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were present with the Milesans, when they went into Ireland from Spain; and who dwelt with them in Spain, and were the successors of these bards, who always accompanied thofe heroes in all their fortunes and vicissitudes, from the beginning; for, as I mall by and by shew, the bards and antiquaries were constantly established, and the sons succeeded their fathers, in thofe offices, throughout the whole race of the sons of Japhet; and their business was to take exact accounts of all tranfactions, as well as genealogies: nor can any nation boast of posse/sing such records, this day, but the kingdom of Ireland. These alone were what Sir Isaac wanted before him, to corapleat and ascertain what his wife suggestions led him to the brink of, in the course of that part of his chronology.

Let us, however, present our readers with the comparative view of what he and others have delivered, and the naratives of the Magogian or Iri/b silids; which will have an amazing effect in clearing up the affairs of these heroes; and will lay open the proper names of them in the Magogian language, which the Greeks have altered, as their custom was, by additional terminations of their own; with the fame arbitrary liberty, which the French take at this time, in sinking the terminations of Greek and Latin names in general.

Where accounts of authors are doubtful, or through ignorance perhaps, treated as fabulous, the only resource" that can be had, is to be sought for in parallel anecdotes; and if these are found coinciding clofelv with matters so discountenanced, it is sufficient to give them new credit, and to quote them upon everv proper occasion.

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To be well acquainted with what has been handed down by thofe filids, or bards, in the Psalter of Cajhel, and the Leauber Gabala, as well as others, now extant, would be the best qualification to read what Sir Isaac has given in his book, mentioned before, as well as other modern authors; the facts are very striking, and the similarity of circumstances amazing; and his connections, however mistaken and difagreed to by other chronologists, are made manifest, by these filids, in a more clear light; which were clouded by the Greeks, and, in their veiled condition only, taken up by him, as well as other ingenious men.

To proceed then to the comparative consideration oT these authors, and the bards of Ireland j Newton has it, that << a colony of Iberians, from the borders of the Euxine "and Caspian Seas, settled anciently in Spain, and gave "the river Iber its name, and were in posteflion of that *' kingdom and he is supported in this by Virgil, Ruœvus and others. The filids write, "that the Iberian "Scots, or Scuits, (the Scythians) a people bordering on "the Euxine Sea, were driven away, by wars, from their "country, and after many great adventures and viciffi"tudes, settled at last in Spain"

Buchan. Ware, Ward and others fay, "A colony of 41 Spaniards, or Scythians, by the name of Scots, settled "in Ireland in the fourth age of the world." Nennius and Henry of Huntingdon fay the fame thing, the former of which computes the fourth age of the world to be from David to Daniel, or the Persan empire. The bards fay, *' that Kinea Scuit (the Scots J and the posterity of Eber 4 "Scuit "Scuit (the Iberian Scots) were a colony of Spaniards, "who settled in Ireland about a thoufand years before "Christ." Strabo, and the Univerfal History, think, "that the Phœnicians, who were the first propagators of "learning in Europe, carried on an early intercourse and "commerce with the Iberian Spaniards." The bards fay, "that the ancient Iberian Scots learned the use of "letters, on the continent, from a celebrated Pheniusy. "from whom they took the name of Phœnicians.''' Newton, in several places, fays: "Nil, Belus, Sihor, OJit< hor, Toth, Ogmius, Sec. were famous Egyptian warriors, "who acquired great fame by their glorious actions and "enterprizes." The bards fay, " that Niul, Bileus, Sru, "Asru, Tait and Ogaman, were mighty, and famous in <e Egypt and several other countries." These are the proper Magogian names, which the Greeks changed as above. Newton fays: " the Egyptian conqueror of Spain "got the emphatical name of the Hero, or Hercules" The jilids fay, "a great hero, famous in Egypt, got the "name of Golamh, and Milea Efpain, that is, the con~"queror, or hero, of Spain." Newton every where fays: "Nil, Sihor, OJihor, &c. succeeded the Phœnicians in "cultivating and instructing several nations." These Jilidsy or bards, sing, xt that Niul, Sru, Afru and others "succeeded Phenius in teaching the use of arts and letters." And this will be made more clear by and by, in tracing these great men, in the very places, where they did really give thofe instructions, as delivered by the IriJJj, or Magogian records; which I do not pursue here, to avoid the interruption of this comparison of history. Newton,.

pagepage 98, fays: "in the days of Hercules, or the Egyp"tian conqueror of Spain, a great drought is reported to "have burnt up a great part of the ground." The fllids sing, that " the conquest of Spain, together with a great "drought, which happened at the fame time, forced the "Iberian Scots to fly into Ireland" This arid state of the air, which affected the greatest part of Europe and Asia, at that time, gave occasion to the fable of Phaetons having burnt up the earth, by his arrogantat tempt to conduct the chariot of the fun. Newton has it, " that the << Hercules or Hero of Spain, is reported to be the son of "Belus" The bards fay, "Milea Espaine, or Hero of "Spain, was the son of Bileusand it appears so upon the genealogical table of Mikjius, of which more hereafter.

If we were to take the trouble of going on further in these comparative inquiries, we should be able to fill a considerable volume, with such agreements, in ancient history, with the bards and antiquaries of Ireland. They are an absolute key, in many pieces of ancient times, to unlock and lay open the dark recefles of antiquity; and it is a most remarkable thing, that they have agreed punctually with the Mosaic accounts, whenever there was occasion to mention what he treated of; though, as I have shewn in another place, they were begun so long before Moses was born; and carried on, through all the migrations of the Gomerians and Magogians, to their settling in these kingdoms; and continued to the time of their first acquiescing to an English king, with, the greatest regularity.


Can any historical facts be better authenticated, than by this reciprocal agreement between thofe bards and our great JVewton, &c.? Several critical authors have been too apt to treat thofe records with contempt, either from their ignorance of the language in which they were written, or from the histories being dressed in the sublimity of poetry, with many decorations; the facts recorded, however, will ever stand the test, upon the strictest enquiry, let the allusions, and other embellishments blended with them, be never so many, which perhaps were some of the causes of their being accounted intirely fabulous, by some indiscreet writers.

"This coincidence of times and parentage (fays the auu thor of DiJfertatio7is on the Ancient History of Ireland, "from whom I have taken this view) within the fame pe"riod of .time, - is extreamly remarkable: from this hero, "whom the Egyptians called Hercules; the old Britons, "HeBor, and the Scuits, or Scots, Milea, the ancient "Iri/h took the honorary title of Clan Milea, (the sons of "Milea (Miletius) in allusion to which,. Nennius calls "them appositely enoughs Clan HeSlor; novistime venit "Clan Heclor (a partibus Hifpaniæ ad Hiberniam) et ibi "habitavit cum omni gente fua usque hodie. Heclor, "in the Scotic, signifies literally, a hero j and that it sig"nified the fame in the Phrygian we cannot doubt, as "that was originally a dialect of the Pelafgian."

Thus we fee that all thofe exploits, faid, by Sir Isaac, to have been performed by Nil, Sihor, Osihor, Ogmius, "Toth, Belus, Dionyjius and Orus, the bards have ascribed to Niul} Sru, AfrU,Ogaman,Taiti Bile, Don, Sec. These


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