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259 The Poetical Works of John Milton, in Six Volumes; with the principal Notes of various Commentators. To which are added, Illuftrations, with fome Account of the Life of Milton. By the Rev. Henry-John Todd, M.A.

MR. T. was invited and encouraged to undertake this variorum edition of Milton's works in the clofe of the year 1798, by the promife of affiftance from his literary friends. He began to arrange his materials, and continued his enquiries to the clofe of the year 1799, when this edition began to be printed, and engaged his confiant and unwearied application till publication. An account is given of Milton's various commentators, whofe notes were collected and published together by Dr. Newton, and of fubfequent aditions, fuch as that of the firtt book of Paradife Lott at Glafgow, the late Mr. Mafon's intended edition of the leffer poems, executed by Mr. Warton 1785, and a fecond edition 1791, and Mr. Dunfter's of the Paradife Regained 1795. To thefe are added a felection of notes from various authors, and the MS. notes of the late Mr. Bowle, and an interleaved copy of the Paradife Loft by that accomplished fcholar the late Benjamin Stillingfleet, efq.* who intended an edition juft as Dr. Newton's was announced, and whole papers were prefented to the late Dr. Dainpier, dean of Durham, whofe fon, the dean of Rochester, communicated them to Mr. T. whofe "gratitude can never be fufficiently expreffed for the aids afforded him by his grace the Duke of Bridgewater, as, on a former occafion, for permiffion to print the MS. mafk of Comus, obtained through the obliging application of the Rev. Francis-Henry Egerton, fo, on the prefent, for permiffion to print the MS. matk of Marfion, performed before the Countefs-dowager of Derby, and to make ufe of many rare and curious books, perhaps not to be found in other collections, and for the opportunity of introducing to public notice the poems of fome forgotten and unknown Eng

*Mr. Stillingfleet wrote a truly Miltonic funnet, printed by Mr.Told; who fays, "the literary world is indebted to Thomas Park, efq. for fome of t e fweetest fonnets in the English language." He should not have forgotten Mr. Bowle, whofe truly Miltonic trains were before commended, and read with renewed pleafore. EDIT. GENT. MAG. Supplement, 1901.

lifh bards, as well as other pieces of our antient literature, hitherto overlooked by the moft curious inveftigators. The invaluable collection which his grace poffefles has been removed from the family-feat at Afhridge to

Bridgewater-house, Cleveland-court †," Other fuggeftions and materials were furnished by Mr. Reed, Mr. Bindley, and others.

The chief purpose of the new notes is, in humble imitation of Mr. Warton, to "explain the allufions of Milton, illuftrate or vindicate his beauties, point out the imitations both of others and himfelf, elucidate his obfolete diction, and, by the adduction and juxt appofition of parallels, univerfally gleaned from his poetry and profe, to afcertain his favourite words, and fhew the peculiarity of his phrafeology." A gloffarial index is added, the punctuation of Milton amended, and fome new anecdotes relating to the hiftory of Milton's friends, his works, and his time, are added in his life.

Vol. I. contains the life, with additions; lift of editions; tranflation and alterations of the poetical works, and detached pieces of criticifm on them; prolegomena, &c.; commendatory verfes; Mr. Addifon's criticifin on the Paradife Loft; Dr. Johnson on the verfification of Milton; origin of Paradife Loft.

Vol. II. Milton's apology for the verfe of the first six books of Paradife Loft.

Vol. III. the laft fix books of Paradife Loft; plans of it as a tragedy.

Vol. IV. Paradife Regained, and Samifon Agoniftes, with preliminary obfervations on each.

Vol. V. Lycidas; L'Allegro ed Il Penferofo; Arcadia; Comus; Sonnets; preliminary obfervations on each; Martion's MS. mafk; account of Ludlow catile, the family of Bridgewater, and Heary Lawes,

Vol. VI. Odes, mifcellanies, tranflations; Elegiæ, Epigrammata, Silvæ;

The view given of thefo literary collections by our editor is fufficient to make us regret the neglect with which they were fo long left a prey to duft and damp; whereby to much irreparable damage was done to a feries of portraits of this illuftrious family, that they were better configned to the flames than preferved at the demolition of the manfion in the fummer of 1800. EDIT.


