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tening genius by day-light, let them be referved for an illuminationnight, for on fuch occafions it would appear that the nation is mot likely to profit by their labours. A performer, too, might announce, that on the night of his benefit the houfe fhould he lighted with the Lincolnshire bull; and many of our kitchen-wenches might make their fortunes by the dripping of the great ox. MIDDLE SIZE.
Mr. URBAN, Slawfton, Dec. 24. PERMIT me to announce to your Antiquarian readers a farther and fuller investigation of the Roman pavement at Medbourn (firft noticed by the Hiftorian of Leicestershire*) than, I believe, was ever made before.
Sept. 30, 1801, a perfect ftranger to me, Mr. William Fowler, of Winterton, in Lincolnshire (near Barton upon Humber), called at my houfe, with an introductory letter from the Rev. Mr. Reynolds, of Little Bowden, fiating "Mr. F. to be a perfon well verfed in exploring Roman Antiquities, particularly teffelated pavements; and, with the intent of opening that at Medbourn, he called upon me to aflift him," &c. Accordingly the next morning (Oct. 1) we procured three men to dig and fearch for it (which we did with the greater certainty, I being well acquainted with the spot). In a fhort time, at about four feet deep, we difcovered part of it. This being a clue to the whole, we began on lower ground on the oppofite fide of a ftone wall (for, unluckily, a ftone wall paffed over it for feveral yards near its centre). On this fide, four or five yards from the wall, at only one foot deep, we quickly found a part of its Eaftern border, but not its extremity, for none of its extre mities have ever yet been difcovered. The day being very fine, the men working well, and we willing to explore as much of it as poffible, foon cleared four or five fquare yards, when the wall ftopped our farther progrefs; but fo much became vifible after cleaning and washing, as to enable Mr. Fowler to take accurate measurements and a drawing of the whole discovered.
I fhall now attempt to give you a defcription of its appearance. It lay from one to four feet below the prefent furface of the ground in a North and South direction. The earth that lay
Gartre Hundred, vol. II. part 11. p. 717.
upon it was a rich black mould, intermixed with ftone, fragments of Roman bricks, pottery, &c. No coins were found amongit it; but the horn, about five inches long, apparently of fome young beatt, which had been evidently fawn from the head of the animal, lay directly upon the pavement, which was compofed of cubes of yellow, red, blue, and white, from half an inch to an inch and an half fquare, placed în line mortar. The cubes nearest the outfide were an inch and an half fquare,
decreasing in fize until they come to the central and most beautiful part of the pavement, where they did not exceed half an inch; fome were of brick, fome of ftone. The order in which they lay was as follows. The first fix or feven rows, difcovered towards the Eaft, were yellow, four rows red, one row blue; the next five rows were checked, alternately five cubes of blue and five of yellow; then a row of triple chain-work, composed of red, blue, and yellow cubes. The centre towards the North part was composed of femicircles of between two and three feet diameter (bordered with blue, red, and yellow cubes) filled with fhell or feallop-work of red cubes bordered with blue ones; and in the central part of each fhell is a cube of whitifh ftone. The South central part is compofed of fix lozenges of blue cubes meeting in a point in the centre; and in each of the interftices between the lozenges is a knot of blue, yellow, and red cubes. The whole had a beautiful appearance when washed; and a great many people came to take a peep at it before the earth was put upon it again. Its extent is probably large, as feveral perfons of Medbourn can remember parts of it being accidentally difcovered at different times feveral yards from the fpot where we opened; "but this is certainly the greatest discovery ever remembered to have been made at any time before.
Mr. Fowler had with him feveral fpecimens of Roman pavements difcovered in Lincolnshire, drawn, engraved, and coloured, in an accurate and mafterly manner, by himfelf; which, with this and others, when completed, he intends to publish. The fubject of one of thefe was the Olympic games, chariot-races, &c.; another, Orpheus playing, and the brutes dancing around pim. Mr. Fowler alfo had with him one of what is called Diang and Ac
teon, taken, engraved, and coloured, by himself, from the original, in Mr. Worthington's cellar, in Leicester, fuperior (if I may be allowed to judge) to any copy of it that has hitherto fallen under my obfervation.
other parts of the church. Ou the North fide of the nave is a raifed altartomb, which covers the remains of Sir John Cokayne, knt. Chief Baron of the Exchequer, in the reign of King Henry IV. On the top was his effigies engraved on brafs, with his arms at each corner, but now entirely gone.
"S. DEO. O. M.
à Rege magifterio canum lepórum rariorum donato, Regemq. eodem munere in ANGLIAM fecuto ibique accipitruma Regiorum.
