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though never so fertile, yet the evil would be very great upon their great increase ^ because the heads of the tribes would be obliged to lead their several people almost: the . fame way for some considerable time; and every body knows that the more remote the divisions and subdivisions pf any families are become, the more the reciprocal affection which their fathers had for each other, while under one head, is alienated to their own defeendents; and consequently their several views and interests, now becoming separate and selfish, would inevitably prove the causes of dissensions and quarrels, and lead them to destroy one another; which' was by no means the design of GodAlmighty, who was pleased to direct Noah in every particular that was neceflary to repeople the world, and to preserve them too, in their several generations, till they grew fb numerous upon the earth, as to be able to lofe, from time to time, armies of men, according as pride, ambition and tyranny prompted their chiefs to distress and rob their neighbours^ and particularly till the great scene of our redemption should be brought about.

What an amazing œconomy is most manifestly opened in this whole tranfaction? Here is that great scene of wisdom, and love to mankind; of wisdom, in that fitness and propriety in the ordination of all that could be convenient and requisite for their fafety; of love, in mercifully continuing the race of mankind through that most miraculous catastrophe, the deluge.

Having thus settled Noah and his family in the plains hear Mount Ararat in Armenia, we are now to follow them in their settlements and migrations j taking a short


view of the parts into which Shem and Ham pasted, as we go along; and then pursuing °Japhet and his family as far as any intelligence can be had of them, till we find them in their last recesses; for it is in this line only we hope to find the residence of the Gomerian and Magogian languages, as yet in almost their original state.

The various opinions and dissensions of authors concerning the locality and other circumstances relating to the settlements, shall in no wife affect or influence me 'y for it is easy to discern, in wading through them, that many have invented their own opinions, and endeavoured to misplace the names, and even change them; which are so plainly set down in the records of Holy Writ; building their whole structure upon the most uncertain foundation: in the world, that of supposition. But how short soever the Mosaic account may be thought, it contains sufficient matter to begin upon, and then to strike out from it such conclusions, as will preserve* the chain of truth without writhing or distorting the subject with forced arguments. I shall therefore, in this brief account of the matter, adhere to the Scripture history for my support, and follow such others as have not relied upon false traditions and conjectures, which, to men of common understanding,. must appear idle and childish in the last degree, when they come to be examined impartially; and the incidents and connections belonging to them, thoroughly weighed and considered.

. In the eleventh chapter of Genesis, after the -account laid down in the former chapter, of Noah, his sons and grandsons, the second verse has. these words:. "And it

"came "came to pass, as they journeyed from the East, that "they found a plain in the land of Shinar, and they "dwelt there." It has been faid in a very noble history, a work of great labour and judgment, that, " after the "death of Noah, his sons, Shem, Ham and Japhet, "thought fit to remove, with their families, from the "plains near Ararat, where we suppofe they till then M continued, and, as the text has it, dwelt there." This may be true.of Noah and his three sons, Shem, Ham and yaphet, and of their younger children; but not of their eldest, mentioned by Moses, who will appear from good authority to have established kingdoms and governments, in Europe, Asia and Africa, long before Noah died: for he lived 350 years after the flood; and the building of Babel and confusion of tongues are faid, by some, to have happened in the year 1 o 1 of the flood, and consequently Nimrod, the grandson of Ham, with his tribes, which were very numerous, went oft' from thofe Armenian plains to Shinar, and there established his kingdom; for in Genesis, the tenth chapter, verse 3, it is faid, "And Cujjj u begat Nimrcd; he began to be a mighty one in the "earth: he was a mighty hunter before the Lord; "wherefore it is faid, even as Nimrod, the mighty hunter "before the Lord. And the beginning of his kingdom 1 '-was Babel, and Erech, and Aecad, and Caluch in the t( land of Shinar. And that out of that land he went "forth to AJJyria, and builded Nmeveh, and the city Re~ tc hoboth, and Calah, and Rhessen between Nineveh and 4t Calah: the fame is a great city." is a clear and strong historical account of thofe


who journeyed to the plains of Shinar, which were only the descendants of Cujh, the father of Nimrcd; though Ajhur is faid to have gone and builded the city of Nineveh, with the others mentioned in the text: which AJhur was one of the sons of Shem, who.perhaps was blended by marriage, or other connections, with his relations, the sons of Ham; unless it can be shewn that- there was one of that name in Hums descendants, as well as Skeins son. But I do not intend entering into the controversy, whether AJhur did really go away from his kinsman, Nimrod, to 1 build Nineveh and the other cities mentioned; or whether it: was Nimrod himself who built them^ It is nothing to my purpose who it was, though it was a subject which bishop Cumberland took some pains to unravel;; I own I could not but think it was something particular, . that Moses should bring in AJhur into his account of Ham s issue, because he was very strict in giving such reflations of Japhet and Shem in their own places; and in^ deed I am of opinion, that Noah, who was so much disgusted at his son Ham as to curse him, would not permit the children of his other sons, whom he blested,.to have any communication with his children.^ and therefore I am inclined to think, .with the learned bijloop, that the marginal translation in our Bibles is the right one; that in the text being,. "and AJhur went out from that land "and built Nineveh, &c" that in the margin: "and . he "[Nimrod] went out of that land mto AJyria^- {oxAJhur. generally in Scripture signifies the Assyrian, excepting only in the genealogies: for support ol which, our most learned author brings many authentic testimonies. .


From the above considerations, does it not naturally follow that Noah and thofe more immediately allied to him remained still in Armenia, whilst the elder grandchildren and their istiie were filing off on every side to take possession of new lands for their own establishments? which shall be shewn with respect to the issue of Shem and Japhet) as well as this of Ham; and even this was but the offspring of one of his sons, Cujh. Now this opinion is founded upon the following reason, which I cannot but think unanswerable: since we see from Scripture that Nimrod became a mighty man, or a monarch, having the chief rule over his followers; sure it would be a very unseemly suggestion, that either his great grandfather Noah, his grandfather Ham, or his father Cujh should go with him to Shinar to be his subjects, when Nimrod alone is clearly faid to be the mighty man in the earth. No, rather let us take up a more natural conclusion: that when the elder grandsons of Noah had produced a great progeny, and migrated off to all the parts round about the plains of Armenia every way, the younger children of these patriarchs were kept still at home under the care of their fathers, till they were capable, with their offspring also, of having new quarters allotted them j for we know these patriarchs lived many years after begetting their first, and continued to beget ions and daughters. Nor is it in any wife probable, that after one hundred years, wherein an innumerable offspring must have been produced, there was any necessity, in the nature of the thing, for every individual of the feed of Noah to be present at the confusion of tongues; or that


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