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guilty of it. The miser shuts his heart against that feeling, which in general opens every heart, namely compassion. The miser loves no one but himself; he even often torments himself to increase the treasures, on the possession of which he douts with the greatest fondness. Such a disposition is hateful both to God and man. What is more natural than sympathy and where is there a more pleasant road to promote our own happiness, than in promoting that of others? Of this feeling, however, the miser is wholly ignorant. He is selfish, hard-hearted, and mistrustful. These qualities repel every man from bim."

"The brushes and powders are generally applied to the outside only of the teeth; and to shew the injury of these applications, we shall make some observations on their composition and nature. The sulphuric acid, or oil of vitriol, from its peculiar and well known property, of giving a beautiful white appearance to the teeth, forms a principal ingredient in all those ruinous compositions sold under the title of tooth-powders, tinctures, or pastes. In tinctures and lotions, it is combined with some spiritous or watery infusion, of an aromatic nature, variously coloured and scented, according to the taste of the composer. In the paste it is united with some gritty powder, to which a light vegetable matter is added, when the whole is made of a proper consistence with honey or other glutinous substance. The powders, also, not admitting The former part of this work is particu-substituted, such as cream of tartar, alum, &c. the acid in its natural form, have corrosive salts larly useful to dentists, and highly deserving of their study; we shall merely give the following extracts from that part which treats of the individual care requisite to be observed by every one of their teeth.


"The first and most important object, is
cleanliness of the mouth, which is the only pre-
ventive of disease. Of the various causes of
diseases of the teeth and alveolar processes, we
have found that the greater part as enumerated
by writers, are merely theoretical, and are built
on no solid facts. The only true cause of all the
diseases to which they are liable, is the contact
of the accumulation, and the action of that mat-
ter upon them, which form the relics of our
food and beverage, and which operate by un-
dergoing the putrefactive process, as a deleteri.
ous poison, or corroding agent to their structure.
"Where the teeth are kept clean and free
from such matter, no disease will ever arise.
Their structure will equally stand against the
summer's heat and winter's cold; against the
changes of climate, the variations of diet, and
even the diseases to which the other parts of the
system may be constitutionally subject.
"This being the case, the means of preven-injure the health and beauty of the gums; its
tion are clear and simple; namely, to avoid the
effect also, as a purifier of the breath, is very
accumulation of matter which injures their sub-transient. Dentifrices similar to charcoal are
stance; and it is in the mode of cleaning them,
that the whole secret of avoiding diseases con-

united with powder, which often consists of
brick-dust, blended with some other ingredient,
to colour and conceal it. But, besides these
compositions, which are expressly sold for the
purpose, many are in the habit of using sub-
stances at their own option for cleaning the teeth,
without having recourse to these advertised spe-
cifics. Of this kind soot is one; to which I see
no other objection than that it is a dirty, dis-
agreeable, and indelicate substance.
Its use
has, perhaps, arisen from the observation, that
chimney sweepers have white teeth. This is
generally more in appearance than in reality:
when examined, it is found to be occasioned by
the contrast of the face with the natural colour
of the teeth. Another substance in much greater
use of late years, for the purpose of cleaning
teeth, is charcoal pulverized; but highly as it is
celebrated for its autisceptic qualities, it is very
improper as a dentifrice; for, however fine may
be the powder to which it is reduced, every che-
mist knows that the substance continues perfectly
insoluble. The finer indeed it is pulverized, the
easier is the admission it finds between the teeth
and gums, where its insinuation, like every other
extraneous matter, is a perpetual source of irri-
tation and disease; and its constant friction may

A Practical Guide to the Management of the
Teeth. By L. S. Parmly.
THE finest index to a beautiful person is
a good set of teeth; the greatest and most
important auxiliary to beauty, indicating
purity of breath, while good teeth aid
powerfully the form of a lovely face. The
care of them is of the highest moment,
both as comforts and agremens.

as they are at present used, however ingeniously
contrived or often employed, are insufficient for
the purposes of effectual cleansing, is obvious
from this circumstance, that the teeth and gums
are still left in a diseased state. Tooth-powders,
being generally composed of insoluble substan-
ces and acid ingredients, are evidently hurtful,
both by their mechanical and chemical agency.

The means commonly resorted to are the f the brush, joined with the friction of toothpowder; but, that both brushes and dentifrices


formed by the burning of bread, leather, betel nut, peruvian bark, &c.; in their effects, however, they all differ little from common charcoal: gunpowder and iron rust is another composition in use, but it owes its quality entirely to the | charcoal, as the nitre it contains is in too small

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a quantity to be of any use. Prepared alum is another substance used for the same purpose; but, being a combination of sulphuric acid and

clay, when it comes in contact with the teeth, it

WONDERFUL DISCOVERY. M. DEMOURS, the highly and justly celebrated French occulist, has made a most admirable and truly miraculous discovery: he has found a method, through an operation by no means painful, to create an artiactsficial pupil in the eye of a blind person, and which will restore the sight when the optic nerve is not paralyzed or destroyed.

A person under his care had the pupils of his eyes quite sunk in; and who, after undergoing this operation read perfectly well.

undergoes a decomposition, and they are consequently exposed to the action of the acid. The same injury arises from the use of cream of tartar, which, though it whitens the teeth, powerfully on the enamel."


"It is a common practice with most people after meals to make use of a tooth-pick, to remove whatever may be lodged between the teeth. This practice, however, highly to be reprobated: the constant use of a tooth-pick cannot fail to make improper openings between the teeth; and when once that part of the gum which forms the arch is removed from their in

terstices, a small hollow is made for the reception of accumulating matter, which, if neglected to be removed, will, from its immediate action on the bone, rapidly excavate a tooth, and produce early pain, that would never have existed bat for the use of so improper an instrument."