I have lately met with a curiofity in Natural Hiftory (perhaps not frequently noticed), found in what is called the In the South aile is a very handfoine first ftomach of a very fat cow, which monument, with the figures of an, was but four years old, and had been armed knight, and his lady kneeling fed at Newbold Saucey, near Owfion, at an altar, with the following infcripin this county, and flaughtered at Hal-tions above and below them. Over the man: laton in September lati. It is a ball, or globular fubfiance, apparently hol low within, about the fize of a middlefized orange; and, like that fruit, the outfide is full of finall irregular indentings. Its colour is a very dark brown, nearly black, very bright and glofly, as if coated with varnish. It is as hard as wood, and was quite as hard (the butcher told me) when it was first taken out, and was entirely loofe in the fiomach, not joined by any pipes or ligaments whatever, neither is there the leaft appearance of any upon the ball itfelf. I have frequently dropped it with I force upon abrick floorwithout breaking, and it rebounds and founds like hollow wood, or the fhell of a cocoa-nut. It is 8 inches 3-8ths in circumference, which does not vary above the eighth of an inch, take it where you will, it is fo nearly round. This makes it something more than 2 inches 6-8ths in di ameter. Its weight is 1 oz. 9 drams, avoirdupoife. If any of Mr. Urban's correfpondents can fay any thing fatisfactory from the above fhort but strictly faithful account of it, as to its nature, or how produced, whether by being ta ken in with the food or otherwife, it will be esteemed a favour by J. TAILBY.
Mr. URBAN, Potton, Sept. 20. OCKAYNE HATLEY, Bedfordfhire, is a pleafant village, fituated on an eminence, in the Northeast corner of the county of Bedford; with woods to the North and Weft, and a beautiful and extenfive prospect over the adjacent country to the South and Eaft. It contains four farms, the rectory-houte, and a few cottages.
The church is an antient regular ftructure, with a nave and fide-ailes; built, as fuppofed, by Sir John Cokayne, as his arms are on the brackets that fupport the roof, and in many
Nichols's Leicestershire, vol. I, p. 10.
Over the woman:
Adepto probeq. fun&o, denato denique ætatis X'ti Ao, ciǝ.cxx1. fuæ vero
XLIX. atq. in coloniâ cœlefti
"In Cl. V. Dominum PATRITIUM
Iftud Humum Hominemq. fonat,
Under the man:
"Vita fed illuftris, nec propter
nudum Hominem fperaret, erat;
nunc corpore tandem,
atq. homine exuto, O quantum mutatus ab ILLO es!
Corpus Humo Tenebrifque relinquis, cætera vivis,
æternum indutus LUCEMO. POLUMQ DEUMQ."
In the middle aile are the following inferiptions on brafs, very well preserved. A man in armour, and a woman, with this infcription:
"Of your charitie pray for the foules of Edmund Cockayn, efquyer, and Elizabeth, his wife; which Edmund deceffed the 3
The Families of Cockayne
of September, the year of our Lord
On the third fione, a man in armour,
Quisquis eftis, q'ua' ficus, fta, plege, plor".
On the fourth one, a man and wo-
low, five boys and five prietis; in-
On the fifth fione, a man between
"Orate p' animâ Will'mi Cockyn, Armg'i, Dorothee et Kat'ine ux. ej. qui quidem Willmus obiit x11° die Februarii, A Dai M°cccccxxvII.
Two boys and two girls below, with the arms of Cockayne at each corner. On the fixth fione:
"Here lyeth the body of John Cockane, efq. who departed this life Jan, the stb, Anno Dom. 1718, eat. 77."
On the feventh fone:
"Here lyes the body of Elizabeth Cockayne, relict of John Cockayne, elq. of Cockayne Hatley, in the county of Bedford, who departed this life May the 12th, 1739, in the gift year of her age"
On the eighth ftone:
"Here lyes the body of Elizabeth Cockayne, daughter of John Cockayne, efq. and Elizabeth his wife, (of Cockayne Hatley, in the county of Bedford), who departed this life the 25th day of Novem
ber, 1736, aged 62 years.”
On the outfide of the church is a fmall flab of marble fixed in the wall, with the following infeription:
"Neir this place lieth the body of Roh. Posteus, Ci, lase rector of this parish, who died April the 18th, 1753, in the 49th year of his age."
The above infeription is in memory of the elder brother of the prefent worthy and pious Bifhop of London.
At the Eaft end of the church ftands the old family manfion of the Cockavnes, furrounded with a broad and deep moat, over which is a drawbridge. The entrance to the houfe is through an antient porch into a large hall (that occupies the whole height of the building) with a curious timber roof, and a mufick-gallery at one end, built in the reign of William Rufus. The ends of the house are of a more
modern date. The eftate continued in the family of the Cockaynes till about Cockayne Cuit, efq. who left it to Sir the year 1740, when it came to Savile John Cuft, late Speaker of the Houte of Commons, and is now in the poffetion of Mits Lucy Cockayne Cult Yours, xc. MALT. RUGELEY. Dec. 31.
