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THE GLEANER'S PORTE-FOLIO.
It is very
sities natural or artificial, Indian or Euro ficial, and is richly stored with exotic pean, for luxury or use, as cabinets, shells, plants. In the middle of the parterre is a ivory, porcelain, dried fishes, insects, birds, || fair fountain. There is a very fine house, pictures, and a thousand exotic extrava- || chapel, laboratory, orangery, and other gances. Passing hence we viewed the accommodations for the president, who is Port Dauphine, an arch of excellent work. || always one of the King's chief physicians. manship; the street, having the same From thence we went to the other side name, is ample and straight.
of the town, and to some distance from it, FEB. 4.- went to see the Marais de to the Bois de Vincennes, going by the Temple, where is a noble church and pa- Bastille, which is the fortress, tower, and lace, heretofore dedicated to the Knights magazine of this great city. Templers, now converted to a piazza, not spacious within, and here the Grand Masmuch unlike ours at Covent-Garden, butter of the Artillery has his house, with fair larger, and not so pleasant, though built gardens and walks. all about with divers considerable palaces.
The Bois de Vincennes has in it a square The church of St. Genevieve is a place | and noble castle, with magnificent apart. of great devotion, dedicated to another of ments, fit for a royal court, not forgetting their Amazons, said to have delivered their the chapel. It is the chief prison for percity from the English, for which she is sons of quality. About it there is a park esteemed the tutelary Saint of Paris. It walled in, full of deer, and one part is a stands on a steep eminence, having a very grove of goodly pine trees. high spire, and is governed by canons re The next day I went to see the Louvre gular.
with more attention, its several courts and At the Palais Royale Henry IV. built a pavilions. One of the quadrangles, begun fair quadrangle of stately palaces, arched by Henry IV. and finished by his son and underneath. In the middle of a spacious | grandson, is a superb but mixed structure. área stands on a noble pedestal a brazen The cornices, moulding, and compartments, statue of Louis XIII. which, thougli made with the insertion of several coloured in imitation of that in the Romau capitol, is marbles, have been of great expense. nothing so much esteemed as that on the
We went through the long gallery, Pont Neuf.
paved with white and black marble, richly The Hospital of the Quinz-Vingts, in fretted and painted a fresco. The front Rue St. Honore, is an excellent founda- looking to the river, though of rare work tion; but above all is the Hotel Dieu for the carving, yet wants that magnifi. for men and women, 'near Notre Dame, a cence which a plainer and truer design princely, pious, and expensive structure. I would have contributed to it. That of the Charité gave me great satis
In the Cour au Thuilleries is a princely faction, in seeing how descently and chris- fabric; the winding geometrical stone tianly the sick people are attended, even
stairs, with the cupola, I take to be as to delicacy. I have seen them served by noble a piece of architecture as any in noble persons, men and women. They have Europe of the kind. To this is a Corps de also gardens, walks, and fountains. Divers | Logis worthy of so great a Prince. Under persons are there cut for the stone, with these buildings, through a garden in which great success, yearly in May. The two is an ample fountain, was the King's PrintCasteletts (supposed to have been built ing House, and that famous letter so much by Julius Cæsar) are places of judicature in esteemed. Here I bought divers of the criminal causes, to which is added a strong classic authors, poets, and others. prison. The courts are spacious and mag
We returned through another gallery, nificent. On the 8th of February I took larger but not so long, where hung the coach, and went to see the famous Jardine pictures of all the Kings and Queens, and Royale, which is an enclosure walled in, prime nobility of France. Desceuding consisting of all the varieties of ground for hence we went into a lower very large planting and culture of medical simples. room, called the Salle des Antiques, which It is well chosen, having in it hills, mea is a vaulted cimelia, destined for statues dows, wood, and upland, natural and arti, l'only, amongst which stands the so mucha
No. 112.-Vol. XVIII.
