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REMARKABLE EVENTS OF THE YEAR 1801.

January.

1. This day being the commencement of the union with Ireland, a proclamation was issued by his Majesty, declaring his pleasure concerning the royal stile and titles appertaining to the imperial crown of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, and its dependencies, and also the ensigns armorial, flags, and banners thereof.

taining an account of the capture of two French frigates, viz.-La Concorde, of 44 guns, and 440 men, and La Medée, of 36 guns, and 315 men.

22.

The imperial parliament met for the first time. It was opened by a commission from his Majesty. The commons having attended at the bar of the house of lords, by order of the lords commissioners, they were directed to proceed forthwith to the election of a speaker. The commons having returned to their own house, proceeded to such election, and the right hon. Henry Addington was unanimously elected to that high and important office. The clerks of the house of peers administered the oaths to the peers present, and the lord steward of the household attended in the house of commons, to administer the oaths to the members of that house.

2. A sixth report from the committee of the
house of commons appointed to consider of
the high price of provisions was published.
3. A proclamation was issued for a general fast.
6. An account was received, by the way of Paris,
of an armistice having been signed at Steyer, on
the 25th of the preceding month, between ge-
neral Moreau, commanding the French army,
and the archouke Charles, commanding that
of Austria, and by which the latter agreed to
deliver into the hands of the French certain
fortresses. giving them the complete command

of the country.

9. The details were received from Paris, of the operations of the French army which led to the dilemma in which the Austrians were obliged to sue to the French general for an armistice. By these details it appears that the French were as ready to grant, as the Austrians to request, a cessation of hostilities, as their centre was much endangered by having pushed too far beyond their wings. How li mited is the perception of man, and upon what trivial circumstances does sometimes the fate of empires depend! Had the Austrians attacked the French centré, how different might have been the circumstances of Europe. 14. An order of council was this day issued, for the detention of all Russian, Danish, and Swedish vessels in British ports. This measure was rendered necessary by a coalition entered into by those powers to resist, by force, the right of search by the ships of Great Britain, a right established to us by ancient usage, and upon which must ever depend the naval superiority, the commercial interests, and the political importance of the British nation! 15. An account received from Paris, of the French army in Italy, under general Brune, having crossed the Adige, on the 1st instant, and of the evacuation of Verona, and the block-2. ade of Mantua.

17. The Gazette contained a letter from capt. Rowley Bulteel, dated from Rio Janeiro, conVOL. I.

23. The new speaker of the house of commons was presented at the bar of the house of lords, and the election received his Majesty's entire and perfect approbation, through the medium of the lord chancellor.

25. An instance of the extravagance of the em.

peror Paul, if not a decisive proof of his actual derangement of intellect, was this day received in an article contained in the Petersburgh court gazette, in which that sovereign proposed that all the belligerent potentates of Europe should meet at an appointed place, attended by their prime ministers, and terminate their differences by single combat. Nothing could be better calculated to dissipate the momentary alarm which the prospect of a war with the northern powers had excited in 28. In the court of King's Bench, Mr. Wadthis country. dington received sentence as a forestaller. The judgment was, that he should, in addition to the imprisonment he had before undergone, be imprisoned in the King's Bench prison for one month, that he should pay a fine of 500 1. and be imprisoned until the fine was 31. An account received through France of an paid. armistice having been concluded in Italy, on the 16th, at Treviso.

February..

This day his Majesty went in the usual state to the house of peers, and addressed, for the first time, the imperial parliament, in a most gracious speech from the throne.

Motions for addresses to his Majesty were moved in both houses of parliament, and amendments in both proposed, but the riginal motions were carried, in the house of peers, by a majority of 36, on a division, and in the house of commons, of 182.

