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259 The Poetical Works of John Milton, in Six Volumes; with the principal Notes of various Commentators. To which are added, Illuftrations, with fome Account of the Life of Milton. By the Rev. Henry-John Todd, M. A.
Mto undertake this variorum edition R. T. was invited and encouraged of Milton's works in the clofe of the year 1798, by the promife of affiftance from his literary friends. He began to arrange his materials, and continued his enquiries to the clofe of the year 1799, when this edition began to be printed, and engaged his confiant and unwearied application till publication. An account is given of Milton's various commentators, whofe notes were collected and published together by Dr. Newton, and of fubfequent editions, fuch as that of the first book of Paradife Lott at Glafgow, the late Mr. Mafon's intended edition of the leffer poems, executed by Mr. Warton 1785, and a fecond edition 1791, and Mr. Dunfter's of the Paradife Regained 1795. To thefe are added a felection of notes from various authors, and the MS. notes of the late Mr. Bowle, and an interleaved copy of the Paradife Loft by that accomplied fcholar the late Benjamin Stillingfeet, efq.* who intended an edition juft as Dr. Newton's was announced, and whofe papers were prefented to the late Dr. Dampier, dean of Durham, whofe fon, the dean of Rochefter, communicated them to Mr. T. whofe "gratitude can never be fufficiently exprefled for the aids afforded him by his grace the Duke of Bridgewater, as, on a former occafion, for permiffion to print the MS. mafk of Comus, obtained through the obliging application of the Rev. Francis-Henry Egerton, fo, on the prefent, for permiffion to print the MS. matk of Marfion, performed before the Countefs-dowager of Derby, and to make ufe of many rare and curious books, perhaps not to be found in other collections, and for the opportunity of introducing to public notice the poems of fome forgotten and unknown Eng
Mr. Stiling fleet wrote a truly Miltonic fonnet, printed by Mr.Told; who fays, "the literary world is indebted to Thomas Park, efq. for fome of the fweetest fonnets in the English Language." He should not have forgotten Mr. Bowle, whofe truly Miltonic trains were before commended, and read with renewed pieafure. EDIT. GENT. MAG. Supplement, 1901.
lifh bards, as well as other pieces of our antient literature, hitherto overlooked by the most curious inveftigators. The invaluable collection which his grace poffelles has been removed from the family-feat at Afhridge to Other Vaserious' at were Bridgewater-houfe, Cleveland-courtt."
furnished by Mr. Reed, Mr. Bindley, and others.
The chief purpofe of the new notes is, in humble imitation of Mr. Warton, to " 'explain the allusions of Milton, illuftrate or vindicate his beauties, point out the imitations both of others and
himfelf, elucidate his obfolete diction, and, by the adduction and juxt appofition of parallels, univerfally gleaned from his poetry and profe, to afcertain his favourite words, and fhew the peculiarity of his phrafeology." A gloffarial index is added, the punctuation of Milton amended, and fome new anecdotes relating to the hiftory of Milton's friends, his works, and his time, are added in his life.
Vol. I. contains the life, with additions; lift of editions; tranflation and alterations of the poetical works, and detached pieces of criticifm on thein'; prolegomena, &c.; commendatory verfes; Mr. Addifon's criticifin on the Paradife Loft; Dr. Johnfon on the verfification of Milton; origin of Paradife Loft.
Vol. II. Milton's apology for the verfe of the first fix books of Paradife Loft.
Vol. III. the last fix books of Paradife Loft; plans of it as a tragedy.
Vol. IV. Paradife Regained, and Sanifon Agoniftes, with preliminary obfervations on each.
Vol. V. Lycidas; L'Allegro ed Il Penferofo; Arcadia; Comus; Sonnets; preliminary obfervations on each; Martion's MS. mafk; account of Ludlow cattle, the family of Bridgewater, and Heary Lawes.
Vol. VI. Odes, mifcellanies, tranflations; Elegiæ, Epigrammata, Silvæ;
+ The view given of thefe literary collections by our editor is fufficient to make us regret the neglect with which they were fo long left a prey to duft and damp; whereby to much irreparable damage was done to a feries of portraits of this illuftrious family, that they were better configned to the flames than preferved at the demolition of the manfion in the fummer of 1800. EDIT.