THE GLEANER'S PORTE-FOLIO,
celebrated Diapa of the Ephesians, said to, it is that the gallants and ladies of the court be the same which uttered oracles in that take the air and divert themselves, as with temple. Here is a huge globe suspended us in Hyde Park, the circle being capable by chains. The pavings, inlayings, and of containing a hundred coaches to turn incrustations of this hall are very rich. commodiously, and the larger of the plan
In another more private garden, towards tations five or six coaches abreast. the Queen's apartment, is a walk, or clois Returning through the Thuilleries, we ter, under arches, whose terrace is paved saw a building in wbich are kept wild with stones of a great breadth; it looks beasts for the King's pleasure, a bear, a towards the river, and has a pleasant wolf, à wild boar, a leopard, &c. aviary, fountain, stately cypress, &c. On Feb. 27.-Accompanied with some Engthe river are seen a prodigious number of lish gentlemen, we took horse to see St. barges and boats, of great length, full of Germaios en Lay, a stately country house hay, corn, wood, wine, &c. Under the of the King's, five leagues from Paris. By Jong gallery dwell goldsmiths, painters, the way we alighted at St. Cloud, where, statuaries, and architects, who being the on an eminence near the river, the Archmost famous for their art in Christendom, | bishop of Paris has a garden, for the house have stipends allowed them by the King. is not very considerable, rarely watered We went into that of M. Saracin, who was and furnished with fountains, statues, and moulding for an image of a Madona, to be groves; the walks are very fair; the founcast in gold, of a great size, to be sent by tain of Laocoon is in a large square pool, the Queen Regent to Loretto, as an offer- throwing the water near forty feet high, ing for the birth of the Dauphin, now the and having about it a multitude of statues young King.
and basins, and is a surprising object; but I finished this day with a walk in the nothing is more esteemed than the cascade great garden of the Thuilleries, which is falling from the great steps into the lowest rarely contrived for privacy, shade, or com and longest walk from the Mount Par. pány, by groves, plantations of tall trees, nassus, which consists of a grotto, or shellespecially that in the middle, being of elms, house, on the summit of the bill, wherein and another of mulberries. Here is a laby- | are divers water-works, and contrivances rinth of cypress, noble hedges of pome- to wet the spectators; this is covered with a granates, fountains, fishponds, and an avi. | fipecupola, the walls painted with the Muses, ary. There is an artificial echo, redou- and statues placed thick about it, whereof bling the words distinctly, and it is never some are antique and good. In the upper without some fair nymph singing to it. walks are two perspectives, seeming to
Standing at one of the focuses, which is enlarge the alleys. In this garden are under a tree, or little cabinet of hedges, the many other contrivances. The palace, as voice seems to descend from the clouds, I said, is not extraordinary; the outer walls and sometimes as if it were under ground. I are only paiuted a fresco. In the court is This being at the bottom of the garden we a volery, and the statues of Charles IX. were let iuto another, which being kept Henry III. Henry IV. and Louis XIII. on with all imaginable accurateness, as to the horseback, mezzo-relieved in plaster. la orangery, precious shrubs, and rare fruits, the garden is a small chapel ; and under seemed a paradise. From a terrace in this shelter is the figure of Cleopatra, taken place we saw as many coaches as one from the Belvidere original, with others. would hardly think could be maintained from the terrace above is a tempest well in the city, going, late as it was in the painted, and there is an excellent prospect year, towards the course, which is a place towards Paris, the meadows, and river. adjoining, of near an. English mile loug, At an inn in this village is a host, who planted with four rows of trees, making a treats all the great persons in princely large circle in the middle. This course is lodgings with furniture and plate, but they walled round, nearly breast high, with pay well for it, as I have done. Indeed the squared freestone, and has a stately arch entertainment is very splendid, and not at the entrance, with sculpture and statues | unreasonable, considering the excellent about it, built by Mary de Medicis. Here manner of dressing their meat, and of the
THE GLEANER'S PORTE-FOLIO.
