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U D G M E N T.
Give ev'ry man thine ear ; but few thy voice :
Take each man's censure, but reserve thy judgment.

Shakej pear's Hamlet.
Take our good meaning; for our judgment fits
Five times in that, e're once in our fine wits.

Shakespear's Romeo and Juliet, Mens judgments fway, on that fide fortune leans.

Chapman's Widow's Tears. Your reason and your will are much the same ; You can desire nothing but what that does : First, having weigh'd and ponder'd well each scruple That may object itself, commend as good ; For whatsoever bounds our affection, Must first appear unto the judgment lovely; It standing centinel, questioning all That pass unto the closet of the will.

Mead's Combat of Love and Friendhip. You bring a judgment deeper than the sea : And as in deepest seas we safest be, So in your judgment's depths we may endure All empire's sudden storms, and sleep secure.

Sir W. Davenant on the Restauration. How can your judgment, as profound as seas, Be lik’d by those whom fears of depth displease? That fo of deeper knowledge are afraid, As women are with depths of seas dismay'd : Who rather trust those rivers where they may Still see the dreaded bottom of their way : Whilft more experienc'd seamen shallows shun, And hoist all fails, where deeper channels run. But as the Spaniards, whom mere wind and chance Did westward lead, and to wild thrones advance, Thought to walk on with empire, till they came Where the declining fun does quench his flame ; Till they did reach the utmoit bounds of light, And saw him steal into the bed of night :


Then thought, they could that spacious empire fway,
Whilft lazily, they stretch'd in arbours lay.
Yet foon, unable grown to manage more.
Than what with ease grew subject to their pow'r,
They check'd each pilot that would further go,
And seem'd fuffic'd with what they first did know ;
Leit yielding to know more, their knowledge might
To others walks become a happy light.
So when opinion, that outrageous wind,
Which swells and drives the people's failing mind :
And when fantastick chance which does it steer,
Had brought these in, to rule wild empire here,
They thought to fit at everlasting ease
In clouds ; and there from airy palaces,
Drop fruitful Show'rs of edicts over all,
Softly as snow that does in feathers fall :
But as cold snow, when it a while is felt,
Does heat that hand that after does it melt ;
So they, though cool at first, did quickly draw
Forth heat, that did their pow'r as quickly thaw.
Then finding they lack'd knowledge to discharge
'That sway, which first they promis'd to inlarge,
They poorly meant this empire to contract,
Less’ning their stage where few were fit to act :
Treating all those, as strangers and as spies,
That boldly durst adventure to be wise :
Proudly confirming others knowledge, by
Bounds of their own confin'd capacity,

Sir W. Davenant on the Restauration.
Justice hath laid her sword within your reach :

you have pow'r to sheath it so; that where You execute, you may a murder do, or facrifice.

Sir W. Davenant's Just Italian. If judgment could in solemn dulness lie, Which weaker rulers wear for gravity, Then those must needs transcendent judgments have, That would instruct wise nature to be grave.

A wel!

A well-establish'd judgmnent, such as yours,
By perfect strength as certainly secures
The aims of pow'r, as what she does possess ;
And empire ever must intend increase :
Empire, the tide of restless greatnesses,
Shov'd on at land, as rivers are from seas;
Which at no mark can any moment stay,
But when it cannot rise, muft ebb away.
And as your judgment can so greatly do,
Pieserve pofseflion, and inlarge it too ;
So can it boldly to great works proceed,
Without those shifts which weaker judgments need :
In its known forces safe, as armies are,
Whose fame before the battle, ends the war.
Not spreading files to cover spacious ground,
Whilft many drums beat loud, and trumpets found ;
Whilft many feigned ensigns all the day
Their glorious colours to the foe display;
Yet bafely cautious, all at night lie close,
Arm’d and intrench'd in a contracted grossa

Sir W. Davenant on the Restauration.
Let none direct thee what to do or say,
Till thee thy judgment of the matter sway;
Let not the pleasing many thee delight,
First judge, if those whom thou dost please, judge right.

Denham. JU S T I CE. Nought is on earth more sacred or divine,

That gods and men do equally adore Than this same virtue, that doth right define ; For th'heavens themselves, whence mortal men im

Right in their wrongs, are ruld by righteous lore
Of highest Jove, who doth true justice deal

To his inferior gods; and evermore
Therewith contains his heav'nly commonweal :
The skill whereof to princes hearts he doth reveal.


Well therefore did the antique world invent,

That justice was a god of sov'reign grace ;
And altars unto him, and temples lent,

And heav'nly honours in the highest place:
Calling him great Osyris, of the race
Of th’old Egyptian kings, that whilome were ;

With feigned colours shading a true case :
For that Osyris while he lived here,
The justelt man alive, and truest did appear.

Spenser's Fairy Queen. 1. Yet some shew pity. 2. I few it most of all, when I shew justice; For then I pity those, I do not know ; Which a dismiss’d offence, would after gaul ; And do him right, that answ'ring one foul wrong, Lives not to act another.

Shakespear's Measure for Measure. May one be pardon'd, and retain th’offence ? In the corrupted currents of this world, Offences gilded hand may shove by justice ; And oft 'tis seen, the wicked prize itself Buys out the law; but 'tis not so above : There, is no Muffling ; there, the action lies In his true nature, and we ourselves compell’d, Ev'n to the teeth and forehead of our faults, To give in evidence.

Shakespear's Hamlet.

The gods
Grow angry with your patience : 'Tis their care,
And must be yours, that guilty men escape not:
As crimes do grow, juitice should rouze itself.

Johnson's Catiline. Just men are only free, the rest are slaves.

Chapman's Cæfar and Pompey.

There's no needle
In a sun-dial, plac'd upon his steel,
In such a tender posture that doth tremble,


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The timely dial being held amiss,
And will shake ever, till you hold it right,
More tender than himself, in any thing,
That he concludes in justice for the state :
For as a fever held him, he will shake
When he is signing any thing of weight,
Left human frailty should misguide his justice.

Chapman and Shirley's Admiral of France. Clear-ey'd Astrea next, with rev'rend brow)

Clad in cæleftial hue, which best she likes, Comes with her balance, and her sword, to shew That first her judgment weighs, before it strikes.

Daniel's Goddesses. Offences urg'd in publick, are made worse ; The shew of justice aggravates despight. The multitude, that look not to the cause, Reft fatify'd, so it seem done by laws.

Daniel's Civil War. If but one virtue did adorn a king, It would be justice ; many great defects Are veild thereby: Whereas each virtuous thing In one who is not just, the world suspects.

E. of Sterline's Darius, If what were best for them that do offend, Laws did inquire, the answer must be grace ; If mercy be fo large, where's justice place?

Lord Brooke's Muftapha. 1. Justice that makes princes like the gods, draws Us unto the senate, That with impartial balance we may poize The crimes and innocence of all offenders.. Our presence, can chace brib’ry from the laws; He best can judge, that hears himself the cause. 2. True, mighty duke, it best becomes our places, To have our light from you, the son of virtue : Subject authority, for gain, love or fear, Oft quits the guilty, and condemns the clear.

Marston's Insatiate Countess.


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