Appendix, containing Baron's imitation of Milton's early poems, Lauder's interpolations, additions, and correc
Mr. T. does not find himfelf qualified to contradict Aubrey's ftory of Milton's whipping, though he certainly was expelled, having kept his terms; but he diferedits his interpolation of the prayer in the Eicon Bafilike. In like manner he has difcriminated the fpurious writings aferibed to Milton. He has vindicated his mortal remains from the profanation offered by indecent curiofity to thofe of a younger female. The late George Steevens, in his MS. notes on the narrative of this difinterment, and the pottfcript annexed to it, against nine fubfiantial reafons in the St. James's Chronicle, has intimated that the difinterred corpfe was fuppofed to be that of a female, and that the minuteft examination of the fragments could not difprove, if it did not confirm, the fuppofition." The infcribed ftone laid over Milton in the chancel of Cripplegate church had been long fince removed, nor were his remains honoured by any other memorial there till the year 1793, when, by the munificence of the late Mr. Whitbread, an animated marble butt, the fculpture of Bacon, under which is a plain tablet recording the dates of the poet's birth and death, and of his father's deccafe, was erected in the middle aile. A new copy of Fajthorne's portrait (in crayons) of Milton at the age of 62, by an ingenious young artifi (T. Simplon), from the original in the poffeflion of William Baker, efq. from Riehardfon and Tonfon, is prefixed to this life. Peck was guilty of a flameful impofition on the publick in palming on them the portrait prefixed to his "New Memoirs of Milion, 1740."
Paradife Loft went through two editions in its author's life-time but, fince his death, not lets than 43 editions are here enumerated, including Bp. Newton's, Mr. Hayley's, and the prefent. It is included in Milton's poetical works, in 3 vols. folio, with an excellent life by Mr. Hayley, 1794. This magnificent edition does honour to the tafie- and abilities of thofe
monument, indeed, worthy of HIM
Milton's Paradife Loft, and the language it was written in, were highly admired by Abbate Salvini, of Florence, whofe tranflation of it into Italian has never yet feen the light.
Our limits do not permit us to enter into a review of the notes fubjoined to this edition, and principally made up of thofe of Newton, Pearce, Richard
fon, and Warton. Thole of Bentley are jatily characterized in the preface, and that in particular on the two concluding lines, reprobated by a concurrence of eriticks. Perhaps we thall not indeed be fevere if we allert that a
* Our Northern neighbours are very fond of teaching us how to pronounce and write our mother-tongue grammatically We faw in Scotland, about this date, a curious
who were engaged in the production
fpecimen of Scotish pronunciation of Eng-
P. 1058. Dr. Pulteney was born at Mountforell, in Leicestershire, in 1730. He had very honourably acquired a confi. derable fortune; and has bequeathed feveral legacies among philofophical, medical, and charitable inftitutions. His well-felected library is to be fold; his botanical MSS, are given to his friend Dr. Maton; and fome valuable collections in natural history to the Linnean Society.
P. 149. During the course of fifty-fix years his Highness the late Nabob of the Carnatick experienced a variety of viciffitudes, and, as he has often faid, drank deep of the cup of affliction. In the dawn of manhood Fortune feemed to fmile; but it was the fmile of deception. The dark clouds of adverfity and diftress foon overshadowed all his profpects, which appeared to terminate in the chilling gloom of melancholy and despair. Again Fortune fmiled, again the proved deceitful. Elevated to the mufnud of his ancestors, his bofom expanded with the most generous fentiments; and, in cherishing intentions that reflect the highest luftre on the prince, and mark the benevolence of the man, the impretĥions of lorrow were erafed from his features, and the softened traits of ferenity fucceeded them. He had long heard, with Langwish and commiferation, the groans of an oppreffed and helpless people, and the moment was now arrived that apparently offered the means of relieving them. He became their father, and loved them as his children. It was the primary object of his ambition and exertions to fecure to them the enjoyment of tranquillity, to which they had long been strangers, and enable them to receive a portion of happiness .which they had never before known; but, alas! power which his Highness could neither avoid nor controul, interfered to frustrate his intentions, and render all his objects abortive; he now experienced all the ag any that refults from feelings deeply woun ed, dignity infulted, honour calumniated and traduce). The arm of Friendfhip was raifed against him, and the iron hand of Oppreffion wrefted from him his dearest rights. He viewed the fcene of horror that lay before him with the calmhefs of Philofophy; and his complaints were more the admonitions of a friend thin the accufations of the injured. He lived not to obtain redrefs whence he was wed affared it would be readily afforded him-tom one whose bosom is the feat of vitrue and benevolence, philanthropy and juftice. No one ever knew better the interells of his country than ins Highneis, and às otmoft ex rtions were made to promote the n. In his difpofition he was mild and affable; and the voice of SufpiClon excited no unkind featment in his breaft. Ing nuo s tumicif, he believed ail men to be nonourable, until events (and
he witneffed many of those) tugt him the contrary; and then, even when deceived and betrayed by those who added ingratitude to their crimes, he expreffed forrow inftead of thewing displeasure. He was firmly and affectionately attached to our most gracious Sovereign, whom he revered as his father and protector; and the English nation, whom he fincerely loved and admired, poffeffed in him a fincere friend and a faithful ally. As a husband and brother, he was kind and tender; as a father, fond and indulgent; and, as a friend, he was generous and liberal in the extreme. His Highness has left a wife, whom he loved with unbounded affection, and an only fon, about 17 years of age, whom he almoft adored.