service. Here are many debauches and stone, the law will not justify jailers in excessive revellings, being out of obser- fettering a prisoner, unless where he is vance,
uoruly, or has attempted an escape. About a league further, we went to see You have no right to abridge him of Cardinal Richelieu's villa at Ruell. The pure air, wholesome and sufficient food, house is small, but fairly built, in form of and opportunities of exercise. You have a castle, moated round. The offices are no right to debar him from the craft on towards the road, and over against it are which his family depends, if it can be exJarge vineyards, walled in. Though the ercised in prison. You have no right to house is not of the greatest, the gardens subject him to suffering from cold, by about it are so magoificent that I doubt want of bed-clothing by night, or firing whether Italy has any exceeding it for all by day; and the reason is plain-you have varieties of pleasure. The garden nearest torn him from his home, and have deprived the pavillion is a parterre, having in the him of the means of providing himself with midst divers noble brass statues perpetually the comforts and necessaries of life, and spouting water into an ample basin, with therefore you are bound to furnish him other figures of the same metal; but what with moderate, indeed, but suitable accomis most admirable js the vast enclosure, modation. and variety of ground, in the large garden, You have, for the same reason, no right containing vineyards, cornfields, meadows, to ruin bis habits, by compelling him to groves (whereof one is of perennial greens), be idle; his morals, by compelling him to and walks of vast lengths, so accurately mix with a promiscuous assenıblage of kept and cultivated, that nothing can be hardened and convicted criminals; or his more agreeable. On one of these walks, I health, by forcing him at night into a withio-a: square of tall trees, is a basilisk damp unventilated cell, with such crowds of of copper, which, managed by the foun- companions as very speedily to reuder the tain's wire, casts water pear sixty feet air foul and putrid; or to make him sleep high; and will of itself move round so in close contact with the victims of con. swiftly that one can hardly escape wetting. tagions and loathsome disease, or amidst Extract from a descriptions by John Evelyn, the noxious effluviæ of dirt and corrup
Esqa duthor of 'Sylve;" 6.99 pt 1999 at tion. In short, attention to his feelings, 8297614 silini hatuperliewarit siggur 900 mental and bodily, ia supply of every nePER TREATMENT OF PRI
cessary, abstraction from evil society, the GLER, usifollow a prisoner frona shis first conservation of his health and industrious commitmentas always remembering that as || habits, jare the clear, evident, undeniable yet bis guilt is uoproved. You have no right rights of an unconvicted prisoner. to march olim along the street in chains, At his trial, either he is acquitted--in föršto makedhim a spectacle of public igno-|| which case, the least you can do is to remiayn perhaps olaithe bvery spoto and place him in the situațiou you found him, ingugse the very people with whom he to pay his expences : home, and to furnish bas hjcherto heldua fair character. Jofamy him with suficient to support him till he may be the penalty for crime, but it should has an opportunity of looking out for work:
herst be the consequence of y suspicion :|| or he jo convicted and then it is for the you should, therefore conduct him to his law to appoint the punishment which is jail with every possibles attention to his to follow his offence. That puuishment
feelings with decency and secresy. When mast beinflicted, but you must carefully che is centered within its walls, you have | guard that it be pot aggrayāted, and that
ne right to load chim with, irojisj wyou | circumstances of severity are not fouud in have no righty to subjøet chim, to bodily his treatment which are not found in nis paie: from their weighty or to that agony sentence. Now po judge ever condemued of neigde whicla s must rebult wfrom such a man to be half starved with cold by dily,
symbols of degradatiohaktos;may of yet lon: half suffocated with heat by bigtit; ? un bluu ted feelingsy kid gjou have no right who ever heard of a criminal beiug sen
to conclude that he inneb sychis and here tenced to catch the rheumatism or the I must observe, in the language of Black. H typhus fever) · Corruption of morals and
contamination of mind are not the reme- || illegal, because they are not specified in dies which the law in its wisdom has his sentence. He is therefore entitled to a thought proper to adopt.
wholsome atmosphere, decent clothing and The convicted delinquent then has his bedding, and a diet sufficient to support rights. All measures and practices in pri- him.Bennet and Buxton on Prisons. son, which may injure him in any way, are
elegant, and insinuating: as for the rest, TIME out of mind it is well known they were entirely ignorant of any virtue that there are to be found in London a or talent he possessed ; and perceiving certain number of men and women of 10 himself that his silence on his family contoriety: the latter, to succeed in their pre- || nections might, in the end, be injurious to tensions, have only to shew themselves; him, he thought proper to add a Fitz to their beauty, the elegance and singularity | his name; he was then acknowledged as a of their dress, are sufficient to cause them | very near relation of the Fitzherberts in to be admired and sought after in every | Ireland. His notoriety and boldness incircle in which they may appear.
It is | creased with his imaginary relationship. not the same with the men; they must There was not a single party made, nor an have many exterior advantages, and even entertainment given, that could be without when they do possess these, they must be | the amiable Fitzherbert; and wherever he accompanied with much skill and address. was invited he did not fail to render bimI once knew a young man as beautiful as
self agreeable. If he played at cards, he Apollo, and who fancied himself able to took care always that the master of the carry
off every prize, without taking the house, or his family, should rise winners. pains to merit it: he failed in every thing. If he was at a dance, he arranged the oro The men, envious of those qualifications he || chestra, was always ready to offer ice and really possessed, attributed faults to him ij lemonade to the ladies; and there never which he certainly had not; the women, was a christening, marriage, or funeral, who, young or old, beautiful or ugly, are where he did not figure away as a god. all fond of flattery, seeing themselves ne father, witness, or mourner. When a lady glected by him, tore him to pieces without played on the piano, it was Mr. Fitzherbert mercy.