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Mr. T. does not find himself qualified to contradict Aubrey's ftory of Milton's whipping, though he certainly was expelled, having kept his terms; but he difcredits his interpolation of the prayer in the Eicon Bafilike. In like manner he has difcriminated the fpurious writings aferibed to Milton. He has vindicated his mortal remains from the profanation offered by indecent curiofity to thofe of a younger female. The late George Steevens, in his MS. notes on the narrative of this difinterment, and the pofifcript annex ed to it, againfi nine fubftantial reafons in the St. James's Chronicle, has intimated that "the difinterred corpfe was fuppofed to be that of a female, and that the minutefi examination of the fragments could not difprove, if it did not confirm, the fuppofition." The infcribed tone laid over Milton in the chancel of Cripplegate church had been long fince removed, nor were his remains honoured by any other memorial there till the year 1793, when, by the munificence of the late Mr. Whitbread, an animated marble butt, the foulpture of Bacon, under which is a plain tablet recording the dates of the poet's birth and death, and of his father's deccafe, was erected in the middle aile. A new copy of Fajthorne's portrait (in crayons of Milton at the age of 62, by an ingenious young artifi (T. Simplon, from the original in the poffeflion of William Baker, eft. from Richardfon and Tonfon, is prefixed to this life. Peck was guilty of a flameful impofition on the publick in palming on them the portrait prefixed to his “New Memoirs of Milion, 1740,"

monument, indeed, worthy of #M whofe works entitle him to that fupereminence among the poets of his country which he has to happily aligned to his own glorious "itle" among the "fea-girt" domains of Neptune. "The greatest and the best of all domains.” COMES, V. 28. Ten of these editions were printed at Glafgow and Edinburgh; and, at the latter place," the firft tix books of Paradife Loft, rewdering into prammatical confiruction, the words of the text be ing arranged at the bottom of each page, in the fame natural order with the conceptions of the mind, and the ellipfis properly fupplied, without any alteration in the diction of the poem. By the late James Buchanan, autor of the British Grammar. The MS. was left with Dr. James Robert fou, protetor of Hebrew, who has published it for the benefit of the author's wis dow, Edinburgh, 1779," 8vo. În our vol. XLIX. p. 191, is mentioned a Greek tranflation of Paradife Loft, by Thomas Denny, a literary pedant, jarticularly killed in Greek, &c. &c. One of our friends recollects being accotied, in walking out of Cambridge with a fudent there about 1758 or 1754, by middle-fized and aged man, in his own hair and grave cloaths, in a fupphant tone for relief, with a Greek fentence or two, purporting that "a fool might fometimes utter a wife faving,' but ra farther converfation patted.

Milton's Paradife Loit, and the language it was written in, were high admired by Abbate Salvini, of Florence, whofe tranflation of it into Italian has never yet feen the light.

Our limits do not permit us to enter into a review of the notes fulgomed to thus edition, and principally inade up of thote of Newton, Pearce, Rieliarifon, and Warton. Thole of Ber they Paradile Loit went through two ediare jntly characterized in the pactace. tions in its author's life time but, and that in perticular on the two cun fince his death. not es gan Pedi- cluding lines, reprofined is a catenations are here cnumerated, including rence of ezties, Perhaps we tia. Bp. Newton's, Mr. Haley's, and the not indevt be levere if we allert tast prefent. it is included in Milton's poetical works, in 3 vols, folio, with an excellent le by Mr. Hayley, 1794. This magnificent edition does honour to the tatice and abilities of thofe

* Our Notthein neighbor. arfond of terching us how to pronous ce

write our mother-tongue gati W
Tiw in Scotland, about this date, a cur umes

who were engaged in the production
of it. It displays every elegance of
typographical excution, and is accom-
pated with moti beautiful engravings by Mr. B. we do not recolicét.
from the defigns of Wattall. It is a

fpecimen of Scotish pronuncotion of Eng-
lith words, in a cheap form, for the ufe of
schools, which we have never been able to
obtain a fecond fight of. Whether it was

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faller body of aunotations is fufficient to illuftrate fuch an author as Milton. Comparifons are endlefs; and, when we enter into the fores of memory of a well-read man, we fall affume too much in endeavouring to recollect more for him than he can for himself, and make a greater parade of the cri tick's reading than of the poet's remeinbrance. But it is the fate of the favourite writers of this country to be overwhelmed with commentaries which can be confulted only by fuch readers as will recur to the notes of Burman, Drakenborch, and Oudendorp, on claffic authors. Milton, Shakspeare, Dryden, &c. will be more peruted in pocket-volumes than in the fplendid bulk of fine paper, printing, and engraving, which confers more immortality on the printer and publisher, if the paper laft To long.