P. 1155, a. l. 3, read "Walter Beattie, or Bea y, of a family who have raifed themselves to affluence by the trade of Buckinghamshire lace."
P. 1156. Mr. Clarke, having left England about two months fince, was induced to pass a few days at Paris, in his way to the South of France, where he propofed fpending the Winter. On the fête of Nov. 9, the fall of a temporary scaffolding, which he had afcended with other fpe&tators, led to the fatal event which has excited general forrow, and plunged his family into the deepest diftrefs. A violent blow from a falling plank produced a concution of the fpine, which, after causing the most excruciating fufferings, terminate in his death on Dec. 6, in his 30th year. If a graceful perfon and elegant manners, if a fuperior and well-cultivated understanding, and a warm and sympathizing heart, demand admiration and esteem, and the lofs of them awaken regret, the premature death of this refpectable man, in whom thefe qualities were confpicuously united, will be long and deservedly deplored. His remains were interred, Dec. 28, in the family-vault in the parish-church of Hitchin. A fifter of the late John Radcliffe, efq. was the mother of Mr. Clarke; the left alfo a daughter, an amiable young lady, who is ftill living. Lady P. Radcliffe, relict of the late Sir Charles Farnaby Radcliffe, bart. fucceeded to the estates of her late brother, John Radcliffe, efq. and Kill enjoys them.
P. 1157. The Rev. Mr. Townfend quitted Newington at Midfummer, 1789, and retired to Bath, where (and not at Haverfordwest) he d ed, aged 85.
P. 58. Bennet Langton, efq. LL. D. fucceeded Dr. Johnfon in the profefforship of antient literature in the Royal Academy. To him the Doctor bequeathed his Polyglott Bible; and, once (peaking of him to Mr. Bolwell with an affectionate regard, exclaimed, "The world does not bear a worthier man than Bennet Langton!" In Mr. Bofwell's Life of Dr. Johnfon a confi
derable number of the Doctor's letters to Mr. Langton are printed; and feveral pages of ML's Recollections of the Memorabilia of the learned Sage. He mar ried, 1769, Mary, Countefs dowager of Rothes, fecond wife of John ninth earl,
children of Mr. Alexander Thiftlethwayte, and one third to the children of Mr. Felton Harvey. It is calculated these legacies will amount to about re,cool, each.
Dublin, Viscountess Corry, a fun and heir. Dee. 12. At Drefden, Princefs Caroline, confort of Prince Maximilian, a prince, who has been chrittened John, Nepomuce ts, Maria, and 11 other names.
25. At Highgate, the wife of Mr. Dowell, of Wood-ftreet, a fon and a daughter. 26. At Greenock, Mrs. M'Larty, of Chestervale, Jamaica, a fon.
At Forganfall, in Scotland, the wife of Wm. Glen, ely. a fon.
Mrs. James Stuart Thompson, of Mortis mer-freet, Cavendish-tquare, a daughter, 27. The Countefs of Poulet, a dang ter. At Mulgrave castle, Lady Mulgrave, a foss, The wife of the Rev. Tho. Underwood, rector of Rots, co. Hereford, a fen. 28. At Ayr, in Scotland, the Hon. Mrs. Rollo, a fon.