6. An account received of the sailing of the French squadron, under the command of admiral Gantheaume.

7. This day Mr. Pitt, Mr. Dundas, lord Gren-
ville, and lord Spencer, sent in their resigna-
tions to the king.-The public mind was
never more agitated than by this event. Un-
der national circumstances the most critical, it
was, with every thinking man, a ground of
most serious regret and apprehension, that
the country should be deprived of the direct-
ing genius of these ministers. The gloom that
overspread the nation seemed to arise from a
presentiment of what was to happen The
appointment of Mr. Addington as chancellor
of the exchequer astonished every one. It
was some days before people could credit the
report. Unhappily for the nation, it finally
proved to be well founded, and it afterwards
appeared, that the very first act of Mr. Ad-3.
dington's administration was to obtain for
himself a house belonging to his Majesty in
Richmond Park.

2.

9. Mr. itt sent notice to the bank that he should continue to transact public business as chancellor of the exchequer, until after the important business of the budget should be completed.

northern powers, and vindicate the rights of our country, a fleet was ordered to be assembled at Yarmouth, to act in the Baltic as soon as that sea would permit an entrance into it. To the command of this fleet Sir Hyde Parker was appointed, and lord Nelson was named as second in command. This day sir Hyde Parker hoisted his flag at Portsmouth, on board the London, of 98 guns, and lord Nelson, in the St. George, of 98 guns, arrived from the westward.

Admiral Cornwallis appointed to the chief command of the channel fleet, in the room of earl St. Vincent, made first lord of the admiraity.'

27. A member had given notice of a motion, relative to the King's health, which he proposed to bring forward this night. Mr. Sheridan moved, that the house should adjourn.

March.

commons.

The gazette contained an account of the taking of the Dedaigneuse of 36 guns and 300

men.

11. Sir John Mitford chosen speaker of the house of commons, in the room of Mr. Addington.

14. The arrangement of a part of the new ad, ministration was made public.

16. A loan contracted for to the amount of 28,000,0001.

18. An armistice concluded between the French general Murat, and the king of Naples, at Toligno

Mr. Pitt opened the budget in the house of

commons.

21. Lord St. Vincent, lord Hawkesbury, lord Hobart, and some others of the new ministers, kissed his Majesty's hand on their respective appointments.

22. War declared by Spain against Portugal.

His Majesty had for some days been afflicted with a bad cold. This day, to satisfy the public anxiety respecting the health of their sovereign, his Majesty's physicians wrote out a bulletin, which was left in an anti-room of the Queen's-house.

To repel the unprovoked aggression of the

The gazette contained an account of the cap. ture, among other vessels, of l'Unie French frigate of 30 guns, and 250 men, by the Arrogant, captain Osborn,

6.

A treaty of peace concluded at Luneville, between the emperor of Germany and the chief consul of France. 10. This day the right hon. Henry Addington resigned his office as speaker of the house of

War declared by Portugal against Spain. Accounts were received of a rebellion having broken out in Sierra Leone, which was suppressed by the great exertions of lieut. Sheriff, of the navy.

Intelligence was received of the loss of the Kent East-Indiaman, which was taken by the Confiance French frigate in the East Indies, after a most gallant resistance, in which capt. Rivington of the Kent was unfortunately killed.

5.

The fleet destined to act in the Baltic, assembled in Yarmouth Roads.

8. A landing was effected by the troops under the command of lieut-general sir Ralph Abercromby, in the Bay of Aboukir, on the coast of Egypt. The landing was warmly opposed by the French; but our troops surmounting every obstacle, defeated the enemy, taking eight pieces of cannon, and firmly established themselves.

9. This day the remainder of the army were landed.

11. The last bulletin respecting his Majesty's health was this day published, announcing Iris complete recovery, to the sincere joy of an anxious and loyal people.

12. The fleet under the command of sir Hyde Parker and lord Nelson, sailed from Yar. mouth Roads, consisting of fifteen ships of the line, with a number of bomos, frigates, sloops, gun-brigs, &c.

