Lives of the Warriors of the Thirty Years' War: Warriors of the 17th Century, Parte 2

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Página 360 - II., on his accession to the throne, found Austria Lutheran, thickly populated, and prosperous ; he left her Catholic, depopulated, and impoverished. He found in Bohemia three million Hussites dwelling in flourishing cities and villages, he left merely seven hundred and eighty thousand Catholic beggars.
Página 541 - Saxony, and offered to guarantee their acceptance. " 1 require," said Gustavus, " that the Elector shall cede to me the fortress of Wittenberg, deliver to mo his eldest sons as hostages, furnish my troops with three months' pay, and deliver up to me the traitors among his ministry.
Página 589 - Germany.— Thirty years of war, carried on, not with the surplus population and resources of the country, but with its very capital and substance, had brought the empire to the verge of ruin and barbarism ; and the pictures of desolation handed down to us by writers and chroniclers of the period, are absolutely frightful to contemplate. Of all the commanders who appeared during the war, Gustavus Adolphus was alone able to preserve, in his army, a strict and humane system of discipline. In most armies,...
Página 528 - ... obliged to quit the command. The superiority which the French assumed caused him, however, to be recalled in 1675, as the only general capable of being matched with Turenne; and the campaign which ensued between these two masters exhausted every stratngem of war.
Página 586 - Resistance to those who were controlling religious opinions by fire and sword, and trampling upon constitutional privileges, had been successfully made. An asylum was opened for all those, of whatever country, who fled from persecution ; from persecution of whatever kind. The benefit thus accruing to mankind cannot now be properly estimated, for we cannot now feel what it is to have no refuge and no means of resistance, while men are ready to punish us for our opinions, and are making themselves...
Página 358 - ... and, in February, Banner again invaded Saxony and cruelly visited the defection of the elector on the heads of his wretched subjects. The arrival of Hatzfeld at the head of a body of imperialists compelled him to retire behind Magdeburg, where Baudis was severely wounded and relinquished the command. Each side now confined itself to manoeuvring until the arrival of reinforcements. The Swedish troops arrived first, and Hatzfeld and the Saxons, being drawn into an engagement at Wittstock, before...
Página 586 - ... been one of the severest miseries of the later Romans, that they could not escape from their government; that the world belonged to their emperors. It was in the Low Countries that the defenders of civil and religious liberty found shelter. It was there that they could state their complaints, publish what they conceived to be the truth, and maintain and exercise the privileges of free inquiry. These were the countries to which Locke retired, and where William III.
Página 417 - Gallas approaches with his whole force, and we must desist from the plan concerted," Torstenson writes from his sick bed to Wrangel*, by whom he intended to execute this attack. " I wish the devil would take Gallas...
Página 587 - Mechlenburgh, all to be holden as fiefs of the empire, with three votes at the diet ; that the elector of Brandenburg should be reimbursed for the loss of Upper Pomerania, by the cession of the bishopric of Magdeburg secularised, and by having the bishoprics of Halberstadt, Minden, and Camin declared secular principalities, with four...
Página 590 - Gubriant's army was, in fact, the remains of the army which had been raised by the Duke of Weimar; and was composed of adventurers from all countries. It must also be observed, that the French soldiers of the early part of the seventeenth century, were in a great proportion vagrants and vagabonds, taken up as bad subjects by the police, and sent to the army, either because troops were •wanted, or because the individuals pressed could give no satisfactory account of themselves. These men resembled...

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