MONG the life of Marriages in your last Number you might have added that of Sir Thomas Chainp Mits Minchin, daughter of the late H. neys, bart. of Amport, co. Hants, to Minchin, efq. of Holywell, in the fame
graven in your Magazine for June latt, There is no doubt but the feal, enpl. I. fig. 3, belonged to this family, though there be fome variation in the orthography. The feal is at prefent in the polletion of Sir Thomas, to whom I returned it, and who confiders it to It was found, as I mentioned, in a have been cut for one of his ancestors. garden at Cornbampton, co. Hants. The houfe to which the garden belongs. was formerly occupied by a perfon who little articles, which are fo captivating fold pies, gingerbread, and other fuch think fo very refrething after the fato young gentlemen, and which they tiguing hours of study. Near this houfe was at that time a grammar-school, part of his education; as did alio his father, Richard Champneys, and perwhere Sir Thomas Champneys received haps his grandfather (as the family refulence was not many miles from it),: whofe Chriftian name was John, as the name engraven on the feal; which, was likewife his great grandfather's, of Sir Thomas's ancellors much more however, muft have been cut for one remote, as the letters bear the mark of confiderable antiquity,
Letter, with the LICHFIELD poft-mark,
prefume to repeat his filthy ribaldry, he
Mto undertake this variorum edition R. T. was invited and encouraged of Milton's works in the clofe of the year 1798, by the promife of affiftance from his literary friends. He began to arrange his materials, and continued his enquiries to the clofe of the year 1799, when this edition began to be printed, and engaged his confiant and unwearied application till publication. An account is given of Milton's various commentators, whofe notes were collected and published together by Dr. Newton, and of fubfequent ditions, fuch as that of the first book of Paradife Lott at Glafgow, the late Mr. Mason's intended edition of the leffer poems, executed by Mr. Warton 1785, and a fecond edition 1791, and Mr. Dunfter's of the Paradife Regained 1795. To thefe are added a felection of notes from various authors, and the MS. notes of the late Mr. Bowle, and an interleaved copy of the Paradife Loft by that accomplished fcholar the late Benjamin Stillingfleet, efq.* who intended an edition juft as Dr. Newton's was announced, and whofe papers were prefented to the late Dr. Dainpier, dean of Durham, whofe fon, the dean of Rochefter, communicated them to Mr. T. whofe "gratitude can never be fufficiently expreffed for the aids afforded him by his grace the Duke of Bridgewater, as, on a former occafion, for permiffion to print the MS. mafk of Comus, obtained through the obliging application of the Rev. Francis-Henry Egerton, fo, on the prefent, for permiffion to print the MS. matk of Marfion, performed before the Countefs-dowager of Derby, and to make ufe of many rare and curious books, perhaps not to be found in other collections, and for the opportunity of introducing to public notice the poems of fome forgotten and unknown Eng
*Mr. Stillingfleet wrote a truly Miltonic fonnet, printed by Mr.Told; who fays, "the literary world is indebted to Thomas Park, efq. for fome of the sweetest fonnets in the English Language." He should not have forgotten Mr. Bowle, whofe truly Miltonic trains were before commended, and read with renewed pleafore. EDIT. GENT. MAG. Supplement, 1801.
lifh bards, as well as other pieces of our antient literature, hitherto overlooked by the most curious inveftigators. The invaluable collection which his grace poffeffes has been removed from the family-feat at Afhridge to Other Vaggeftious and materials were Bridgewater-houfe, Cleveland-courtt." furnished by Mr. Reed, Mr. Bindley, and others.
The chief purpose of the new notes is, in humble imitation of Mr. Warton, to " explain the allufions of Milton, illuftrate or vindicate his beauties, point out the imitations both of others and himself, elucidate his obfolete diction, and, by the adduction and juxt appofition of parallels, univerfally gleaned from his poetry and profe, to afcertain his favourite words, and fhew the peculiarity of his phrafeology." A gloffarial index is added, the punctuation of Milton amended, and some new anecdotes relating to the hiftory of Milton's friends, his works, and his time, are added in his life.
Vol. I. contains the life, with additions; lift of editions; tranflation and alterations of the poetical works, and detached pieces of criticifm on thein'; prolegomena, &c.; commendatory verfes; Mr. Addifon's criticifin on the Paradife Loft; Dr. Johnfon on the 'verfification of Milton; origin of Paradife Loft.
Vol. II. Milton's apology for the verfe of the firft fix bosks of Paradife Loft.