The British army marched forward to within twenty leagues of Alexandria, and within one league of the enemy, advantageously posted on the commanding ground. 13. The British army advanced to attack the enemy, who, not waiting for the attack, advanced at the same time. A very warm action ensued, in which British valour and discipline were eminently displayed, and completely vic. torious. The enemy were forced back under

the walls of Alexandria, the British occupying
the ground which the enemy had quitted in
the morning.

14. Mr. Pitt resigned into his Majesty's hands,
at the Queen's house, the seals of office, as
chancellor of the exchequer and first lord of
the treasury, and they were immediately de-
livered by his Majesty to Mr. Addington, who
kissed hands upon the occasion.

An account received of admiral Gan-
theaume's squadron having put into Toulon,
to repair the damages which it had sustained
in several gales of wind.

16. His Majesty's ship Invincible, of 74 guns,
the flag-ship of rear-admiral Totty, unfor-
tunately lost near Yarmouth Roads, and the
greatest part of the officers and crew drowned.
Admiral Totty, and 125 of the crew only
saved. The Invincible had sailed from Yar
mouth Roads in the morning to join the Baltic
fleet, and struck between two and three in the
afternoon.

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23. The emperor Paul of Russia died suddenly.
24. Alexander, the eldest son of Paul 1. pro-
claimed emperor of Russia. This prince im-
mediately ordered all the English prisoners to
be released, and addressed letters to our court,
containing the most friendly assurances.

The island of St. Martin surrendered to the
British force.

25. A motion made in the house of commons to
inquire into the state of the nation, which was
negatived by a majority of 186-there being
105 for, and 291 against, the motion.

27. A dispatch received from Paris, by the
French agent here, which was favourable to
the commencement of the negotiations for
peace.

28. Sir Ralph Abercromby unfortunately died
of his wounds received on the 21st. In him
his country lost one of its most valuable cha-
racters-equally distinguished by his talents
as a general, and his virtues as a man.-He
left to his family imperishable honour, to his
companions in arms the example of his con-
duct, and his country motives for gratitude
and admiration.

The island of St. Thomas surrendered to
the British force.

30. The British fleet, commanded by sir Hyde
Parker and lord Nelson, passed the sound
with very little molestation from the Danes,
and no damage on our part.
31. The island of St. Croix surrendered.

The Swedish island of St. Bartholomew, in
the West-Indies, surrendered to the British
forces under the command of lieut. general
Trigge and rear admiral Duckworth.
21. Peace between the emperor of Germany and
the French republic proclaimed at Paris.

A general attack made by the French forces
in Egypt under the command of general Me-
nou, upon the British line. A most desperate
battle ensued, in which the French were
twice repulsed with determined bravery on
the part of the British, and which ended in
the complete defeat of the French. In this
battle, the British commander in chief, sir
Ralph Abercromby, received a wound in the
thigh. He remained on horseback, however,
on the field of battle, and in the hottest of the
fight, till the fortune of the day was decided
in our favour. When taken from his horse,
he fainted for loss of blood. He was con-
veyed on board the Foudroyant, the flag ship
of admiral lord Keith.-In this battle the
French lost a great many men, 2 pieces of
Cannon, and, what they valued, probably, stil!
more, the standard, called the invincible
standard, which was carried by the legion of
Buonaparte in all his famous battles in Italy,
and which has inscribed on it the names of the
several places were those battles were gained.
This precious symbol of victory was wrench-
ed from the French by a soldier of the Queen's
German regiment, named Antoine Lutz, who
Was bora ar Rosheim in Alsace, and who, pre-
Thus to his entering our service, served
in the army of the prince of Condé, 'till that
galast
corps was disbanded, in 1797.

7.

April.

1. The Irish budget was opened in the house of
commons by Mr. Corry, the chancellor of the
exchequer for Ireland.

2. Lord Nelson, with twelve two-deck ships,
four frigates, four sloops of war, two fire-
ships, and seven bomb-vessels, made an attack
on the formidable line of defence constructed
by the Danes for the protection of Copen-
hagen, and their naval arsenal there. This
attack was made with all that judgment, skill,
and daring enterprize, which had marked lord
Nelson's conduct in the ever-glorious and me
morable battle of the Nile. It ended in the
most complete success, and with circumstances
of peculiar glory to the character of the Bri-
tish nation for humanity, from the admirable
presence of mind of lord Nelson.