In the introductory note on the Arcades Mr. T. fpeaks of Harefield houfe as pulled down, and the porters' lodges g each fide the gateway are converted into a cominodious houfe. This cannot be collected from Mr. Lyfons's draught of it, who fays it was burnt down 1660, and "the prefent houfe formed by uniting the two lodges with an intermediate building."

To Comus Mr. T. has prefixed as particular an account of Ludlow caftle as he could collect, and of the Bridgewater family. To the firt he might have added a few particulars from the laft edition of Camden's Britannia; and under the latter he leaves us to bewail the fate of Afhridge and its literary treasures.

This old manfion was converted from a monafiery of BoxxuOMMES, au order of Anguliin monks, introdaced by Edmund Earl of Cornwall, of which there was not an infiance in the kingdom, by Lord Chancellor Ellefmere. Only the hall, 44 feet by 22, the windows full of arms, the cloitiers, and a back porch leading to the hall, remained of the old ftructure in 1767. The cloitters were arched with Tatenball fione, with the arms of the abbey in the centre; and round the fides was beautifully painted, in water-colours, the hiftory of our Saviour, in 40 compartments, of which 12 were then entirely defaced, and the reft probably foon after; the apartments on the ground-floor, and the portraits in the picture-gallery, fitfering by damp, and the cloitier furrounding


voir. The church food in the gar den ranging with the cloitters. Several stone coffins have been dug up, and the foundations fhew it was a large pile. After falling a prey to damp and neglect, for want of inhabitants, it was taken down fummer of 1800, and the malfrials told to the best bidder, and the timber applied to embank the adjoining navigable canal, and frame its locks. Previous to this, the family-pictures and other valuable portraits, many of which had foffered like decay, were configned to the flames; and fuch of the books as were not clotted together by damp and rottennels, among which were many invaluable folios and quartos, were configned to Mr. King's auction-room, a catalogne printed, and a fale advertised, when, on fome fuggeftion of their rarity and vaine, they were bought in, and restored to the noble owner. It was fortunate Mr. T. had fuck accefs to them, and made fo good an ule of them.

We cannot difinifs this edition of Milton's poetical works without obferving that it would be injuftice to the prefent editor not to acknowledge that he has omitted nothing that could render it as complete as possible.


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265. Hiflory, Origin, and Progrefs, of the Art
of Printing, from its fil Invention in Ger-
many to the End of the Seventeenth Century;.
and from its Introduction into England, by
Caxton, to the prifent Time: i luding,
among a Variety of curious and interefing
Matter, its Progress in the Provinc}; with
chronological Lifts of eminent Peters in
England, Scotland, and Ireland, „sgetber
with Anceles of feveral eming
Tary Characters who have boncu
by their Attention to its Improved,
a particular and complete Hif
Walp de in Prefs. epablished at 8/2, bec
ry-hit; with an accurate Lift of Pub-
lication affued therefrom, and the exa's
ber prin'e libreof. At the Conclufagi-
ven a curious Differtation on the ton of
-the Ufe of Pap; alfo, u complere 1ory of
the Art of Wood-cutting and engrabbing an
Copper, from its fißt Invention in Italy to
its late Improvement in Great Bếtain; cen-
cluding with the Adjudication of Literary
Property; or the Lars and Tems to which
Authors, Defigners, and Publishers, are fe
parately fubject. With a Catalogue of re-
markable Bibles and Common Prayer Books,
from the Infancy of Printing to the prefent
Time. Extracted from the best Authorities,
by Henry Lemoine, Bibs, Lond.

THE title of this ufeful little manual, of which we have too long delayod

Jayed the mention, fo fully explains its contents, that we need only add, that, though it is on a fubject which of all others ought to be familiar to us, we have received from the whole of it much entertainment, and, from many parts, fatisfactory and pleafing information. We recommend it, therefore, very heartily to all thofe who wish to be acquainted with the Origin and Progrefs of fo very diftinguished an Art.