Vol. III. the laft fix books of Paradife Loft; plans of it as a tragedy.
Vol. IV. Paradife Regained, and Sanfon Agoniftes, with preliminary obfervations on each.
Vol. V. Lycidas; L'Allegro ed Il Penferofo; Arcadia; Comus; Sonnets; preliminary obfervations on each; Marlton's MS. mafk; account of Ludlow cattle, the family of Bridgewater, and Heary Lawes,
Vol. VI. Odes, mifcellanies, tranflations; Elegia, Epigrammata, Silvæ;
+ The view given of thefe literary collections by our editor is fufficient to make us regret the neglect with which they were fo long left a prey to daft and damp; whereby to much irreparable damage was done to a series of portraits of this illuftrious family, that they were better configned to the flames than preferved at the demolition of the manfion in the fummer of 1800. EDIT.
Appendix, containing Baron's imitation of Milton's early poems, Lauder's interpolations, additions, and corrections.
monument, indeed, worthy of HIM whofe works entitle him to that fupereminence among the poets of his country which he has fo happily affigned to his own glorious "itle" among the "fea-girt" domains of Neptune. "The greatest and the best of all domains.” COMUS, V. 28. Ten of these editions were printed at Glasgow and Edinburgh; and, at the latter place," the firft tix books of Paradife Loft, reudering into grammatical confiruction, the words of the text be ing arranged at the bottom of each page, in the fame natural order with the conceptions of the mind, and the elliptis properly fupplied, without any alteration in the diction of the poem. By the late James Buchanan, author of the British Grammar. The MS. was left with Dr. James Robertfon, profetor of Hebrew, who has published it for the benefit of the author's widow, Edinburgh, 1773," 8vo*. In our vol. XLIX. p. 191, is mentioned a Greek tranflation of Paradife Loft, by Thomas Denny, a literary pedant, particularly killed in Greek, &c. &c. One of our friends recollects being accofied, in walking out of Cambridge with a fudent there about 1753 or 1754, by a middle-fized and aged man, in his own hair and grave cloaths, in a fuppliant tone for relief, with a Greek fentence or two, purporting that "a fool might fometimes utter a wife faying," but no farther converfation pafled.
Mr. T. does not find himself qualified to contradict Aubrey's ftory of Milton's whipping, though he certainly was expelled, having kept his terms; but he difcredits his interpolation of the prayer in the Eicon Bafilike. In like manner he has difcriminated the fpurious writings aferibed to Milton. He has vindicated his mortal remains from the profanation offered by indecent curiofity to thofe of a younger female. The late George Steevens, in his MS. notes on the narrative of this difinterment, and the polifcript annexed to it, against nine fubftantial reafons in the St. James's Chronicle, has intimated that the difinterred corpfe was fuppofed to be that of a female, and that the minutefi examination of the fragments could not difprove, if it did not confirm, the fuppofition." The infcribed ftone laid over Milton in the chancel of Cripplegate church had been long fince removed, nor were his remains honoured by any other memorial there till the year 1793, when, by the munificence of the late Mr. Whitbread, an animated marble butt, the fculpture of Bacon, under which is a plain tablet recording the dates of the poet's birth and death, and of his father's deccafe, was erected in the middle aile. A new copy of Faithorne's portrait (in crayons) of Milton at the age of 62, by an ingenious young artifi (T. Simplon), from the original in the poffeffion of William Baker, efq. from Riehardfon and Ton-lian has never yet feen the light. fon, is prefixed to this life. Peck was guilty of a flameful impofition on the publick in palming on them the portrait prefixed to his "New Memoirs of Milton, 1740."
Paradife Loft went through two editions in its author's life-time but, fince his death, not less than 45 editions are here enumerated, including Bp. Newton's, Mr. Hayley's, and the prefcut. It is included in Milton's poetical works, in 3 vols. folio, with an excellent lite by Mr. Haslev, 1794.
This magnificent edition does honour to the tatiez and abilities of thofe
Milton's Paradife Loft, and the language it was written in, were highly admired by Abbate Salvini, of Florence, whofe tranflation of it into Ita
Our limits do not permit us to enter into a review of the notes fubjoined to this edition, and principally made up of thofe of Newton, Pearce, Richardfon, and Warton. Thole of Bentley are jutily characterized in the preface, and that in particular on the two concluding lines, reprobated by a concurrence of criticks. Perhaps we thall not indeed be fevere if we allert that a
* Our Northern neighbours are very fond of teaching us how to pronounce and write our mother-tongue grammatically We faw in Scotland, about this date, a curious fpecimen of Scotish pronunciation of Englith words, in a cheap form, for the ufe of fchools, which we have never been able to obtain a fecond fight of. Whether it was
who were engaged in the production