"In the East Indies, particularly in Hindostan, the care of the teeth among the Bramins is made a part of their religious rites. As soon as they rise in the morning their teeth are rubbed for an hour with a twig of the fig-tree. During this operation their prayers are fervently addressed to the sun, invoking the blessing of heaven on themselves and families. This practice, it is presumed, is coeval with their religion and government; and certainly nothing can shew their high regard for cleanliness, and particularly for the purity and beauty of the mouth, than by making it both a law and religious duty."



A musical instrument, called the Ædephone, has been announced, possessing advantages which no other instrument has yet attained. It is played by finger keys, and every tone is capable of indefinite continuity. The swell is said to be very superior, and the instrument is so constructed as never to be out of tune.


LYON, a strolling player in the last century, once wagered a crown bowl of punch with another actor, that he would repeat the contents of a daily Advertiser from beginning to end. The player only regarded this as an empty boast, but as Lyon was positive he laid the wager with him. Next morning at rehearsal, he put Lyon in mind of it, rallying him, at the same time, on his bragging about his memory, and really imagined that he had been drunk at the time he made the bet. Lyon took the paper from his pocket, requested him to look at it, and judge himself whether he had not won the wager. And in spite of the variety of advertisements, and the general chaos which makes up a newspaper, he repeated it without fault, or even hesi. tation, from beginning to end.

"In every family it should be a rule to have the teeth of children frequently inspected by a dentist; but there is an unfortunate prejudice entertained by parents, that his operations tend to injure the teeth. On this account the proper time is often neglected, which occasions deformity and disfiguration of the countenance for life. In many public seminaries this practice has been laudably followed. It will always prevent much future pain and regret; and children, when they attain the age of reason and reflection, will be more grateful for this attention than for those accomplishments or indulgences which have no connexion with health and comfort. The first traces of disease in the teeth are always unknown to the patient. Caries, in particular, is so insi


THE Kaleidoscope is a polygonal instrument in catoptrics, possessing the powers of the polemoscope and polyscope, and may

dious in its attack, that its existence often re-justly be called a polygonelscope. The

quires the most minute inspection of the dentist's eye to detect."

best way of viewing shadows with this instrument is with a magnifier, the focus of

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At Chicksands Priory, Bedfordshire, in the 77th year of his age, Sir George Osborn, Bart. a General in the army, and Colonel of the 40th regiment of foot.


At Vienna, in his eighty-fourth year, the Baron de Thugut. He commenced his diplomatic career under the celebrated Prince Kaunitz. In 1789 he was appointed minister from Austria to Warsaw; in 1794 he was made chancellor of the court and state; and under this title he was the director of the cabinet of Vienna, although he was not proclaimed prime minister till 1796. After the peace of Luneville he retired from public service, and resided at Presbourg, in Hungary. The study of the Oriental languages occupied all his leisure hours; and he caused to be brought to him the Oriental MS. belonging to the Imperial library, receiving visits continually from those learned men who were employed in the same researches. This statesman, who might be cited as the most able, perhaps, after

Mr. Pitt, was in many respects a stranger to the court and to the world. In 1806, he seemed regaining some degree of credit at Vienna, but he was sent away by order of the French government. He lived long enough to see Europe return to that political system which he had marked out. M. de Thugot was not a man of high birth, having risen solely by his individual

merit. He has left a considerable fortune: he married late in life, and has left no children. A few hours before his death he fell out of his bed, into which he would not suffer himself to be replaced; he died on a simple mattrass which was placed under him on the floor.

Lately, in the town of Gannat, the place of his birth, General Sauret, aged seventy-three; from a private soldier he attained to the rank of Lieutenant-General, At the time of the French revolution he was a Lieutenant of Grenadiers in the regiment of Campagne, and Knight of the order of Saint Louis. He had served under the orders of the Marechale de Perignon, in the army of the Pyrennees, in the first war against Spain, where he distinguished himself, not less by his military talents than by his humanity, which he manifested in saving the lives of a number of prisoners whom a cruel and atrocious law had sentenced to death. He was sixty years in the service. When he was informed of the death of the Prince de Conde, he seemed struck with death himself; and recalled the period with much emotion when he had the honour of serving under him. He lived but a short time after receiving the intelligence of the Prince's death.

At Paris, aged three months, the infant daughter and only child of Lord William Russell, son to the Duke of Bedford.

Mr. Richard Beatniffe, bookseller, Norwich. He was a large purchaser of second-hand libraries, and his catalogue was well stored with good books. He was peculiarly blunt in his manners to his customers, and many anecdotes of his singularity in this respect are related. A Scotch nobleman once called to purchase a Bible: the bookseller took one down, and named the price." O, mon!" quoth his Lordship, "I could buy it for much less in Edinburgh.""Then, my Lord," replied Mr. Beatniffe, replacing the volume on the shelf, and abruptly quitting his Lordship, “ go to Edinburgh for it."-But, notwithstanding these eccentricities, he is well spoken of by those who best knew him. He was the author of the entertaining little work called The Norfolk Tour, which he lived long enough to see go through six editions.

At Spring-grove, Richmond, Surrey, in the 73d year of his age, Sir C. Price, Bart. Alderman of the Ward of Farringdon Without, and for many years one of the Representatives in Parliament for the city of London.

London: Printed by and for JOHN BELL, Proprietor of this MAGAZINE, and of the WEEKLY MESSENGER, Corner of Clare-court, Drury-lane.



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