At Newcastle, the wife of S. Ilderton, efq. of Newmoore-house, a daughter. 30. At Highbury-lodge, the wife of P. W. Crowther, efq. a fon. 31.Mrs.Alexander,of Bedford-row,a loo.
ton, by her firft husband, Mr, Lloyd, by whom he has left fus fons: 1. George, Jate of C C. C. Oxford, born 1772; 2. Peregrine, B. A. Merton college, Oxford; 3. Algernon, in the army; 4. Charles, in the navy, ad five daughters: Diana, Jane, Elizabeth, Ifabella, Margaret. Mr. L. was defcended from an antient family at Langton, in the hundred of Hill, in the county of Lincoln, of which the fifteenth in defcent was living when York wrote his Union of Arms, and gave the arms of his countryman an appendix The manfion-houfe, engraved, from a drawing by Girtin, by B Howlet, 1797, fituated at Spilby, 30 miles Eatt of Lincoln, is (ppofed to have been built in the beginning of the lift century, on the fite of an older, burt down in the reign of Edward VI. Dr. Johnton, vfing Mr. L. here in 1764, expreffed a with to have the foil within the mole turned up, to trace the dime fions of the dwelling hoafe of a priv te gentleman at that time; but not repeating tus vifit,. this was not carried into exec 100. Mr. L. gave up the ufe of it to Dr. Uved le, who married his filter, and to whom he gave the rectory of Langton, and who, with his fa houfe of the Countess of Clause-li 2m, mily, live in the upper part only. He was on Stephen's green, Dub'in, Jab Cham the only furviving fen of Bennet L. ely. by bre, Earl of Meath, to Lady M-lefiria-AdeDiana his wife, daughter of the late Ed-laide Meade, fourth caughter of the late mond Turnor, efq. of Stoke-Rochford, co. Linco a. His only furviving fifter married the Rev. Robert Uvedale, D. Decor of Langton, ho died in November, 1799 (LXIX. 1186), leaving by her fix children, the cleft of whom, the Rev. Rubert Uvedale, M.A lately communicated to our Magazine an original letter from Dr. Johnfon to Mifs L. fiter to the late Mr. L. (LXX. 915). Mr. L's various abilities are too well known to need much observation in this place. He became a member of the Literary Club at the infutution of that celebrated affociation, and of the original members he was the laft (arvivor. particularly excelled in the knowledge of the Greek, though he was not wholly unacquainted with that ficred and molt antient language the Hebrew.
Ibid. The late Gen. Bathurst ha. bequeathed the estate of Clarendon for life to Lis brother, and then fee to the fecund fon of the late Felton Harvey, efq. whofe Lady (Mils Elwell, now Mis. Fremantle) was niece to the General; the eftate at 1 infer to the eijer fou of Mr. Felton Har y; aut ra,ocol. in legacies; the ref Jue of las perfonal property, one third to Sir John Morhead, one tid to me
LATELY, by (pecial licence, at the
Earl of Clanwilliam.
Mr. Sandford Pe cecke, third fon of Marmaduke P. efq. of Cavendish fquare, to Mus Apreece, only daughter of Sir T. Huity A.. bart, of Wathingly hail, co. Houting on.
James Ferguson, cfq. to M.t. Bloxam, daughter of Sir Matthew B. M P.
R. J. D Afhworth, efq. of the Toner Temple, to Mifs Macaulay, of Craghhoufe, Huddersfield.
At Walton, near Liverpool, the Rev. Dr. Harper, rector of Stepaes, to Mi's El gabek Heathcote, fecond daught, of the Rev. Mr. H. rector of Waben.
Rev. Mr Holland, to Mifs Chick, elleft daughter of the Rev. The mas C. tem f Moretonhamstead and Keun, built in Liề County of Devon.
Jonathan Fartorg, efq Leuterat med afjnt of th. Exeter volim cela, tu M.L, Lzabeth Ho! fun, of Exster.
Rev Lanence Caumfor",reft # of Mut Devon, to Mits Vicars, of fre:ard.
Capt. Byron, of the tuyal nav,, to Min Sykes, of Arundel ftreet.
