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Justice, like lightning, ever should appear
To few mens ruin, but to all men's fear.

Swenam, the Woman-Hater,

With an equal scale
He weighs th'offences betwixt man and man ;
He is not so sooth'd with adulation,
Nor mov'd with tears, to wrest the course of justice
Into an unjust current, t' oppress th' innocent ;
Nor does he make the laws
Punish the man, but in the man the cause.

When just revenge hath a right level made,

Home to the head the may the arrow bring; And when provoked justice draws her blade,

Into the fire she will the scabbard fling.
Justice and sin fhould keep an equal race ;
If sins do gallop, justice must not pace.

Aleyn's Henry VII.
This noble youth, a stranger t' every thing
But gallantry; ignorant in our laws and customs,
Has made perchance,
In strange severity, a forfeit of himself ;
Bat should you take it,
The gods when he is gone, will sure revenge it :
If from the stalk you pull this bud of virtue,
Before it has spread, and shewn itself abroad,
You do an injury to all mankind ;
And publick mischief, cannot be private justice.

Suckling's Goblins.
The miser's gold, the painted cloud
Of titles, that make vain men proud ;
The courtier's pomp, or glorious scar
Got by a soldier in the war ;
Can hold no weight with his brave mind,
That studies to preserve mankind.
Sir W. Davenant's News from Plymouth.


Thou may't not these condemn, and those absolve.
Justice, when equal scales the holds, is blind;
Nor cruelty, nor mercy change her mind :
When some escape for that which others die,
Mercy to those, to these is cruelty.
A fine and sender net the spider weaves,
Which little and light animals receives ;
And if she catch a common bee or fly,
They with a piteous groan and murmur die ;
But if a wasp or hornet The entrap,
They tear her cords, like Sampson, and escape:
So like a flie, the poor offender dies ;
But like the wasp, the rich escapes, and flies.

Justice must be from violence exempt ;
But fraud's her only object of contempt :
Fraud in the Fox, force in the lion dwells ;
But justice both from human hearts expells ;
But he's the greatest monster, without doubt,
Who is a wolf within, a sheep without.



ND since the definition of a king,

Is for to have of people governance,
Address thee firft, above all other thing,

To put thy body to such ordinance,

That thy virtue, thine honour may advance; For how should princes govern their regions, That cannot duly guide their own persons ?

Sir David Lindsay. Among all other pastime and pleasure, Now in thine adolescent yeares young, Wouldst thou each day ftudy but half an hour The regiment of princely governing; To thy people it were a pleasant thing: VOL. II.



There might'st thou find thine own vocation,
How thou Tould'It use the scepter, sword, and crown.

Sir David Lindsay.
Let justice mix'd with mercy them amend ; .
Have thou their hearts, thou hast enough to spend :
And by the contrair, thou'rt but king of bone,
From time that their heartes, are from thee gone.

Ibid. Abuse of pow'r abaseth princes all. In throne on earth, a prince as god doth sit; And as a god, no justice should omit.

Mirror for Magiftrates, Right is of itself most strong ;' No kingdom got by cunning, can stand long.

Marlo's Luft's Dominion. 1. But who dares tell a prince he goes aside ? 2. His conscience best, if wisdom were his guide : 1. But they are great, and may do what they will: 2. Great, if mich good ; not great, if they do ill: 1. But we must yield to what princes will have. 2. He is no prince, that is affection's save. 1. Be what he will, his pow'r is over-strong. 2. Heav'ns will not fuffer fin to flourish long.

Brandon's Octavia. "T'is greater care, to keep, than get a crown. Virtue doth raise by small degrees you see : Where in a moment fortune casts us down. And surely those that live in greatest place, Must take great care, to be such as they seem: They are not princes, whom sole titles grace ; Our princely virtues, we should most esteem.

Brandon's Octavia. The love of kings is like the blowing of Winds, which whistle sometimes gently among The leaves, and traightway turn the trees up by The roots ; or fire, which warmeth afar off, And burneth near hand ; or the sea, which makes Men hoise their sails in a flattering calm,


And to cut their masts in a rough storm. They
Place affection by times, by policy,
By appointment; if they frown, who dares call
Them unconstant ? if bewray secrets, who
Will term them untrue? if they fall to other
Loves, who trembles not, if he call them unfaithful
In kings there can be no love, but to queens :
For as near must they meet in majesty,
As they do in affection.
It is requisite to stand aloof from
King's love, Jove, and lightning.

Lilly's Alexander and Campaspe. Kings are earth's gods : In vice their law's their will; And if Jove stray, who dares say, Jove doth ill.

Shakespear's Pericles. It is the curse of kings, to be attended By Naves, that take their humours for a warranty To break into the bloody house of life ; And, on the winking of authority, To understand a law, to know the meaning Of dang 'rous majesty ; when, perchance it frowns More upon humour, than advis'd respect.

Shakespear's King John.
Why doth the crown lie there upon his pillow,
Being so troublesome á bed-fellow?
O polith'd perturbation! golden care !
That keep it the ports of Number open wide

many a watchful night : Sleep with it now!
Yet not so found, and half so deeply sweet,
As he, whose brow, with homely biggen bound,
Snores out the watch of night. O majesty,
When thou doft pinch thy bearer, thou dost fit
Like a rich armour worn in heat of day,
That scalds with safety !

Shakespear's Second Part of King Henry IV.
When the Romans first did yield themselves
To one man's pow'r, they did not mean their lives,


G 2

Their fortunes and their liberties should be
His absolute spoil, as purchas'd by the sword.

Fobnson's Sejanus.
Men are deceiv'd, who think there can be thrall
Beneath a virtuous prince. Wilh'd liberty
Ne'er lovelier looks than under such a crown.
But, when his grace is merely but lip-good;
And that, no longer than he airs himself
Abroad in publick ; there, to seem to shun
The Itrokes and stripes of Aatt'rers, which within
Are letchery unto him, and so feed
His brutish (ense with their affli&ting sound;
As, dead to virtue, he permits himself
Be carry'd like a pitcher by the ears,
To ev'ry act of vice : this is a case,
Deserves our fear; and doth presage the nigh
And close approach of blood, and tyranny.

Johnson's Sejanus. She tells him first, that kings Are here on earth the most conspicuous things :, That they, by heav'n, are plac'd upon his throne, To rule like heav'n; and have no more their own, As they are men, than men : That all they do, Though hid at home, abroad is search'd into : And being once found out, discover'd lies Unto as many envies there, as eyes: That princes, since they know it is their fate, Oft-times to have the secrets of their state Betray'd to fame; should take more care, and fear In publick ats, what face and form they bear.

Johnson on King James. For though by right, and benefit of times, He own'd their crowns, he would not fo their crimes : He knew, that princes who had sold their fame To their voluptuous lufts, had lost their name : And that no wretch was more unbleft than he, Whose neceslary good 'twas now to be


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