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JOHN MOORE, D. D.

LORD ARCHBISHOP OF CANTERBURY, PRIMATE AND METROPOLITAN OF ALL ENGLAND;

THIS VOLUME OF

LECTURES

, <

INTENDED TO PROMOTE A MORE ACCURATE AND INTERESTING KNOWLEDGE OF THE DIVINE LANGUAGE AND DOCTRINE OF THE

OLD AND NEW TESTAMENTS,

IS MOST HUMBLY RECOMMENDED
AND INSCRIBED, BY

HIS G R A C E's

MOST OBLIGED,
MOST FAITHFUL AND OBEDIENT
HUMBLE SERVANT,

WILLIAM JONES. m

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THE

INTRO DUC TI O N:

IN WHICH IT IS SHEWN, HOW THE LANGUAGE-OF THE SCRIPTURE DIFFERS FROM THAT OF OTHER BOOKS} AND WHENCE ITS OBSCURITY ARISES,

When the maker of the world becomes an author, his word must be as perfect as his work: the glory of his wisdom must be declared by the one as evidently as the glory of his power is by the other: and if nature repays the philo* sopher for his experiments, the scripture can never disappoint those who are properly exer* cised in the study of it.

The world which God hath made is open to every eye 5 but to look upon the works of nature, and to look into the ways of nature, are very different things: the latter of which is the B 3 result result of much labour and observation. If the oeconomy of nature is not to be learned* from a transient inspection of the heavens and the earth and if the ground will not yield its strength but to those who diligently turn rt up and cultivate it; who can imagine that the wisdom of God's word can be discovered at sight by every common reader? Nature must be compared"with itself; and the scripture must be compared with itself, by those who would understand either the one or the other.

Every science hath its own elements ; it hath a sort of alphabet peculiar to itself; which must be learned in the first place, before any judgment can be formed, or any pleasure received when that science is treated of: for none but fools are enamoured with what they do not understand; and few things can be understood without being first learned. How can I understand, said the Ethiopian Eunuch, unless some man should guide me? When he looked into the prophet Isaiah, he had a book before him, in which it frequently happens that the thing spoken of is not the thing intended; and heknew not how to distinguish : of whom speaketh the Prophet this? said he; of himself, or of some other man? Therefore he wanted one to guide him. But the case is so particular, that

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