, with five thoufand that followed them, set fail and arrived in Ireland; and these were called the Firbolgs.

The second general was Jobbath, another grandson of Nemeditis, who failed away, with his people, to the Northern parts of Europe, and several historians and antiquaries derive the Tuatha de Danans from him. The third was Breotan Maol, another grandson of Nemedius, and he landed in the Northern parts of Scotland, and there settled, where they dwelt even till the Picls went from Ireland, and settled among them, in the time of Heremon, the son of king Miles us. The

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