A: Queen-fquare chapel, Sir Chat 'e' Barell blount, knight of th. I ngenai miticare order 1 St. The sit, to Mila Elvira Fuis, Caughter of Si Claudes-William is 89-5
263. Bread; or, The Poor. A Poem, With Notes and Illuftrations. By Mr. Pratt, Author of "Sympathy," "Gleanings," &c. THE English Gleaner (vol. LXIX. p. 688) has here been making fome of the Wheat he had gathered in the late harveft into Bread; which, we are perfuaded, the publick will allow to be fweet and good, and will not make any objection to its being new.
We have often had occafion to lament the mifufe of talents, and the wafte of intellect, in the productions of fome of our most celebrated poets; and have fometimes feen them exerting all their abilities in fictitious narrative, and difplaying all their powers of pathos in the delineation of ideal fufferings; while the real objects of pity, whofe cafe comes home to every heart, have been left to weep, unnoticed and unknown. Others, again, poflefling genius to throw a fafcination on every fubject they touch, have fatisfied theinfelves with the humble tafk of deferibing the tender fighings of love-finitten bulruthes, the fhrinking fenfibility of double and fingle pinks, and the crim. con. of cabbages and cauliflowers. Are fach topicks worthy our regard? Away with vifionary woes, and enervating, ufelefs ftrains, when all the infpirations of the Mufe are feareely able to paint the deep and rankling wounds of Humanity, which every where prefent themfelves to the eye of patient Refearch, and the breaft of genuine Feeling! In our opinion, one inftance of active benevolence is worth a thoufand afpirations of idle fympathy-one pic ture taken from Life is more impreffive than a thousand fcenes the mere creations of Fancy.
It has been Mr. Pratt's felicity, how ever (and, from what we have heard of his character, we are fure he will confider it as his highest praife), to employ his poetic talents in refining the heart, in enforcing the tender charities, aud in rendering man the friend of man.
His principal metrical productions, of length, "Sympathy,” “Humanity," and Benevolence," which are well known, and have been appreciated as they deferve, have each of them powerfully tended to promote the best interefts of his fellow-creatures; and, though we fincerely hope that "Bread" will not be the latt effort of his patriotic and benevolent. Mufe, it feems impofible for him to exceed its merits; it will for ever fix his reputation for
goodness of heart, keennefs of penetration, and ftrength of numbers, were his fame to reft folely on this bafis.
In the prefent publication, Mr. Pratt embraces objects of the greatest import ance; and the poem is not more effima ble for the defign than the execution.
"A fudden revolution, the most dire, perhaps, of any in this revolutionary age, has taken place in the state of the poor. Progresive improvements have been made in agriculture, the benefits of which are almost entirely loft to the most numerous and feful part of the community, while individuals only have been enriched. The poor-races have, in the mean time, increafed, to the diffatisfaction of the rich, and nearly to the ruin of the middle claffes; while the wants and miferies of the peafantry, with fome few exceptions, which will be particularized, have accumulated in the proportion that plans have been formed for their rehef This argues a very wrong policy and management fomewhere. In the midst of a long and active illness, the author has fpared no pains to trace the effects of this deep na tional grievance to its fources. "A few fammers preceding these excurfions it came within the author's corre
fpondence with a foreigner of diftinction
to detail, with truth and with delight, the
refults of a journey which exhibited many
of the most interesting views that could enter the horaan eye, or fill the human heart-the chearful countenances, healthful forms, and gladfome labours of a happy peafantry. It was his duty and his pleafure to follow their homeward fteps, from
the farm and fields, to cottages where Content was not fimply a guest but a refident; and he felt what he expreffed-that moft of the Potentates of the other parts of Europe would, for fuch cottages, willingly have exchanged their palaces. At the fame time he did not fail to congratulate the then lefs ambitious tenantry on that general plenty which a clofe inspection of their granaries and barns, loaded to the roof, had offered to his view. To defcribe the causes and effects of fo fudden and deplorable a change is the endeavour of the work now prefented to the reader.”
Though we cannot but hope that the picture is fomewhat overcharged, there is undoubtedly too much truth in the diftrefs which this poem fo emphatically paints. Not to enter into the ftill darker points of view, we transcribe the following contrast:
"Afcend yon bill, and give thy ftraining eye
[lio, To view the fretching landfcapes as they