One called him a fine statue, an who must always accompany her; though, other said he always spoke before he || Heaven knows, he was very little capable thought, a third that he only laughed to l of it; but the fashionable execution of the shew his white teeth.-" I say nothing | present manner of playing will often drown against bis figure," said one of his friends, the rusty voice and false intonations of a “ it may be a little inanimate, certainly; | bad singer. Mr. Fitzherbert had also the but do not you think there is a certain stiff | threefold merit of making tea for the ladies, awkwardness about him, and that his carving at the epicure's table, and collect. shoulders are rather too high?"-It was l ing money under the candlestieks, in the soon found out that Mr. St. Aubin was houses where they resort to such meanness, stupid, had no taste, and had no power to pay for the cards. When irst had the whatever of pleasing; and was only fit to || honour of meeting this gentleman, his re. be the husband of some poor ignorant || putation was so established, that in order country girl, or an old maiden coquette, | to please, it was absolutely requisite to rereduced to her last shift. In the mean semble him in some degree. A very
shrewd time, let me go where I would, I heard a clever young fellow resolved, one night, as Mr. Herbert cried up to the skies; but he told me, to take him for his model. He Mr. Herbert shone neither by his youth, || was not rich, but he was young and enhis fortune, or his wit; only every one terprising : I could not always be a witagreed in saying, he was extremely polite, lness of his manœuvres, but I have often
listened to bim since he was married, to Spectacles, &c. &c. which, from the im. hear him relate them. First, he humor. mense expence they must have been got ously says he was resolved to make friends up (to use a theatrical phrase), and the thin of the mammas, by saying to them every houses which they have lately brought, Aattering thing, and payiug them the most have greatly deteriorated the profits of the upstudied attention, while all his tender concern? Is it from the banishment of glances were directed to the daughters. legitimate comedy and afterpieces, which He continually told the fathers he did not might have been acted at half the expence wonder at their regretting past times; to of those ephemeral productions which I their sons that they were right in seizing have before mentioned ? or is it that the present pleasure. In short, his eloquence | house was built too large from the begin. was so suited to time, place, and circum ning? I should be glad if you could trace stances, that iö one corner of the apartment | the cause and effect of this circumstance. he has been cited as a profound scholar, in || In the meantime I am your most obedient another he has been compared to the hero seryant, of a romance, a Lancastrian, or a disciple
CHARLES CRABSTOCK. of Bell, an elegant rake, or a young man Blue Boar Inn, July 18, 1818. of the utmost purity of manners. He soon, however, eclipsed Mr. Fitzherbert, and I am yet inclined to hope that Drurymarried a young lady with fifty thousand || Lane will, in spite of seemingly untoward pounds fortune.
circumstances, be able to lift up her head,
and even to keep it aloft. Sorry should I I had scarce finished writing down the || be to see the old house droop-fall, I trust, above fact, when I received the two fol- || it will not. There are many errors in our lowing letters:
theatrical proceedings. Our two national
Theatres are both too large; dramatic TO TIMOTHY HEARWELL, ESQ. talent gets forward by favour alone. The SIR, I am
a plain spoken country number of private boxes, never filled, ren. gentleman, living upon an estate of three der one part of these immense Theatres a huodred pounds a year, which descended dreary waste : the amusements, by now to me from a father who always had the beginning at seven, are prolonged to too greatest aversion to the city of London. late an hour. The gentry have taken an
But I, who was not of his opinion in that hasty dinner; their coffee afterwards is respect, make it a rule to come to that out of the question, owing to the polite (as my father expressed it) “mart of folly hours we keep; and if they stay the farce, and wickedness" once in every
it is past midnight before they wearily reI arrived in town a few weeks ago, and as I pair home to their supper. always had a partiality for “ the rich lore
T. HEARWELL. of Shakespeare,” I took the earliest opportunity of sallying out to go to the play.
ON MODERN EDUCATION.
TO TIMOTHY HEARWELL, ESQ. but what was my surprise on finding that SIR, I have often reflected that the the noblest house of amusement in the first accidental circumstance of giving birth to eity in the world, was shut up (of course) || a child, could never alone entitle the pafrom the want of encouragement.
rents to that respect and obedience which Mr. Hearweil, in the course of your pe. are prescribed in the decalogue. The first regrination of listening, have you ever had || step towards deserving them may be the any intimation of the cause of the decay of anxious care and attention unceasingly bedramatic genius? That it has decayed is stowed by the mother, and in which the evident by the circumstance to which I am happy father is not always a sleeping partalluding—is it that the public are satiated | ner; but the most efficacious means to with the grandeur and magnificence of the acquire reverence and a lasting sense of modern productions which have come out || duty, consist in imbuing the infant mind under the denomination of Melo drames, with principles antidotal to the system of