4.

Lord Nelson went on shore at Copenhagen,
and had an interview with the crown prince.
Napper Tandy, the famous Irish traitor, re-
ceived sentence of death for high tre son.
An armistice was agreed upon between the
British commanders in the Baltic and the court
of enmark for fourteen weeks

9.

10. The Hamburgh mail brought an account of
that city having been taken possession of by
the Danish troops under the command of the
prince of Hesse.

14 The account of the death of the emperor
Paul received in this country.

15. Captain Orway arrived in town with the
official accounts of the glorious victory at Co-
penhagen.

16. The thanks of both houses of parliament | were voted to the commanders, officers, aud men of the Baltic fleet for their glorious services and brilliant victories in the action of the second instant.

17. Intelligence was received of a very gallant action performed by captain Connor of the brig Beaver. His ship having been captured by a French privateer, captain Connor and a little boy were left on board, and five Frenchmen to navigate her to France. Captain Connor attacked the whole of the French crew, threw one overboard, subdued the remainder, and brought his ship to England. 19. The town and castle of Rosetta surrendered to a British detachment under the command of colonel Spencer.

21. The island of St. Eustatius taken possession of by a British detachment.

25. Accounts were received of the capture of the French frigate L'Africane, of 44 guns, and 300 chosen troops on board, exclusive of her crew, by the Phoebe of 36 guns, commanded by captain Barlow. The French had 200 killed, and 184 wounded. There was .but one man killed on board the Phoebe. 29. Advices received by government, that the rivers in the north of Europe, which had been shut against British commerce by the northern coalesced powers, were again opened by order of the courts of Berlin and Copenhagen.

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May.

6. Accounts received from several parts of France of great preparations going forward for the invasion of this country. Measures promptly adopted by our government to repel this threatened attempt. 7. Lord St. Helen's set off as minister plenipotentiary for St. Petersburgh, to settle, deninitively, the disputes with the northern powers, and establish, by treaty, the right of search, which the northern coalition was originated to resist.

10. The garrison of Rhamanie surrendered to a British force under the command of Gen. Hutchinson.

14. Mr. Baldwin arrived from Egypt with the official dispatches of the battle of the 21st of March, and brought with him the standard of a French corps taken in that battle, entitled "The Invincible Legion of Buonaparté."-This standard was taken by a soldier, named Antoine Lutz, (a French reyalist born in Alsace) of the Queen's German regiment. This honour has been claimed by the 4 d. or Royal Highland regiment, but it in no wise belongs to them.-The Queen's German regiment bore the brunt of the bartle, and, indeed, saved the 42d regiment from total destruction.

18. The thanks of both houses of parliament voted to the army in Egypt, for their gallant and successful services in that country. 2 His excellency Marquis Cornwallis left Dub

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Another gallant attack made upon the French force, in consequence of which the enemy's flotilla was obliged to return into the harbour of Havre, and in which the Wolverene again distinguished herself. 17. A convention signed at Petersburgh between Lord St. Helen's and Count l'anin.

All differences between this country and Russia were amicably and satisfactorily adjusted. 18. An account received from Lord Elgin at Constantinople of the arrival of a British force at Suez, which had come from India up the Red Sea.

24. The Swiftsure, of 74 guns, (but her lowerdeck guns had been left at Egypt,) captured by Admiral Gantheaume's squadron, between Egypt and Candia, on her passage down the Mediterranean.

27. Grand Cairo surrendered by capitulation to the combined British and Turkish army, under the command of Sir J. H. Hutchinson. The garrison consisted of upwards of 6000

men.

29. Their Majesties and the Princesses set off from Kew Palace for Weymouth.

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