261. A Sermon, preached at Prittlewell, in Effex, on the 20th of September, 1801; upon the Prayer of Thanksgiving to Almighty God for the late abundant Crop and favourable Harvest, first directed to be used September 13, 1801. By the Rev. Sir Herbert Croft, Bart. Vicar of Fritt!ewell. 261. A Sermon upon the Peace, preached at Prittlewell, in Effex, on the 18th of October, 101. By the Rev. Sir Herbert Croft, Bart. Vicar of Prittlewell.

THESE two difconfes of the Reverend Baronet are well adapted to the efpecial occafions on which they were delivered, and to the particular audience to whom they were addrefled.

The first of them, on the Thankf giving Prayer, is from Matt. xii. 30, Gather ve together, first, the tares; and bind them in bundles, to burn them: but gather the wheat into my barn," the fecond from Haiah xlv. 7, "I make peace;" and, in both, the ful jects are difcufled in a manner which Had an invediate tendency to imprefs the parishioners of Prittlewell with a true fenfe of their civil and religious duties.

But the most prominent parts of thefe formons, as published, are the dedications which precede them. In the firft, the Premier is thus addretled:

"Our httle convexion, at fenool, formerly, had the tenfimlity which you fi feelingly expreffed to me for the fingular pofition of an old Biro ct, might well jaítify my defiring to infcribe the following difcourfe with your name. But I defire this, fir, for an- ther reafon It's of ronfeq tence, especially in the te times, that a great people thould think well of the kind and fuperintending care which is taken of them by those who direct the public affars. Of the 1e és of the church, chilectovely and individu lly, there is but one opicion. All, I conclude, thank of them as I have fuch piticular reafon to think of the two Archbishops, of the B shop of Dartam, of the B thep of London, who to worthily replaced my late friend, Bishop


Lowth, and of my prefent friend, the Bithop of Salisbury. Thefe, and others, hore their parts, undoubtedly, in the fohitme and patriotic prayer which caufed me to compofe this difcourfe. But you, fir, are a new man, as to the opinion of the pub lick; except in the character of, perhaps, the most popular Speaker who has ever adorned the chair of the Houfe of Com rank of my countrymen thould know mons. For this reafon I with that every what thofe acknowledge who can best judge; and even those who doubt or deny your talents for all the duties of your prefent difficult and awefni ftation: that no

thing can be more truly amiable, fir, than your private character; and, that we my expect to fee this groundwork of every thing which is good or great, mark, as often as poffible, your public condiA. If the happy word comfort, in this prayer, dad not proceed from you, fir (whof uiten wa to words I have occafion to know), I am perfuaded that Mr. Addington was delight, ed to adopt it, for the lake of the por; and I am defirous of doing my best, that the poor my long continue to couple, in their gra eful recollections, the words COMFORT and ADDINGTON. Be contri buting to this, I thi'l not aid the facefur of the brave Abercromby to driving the French out of Egypt; but I trust i sh Ai də y part, by it, as a clergyman, in keeping them out of England. Sincerely hoping, fir, that the talents of my old Ichoolfellow may equal even the crisis in which eur country is entined to his patriotiím, and thất, from an honourable peace, and other my deem in one of the greatest, as wed bleings, hoch prefent and future times

as one of the mott ami.b'e, minutters th

England ever knew, I have the homur to

be," &c. &c.

To the Bishop of London Sir Herbert thus infcribes the fecond fermon:

"i beg permillion from your lo dihip, as my diocefit and as a bihop whole talets and character I fo much relpett, to intcribe this difcourfe with the n-me of Porteus. This, and the printed fermon which accompimies it, on the thankyoung for the last birtight, wall prove, my lord, ti st I chearfully and miftantly obeyed your i∙rdfhip's patriobe wifles m the tate perdort times; and that I, for one, repaired to my poft, undeterred in the -gueath part of ki fex, and did what was in my power to feive the public mind, by two difceuries every Sunday, upon fuch preferment as I have enjoyed finic I quitted the bar, twen ty years ago, by Bubop Lowth's denre-a Living, given me by that great and good character, of 1201, a year. thre the har nour to be, wat high respect," &c. &c.

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263. Bread; or, The Poor. A Poem, With Notes and Illuftrations. By Mr. Pratt, Auther of “ Sympathy,” “ Gleanings,”, &c. THE English Gleaner (vol. LXIX. p. 688) has here been making fome of the Wheat he had gathered in the late harveft into Bread; which, we are perfuaded, the publick will allow to be fweet and good, and will not make any objection to its being new.

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We have often had occafion to lament the mifufe of talents, and the wafte of intellect, in the productions of fome of our moft celebrated poets; and have fometimes feen them exerting all their abilities in fictitious narrative, and difplaying all their powers of pathos in the delineation of ideal fufferings; while the real objects of pity, whole cafe comes home to every heart, have been left to weep, unnoticed and unknown. Others, again, poflefling genius to throw a fafcination on every fubject they touch, have fatisfied themfelves with the humble tafk of deferibing the tender fighings of love-fmitten bulruthes, the fhrinking fenfibility of double and fingle pinks, and the crim. con.. of cabbages and cauliflowers. Are fach topicks worthy our regard? Away with vifionary woes, and enervating, ufelefs ftrains, when all the infpirations of the Mule are fearcely able to paint the deep and rankling wounds of Humanity, which every where prefent themfelves to the eye of patient Refearch, and the breaft of genuine Feeling! In our opinion, one inftance of active benevolence is worth a thoufand

afpirations of idle fympathy-one pic ture taken from Life is more impreffive than a thousand fcenes the mere creations of Fancy.

It has been Mr. Pratt's felicity, how ever (and, from what we have heard of his character, we are fure he will confider it as his higheft praife), to employ his poetic talents in refining the heart, in enforcing the render charities, and in rendering man the friend of man.

His principal metrical productions, of length, "Sympathy," "Humanity," and Benevolence," which are well known, and have been appreciated as they deferve, have each of them powerfully tended to promote the best interests of his fellow-creatures; and, though we fincerely hope that "Bread" will not be the lati effort of his patriotic and benevolent. Mufe, it feems impoffible for him to exceed its merits; it will for ever fix his reputation for

goodness of heart, keennefs of penetration, and ftrength of numbers, were his fame to reft folely on this bafis..

In the prefent publication, Mr. Pratt einbraces objects of the greatest import ance; and the poem is not more eftimable for the defign than the execution.

"A fudden revolution, the most dire, perhaps, of any in this revolutionary age, has taken place in the state of the poor. Progreffive improvements have been made in agriculture, the benefits of which are almost entirely loft to the most numerous and nfeful part of the community, while individuals only have been enriched. The poor-raves have, in the mean time, increafed, to the diffatisfaction of the rich, and nearly to the ruin of the middle claffes; wirile the wants and miseries of the peafantry, with fome few exceptions, which will be particularized, have accubeen formed for their relief mulated in the proportion that plans have This argues a very wrong policy and management

fomewhere. In the midst of a long and a.tive illness, the author has fpared no pams to trace the effects of this deep national grievance to its fources....

A few fammers preceding these excurfions it came within the author's correfpondence with a foreigner of distinction to detail, with truth and with delight, the refults of a journey which exhibited many of the molt interefting views that could enter the huraan eye, or fill the human heart-the chearful countenances, healthful forms, and gladfome labours of a happy peafantry. It was his duty and his pleafure to follow their homeward steps, from the farm and fields, to cortages where Conand he felt what he expreffed-that moft tent was not fimply a guest but a refident; of the Potentates of the other parts of Europe would, for fuch cottages, willingly fame time he did not fail to congratulate have exchanged their palaces. At the the then lefs ambitious tenantry on that general plenty which a clofe inspection of their granaries and barns, loaded to the roof, had offered to his view. To defcribe the caufes and effects of fo fudden and deplorable a change is the endeavour of the work now prefented to the reader,”

Though we cannot but hope that the picture is fomewhat overcharged, there is undoubtedly too much truth in the diftrefs which this poem fo emphatically paints. Not to enter into the ftill darker points of view, we tranfcribe the following contraft:

"Afcend yon bill, and give thy straining eye To view the fetching landfcapes as they [lio,


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